The Japanese Invasion: Yohji Yamamoto and Issey Miyake

In: People

Submitted By cornelyus
Words 1271
Pages 6
“All the things that adorn woman, all the things that go to enhance her beauty, are part of herself… making… the woman and her dress, an indivisible whole.” (Baudelaire 1972: 423-4)
For a long time, femininity is often defined by how the female body is been perceived and represented, ‘a woman’s character and status are frequently judged by her appearance’ (Betteron 1987) Clothes, make-up and demeanour constitute identity, sexuality and social position are some of elements that constitutes a feminine body. And for centuries, Western fashion has resolutely inclined towards a more structured and tailored kind of silhouette, which exalted the virtues of sexuality, glamour and status—the backbone of the European haute couture design. Western female clothes have historically been designed to exemplify the contours of the body.
While 1980s was majorly characterized by everything glitzy and glamour – with people earning big money and spending conspicuously, the era saw a emergence of a new generation of young Japanese designers whose designs exemplified the ideology of “anti-fashion” and some of these designers were Issey Miyake and Yohji Yamamoto. The purpose of this essay is to see how Miyake and Yohji’s emergence and their unconventional design philosophy, silhouettes they created and techniques they have adopted, have called forth a new interpretation of the existing regulations and norms of clothing and fashion; and how women should be perceived and represented.

To see how the representation and perception of the feminine body and western fashion had been drastically changed since the emergence of Japanese design in 1980s, it is important to compare and contrast both Miyake and Yamamoto’s work, in terms of how their philosophy has brought upon this new change.
It was evident that both Miyake and Yamamoto were generally all about challenging everything that were…...

Similar Documents

Invasion

...Course: English 111 Student: Sohib Ruziboev Assignment: “Invasion” by Percy Benjamin study questions answers 1. Since the population of the Bend was low and the town was not crowd, Percy expresses his attitude towards the nature and surrounding environment by writing about the soil, trees and canals in Central Oregon. I think that was the dominant impression of Percy’s description of Bend, Oregon. 2. In my opinion Percy mostly trying to show and entertain readers. From the very first paragraphs Percy is trying to express his feelings and describe the place and people. It is quite easy to understand what this essay is about and what author wants from reader by just reading one sentence from each paragraph. 3. There are couple examples where Percy used figurative language: One of them is “Into this soil-this dry, unforgiving soil – the larvae of the Pandora moth drops like a seed.” Another one is “Their brightly blond hair appears flattened out of gold.” I think by using figurative language Percy wants to better explain what specific place and object, which is in my opinion very effective because it makes essay look more understandable. Percy’s choice of words is great too, which entertain readers. 4. As I mentioned before Percy’s use of metaphors in his essay “Invasion” is very effective since he’s got a very nice choice of words that attract readers. Percy uses extended metaphor very effectively too. He compares to unlike things and continues it throughout few......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Japanese Americans

...World War II: The Internment of Japanese-American Citizens American History 129 History 129 Professor 22 April 2005 On December 7, 1941, the United States of America suffered from an unanticipated attack on Pearl Harbor. President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated that this day would live in infamy. This attack brought forth an array of drastic changes for the lives of Japanese-American citizens that were currently living in the United States at the time. Officials in Washington became highly involved in deciphering a plan to prevent further espionage, and sabotage from happening. After the attack many Americans had strong anti-Japanese attitudes (NARA). This brought the Executive Order 9066 into full effect. Two months following the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt decided to instate the Executive Order 9066 into full effect. Executive Order 9066 was the starting point for the internment of Japanese-American citizens living inside of the United States. Officials feared that Japan had plans of further invading the homeland. Officials believed that Japanese-American citizens would side with Japan, and aid them rather than the United States. Order 9066 would bring the fear of invasion to a since of security. This order had to power to have the ability to relocate all people of the Japanese decent on the western coast to the Midwestern states, and it did exactly that. This order affected 117,000 people of Japanese descent, and two-thirds......

