To What Extent Does the Impact of the First World War Explain the Outbreak of Two Revolutions in Russia in 1917?

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To what extent does the impact of the First World War explain the outbreak of two revolutions in Russia in 1917?
To an extent, the First World War contributed greatly in the outcome of two revolutions in Russia. This is a result of the war worsening already evident issues in Russia such social, economic and political factors as well as losing support from the peasants and army. It can also be argued that revolution was inevitable as social, economic and political factors throughout the years were bound to end in revolution; the war was just the tipping point. Nonetheless, all these factors link back to a single factor: The weakness of the government. If the government had been stronger, the peasants wouldn’t need to, or be able to, revolt.

Primarily, the First World War was arguably a large factor in the outbreak of two revolutions as it lost large amounts of support from Russian civilians. It made already crucial factors worse as the Russian peasants and working class which made up 80% of the population worked longer and harder and yet struggled to find food due to transport being taken over by the military and little food entered the cities, as well as high inflation on food available. This led to large amounts of hostility towards the Russian government and losing large amounts of support. Nonetheless, it can be argued that Russia had experienced many failures before, such as the 1914 Russo-Japanese war; therefore, bad leadership or war failure was not significant enough to cause two revolutions afterwards, it was a result poor leadership faced by Russian people for years through events such as Bloody Sunday which was only exacerbated by the war. However, it can be argued that all revolutions prior to the First World War did not succeed, such as the 1905 revolution, meaning that it played a significant impact on the outbreak of two revolutions. Nonetheless,…...

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