Women and Space

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ryangeless
Words 2207
Pages 9
Ryan Torres
English 1A
Professor Miller
May 10, 2014
Her Righteous Stuff Space exploration has come a long way since that night of October 4, 1957, when Sputnik 1 was launched by the Soviet Union, eventually starting the Space Race. In Tom Wolfe’s book, The Right Stuff, he dives into the lives and perspectives of the male pilots/astronauts who accomplished one of the greatest feats of American and world history. But what about the women? In its early years, much like everything involving people in its early years, the space program was extremely male-dominant. However, in 1959 – according to an article from the Advances in Physiology Education – General Donald Flickinger and Dr. W. Randolph Lovelace II had suggested (from an engineering standpoint) it would have been “more practical” to try to send women into space because of their lower body weight and oxygen requirements. However, this suggestion was rejected by the Air Force. At least there was some sort of consideration of women involvement to play a crucial, early role in one of the most important times in American history. Despite the early times and setbacks for women, they continued to push through. Women have played a crucial role in the space program, from overcoming discrimination to make significant contributions in all aspects of space exploration, including mathematics and orbital flight.
Women have made significant contributions to space flight, and one particular woman, Katherine G. Johnson, had had a huge contribution in the first test flights. At 15, she had already entered college. She was the youngest of her siblings and was an extremely intelligent and gifted in mathematics. She skipped grades and wound up at least two years ahead of her brother. Whilst attending college, a mathematician named William W. Schieffelin Claytor encouraged her to take advanced math courses. Several years…...

Similar Documents

Space

...Space is the final frontier 1. space: -outer space = region beyond earth 2. final: -last, ultimate, no more frontier beyond this 3. frontier: -an outer limit, especially one in which the opportunities for research and development have not been exploited 4. History of space exploration: simple overview of western countries – http://www.spacekids.co.uk/spacehistory/ includes China’s endeavors – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_space_exploration 5. Can space be considered an unexplored region if… a. man has been observing the sky since before recorded history? b. man has been thinking of exploring it since the 17th century?啟動螢幕閱讀器 共用設定 • yuanshangkwong c. the first man-made vehicle flew 100 km outside earth in 1942? d. the first human space flight in 1961? e. the Voyager I and II space craft were launched? f. man put a space station into orbit? g. even ordinary people like singer Sarah Brightman can pay to fly into space? h. we can be buried in space? 6. Consider: -What do we know about space? -What don’t we know about it? -Is it our next or our final frontier? -Is Antarctica the final frontier? Are the oceans our final frontier? Is the earth’s core our final frontier? Is time our final frontier? Is death our final frontier? I don’t think the opposition needs to say what is the final frontier, only that space isn’t. Negative side arguments 1st speaker 1) Definition on final, frontier, tangible or intangible......

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Space

...HOW America feel about Space Exploration Research Methods SS3150 May 08, 2013 How America feel about Space Exploration The space exploration has been a huge program for research and human knowledge. It has brought so many concerns, questions and suggestions which has engaged and, affected American’s in their everyday lives. Some of the research questions that I came up with which are appropriate for qualitative research are for example first, how does the earth interact with the neighboring planets? Second, how does space exploration help in securing our planet? And the third question is how does the exploration improve our lives economically? The explanation as to why these three questions are appropriate for qualitative research is that for one, the question of how does the earth interact with the neighboring planets, is a question which does not require any thought of numbers when answering because, one can simply answer that the earth interacts with the neighboring planets by how they all get the light from the sun. The target population on this question can be young or old and questionnaires would be the best sample to the participants for this research. The second question on how does space exploration help in securing our planet is also appropriate for qualitative research and, it shows or it can bring suggestions for example, that the technology used in space exploration is very highly advanced and that people feel safe because it sends signals of anything......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Women

...Media representation of women Media have been reflectors of dominant values and work as an active agency aiming at reinforcing and strengthening dominant value structure. There is no doubt that mass media like TV, film, radio newspapers and magazines mould opinion, thinking, attitudes and behaviour. TV and films are more powerful as their reach and impact is greater than that of other media. All of these media have greater reach among men than women, but what catches the attention of the feminists and other concerned people is the unrealistic, negative portrayal of women in these media. Mass media do give coverage to women and their issues but damage done by media to women is more than the help offered to them. The role of media in the development of women and enhancement of their status in the society is very depressing. All mass media are being blamed for this. Mass media have been powerful agents of social influence but they have not been effective in portraying women in meaningful, respectable and positive manner. In 1978, a major UNESCO study on the portrayal and participation of women in the media found that the portrayal of women in the mass media globally was consistently poor. The study also confirmed that there was severe under-representation of women in the upper cadres of all media organizations, and that the average media woman earns less than her male counter-parts. Studies carried out in South Asia in 1986 confirm that women are portrayed either as docile...