Words: 1025 - Pages: 5

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto

...Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is one greatest naval commanders of World War II to the Japanese people and is idolized as hero. His legacy span’s from service during the battle of Tsushima Strait to the battle of Midway. Not only was he a brilliant naval commander he was an innovator and saw that the air power is the future of naval warfare and saw to the better aircraft for the Japanese navy. His methods to attack were unique and his opinions were always valued by those around him. Although he saw America as an enemy he respected the power and industrial might the United States held compared to Japan. He was once asked by the Japanese Prime Minister if Japan stood a chance against America. He replied, “We can run wild for six months or a year, but after that I have no confidence.” (Joseph). Yamamoto was born April 4th, 1884 and was the sixth son to Sadayoshi Takano. His name means 56 only because his father was 56 at his date of birth. At the age of 16 he joined the Japanese Imperial Navy and was sent to Japanese Naval Academy at Etajima. He graduated in 1904 and was stationed around the cruiser Nisshin and the participated in the battle for Tsushima Strait. He lost two fingers on his left hand, but because of his potential leaderships skills was sent to Naval Staff College in 1913. In 1919, Yamamoto was sent to study in America. He studied English in Harvard and also studied into the strengths and weakness of the US. He graduated in 1923 and was......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Japanese

...Study of Japanese Experiences es on Sustainable Urban Development el including Pollution Control and Management, Resource/Energy Efficiency and GHG Reductiion o GH FINAL REPORT T February 2011 y THE WORLD BANK JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY STUDY OF JAPANESE EXPERIENCES ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT INCLUDING POLLUTION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT, RESOURCE / ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND GHG REDUCTION FINAL REPORT The First East Asia Eco2 Program, including this study, was funded by the Cities Alliance through a non-core contribution of the Japanese Government, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and the World Bank February 2011 ALMEC CORPORATION TABLE OF CONTENTS MAIN TEXT 1 SUMMARY 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Context of the Study....................................................................................................... 1-1 Study Objectives ............................................................................................................ 1-2 Analytical Framework of the Eco2 Initiative.................................................................... 1-3 Urban Development Process, Urban Management, and Environmental Initiatives in Japan.......................................................................................................................... 1-5 Responses of Stakeholders ........................................................................................... 1-8 Lessons from Japanese......

Words: 78628 - Pages: 315

The Japanese

...Things we can learn from the Japanese: 1. Honesty * The single most important thing we could learn from the Japanese people is honesty. Very little theft occurs in Japan and for the most part, most lost items are either always returned to their rightful owners or brought to police stations where said items could be claimed. Only 6.6 bikes are stolen for every 100,000 people in Japan. In wake of the tsunami and past catastrophic events you see that the people of Japan were not looting. Instead they were helping each other out in finding their belongings instead of taking advantage of other individuals, unlike what we’ve seen here in the United States after Hurricane Katrina. 2. Indebtedness * Japanese parents give so much to their children when they raise them. For giving life to the child and nurturing them, the child is indebted to their parents, and does whatever it takes to please them. A lot of Americans take what their parents have done for them for granted. I know I don’t, but many do. I wish more of my peers fully appreciate the many sacrifices that were made to fulfill their wants and needs. My siblings and I have been a financial burden on my parents and I see their struggle to this day, but I have high hopes of making it up to them once I attain my degree and provide for them so that they can retire. 3. Group Orientation * Americans are not the greatest when it comes to group-oriented work. The Japanese focus on the good of the......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5

Invasion of Japan in the Philippines

...The Japanese occupation of the Philippines occurred between 1942 and 1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II. The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. As at Pearl Harbor, the American aircraft were severely damaged in the initial Japanese attack. Lacking air cover, the American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java on December 12, 1941. General Douglas MacArthur escaped Corregidor on the night of March 11, 1942 for Australia, 4,000 km away. The 76,000 starving and sick American and Filipino defenders on Bataan surrendered on April 9, 1942, and were forced to endure the infamous Bataan Death March on which 7,000–10,000 died or were murdered. The 13,000 survivors on Corregidor surrendered on May 6. Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years, until the surrender of Japan. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands, mostly jungle and mountain areas. MacArthur supplied them by submarine, and sent reinforcements and officers. Filipinos remained loyal to the United States, partly because of the American guarantee of independence, and also because the Japanese had pressed large numbers of Filipinos into work details and even put young Filipino women into brothels.[1] General MacArthur discharged his promise to return to the Philippines on October 20, 1944. The landings on...

