Union Legislation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lukelori
Words 686
Pages 3
Labor Relations and Legislation Labor relations are defined as the relationships between the employer and the employee, specifically the unionized employee. It is a set of activities and procedures used to clarify, manage, reduce, and resolve conflicts between an employer and union members (Fossum, 2005). Federal and state laws and regulations govern the conduct of employers and unions in the administration of employee representation and collective bargaining. Prior to the 1930s few laws were in place to protect workers who were unionized or seeking to join or create a unionized work force. Instead, employers had the liberty to spy on, question, punish, black list and fire union members or workers seeking to unionize. However, with the enactment of the Wagner Act, also known as the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), in 1933 the tide of opposition began to turn in favor of the unionization of workers. United States labor law consists primarily of the Norris-LaGuardia, Wagner, Taft-Hartley, Landrum-Griffin Acts, and Public Law 93-360. These laws enable collective bargaining, regulate labor and management activities, and limit intervention by the federal courts in lawful union activities.
Norris-LaGuardia Act In 1932, the Norris-LaGuardia Act was passed. This act had several provisions. It established the law that workers should be free to unionize without employer interference. It removed the federal courts jurisdiction to issue injunctions in nonviolent labor disputes. It also stated a contract that requires a worker to agree not to join a union, as a condition of employment was unenforceable in federal court. However, the Act only governed established employer-union relations, and it did not guarantee collective bargaining rights (Fossum 2005; Taft, 1976).
Wagner Act The Wagner Act, also known as the NLRA, was introduced in 1935. This legislation…...

Similar Documents

Union or Not Union

...Union or unionized companies are businesses that hire employees that belong to a union, a legal organization that represents the employees and manages, at least in part, the hiring process. There are different types of unions, based on the industries they work within, and companies that work with unions have several common qualities that differentiate them from businesses that do not use unions. 1. Rules and Guidelines ◦ Unions are responsible for creating many different rules in the industries they are a part of. Some of these rules apply to employees and the training they must go through, but many also apply to the companies that hire union workers. These companies must provide workplaces that promote worker safety and health. Of course, good companies will work toward these aims anyway, and state or federal governments have their own safety rules. But unions often add extra guidelines to make sure that workers will not be mistreated or put in danger.

 2. Compensation ◦ Union workers, on average, are paid more than employees who are not part of unions. This means that union companies must expect to pay more in compensation. Many companies balance this by offering fewer benefits to employees, but only up to a point; most unions also require companies to offer certain benefits, such as health insurance. This is one reason that unions are popular among employees, and it is also a key point of negotiation between companies and unions.

 3. Pricing ◦ In general, companies...

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Legislation

...might be agreed in writing between employer and employee and be included on the employee’s contract of employment: Place of work Contractual hours TASK 3 Continued: Salary Benefits Holiday entitlement Job duties Notice provisions TASK 4 An employer might make the following statutory and voluntary deductions from an employees pay: An employer must deduct Pay As You Earn and National Insurance payments (both Class 1 and Class 1a) from an employees pay. An employer is also responsible for deducting applicable student loan payments and child maintenance payments. Child maintenance may be paid via a DEO (Deductions from earnings order). An employer may also deduct, on a voluntary basis, pension contributions, loan repayments, trade union payments, social club memberships, payments towards clothing or equipment, saving schemes, benefit schemes (ie healthcare). These must be authorised by the employee or detailed in the contract of employment. If the employee is employed in the retail industry an employer can make a deduction to your pay to recover cash shortages or stock deficiencies. However they can not take more than 10% of your gross pay (before PAYE and NI) in each pay period. An employer can also make the following deductions, a charge for failing to return company property or damaging it, failure to work your contractual notice period, recovery of advance expenses, recovery of holiday pay received in excess of your entitlement. These must be defined in your......

Words: 2278 - Pages: 10

Legislation

...Legislation Here are some of the acts that took place between the year 1979 and 1990 which were also used at Manchester Airport. Data protection act 1998 The data protection act was updated on the 16th of July but the first act came onto place in the year 1984 and now this regulates the process of information relating to individuals. This act came into place because advanced personal information was being shared around the world and it needed to be controlled so it would sort out the information that can be distributed and the information that can’t. An example of information being processed properly so no one can find out your personal information is: if you were to ring the bank to find out your balance you would have to go through security to protect your personal data like passwords, security numbers etc. Any information must be processed correctly and follow strict rules. Information should not be processed unless one of the conditions is met: The person whose data it is has given permission for the processing. The process is relevant for what the information is needed for. The process is necessary for the administration of justice or for a government department. The data controller has the legal right to process the information or data. The processing is necessary to protect the interests of the person (e.g. a criminal will not disclose the information about a person’s conviction) Personal data, i.e. marital status, salary etc, should only be obtained......