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Women for Women

...This is a support group for women who are struggling to cope because of domestic violence. It is a closed group that will run for a certain amount of sessions before starting a new group. This group will consist of 4 to 12 women of any age, preferably with children, but can include any kind of circumstance. All ethnicities or religious affiliations are welcomed, in fact diversity is appreciated. We only ask that you come with an open mind and an open heart. This group will conduct several support groups to help survivors cope with the confusion, anger and fear often experienced after episodes of sexual assault and domestic violence. These groups enable survivors to share their experiences, feelings and provide others and themselves with support to overcome their fears and feelings of isolation. The purpose of this group is to find a commonality among all members and gain a sense of empowerment and unification through discussions and self disclosure. These sessions will be held at the Poudre Valley Hospital on the basement floor in room 111 from 5 to 6 pm. It will be available every second and fourth Tuesday of each month, two sessions per month, for 6 months. A facilitator, Charli Zafarana, will be the leader of the sessions and will also be available outside of sessions. Charli will provide her contact information after the first session. Through the 12 sessions we will discuss and share personal stories, barriers and obstacles, current struggles, how to find......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Space Matrix

...The SPACE matrix is a management tool used to analyze a company. It is used to determine what type of a strategy a company should undertake. The Strategic Position & ACtion Evaluation matrix or short a SPACE matrix is a strategic management tool that focuses on strategy formulation especially as related to the competitive position of an organization. The SPACE matrix can be used as a basis for other analyses, such as the SWOT analysis, BCG matrix model, industry analysis, or assessing strategic alternatives (IE matrix). What is the SPACE matrix strategic management method? To explain how the SPACE matrix works, it is best to reverse-engineer it. First, let's take a look at what the outcome of a SPACE matrix analysis can be, take a look at the picture below. The SPACE matrix is broken down to four quadrants where each quadrant suggests a different type or a nature of a strategy: * Aggressive * Conservative * Defensive * Competitive This is what a completed SPACE matrix looks like: This particular SPACE matrix tells us that our company should pursue an aggressive strategy. Our company has a strong competitive position it the market with rapid growth. It needs to use its internal strengths to develop a market penetration and market development strategy. This can include product development, integration with other companies, acquisition of competitors, and so on. Now, how do we get to the possible outcomes shown in the SPACE matrix? The SPACE Matrix......

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

Women

... Capricorn woman Complete guide to love, sex and relationships Capricorn woman personality traits and characteristics Capricorn women want to succeed. Whether it's in a career or as a homemaker they typically don't do things by halves. Goals and a practical viewpoint often characterize this lady. Outwardly reserved the Capricorn woman is a complex bundle of practicality, endearing modesty and self discipline in selected areas, often reserving her fun and sexy wild side exclusively for those who are very close to her. Down to earth, self motivated, patient and responsible. Capricorn women are generally among the harder signs to understand, with a number of personality traits which often confuse partners in the early stages of a relationship. While the Capricorn woman is as romantic and emotional as anyone else, she can be somewhat inhibited in expressing her emotions, often preferring to perform practical tasks to help loved ones in preference to making purely romantic gestures. She is very cautious by nature, and not one to rush into anything, so don't be misled if her interest appears mainly platonic initially. How do you eat an elephant? One spoonful at a time.. A Capricorns greatest strength is the ability to set long term goals and pursue them until attained. Nothing gets in the way of a Capricorns plans and ambitions, and they don't like taking shortcuts or cheating as either devalues their later satisfaction. They value steady progress over short bursts of activity,......

Words: 4476 - Pages: 18

Space Management

...SPACE MANAGEMENT A GOOD PRACTICE GUIDE A report on ways in which space management and space utilisation can be improved, based upon the work with the University of Wales Swansea January 2002 CONTENTS SUMMARY..................................................................................................................................................................3 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................................4 PURPOSE OF THE GUIDE............................................................................................................................................ 4 THE PROBLEM.........................................................................................................................................................4 INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................................................... 4 THE PROBLEM A REAS.............................................................................................................................................. 5 THE SOLUTION........................................................................................................................................................7 SPACE M ANAGEMENT CONTEXT ........................................................................................................

