The Great Awakening

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By Shaguar75
Words 1130
Pages 5
Shan Rogers
Professor Orr
December 1, 2012

The Great Awakening and Its Leaders and Theology

The Great Awakening was a revival movement meant to purify religion from material distractions and renew any and every person’s faith in God. The movement was a reaction against the diminishing of religion and the spread of disbelief during the Enlightenment of the 1700’s. During this time, revival ministers stressed the emptiness of material comfort, the corruption of human nature, and the need for immediate repentance for fear that individuals shall receive divine fury. So basically, the Great Awakening was a period in history in the American colonies, where the importance of the church was deemphasized and there was more of a focus on the spirituality of individuals themselves.
Among this historical event, were leaders who would help carry the Great Awakening to where it was destined to be. Though there were many leaders, two leaders stood out more than any other and had the greatest impact on the Great Awakening. These two leaders were Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield.
The revival had begun with Jonathan Edwards in Northampton, Massachusetts. Edwards came from Puritan, Calvinist roots, but emphasized the importance and power of a personal religious experience. Edwards’s role in the Awakening was major and crucial in many ways. First, Edwards was a very prominent and effective preacher who not only used his faith as inspiration for his sermons but also from earlier writings of John Locke and Isaac Newton in the English Enlightenment. (Williams, p. 143) Through his research and practice, Edwards had developed a new way of preaching. His new way of preaching was to target the emotions of the congregation in order to have a better and more affectionate spiritual result. One of the tools that Edwards use to accomplish this was to create a very vivid…...

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