Words: 1349 - Pages: 6

Unions

...creation of Unions……………………………………………………………….…………6-7 Pros and Cons of Union Membership…………………………………………..…………….....7-9 Today’s need for Unions ……………..…………………………………………………..…...9-10 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………....10 References ……………………………………………………………………………………….11 Abstract This paper will examine whether or not there exist a current need for labor unions. ? During the 1700’s to early 1800’s, men, women, and children were treated to unbearable working conditions, low wages, and long hours. Over time the workers became fed up of the abuse and decide to unite and make changes. This change resulted in the creation of labor unions. Through, the creation and use of these unions, workers have enjoyed perks such as 40 hour work days, certain benefits and better working conditions. Over the years, the labor force has undergone multiple changes. Laws were enacted to protect employees and hold employers accountable for their abuse of personnel. With the creation and passing of the multiply employment laws, one must ask, does the need for unions still exist? Do they still serve a function or have they out served their purpose? You may associate the names Ronald Reagan, Susan B. Anthony, and Melissa Gilbert with acting, the Civil Rights movement and the presidency of the United States. However, all three individuals had one thing in common. At one point in their lives, they were union......

Words: 2898 - Pages: 12

Unions

...Legislations That Shaped Labor Unions For centuries, the divide between laborers and their controllers have come with a high price. From wealthy farmers to corporate presidents, their subordinates have had to work hard to achieve their personal goals and that of employers. At times, employees have been exploited by working outrageous hours under horrible conditions for a measly pay. Such abuse was absorbed by the needy and continued for years, until the government stepped in and demanded labors to be implemented. Such laws gave the rights and freedom that many were looking for in order to work stable hours and for reasonable pay. Like many laws, it took time and effort but such laws came to fruition by legislations such as The Wagner Act, The Taft-Hartley Act, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Wagner Act, also known as The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, is the foundation for all unions that are now in existence in the United States. Prior to The Wagner Act, employees had no say as to whether or not they wanted to come together and agree on proposals for better and healthier work environments by being represented by unions. The Wagner Act gave employees the ability to work together, unionize and designate employee representatives that would be the voice of the employees when it came to collective bargaining (Department of Labor (DOL), 2014). This act specifically required employers to bargain in good faith over mandatory bargaining issues such as wages, hours,...

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7

Unions

...ABSTRACT Unions were formed because of the less than human treatment, implorable working conditions, and slave labor maneuvers that employers used to run their company and handle their employees. Labor unions have been considered by many to be an organization that defends and helps the working class people in America. Introduction A Union is constituted by a group of workers who link together to create a strong partnership against the company they currently are employed by. These partnership are created so that these groups of workers will have the requirements to quietly negotiate with their employers for better and safer working conditions, equal opportunity in the place of work regarding salaries and health benefits, and outstanding rights regarding discrimination due to religion, race, disability, sexual orientation, and other discrimination. Late in the 1800’s unions originated and took shape, nevertheless Unions became influential in the early 19th century. Unions had a significant influence on passing laws protecting children that had to work. These laws made sure that children would not be able to work with any type of machinery (heavy), would not work long hours, and that at least they got paid minimum wage. Additionally, unions worked to have workers reduced their demanding 12 hour shifts and reduce them to an 8 hour shifts. Every influential union, permits workers to negotiate in opposition to the company they worked for and use the following tools......

Words: 2303 - Pages: 10

Legislation

...P2 explain the impact of the legal and regulatory framework on recruitment and selection activities Current UK and EU legislation UK is governed by two areas of legislation and those two areas are the Lows passed within the UK and the passed with the European Union. Also the European is consisting to have 25 European states in the Europe for who is joined in the European and become integrated and having good movement between people and also having good service across them. The responsibility of the European Parliament is to pass to the EU the legislation that is affect the state of the European. Sex discrimination act 1975/97 For sex discrimination there two types of those types are the direct discrimination and the indirect discrimination. The direct discrimination is mean a less man are qualified they could not give any job over a more qualified women. The indirect discrimination is when the job its require that one sex it’s unable to perform the job. The sex discrimination is also is concern the direct and indirect discriminations against from man and women on the grounds sex and married the person on the grounds with the marital status, and man and women if they grounds of the garden this is a reassignment. Race Relations Act 1992 This act is unlawful for anyone that is discriminated against on the ground of race, colour and nationality. An example is the direct discrimination with this act because this is the only job for someone with white skin...

