Was Socrates the First Coach?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kyri
Words 1097
Pages 5
Was Socrates the first coach?
The ancient Greek philosophers and coaching Flourishing life (eudaimonia)
Excellence (aristia) –Prudence (phronesis) – Morals (ethos)
This original article (a shorter one) written by Barbara Asimakopoulou was first published in International Coaching Federation’s blog The ancient Greek philosophers, motivated by their love of knowledge (the actual word “philosopher” derives from the Greek words “filos” and “Sophia” which mean “friend” and “wisdom” respectively) have been preoccupied with the investigation of the reasons for human existence and the way men should live, so as to be consistent with their reason for being.
Their views widely appealed to the western world and formed the foundation for western philosophy and psychology, influencing the philosophers who followed, from the oldest to the most contemporary ones and inspiring passionate support but not without also being questioned.
Today, most of their views seem to have lost nothing of their lustre and stand out like shining beacons, especially now that the western world is desperately seeking answers in order to relight its fires!!!
In the text below, I refer to Aristotle and Socrates, the principles and practices they bequeathed us, so as to prove that these have a lot in common with the principles and practices of coaching. In addition, I will attempt to prove that Socrates is the first ever coach!!!
Aristotle, a student of Socrates and Plato, the most important philosopher according to some and teacher of Great Alexander, clearly stated why and how men should live.
According to Aristotle we should pursue happiness, well-being or in other words eudaimonia. And a happy life is a life full of virtue!
• A coach urges us to lead a happy life.
According to Aristotle, true happiness is permanent and timeless; it is achieved when people develop and leverage…...

Similar Documents

Was Socrates a Sophist

...Was Socrates a Sophist? (20 mark) Sophists were known as teachers of rhetoric, philosophy and virtues. They were well known in ancient Greece for making the weaker argument the stronger and for speculating on sciences that went against the ‘gods’. They were often regarded as intellectuals as the word sophism derived from the word ‘sophos’, meaning wise man. In the latter years of Socrates’ life he has often been regarded as a Sophist but there are many evidences which prove he is not. Firstly, Sophists were teachers who charged a fee for their efforts and instruction. This was the case as they were said to be the only ones who were wise, and were giving people knowledge to benefit from and better themselves with. Socrates on the contrary did not establish a fee or a payment; he on the other hand went out on his own will to question the people about virtues. His regular trips to the Agora reinforce this point as he was simply looking for people to question about matters with no answer, with no intention of taking money or making people wiser. Nonetheless, although Socrates did not ask for money from his interlocutor, he would sometimes be rewarded through hospitality such as, foods and places to stay. This was however the choice of his ‘student’ whether or not they wanted to pay him in such a way, which distinguishes Socrates from the Sophists. Additionally, the Sophists were skilled in elaborate argumentation; were they would try and make the argument they were focusing......

Words: 642 - Pages: 3


...youth will be making the decisions later on down the road after all of the elders die off. This is the reason why the citizens are very concerned about Socrates. The elders believe that Socrates is going to be the reason why the youth will be corrupted. But Socrates does not see how he could be the reason for the corruption of the youth because he always claims to not have any knowledge of anything. In Plato’s The Euthyphro, Socrates has a conversation with Euthyphro about what piety and impiety is. Socrates wanted Euthyphro to be his teacher and teach him everything he knows because he claims that he knows all there is to be known about what piety and impiety is. Therefore, Euthyphro teaches him everything that he knows about what it means to be pious and impious. After he starts to explain everything to him Socrates is not satisfied with any of his definitions that he has proposed to him, so Socrates starts to question him even more, and ask for a better definition. This back and forth conversation goes on for a while, and from Socrates questioning Euthyphro so much, Euthyphro himself starts to question everything that he knows about what it means to be pious and impious. Euthyphro was going to prosecute his very own father for unintentionally killed Euthyphro’s slave that killed one of his father’s slaves. After Socrates questioned him so many different times about what it means to be pious impious it seems that Euthyphro has come to the understanding of how......

