The Feminist Movement

In: Historical Events

Submitted By shadrachdiamond
Words 1712
Pages 7
Unit 9 Final Assignment: A movement that is changing the world
Shadrach Diamond
Kaplan University

SS 310-06
April 25, 2012

The 1960s was a decade filled with changes that had an effect on the nation and the world like none other. During this period, Civil Rights movements took place, the country was at war, a U.S. president was assassinated, and humans walked on the moon. Music and television were creating a completely different culture. For the first time a presidential election was broadcast on TV giving millions of Americans the ability see this event, and the Beatles were influencing the youth with their magical music and lyrics. The events that occurred in this decade not only touched this planet as a whole, but it also made an impression on my personal life. The city I live in saw a big change during the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s. New Orleans, Louisiana, has a large black population who shared the same dream that Martin Luther King spoke about at the Capital. “On August 28, 1963, more than 250,000 people from across the nation came together in Washington, D.C. to peacefully demonstrate their support for the passage of a meaningful civil rights bill, an end to racial segregation in schools and the creation of jobs for the unemployed” (Hansan, n.d.). Martin Luther King Jr. was a pioneer for the Civil Rights movement who encouraged other people to follow him and help change the country’s laws. Because of the advancements in the Civil Rights movement for racial equality, other movements were learning from it and gaining momentum in their own fight. “The women’s liberation movement was perhaps the most radical ‘sixties’ political and social movement, and only in the early 1970s did it develop national attention and broad support” (Farber, 1994). This movement brought many developments such as the Equal Pay Act and Equal…...

Similar Documents

The Difference Between the Feminist Movement of 1960 and That of Today

...The Difference between the Feminist Movement of 1960 and that of Today In the book “Female Chauvinist Pigs” Levy tries examine and make sense of the radical cultural, social and economic difference in the definition of feminism by two generation. Levy struggles to make sense the two generation mutually exclusive definition of feminism, what it means and what it should stand for. The feminist's movement of the 1960s and 1970s drew inspiration from the civil rights movement. It was made up mainly of members of the middle class, and thus partook of the spirit of rebellion that affected large segments of middle-class youth in the 1960s.Thee feminist movement of the 1960 fought for women liberation, they had series of campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, voting rights, sexual harassment, and sexual violence. The movement of this period fought to achieve women's civil liberty rights, eradication of gender discrimination at workplace and in education centers, eliminating discrimination in wages, sexual revolution, reproductive rights and subsequently, amending the laws pertaining to cater for women’s need. According to the book the 1960 feminist movement was a major advocate in pushing congress to pass the Equal Pay Act in 1963, which made it illegal to pay a man more money than a woman for doing the same job and the civil rights Act in 1964 that banned discrimination on basis of race, sex and religion. The......

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5

Feminist Response

...Women Were Human in the 19th Century During the Women’s movement in the Progressive Era of the late 19th century, the domination and double standard treatment of women by a patriarchal society became the foundation for the works by many female authors including Kate Chopin. She wrote stories that did not portray her leading female characters as genteel or weak. However, she did place her characters in real life circumstances which included bad or unfulfilling marriages, lack of personal freedom and immoral situations. Essayist Lizzie May Homes stated “Woman has been considered too much as a woman, and not enough as a human being. The constant reference to her sex has been neither ennobling, complimentary, nor agreeable.” (Snodgrass) This quote reinforces that women are thought of as women, not humans. Just because women are female in sex does not mean that women are any less of a person. Even today, women are defined by gender and not considered equals to men and in the same situations women are treated differently than men. Both “The Story of an Hour”, 1894 and “The Storm”, 1899 by Kate Chopin support the idea of real women who lived in a society where they were expected to act and feel a certain way. Women were expected to deny their feelings and needs to that of their husbands. These two females characterize the unfulfilled and desperate images of women during this period of time. Chopin uses the theme of oppression and female independence to show that women were humans...

Words: 2369 - Pages: 10

The Women's Movement

...The women’s rights movement was a huge turning point for women because they had succeeded in the altering of their status as a group and changing their lives of countless men and women. Gender, Ideology, and Historical Change: Explaining the Women’s Movement was a great chapter because it explained and analyzed the change and causes of the women’s movement. Elaine Tyler May’s essay, Cold War Ideology and the Rise of Feminism and Women’s Liberation and Sixties Radicalism by Alice Echols both gave important but different opinions and ideas about the women’s movement. Also, the primary sources reflect a number of economic, cultural, political, and demographic influences on the women’s movement. This chapter really explains how the Cold War ideologies, other protests and the free speech movements occurring during this time helped spark the rise or the women’s right’s movements. In Cold War Ideology and the Rise of Feminism by Elaine Tyler May, May examines the impact of political changes on American families, specifically the relationship of a Cold War ideology and the ideal of domesticity in the 1960s. May believed that with security as the common thread, the Cold War ideology and the domestic revival reinforced each other. Personal adaption, rather than political resistance, characterized the era. However, postwar domesticity never fully delivered on its promises because the baby-boom children who grew up in suburban homes abandoned the containment ethos......