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Unions

...federal laws that outline a specified maternity leave for expectant mothers in the United States, the Family and Medical Leave Act applies to all 50 states. Under FMLA, a covered employer must allow an eligible employee a maximum of 12 weeks of unpaid leave during a 12 month period of time. FMLA eligibility would apply in the following situations: * Birth and care of a newborn child of the employee * In cases of a foster child or an adoption by the employee * To take care of an ill member of the immediate family (spouse, child, or parent) * Personal medical leave if an employee is disabled and cannot work The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 This amendment to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the first piece of federal legislation that stated clearly you cannot be fired for being pregnant. Maternity/Paternity Leave: Maternity/Paternity leave shall be granted to qualified employees upon request and shall not exceed a total of three months of continuous duration. Current Bargaining Unit Agreements and DPA regulations allow an employee to request an unpaid leave of absence of up to one year for parental leave to care for a newborn child. During this unpaid leave, you can elect to continue your health, dental, or vision coverage by direct payment to your carrier or let your coverage suspend until you return to work. Pregnancy Disability Leave (PDL) is an unpaid leave for a period of actual disability caused by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Union vs Non Union

...Union vs Non Union Brian Largent I have worked for a lot of places over the years but none of them have been a union employer. I have however been through a union election, and the election that is a part of that. I am not a fan of those processes because they can take away from productivity, and cause a low morale at the workplace. In this paper I will explain the differences between the two types of shops, including the different things in management, and compensation. I will also look at the legislation that pertains to unions, and the laws that pertains to each part of a collective bargaining agreement. I will begin with the differences in management from a union employer to a non-union employer. Management in a non- union shop typically has a strong hierarchy in power, from the CEO all the way down to the common employee. Management in a non-union shop can have what is known as an open door policy, meaning that it is acceptable for employees to come to the managers with their problems. This is beneficial to keep morale in the workplace and open communication across the board. Union employers are different in a few ways when it comes to management. Management will still have the hierarchy of power, however there are more positions in that latter. In a union workplace employees do not have the chance to talk to management. A union representative must talk “for” the employee, instead of them talking on their own. While a lot of times this is not a big deal,......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Unions

...chapter provides a brief background of the Zambia National Union of Teachers (ZNUT) and the genesis of teachers’ education on the effectiveness of grievance handling procedure in ZNUT. It begins by looking at the history of the Zambia National Union of Teachers and later it discusses the beginnings of teachers’ education of grievance handling procedure in the teacher union. Other items covered are the statement of the problem, the purpose of the study and the significance of the study. Lastly, the chapter further covers limitations of the study, delimitation of the study, operational definitions of terms and finally the organisation of the study. 1.1 Brief Background of Zambia National Union of Teachers (ZNUT). ZNUT was formed in 1950 when it was then called Northern Rhodesia African Teachers Association (NORATA). There is dearth of information on workers’ education training programmes for teachers during the period of (NORATA). In 1962, the name then changed to Northern Rhodesia Africa Teachers Union (NORATU). Similarly, there is dearth of information regarding workers’ education during the period of (NORATU). In 1964 again the name changed to Zambia National Union of Teachers (ZNUT) and the recognition agreement was signed between ZNUT and the Ministry of Education (ZNUT 2006). ZNUT is affiliated to the largest Teachers’ and Educational Personnel Union in the world. In 1995, as an affiliate to the Educational Personnel Union, ZNUT sent representatives to attend an......

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Union

...collectively.” “Theoretically, the rationale for unionisation appears sound. However, in practice, ensuring the solidarity of workers and controlling the supply of labour is problematic.” (Finnemore, 2013). Based on the statements above, present a detailed discussion on trade unions. Your discussion should include reasons why employees join trade unions, goals on trade unions, trade union structure and organisational effectiveness and closed shop and agency shop agreements. Darryl John Iyaloo Human Resource Management 311 (BBA) 28 April 2016 ABSTRACT This paper provides a detailed discussion on the South African Trade Union Movement. Using the case study of The Marikana Fallout, this paper will attempt to unpack why employees join trade unions, goals of the trade unions, trade union structure and organisational effectiveness, closed shop and agency shop agreements. 1. Introduction 2. The South African Trade Union Movement: A Brief History 3. The Case of The Marikana Fallout 4. The Reasons Why Employees Join Trade Unions 5. Goals Of The Trade Unions 6. Trade Unions Structure and Organisational Effectiveness 7. Closed Shop and Agency Shop Agreements 8.1 Closed Shop Agreements 8.2 Agency Shop Agreements 8. Conclusion 9. References 1. Introduction As an upper middle-income country within Africa and the continent’s largest economy,......