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Effect of Globalization of Japanese Fashion

...Analyse the effect of ‘Globalization’ on fashion with special reference to the impact of Japanese designs on the European scene. The definition of globalisation is quite complex and extremely controversial. However globalization with reference to the fashion industry helps defines the development of what has been termed as „world fashion‟. Preferred garments of young people is quite often the same. A phenomenon made possible by the exploitative mechanisms of globalization. The globalization of clothing manufacture, distribution, retailing online, and the global commodity advertising of both designer and high street brands, has impacted significantly on fashion and the way the industry operates. Alternatively the progress of the fashion industry through globalization can be defined by the political, economical, social, technological and cultural relations between countries. Such relationships within the global fashion industry are questioned to whether or not the globalisation of fashion is becoming beneficial or harmful to developing and developed countries. The fashion industry of today is one of the best examples of the effects of globalisation and its implications. Fashion is now able to take its manufacturing abroad as a result of globalization making it possible for the European fashion industries to produce clothing at increasingly lower prices. This allows the high street prices, or the retail price of fashion to be so low that the consumer, the......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Japanese

...April 20, 2010 Professor Ravina Legends of the Samurai The Faces of Bushido Bushido, however it is defined, has had a profound impact on Japanese society. Translated, Bushido means “Way of the Warrior” and so it can be defined as a type of code of conduct for samurai. Besides being simply a code applied to Japanese samurai alone, Bushido has also been said to be an integral element in the fabric of Japanese culture and society. Although there is no formalized official written document specifically stating what Bushido is, it remains an entity that has become the quintessential element of Japanese society. Of all the interpretations on what Bushido is, two of the most popular are the Hagakure by Yamamoto Tsunetomo and Bushido, the Soul of Japan by Inazo Nitobe. However, both of these writings are influenced by the time period in which they were written, and experiences of their respective authors. By evaluating certain influences on the interpretations of Bushido and the contradictions in them one is able to see how each is using their own version of Bushido to justify the author’s position or achieve a certain end. Bushido as a term itself was not used much later on, but the code itself, although unspoken, can be seen Japanese literature throughout the ages. Starting with the Shoku Nihongi the term “bushi” is used as well as the term “Saburau”, which was applied to those who accompanied nobility. One of the earliest forms of a type of written code of conduct that has......

Words: 2913 - Pages: 12

Japanese

...JAPANESE TERMS FOR YELLOW BELT Anza - Cross legged sitting posture Ashi Sabaki - Foot movement, can also mean leg and foot movement Chudan - Middle (area from neck to belly button) Dojo - “The way hall”, the karate practice area Gedan - Lower (area from belly button to knees) Gi - The Karate uniform, also called “do gi” Hiza - Knee, “take a knee” used for children; actual command is ashi orishiku. Jisen Dachi - Full contact sparring stance Jisen Kumite - Full contact sparring, “actual combat sparring” Jodan Tsuki, Chudan Tsuki, Gedan Tsuki: High punch, middle punch, low punch Jodan Uke - Chudan Uke, Gedan Uke: High block, middle block, low block Jodan - Upper (area from top of head to neck) Kamaete - Assume the posture, a command Kata/Gata - “Mold”, as in forming from clay, term used for formal karate training forms Kiai - “Energy release”, the name of the karate sound made when striking Kihon - Basic Kiotsuke - Energy all together, a command for the class to stand at attention as a unit Kumite - “Touching hands”, sparring Mae Geri, Yoko Geri, Mawashi Geri, Ushiro Geri - Front kick, side kick, round kick, back kick. Naihanchi Dachi - The stance used in the ancient Nahanchi Kata Naihanchi - Ancient Okinawan Kata, obscure meaning, likely meaning is “gripping the ground as an animal” from an ancient Okinawa Hogen dialect. Obi - Belt Rei - Courtesy, bow Ryukyukan - “Dragon Ball House” , Ryukyu’s are the islands of Okinawa, kan is house Ramtown......