Words: 2090 - Pages: 9

Feminist, or Not Feminist, That Is the Question...

...Feminist, or Not Feminist, That is the Question... A Doll House depicts the very meaning of feminism. Ibsen does a unique yet amazing job of displaying the feminist discrimination performed by the male race. According to Webster’s Online Dictionary, the definition of feminism is: the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes; organized activity on behalf of women’s rights and interests. Although it has been reported that Ibsen stated he never intentionally wrote A Doll House as a feminist play, the text suggests otherwise. Ibsen writes A Doll House in a way that makes it seem as if he feels men are superior to women by using “pet names,” and other sexual comments. Ibsen uses this form of writing as a way to bring attention to readers that this type of mind set is unacceptable. Although it may seem that Ibsen is discriminating against women he is rather promoting gender equality by illustrating the ridiculousness of this issue by sort of mocking the reality of it. A Doll House is a feminist play because it expresses the importance of equality in both sexes in public and private life and demands the removal of restrictions on females to achieve such equality. One way Torvald attempts to gain control over Nora is the use of nicknames, notably of smaller, inferior animals. These such nicknames include, “Squirrel, silly girl, and skylark.” (857). Nora becomes extremely smart and begins to use Torvald’s use of pet names to her advantage. She......

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Feminist Critique

...Constitutional Law: Feminist Critiques of Public/Private Distinction By Frances Olsen INTRODUCTION Frances Olsen (born on February 4, 1945) is a professor of law at UCLA. She teaches Feminist Legal Theory, Dissidence & Law, Family Law, and Torts. Feminist Legal Theory is just over a decade old in the United States and is even younger in most other countries. Here, Frances Olsen presents one of her articles from within this burgeoning field. The topic of “private/public” has been actively debated in various scholarly discourses for many years. The factors such as the protection of individual decisional autonomy (private) from state regulation (public), and the preservation of communal interests (public) vis-à-vis personal pursuits (private) creates a conceptual tension. The present article particularly deals with the attempts of the female critiques/ advocates to challenge and even eliminate the distinction between private and public spheres. Frances Olsen presents the arguments of the feminists’ critiques of the public private divide that in many situations, this divide disadvantages women and the institutions with which women are traditionally associated such as the family. The author further says that by classifying family as ‘private’ the public private distinction often serve to shield abuse such as domestic violence. Domestic violence is illegal in every state. However, confusion about whether this is a public or private problem has not......

Words: 1641 - Pages: 7

Women Movement

...Women’s Health Movement WEEK 4/Tue Key Organizations • 1970 - Boston Women’s Health Collective publishes Our Bodies Ourselves • • • • 1971 - Feminist Women’s Health Centers 1973 - Committee to End Sterilization Abuse 1974 - National Women’s Health Network 1984 - National Black Women’s Health Project Ideology of the Grassroots Feminist Health Movement • Knowledge - critique medicalization • Empowerment / Authority • Consciousness raising groups “the personal is political” • Lay leadership • Refuse corporate sponsorship Carol Downer • Women’s Health in Women’s Hands http://www.womenshealthinwomenshands.org/index.htm Feminist self-help centers * women reclaimed power from the paternalistic and condescending medical community * women reclaimed the right to control their reproduction * women reclaimed the right to assume control of their own health 1969-1973 Chicago, “Jane” “This is Jane from women’s liberation. If you need assistance, leave your name and phone number and someone will call you back” Feminist self-help centers “Feminist” because: • Controlled by women • Health care seen as a highly politicized issue Common features: • information about women’s bodies • empowerment through validation of one’s own experiences • preference for female health care providers • critique of male- physician-controlled health care • critique of capitalist health care • challenge to impersonality and instrumentality National Women’s Health Network •......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Feminist Theory

...In this unit, class, race, and sexual orientation have been overlooked in both the tradition and early feminist conceptions of the self. The two authors that have emphasized these topics are Monique Wittig and the Combahee River Collective. Monique Wittig writes about how gender should be destroyed in order to reach ‘freedom’. The Combahee River Collective help readers see the standpoint of black feminists and how it shapes us, as a society. Wittig introduces the fact of ‘destroying genders.’ Wittig wants more of non-categorized term for sexes rather than having a ‘woman’ and ‘man’ label. That is what she means by having freedom—the freedom from being labeled and categorized under stereotypical circumstances. “Women have been compelled in mind and body to an idea of nature that has been established for them.” This statement is saying that women are brought up knowing certain facts and rules about their status and authority in life. Wittig also believes that sciences that use these definitions should also be rejected. She sees that sexual orientation is categorized which leads to not having freedom. She also comes up with a Marxist perspective. She states there are two results for women that are lead from Marxism: the natural order of men and women and the disagreement between men and women were hidden behind a “natural division of labor”. It would be a great deal of threat to the Marxist society if women united as one. Wittig also denotes that gender covers......