Words: 3906 - Pages: 16

The European Union

...Vietnam- Dong, Malaysia- Ringgit. Legislation ASEAN The Association of South East Asia Countries has 10 member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia. The currencies are as followed: Brunei Darussalam- Brunei Dollar, Cambodia- Riel, Indonesia- Rupiah, Lao- Kip, Myanmar- Kyat, Philippines- Peso, Singapore- Singapore Dollar, Thailand- Bhat, Vietnam- Dong, Malaysia- Ringgit. Legislation EU The European Union has 28 member countries: Austria (1995) Belgium (1958) Bulgaria (2007) Croatia (2013) Cyprus (2004) Czech Republic (2004) Denmark (1973) Estonia (2004) Finland (1995) France (1958) Germany (1958) Greece (1981) Hungary (2004) Ireland (1973) Italy (1958) Latvia (2004) Lithuania (2004) Luxembourg (1958) Malta (2004) Netherlands (1958) Poland (2004) Portugal (1986) Romania (2007) Slovakia (2004) Slovenia (2004) Spain (1986) Sweden (1995) United Kingdom (1973) The currencies are as followed: United Kingdom -Great British pound sterling, Bulgaria- Bulgarian lev, Croatia- Croatian kun, Czech Republic- Czech koruna, Denmark- Danish krone, Hungary- Hungarian forint, Poland- Polish złoty, Romania- Romanian lau, Sweden- Swedish krona, all other countries use the Euro as their currency. Legislation EU law is divided into 'primary' and 'secondary' legislation. The treaties (primary legislation) are the basis or ground rules for all EU action. Secondary legislation – which includes......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Police Unions

...Police unions play a huge role in the police departments these days. Depending on the department and the amount of issues going on in the department will indicate how much the union is doing for that department. There are three major police unions that most people have heard of. They are Fraternal Order of Police, International Union of Police Associations, and the Teamsters Law Enforcement League. The International Union of Police Associations mission is to help fight to improve the lives of their brothers and sisters in the law enforcement. It also works to improve legislation that protects and affects public safety officers, and also represents the needs of law enforcement officers and support personnel whether it is for equipment, more staff, or a fair wage. The Teamsters Law Enforcement League’s mission is to organize and educate workers so in return they will attain a higher standard of living. The Teamsters help organize to make it to where workers have a voice, they also involve workers in the political process to help get their issues addressed, and they also negotiate and enforce contracts so each worker will be treated with the dignity, justice, and respect they deserve. Lastly, the Fraternal Order of Police’s mission is to encourage fraternal, educational, charitable and social activities among law enforcement officers; to advocate and strive for uniform application of the civil service merit system for appointment and promotion; to support the improvement of the...

Words: 385 - Pages: 2

Union

...Name of the Organization: United Auto Workers Union Brief background information Aside from the union that employs almost half the employees of the company I’m currently employed by, the only other union I am aware of that is still unionized is the International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW). The UAW website classifies the Union as "one of the largest and most diverse unions in North America, with members in virtually every sector of the economy. It represented workplaces ranging from multinational corporations, small manufacturers and state and local governments to colleges and universities, hospitals and private non-profit organizations". What's more, the Union "has more than 390,000 active members and more than 600,000 retired members are in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico". (UAW, 2012) Legal issues and obstacles that this organization could encounter In the beginning years of the union, the union was faced with work stoppages and strikes. These occurrences affected the output of a company, the worker’s salary and the economy in general. Determine which federal, state, or local laws could be broken because of these legal issues and why. Laws violated by wildcat strikes and work stoppages: The Norris–La Guardia Act (also known as the Anti-Injunction Bill) was a 1932 United States federal law that banned yellow-dog contracts, prevented federal courts from issuing injunctions......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Unions

...Unions Fay Stewart Human Capital Management HRM/531 February 28, 2012 Dennis Heins Unions Unions began to form in the United States in the mid-19th century. During this time unions were seen as criminal that engaged in violence and vandalism. Two centuries later, unions are seen as a force for employees receiving what is just due. In 2011 Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker introduced a bill that became law to strip public workers of some or all of their collective bargaining rights. Unions have many benefits and the process to become unionized is long. Once a union is established they will use collective bargaining to assist their members in receiving a labor contract. The relationship between the union and employer is a continuous process. Wisconsin Public Workers The State of Wisconsin public workers unions came in to fire when Governor Scott Walker took office. Walker campaigned on fighting for the everyday normal residents; the people who do not have a taxpayer supplied union mechanism. Governor Walker took notice that Wisconsin and other states have public employee pension plans that have escalated out of control and the disruptions to the governments it has and will cause in the form of fiscal damage. Wisconsin’s budget problems started when a series of tax cuts began in 2003 and in 2011 bills passed to provide additional tax cuts and deductions for businesses. Tax cuts have led to a budget shortfall, which led to the Governor introducing the Budget......

Words: 1468 - Pages: 6

Stargate Origins HDTV 720p AC3 5.1 | Boardwalk Empire Krimi | Watch Episode