Words: 1072 - Pages: 5


...October 2012 Socrates Obituary Assignment Don Hodges, The Athens Daily Socrates (469-399 B.C.E.) ATHENS- The city of Athens is one step closer to aspiring back to the great city we once were as the antagonist Socrates is dead. The seventy-one year old was sentenced to death by the Athenian courts days ago on charges of impiety and corruption of youth. A native of Athens, he was born the son of the stonemason Sophroniscus and Phainarete. The spouse of Xanthippe and father of three he lived a rather abusive home life. This is possibly due to another relationship in which he cared for the concubine Myrto. Initially a prosperous infantry man in the athenian army he left Athens in order to fight in the Peloponnesian War. Distinctive in war, he fought in many battles, notably the battle of Delium in 424 (B.C.E.) where he was remarkable in the field despite the loss. Socrates was an adamant citizen and believed all people should follow the law and abide by their duties to the state. He was later scrutinized by the popular assembly when he was the only person to vote against trying the Athenian commanders, who left survivors at sea, as a whole instead of individually as the law directed. After the war he sept through the cracks of society as he started to practices his own techniques of philosophy and teaching. Through personal experience and the knowledge of others he developed a method of deciphering the practical and moral understandings of life. Socrates was a prototype......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3


...This paper will argue that during “The trial and Death of Socrates”, Socrates could have given better arguments for his defense. First it will outline the prejudices or accusations Socrates has to face during his trial. It will then show how Socrates acted as tough he wanted to lose the case and finally it will conclude explaining the arguments Socrates could have given in order to be acquitted. During the first speech (18a-19b) Socrates has to overcome two different types of prejudices: the old prejudice against Socrates set by the plays of Aristophanes and the new prejudices that included impiety charged by Meletus as well as the corruption of the youth. In fact more than once is Socrates confused for someone else. Aristophanes is responsible for latter but it is reconstructed by Meletus as including both impiety and corruption and Socrates is portrayed as a corrupt teacher .the first charge of impiety also originates with Aristophanes but Meletus confuses Socrates with the atheistic Anaxagoras when he describes Socrates as seeking to study the heavens (18a) the second charge of corruption is also in Aristophanes' Clouds but confuses Socrates with Protagoras. This led to confusion (18e) of Socrates with other sophists like Gorgias, Prodicus, and Hippias. The new prejudice against Socrates really is because of the Socratic paradox (20c-21a): “he knows nothing and only in this he claims to be wise “ this paradox aroused hatred against him (21b, 23ab), even though he...

Words: 839 - Pages: 4


...03-31-12 Socrates was accused of denying the gods and of corrupting the young. The first of these charges rested upon the fact that he supposed himself to be guided by a divine sign. The second, Xenophon tells us, was supported by a series of particular allegations: (a) that he taught his associates to despise the institutions of the state, and especially election by lot; (b) that he had numbered amongst his associates Critias and Alcibiades, the most dangerous of the representatives of the oligarchical and democratically parties respectively; (c) that be taught the young to disobey parents and guardians and to prefer his own authority to theirs. The false images of Socrates arose because people misunderstood his true activity. Socrates explains this activity by relating a story about the Delphic Oracle. The Saying of the Delphic Oracle- A friend of Socrates' went to the Oracle and asked the priestess "Who is the wisest of mortals?" and the priestess replied: "Socrates is the most wise." The Testing of the Delphic Oracle - After some hesitation, he sought to show the saying wrong by finding someone wiser than he. He began to question various people, including politicians, poets, and craftsmen.. The Truth of the Delphic Oracle - After "testing" the saying of the god, Socrates became aware of the truth of the saying that "Socrates is most wise" -- it can be expressed as follows: Socrates was most wise because he was Aware of his ignorance. In the course of Socrates'......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Was Socrates a Sophist