Words: 8807 - Pages: 36

Space

...Night time in space It is very easy to get busy up here and forget to “stop and smell the roses” as it were. (I think that is probably true for all of us everywhere!) So after dinner and before bedtime tonight I finally stopped and took a moment to watch the world go by during a night pass. It seems like it has been a while since I have done this. There are always excuses…other things that have to get done, e-mails to write, feet to warm up, too tired, there is always another day...blah, blah, blah. But I put my foot down, figuratively speaking, and took the time. We were passing up through the Atlantic going north across Africa and Europe and arcing down through Asia to come out east of Australia and New Zealand into the Pacific. I do not know exactly where we were but it was already night when I positioned myself at the docking compartment window. I think it was the one facing more starboard. I always get myself mixed up when I go into that module; I can never easily find the hatch again. It is completely night. There are thunderstorms across Africa and lightning is everywhere; bright flashes are going cloud to cloud illuminating the clouds as it arcs from one to the other. It is a private fireworks show. The storm is large and very spread out and at any moment you see 4 or 5 flashes occurring at one time, each one only lasting a moment. The colors range from something orange-ish to blue-white. Some are more like balls of light while others have that......

Words: 2391 - Pages: 10

Hotel in Space

...behind in the growing space tourism industry. Russian firms unveiled their plans at the country's premiere air show this week at Zhukovsky, outside Moscow, saying the race was on to build a new craft to take people into space following the retirement of NASA's space shuttle in April. RKK Energia unveiled plans for a replacement shuttle and Orbital Technologies said it hoped to build an orbiting hotel with room for seven guests by 2016. Other plans include flying tourists to the dark side of the moon and, by 2030, to Mars. "Space tourism is a real and fast-growing business," said Sergei Kostenko, head of Russian firm Orbital Technologies, said at the MAKS air show. "Whoever builds the first new spaceship now will reap big dividends." Although Russia currently holds a monopoly on rides to space aboard its Soviet-designed Soyuz, it starts at a disadvantage. Foreign experts say they doubt Russian firms can achieve their ambitious goals because they lack funding and even Russian officials said it would be hard to rival U.S. private sector firms now competing for contracts with NASA. Funding for the U.S. space program is much higher and NASA is expected to forge ahead with building a new generation of craft capable of traveling into deep space, with flights into low Earth orbit outsourced to private firms. "The U.S. has more possibilities than us right now," said Alexander Derechin, deputy chief designer for Russia's partly state-owned space contractor RKK......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Space

...I. Introduction: The purpose of this paper is an overview about the current space tourism industry with advanced developments of space vehicles. Until now, seven tourists have ridden Soyuz spacecraft, a Russian spacecraft, to the International Space Station. Capturing the potential demand of space tourism, many private companies began to introduce their new and well-designed spacecraft promising to enable tourist to travel to space. From now to the next couple of years, we are expected to see many launches including testing and commercial flights into suborbital and low Earth orbit. There are also some private companies, who were awarded by NASA for their space programs to carry astronauts to the space station. II. Virgin Galactic – Scaled Composites (Suborbital): Virgin Galactic – Scaled Composites founded by Burt Rutan designed a unique type of spacecraft. Using a mothership aircraft, the space plane will be carried to midair and then be released to launch toward the edge of the atmosphere. Using carbon composite construction, the company has introduced two version of the space plane: SpaceShipOne and SpaceShipTwo along with two model of the mothership aircraft: WhiteKnightOne and WhiteKnightTwo. (Ref 1,3) A. Spaceship: a. SpaceshipOne – WhiteKnightOne: Scaled Composites first launched the SpaceShipOne to the suborbital in 2004 while the first of WhiteKnightOne was in 2002. Overall, the WhiteKnightOne’s features are carriage and launch of payloads up to 7...

Words: 4161 - Pages: 17

Space

...advantageous alignment of a planet and its parent star in the system HD 189733, which is 63 light-years from Earth, enabled NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency’s XMM Newton Observatory to observe a dip in X-ray intensity as the planet transited the star. "Thousands of planet candidates have been seen to transit in only optical light," said Katja Poppenhaeger of Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) in Cambridge, Mass., who led a new study to be published in the Aug. 10 edition of The Astrophysical Journal. "Finally being able to study one in X-rays is important because it reveals new information about the properties of an exoplanet." The team used Chandra to observe six transits and data from XMM Newton observations of one. The planet, known as HD 189733b, is a hot Jupiter, meaning it is similar in size to Jupiter in our solar system but in very close orbit around its star. HD 189733b is more than 30 times closer to its star than Earth is to the sun. It orbits the star once every 2.2 days. HD 189733b is the closest hot Jupiter to Earth, which makes it a prime target for astronomers who want to learn more about this type of exoplanet and the atmosphere around it. They have used NASA's Kepler space telescope to study it at optical wavelengths, and NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to confirm it is blue in color as a result of the preferential scattering of blue light by silicate particles in its atmosphere. The study with......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Space