Words: 666 - Pages: 3

Japanese Eperialism

...The Sources of Japanese Militarism Source: J.B. Crowley, “A New Deal for Japan and Asia: One Road to Pearl Harbor” (1970)1 Introduction While the events of Pearl Harbor (1941) became “a date which will live in infamy” for the Americans, it is doubted by many if the attack was to be expected due to the rigid U.S. policy toward Japan. Crowley argues that by not acting against the 1931 Japanese intervention in Manchuria the U.S. “condemned itself to Pearl Harbor and the Pacific War”. In the perspective of the Vietnam War the aspects of Asian nationalism, the heritage of colonialism, communist ideology & national movement emerged. America’s role in Asia should be reassessed, and a better understanding of Asian racism and nationalism is needed. In this perspective Pearl Harbor will be seen as a by-product of Asian nationalism and as a conflict between an Asian country and the Occidental nationalism. As he assumes for the Japanese Pearl Harbor portrayed “a blow against the efforts of the Occidental powers to strangle Japan”. He quotes Tokutomi Sohō’s comment on the Imperial Declaration of War: “We must show the races of East Asia that order, tranquillity, peace... can be gained only by eradicating... [the Anglo-Saxons] ...and by making Nippon the leader of East Asia.” The essay of Crowley aims to help the better understanding of nationalism, colonialism, communism and imperialism in the Asian setting. The post-WW1 situation 1 Besides this essay, I relayed on the......

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6

Lionfish Invasion

...Lionfish Invasion Threatens Coral Reefs in the Atlantic and Caribbean Submitted by Richard Waite on August 29, 2011 Lionfish on a coral reef in The Bahamas. Photo credit: Richard Carey, www.richardcareyphotos.com. Recent news reports from Texas to Jamaica to the Bahamas have documented the rapid spread of the lionfish—an invasive marine species. Lionfish have quickly become established across the waters of the southeastern U.S. and the Caribbean. New sightings abound—earlier this month lionfish reached the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary off the coasts of Texas and Louisiana. Because of their role in upsetting the ecological balance of coral reef ecosystems, the rapid growth in the populations of these fish poses a grave threat to the region’s coral reefs. Consequently, the region’s fishing and tourism industries, which depend on coral reefs, may also be at risk. Governments across the region are trying to respond to the lionfish invasion by developing new campaigns and cooperation strategies that could pose important lessons for how to deal with invasive marine species in the future. Two species of lionfish (Pterois volitans and P. miles) are responsible for this recent and growing threat to Atlantic and Caribbean reefs. Native to the Indo-Pacific, these species’ colorful and dramatic appearance make them popular ornamental fishes in saltwater aquariums (see photo above). Though no one is certain how or when the lionfish invasion began, strong evidence......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Issey Miyake

...Issey Miyake was only seven years old when an atomic bomb was detonated over Hiroshima. A native of Hiroshima, Miyake lost his mother in the disaster and was exposed to high amounts of radiation in the aftermath. This devastating experience drove Miyake to pursue a career in fashion and dedicate his life to “things that can be created, not destroyed, and that bring beauty and joy” (Miyake, 2009). I believe Miyake’s creative vision and fashion designs represent three principles of Japanese culture that best demonstrate the legacy of the country. This essay examines these three notions— the concept of “mottainai,” the importance of innovation, and a desire to embrace and understand other world cultures—and explains why I am convinced Miyake’s fashion collection would be the most accurate reflection of Japan’s cultural legacy in a time capsule containing all the world’s heritage. “Mottainai” is not just a word, but also a way of life in Japan. A simple English translation is “waste not, want not,” but even this does not truly convey its meaning. In the past, Japanese people handled their clothing with the greatest care, stitching their threadbare garments to repair them rather than simply throwing them away. Even now, the Japanese are mindful of “mottainai” for clothing, as it is common to use old towels as dust cloths, and unneeded garments as wrapping paper for gifts. Miyake’s first fashion collection, which debuted in New York in 1971 and Paris in 1973, was entitled A Piece......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Toda Yamamoto