...WAS SOCRATES A SOPHISTS Why Socrates is not a sophist? How are his motives and method of doing philosophy different from the sophists The Greek word sophist (sophistēs) derives from the words sophia, and sophos, meaning "wisdom" or “wise” since the time of Homer and was originally used to describe expertise in a particular knowledge or craft. Gradually, however, the word also came to denote general wisdom and especially wisdom about human affairs (for example, in politics, ethics, or household management) First of all, sophists took money for their efforts. They charged people and claimed that their teachings would make people wiser. Socrates, on the contrary, made no money for his efforts, and he did not claim he was making anyone wiser. In fact, he claimed he was only helping them remember what their souls forgot but couldn't remember.  Secondly, the sophists were not loyal to any single city. They moved around from city to city. Socrates, on the other hand, always remained loyal to Athens. He did not have the need to travel abroad to practice philosophy.  Thirdly, Socrates believed in universals. The sophists, on the other hand, were relativists. Protagoras, for instance, considered man "the measure of all things". For the sophists, there is no "true" or "false", and no "right" or "wrong". It is relative to the individual. Socrates rejects this.  Fourth, the sophists emphasized the PERSON who is speaking, rather than what can be said about a topic. So,......

Words: 389 - Pages: 2


...Aristophanes portrays Socrates as a Sophist: a duplicitous charlatan eager to take peoples' money for teaching them to flout the laws and defy moral norms. The conflation of Socrates with the Sophists is based on a superficial similarity between the interests of Socrates and the sophists concerning education and virtue, but which fails to distinguish between the moral relativism of the Sophists and the belief in absolute moral standards held by Socrates (and his puppet-master Plato). The term "sophist"" is derived from the Greek words sophos and sophia which are usually translated as "wise" and "wisdom". The Sophists were itinerant teachers who claimed to teach wisdom; more specifically, Protogoras, one of the first to willingly identify himself as a Sophist, stated that he taught one how to take "proper care of his personal affairs, so that he may be manage his own household, and also of the State's affairs, so as to become a real power in the city, both as speaker and man of action." (Protogoras 318e-319a). Socrates reinterprets Protogoras' statement as a claim to make students into good citizens, and Protogoras readily agrees. Socrates then presents two objections to the claim that one can learn how to be a good citizen by studying with a teacher. First, Socrates notes that, while an expert is consulted in technical matters such as architecture or shipbuilding, no special expertise is demanded in order to participate in government. Second, Socrates observes that "the......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Was Socrates a Sophist

...Was Socrates a Sophist? Sophists were flourishing in and around Athens in the latter half of the fifth century BC, and played a major role in the thriving city. They had a great influence on the artistic and intellectual culture of the era, however they almost immediately acquired a bad reputation, and this reputation has stuck. A sophist was known as a quibbler, someone who indulges in mere argument for argument’s sake, and by playing on words, makes issues problematic that are not. For most Athenians, Socrates was misunderstood, and often accused of being a sophist. For example, in his comedy, Clouds, Aristophanes portrays Socrates as a Sophist. These accusations eventually led to his death, however there were many differences between him and the sophists, and writers such as Plato, Aristotle and Xenophon back up the idea he was not a sophist. Socrates ideas were heavily concerned with the truth and believed philosophical truth was much more important than public acceptance. As seen in Gorgias, he argued for moral rhetoric and used a method of inquiry and discussion between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to illuminate ideas. It is a dialectical method, often involving a discussion in which the defence of one point of view is questioned. A participant may lead another to contradict himself in some way, strengthening the inquirer's own point. Sophists on the other hand, were not interested in the truth of a matter...