...it were, the real world is no episode of Star Trek or Doctor Who. The initial exploration of space was met with extreme enthusiasm, but since then, the positive look on space travel has become almost non-existent, and for good reasons. To be blunt, the costs are outweighing the benefits. We have hoped for discovering Earth-like planets and other inhabitants in our universe, but these hopes have been squashed considering how large the universe is, and how impossible the possibility of reaping the benefits from the large task is. Earth is our home now, and we must deal with its problems first before we deal with any other planets. Earth’s issues must be tackled first, for the sake of our planet and everyone, man or animal, on it. Money is always an issue, no matter what. When looking at the “Pennies of Each Federal Spending Dollar” chart, space travel is so low in the national budget that it is included in the “all others” section, which only makes up 6% of the budget. Even when we went to the moon, there was no monetary return, so space travel is a waste of resources. We need all the extra money it can gather to protect our planet. Russell Roberts, a space enthusiast from the National Public Radio, said to “Leave the money here on Earth.” Like many others, he sees no point in using taxpayer dollars for useless, hopeless expeditions. Even though the freedom of traveling through space is promising, “we would do well to remember that we do not have a very good track record in......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Space Exploration

...synthesis Essay Is space exploration really worth the cost? This is the inevitable question we must face when deciding how much of our tax dollars and the federal government's dollars are spent on space exploration versus things such as education, social security, medicare and health. Although space exploration could eventually make a difference in the way we live our lives and life as we know it here on Earth, we should be focused on the things that could change our lives now. Things like a cure for cancer, and a cure for HIV and AIDS. Our money needs to stop being spent on space exploration, and be put towards something that’s been proven to benefit the people of our nation. It would not be wrong to say that maybe one day space exploration could provide us with something miraculous here on earth, but in the meantime the extensive amount of money being spent on space exploration should stay here where we can make a difference now. In February of 2006, Margaret Mclean published an article on a web page dedicated to ethics called To Boldly Go: Ethical Considerations for Space Exploration. The article stated, “almost $17 billion will fly into NASA’s coffers with around $5.3 billion dedicated to space exploration” (source E). I don’t know about you, but to me this seems like an awful lot of money to be spending on something that has no supporting evidence of benefiting the United States and its people. Our government is responsible for how our tax money is spent and it is......

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Women

...12:06 Page 1 WOMEN, GENDER AND WORK People are not defined solely by their work, nor is it possible to ignore the effects of factors outside the workplace on a person's status at work. To seek equality at work without seeking equality in the larger society – and at home – is illusory.Thus an examination of the issues surrounding women, gender and work must be holistic. That means considering the role of productive work in life as a whole and the distribution of unpaid work as well as the myriad questions relating to employment. This important anthology brings together the thinking of leading philosophers, economists and lawyers on this complex subject. Selected recent articles from the multidisciplinary International Labour Review are assembled for the first time to illuminate questions such as how we should define equality, what equal opportunity means and what statistics tell us about differences between men and women at work, how the family confronts globalization and what is the role of law in achieving equality. There is an examination of policy – to deal with sexual harassment and wage inequality, for example, as well as part-time work, the glass ceiling, social security, and much more. A major reference on the best of current research and analysis on gender roles and work. Martha Fetherolf Loutfi has been Editor-in-Chief of the International Labour Review, a Senior Economist for the Brandt Commission and in the ILO’s Employment and......

Words: 243134 - Pages: 973

Shards of Memories, Fragments of Sorrows: Mothertongue Transforming Spaces Occupied by Women in South Africa Through Theatre

...ABSTRACT Shards of Memories, Fragments of Sorrows: Mothertongue Transforming Spaces Occupied by Women in South Africa through Theatre This paper sets out to explore how processes of theatre making employed by The Mothertongue project, provide spaces for women to remap their personal narratives. Mothertongue works from the premise that the development and subsequent performance of stories in theatrical processes affords women the opportunity to re-write and remap their personal narratives and in so doing insert their voices into the landscape of South African Theatre. In an attempt to redress the gender imbalances and androcentricism prevalent in post-apartheid theatre, this paper speaks to the relationship between theatre, liminality and communitas. I am interested in unpacking how collaborative processes of theatre-making provide spaces for women to remap their personal narratives. Remapping in this instance refers to processes of transforming lived experience through story. I address how, through engaging in ritual activities that are central to the stories performed, actors, audiences and the owners of the source stories are invited to physically participate in remapping and transforming lived experience. Linked to this is the choice of form(s) and how this affects or impacts on the performed stories as well as on the construction of performed rituals and ultimately on the processes of remapping personal narratives. I focus specifically on Mothertongue’s......

Words: 7672 - Pages: 31

Season 2 Episode 9 Red Flags | LA BIBLIOTHÈQUE KONTAKT | Indonesia