...Does Saving really matter for Growth in Developing Countries? The Case of a Small Open Economy Olajide S. Oladipo, PhD Department of Economics and Finance School of Business, Medgar Evers College 1637 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11225 Email: ooladipo@ mec.cuny.edu Abstract The study employed the Toda and Yamamoto (1995) and Dolado and Lutkepohl (1996) – TYDL- methodology to uncover the direction of causal relationship between savings and economic growth in Nigeria between 1970 and 2006. The empirical results suggest that savings and economic growth are positively cointegrated indicating a stable long run equilibrium relationship. Further, the findings revealed a unidirectional causality between savings and economic growth and the complementary role of FDI in growth. Keywords: Cointegration, FDI, Savings and Economic Growth JEL Classification: C32; E21;O11 Does Saving really matter for Growth in Developing Countries? The Case of a Small Open Economy Introduction The relationship between savings and economic growth has received increased attention in recent years especially in developed and emerging economies [see Bacha (1990), DeGregorio (1992), Levine and Renelt (1992), and Jappelli and Pagano (1994)]. This might not be unconnected to the central underpinning of Lewis’s (1955) traditional development theory that increasing savings would accelerate economic growth. Research efforts by Kaldor (1956) and Samuelson and Modigliani (1966) examined how different......

Words: 3764 - Pages: 16

After Recession, How Yohji Yamamoto Protect the Businese?

...Case Study for Yohji Yamamoto After Recession, How Yohji Yamamoto Protect His Business? Compare with Comme des Garcons. University for the Creative Art Directed by Mo Tomaney Written by Yu-Han, Lin (Monica) Date: 19th January 2012 MA Fashion Management and Marketing Introduction Yohji Yamamoto is a Japanese poet, a philosopher of Eastern aesthetics, and as known, he is a fashion designer. When people talk about Yohji Yamamoto, it seems impossible to discuss his early work without referencing Rei Kawakubo. Both of them were born in the war era, obviously, it can be told from their collections that the later stage of the Second World War left some significant influences. Their concept of fashion and design are similar, and also the way they express their concerning about societal and global issues are usually positive. A functional elegance and sobriety is their philosophy. As people know, black is the essential colour they always apply in their every seasonal collection. As Yamamoto explained, “Black is modest and arrogant at the same time…It means that many things go together, yet it takes different aspects in many fabrics…But above all black says…don’t bother me!” (2000 cited in English, 2011: 46) Besides, their attitude about choosing fabrics and respect for the wholeness of the body are similarly severe and carefully. The aesthetic they present is considered very ideological. For example, bias-cutting, irregularly overlapping design, applying washed fabrics and......

Words: 4157 - Pages: 17

British Invasion

...Another British Invasion Debra Hazel. Chain Store Age. New York: Mar 2010. Vol. 86, Iss. 3; pg. 18, 2 pgs Abstract (Summary) Forget John, Paul, George and Ringo or The Rolling Stones: now its retailers that constitute the new British Invasion. Since 2007, retailers as diverse as Tesco's Fresh & Easy Neighborhood Market grocery stores, cosmetics merchant Space NK, high-end apparel designers Ben Sherman and Ted Baker, and fast-fashion leaders Topshop and Superdry have dropped anchor in California, New York, Boston and other major US cities. Why UK chains would seek out America is not really a surprise: The size of the market provides a huge opportunity, while a common language and similar laws ease the path of entry to some extent. The recession caused Tesco to slow its original plan to have 200 stores by the end of its current fiscal year. But the chain continues to open at least one new store per week, including a recent entry into Northern California in Fresno, and is undertaking significant marketing to reach US consumers.  »  Jump to indexing (document details) Full Text (1391  words) | Copyright Lebhar-Friedman, Inc. Mar 2010 [Headnote] | U.K. retailers look to America for growth | | It's the ultimate - and a literally delicious - irony. "We were born on the Fourth of July, a real irony for a British company," said Nicky Doggart, U.S. CEO of Hotel Chocolat, a luxury chocolate boutique that launched its U.S. Web site on July 4, 2007, and late last......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

1x895 Acacias 38 | Green Worldz - Raw Chap 24 | Health Fitness