Words: 841 - Pages: 4


...the Crito, Socrates makes some surprisingly strong claims about the moral authority of the state, which might even seem to be inconsistent both with another fundamental claim he makes in the Crito and with certain claims he makes in the Apology. I shall argue that although these claims seem to be in some tension with each other, the crucial claims about the authority of the state in the Crito can plausibly be interpreted in such a way as to remove any real inconsistency with the other claims. The first, rather striking claim about the moral authority of the state occurs at 51b of the Crito. Socrates argues that, because of the state's role as a provider of security, education, and various important social institutions (such as marriage), the citizens of the state are its "offspring and servants"; and from this he concludes that citizens are subordinate to the state and its laws to such an extent that if a citizen ever disagrees with the state's laws or orders, he "must either persuade it or obey its orders," even if the latter amounts to suffering death. The implication for his own case is clear: Socrates had tried to persuade the court of his innocence and of the injustice of his execution (as detailed in the Apology), but he had failed; therefore, he argues, he must now obey the court and accept his death sentence--even though he still thinks that he is in the right on this matter. The second, closely related claim, comes only a few paragraphs later, in 51e and 52.......

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7


...THESIS STATEMENT Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced to die for his beliefs. He accepted this punishment because he truly thought what he believed was right. PURPOSE STATEMENT By conducting research and examining various sources, The trail of Socrates proved to be an important part in history, impacting the development of Western Philosophy and allowing the beliefs of Socrates to live on to this day. INTRODUCTION “The death of Socrates has had a huge and almost continuous impact on western culture” (Wilson 1). Socrates life, trial, and death are all important parts of history. Socrates was a philosopher in Athens who believed in using reason to explain different aspects of life. During his lifetime, he not only tried to help develop his own mind and understanding of life, but also those around him. He often tried to teach the adolescence and get them to use their minds. Socrates enjoyed teaching children because their minds were still open and they were willing to learn. However, his views varied from most of other people around him. He was put on trial because others did not care for his methods. He was eventually executed. Socrates had the courage to be different and marked the beginning of Western Philosophy. His trial was one of the first of its kind and it is the first recorded trial in which someone was sentenced to death as a result of their beliefs. “Plato tells us that Socrates compared himself to a gadfly, whose......

Words: 1873 - Pages: 8

Socrates and the Football Genius, Belichick

...Socrates and the Football Genius, Belichick In the history of mankind, various people have left behind trademark qualities that distinguish them for ages. One such character is Socrates. Even though much of what is known about Socrates is mostly through the accounts of Plato and Aristotle, Socrates still remains a well-known personality. It is because of Socrates that we often stumble upon the approach known as the Socratic method to answer some of our most intriguing questions, questions that require a certain logical method, and an aptitude of intellectual depth and wisdom to answer. Socrates was known as the man with copious amounts of wisdom and knowledge. Another defining trait of Socrates was his humbleness, the fact that he knew what he did not know and accepted that. Socrates was also a truthful person because he would always think before he spoke and think of what the Greek gods would say if he lied. There were however negative flaws in Socrates’ character, as the case with anyone. One of his flaws was his use of ironic language, which left many around him with a vague and often misunderstood meaning of his views. In today’s contemporary world there are several personalities that are similar to Socrates, but the one that seems to stand out as the most akin to Socrates is that of Bill Belichick’s. Bill Belichick is currently the head coach of he New England Patriots and has been for the past twelve years. He is arguably the best coach in the league today, with......

Words: 1706 - Pages: 7

Why Was Socrates Regarded as a Man of Virtue?

...Why was Socrates regarded as a man of virtue? Why was Socrates regarded as a man of virtue? Socrates: Man of Virtue (470-399 B.C.E.) Socrates proposed the theory of value in which there are two sorts of good: virtue and happiness. Both are unconditional goods. But happiness is a "self-generated" good in that it "derives its value strictly from its inherent properties;" whereas virtue is an "other-generated" good in that it derives its value from happiness, precisely from its conduciveness to happiness. Virtue is an instinct in all humanity which can be aroused through self-examination. This universal truth is accessible to everyone who thinks and question. Socrates assumes that any person with whom he talks has the resource to answer his question correctly, that is, that no specialist knowledge is required. Socrates thought that knowledge is virtue, and virtue leads to happiness. It makes sense to think that moral people know what morality is. If you know right from wrong, then you might be able to choose to do what you know to be right. It also makes some sense to suspect that our beliefs about right and wrong influence our decisions. If we believe its right to help a drowning child, then it would be fairly shocking to decide not to do so—and it would less surprising when we decide to help the child. It is quite a shocking statement to say that virtue always leads to happiness. Criminals commit crimes that hurt others to help themselves. To think that their crimes......

Words: 7161 - Pages: 29

Was Baseball the First Spor to Be Played and Enjoyed?

...Ingo Stoehr English 1301.16 26 October 2015 Was baseball America’s first sport to be played and enjoyed? America has many different sports and activities being played and enjoyed today. The variation of sports and activities can differ from football to baseball, water polo to regular polo, etc. Football and baseball have been around for many years, even centuries. They may be different sports, with different ways of being played, different rules, and a different history. But, which of the two American pastimes was the first to be played and enjoyed by Americans in the U.S.A? Everyone may have their own opinions and thoughts on which one was to be played and enjoyed first, but we must look at the facts to see exactly which one was played and enjoyed first. Baseball was evolved from the British game, rounders, and is also the cousin of cricket. Both involve a ball being thrown from a specific point, along with defense and offense alternating after a certain amount of “outs” from the offensive position. From those two sports baseball was evolved and created, in 1838, with its own specific set of rules and regulations. “The creator of baseball was Albert Doubleday, a Civil War hero for the Union.”(Scott Kendrick, pg.1). Shortly after the year the game was created the first set of rules were created, in 1845, by Alexander Joy Cartwright, commonly known as "the father of baseball."(Scott Kendrick, pg.1). The first professional team was formed in 1869, called the Cincinnati......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3


...Reasons for Socrates to Resist the Death Penalty: Name: Course: Date: Introduction: Socrates was a well renowned Athenian philosopher many years before his trial. He is actually considered a great founder in western philosophy. He was a very distinctive and typical individual with extraordinary teachings. It is believed that his teachings were very different from those of other philosophers in Greece since his ideas differed with the rightful societal beliefs. This resulted to hatred from the people. According to him, a useless life is one that is not examined. He put a lot of emphasis on the obedience of the state likening it to the obedience a son would have for his father. He was common for taking children through lectures of coming up with arguments to justify the reason for beating his father. Socrates was later accused of corrupting youth groups and godlessness. He was then convicted to death by taking poison which he obeyed as a way of following his teaching on obedience to the law. If Confucius would have believed in a life after death, he would probably have agreed with Socrates to have the law obeyed and kill himself. Socrates, in his day of execution explains that soul is the main form of an individual. Soul does not die and is eternal and does not change. Just the same way it brings life, so must it not die despite the death of the body. Soul is therefore termed as immortal. He feels that dying does not destroy who he really is since in real sense, he will not be......

Words: 1962 - Pages: 8


...Journal #1 March 30, 2013 Socrates The idea of Socrates being a skillful speaker with speaking the truth demonstrates a distinct contrast in today’s society. As time progresses the truth is watered down and filtered through lies. Socrates’ truth would encompass a conflict of great proportions due to the fact that in today’s society, people are not at all ready for the truth, nor do they understand it. Considering entities in society such as media, marketing, advertising, branding, political speeches, and packaging of political candidates; the list can be drawn up of how each of these no longer harper even a minute portion of truth. When media is considered, you must think of the news, reality television, and documentaries. The news is given to the people after it goes through the filtering of the gatekeepers. Society is told what the gatekeepers want them to hear. Socrates would not have adhered to the code of verbal conduct the gatekeepers of today would have offered to him. When reality television and documentaries are considered it becomes even clearer that the masses are fed sugar coated and often highly exploitive lies. Editing is a master of disguise often hiding seamlessly in the arrangement of scenarios that are not chronological in happenings. Documentaries are merely the concoction of filmmakers that are trying to tell a story from their viewpoint. Their motives are to get their biased opinion to the masses in a way that prompts them to see their side.......

Words: 1516 - Pages: 7

Fire HD 10 | Rating IMDB | Frontier.S01.German.DD51.DL.2160p.NetflixUHD.x264-TVS