Words: 1121 - Pages: 5

Feminist

... 7:42 PM Page 36 5 FEMINIST METHODOLOGIES AND EPISTEMOLOGY ANDREA DOUCET Carleton University, Canada NATASHA S. MAUTHNER University of Aberdeen, Scotland O ver the past 10 years of teaching courses on research methods and feminist approaches to methodologies and epistemologies, a recurring question from our students concerns the distinctiveness of feminist approaches to methods, methodologies, and epistemologies. This key question is posed in different ways: Is there a specifically feminist method? Are there feminist methodologies and epistemologies, or simply feminist approaches to these? Given diversity and debates in feminist theory, how can there be a consensus on what constitutes “feminist” methodologies and epistemologies? Answers to these questions are far from straightforward given the continually evolving nature of feminist reflections on the methodological and epistemological dimensions and dilemmas of research. This chapter on feminist methodologies and epistemologies attempts to address these questions by tracing historical developments in this area, by considering what may be unique about feminist epistemologies and feminist methodologies, by reviewing some of sociology’s key contributions to this area of scholarship and by highlighting some key emergent trends. The chapter begins with a brief overview of the theoretical and historical development of feminist epistemologies, followed by a similar overview of feminist methodologies. The final......

Words: 12047 - Pages: 49

Feminist Movement and Modern Art

...did the feminist art movement influence expressionism? Gender equality is an issue that has gradually become a day to day affair in our society; it’s near impossible to avoid seeing it or hearing about it. However, gender equality as an issue is often associated with politics, not art, but as a result of it, feminists began to illustrate the issue through expressionist art forms. Feminist art was used to shock, educate and mock, as well as be used as an outlet for women to tell their story, which, through traditional values, was almost impossible. As a result, the expressionist art form evolved more than anyone could have ever imagined. The amount of new mediums and outlets that were explored and created as a result of feminist art was phenomenal. However, like with any other significant change, there were many critics that wished it hadn’t. aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa Traditionally, men were the dominant gender; the boss, and women were mere selfish pleasures used to sexually gratify a man. She must also cook for him, clean for him, bear his children and just simply act as the man’s object. These values carried over into the art world, where, female artists were virtually unheard of, they were only art works; objects of the male gaze. When women appeared in art, the majority were only half dressed or nude, as well as being placed in a vulnerable position; waiting for the man do dominate her. It was as the snowball effect started of feminist movements......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Feminist

...stereotypes and assumptions about females in the criminal justice system, saw feminist perspectives challenge the theories, concepts and assumptions of those involved in the study of crime (Bryant, 2014). This essay begins by firstly providing a brief description and its origins, how feminist theories causes crime, how its theory defines crime, the multiple feminist perspectives within feminism and how feminist criminology attempts to combat crime. It will then discuss the relevance and how feminist theory influences the criminal justice system, such as women’s role as professionals, as well as women as offenders and victims (Schram & Tibbetts 2013, p. 285). Finally, this essay will examine the applicability to Australian society by exploring if the suggested causes of crime apply to Australian society. It will lastly draw on the criticisms of feminist criminology and how the different types of feminist perspectives lessons the relevance of this theory in Australian society. Outlining the theory Feminist criminology first developed in the 1960’s and 1970’s which was closely associated with the emergence of the Second Wave of Feminism (White, Haines & Asquith 2012, p. 143). The Second Wave of Feminism saw the advent of many issues such as social, political and material inequalities (White, Haines & Asquith 2012, p. 143). Because men were mostly privileged as a group by society, the development of feminist criminology emphasised and raised concerns of the problem of......

Words: 2292 - Pages: 10

Feminist

...Vicky Silva 30 May 2015 English 204 Professor Jimenez The Complexities of Being a Feminist If being a woman in today’s patriarchal led society is hard to be taken serious, it is hard to imagine how much harder it must have been many, many generations ago, it must have been next to impossible to express a thought, an idea when the like of Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz was roaming the earth. Hell, it has only been less than 50 years ago when women were just viewed as housewives, secretaries and nurses. Yet, it has taken more than 100 years for women to be viewed as equals. This idea of gender equality is not something new. The feminist movement has been an old, progressive one. Many women and men alike have had these gender equity ideas for centuries; this idea is not a new one as pioneers from Sor Juana to Kate Chopin to even the present-day Emma Watson, have stated time and time again, women are faced with oppression by the patriarchal society in many different ways that hurt women and men alike. Kate Chopin wrote many short stories in her time that pushed the envelope for the feminist movement. Two stories in particular were “The Storm” and “ The Story of An Hour”. Both of these stories have a female protagonist oppressed by a male antagonist, which very much can be construed as a commentary of what social normal behavior was, a patriarchal driven society that oppressed any type of female freedoms or expressions. In Chopin’s short story, “The Story of An Hour”......

Words: 1590 - Pages: 7

Womens Movement

...The feminist movement in the 60’s originally focused on these issues. In 1964, Representative Howard Smith of Virginia wanted to help women and proposed to add a prohibition on gender discrimination in the civil rights laws. He was greeted by laughter from other congressman, but with the leadership from Representative Martha Griffiths of Michigan, the law was passed. However, most women knew this would not enforce the protection of women workers. Therefore, a group of feminists, including the great Betty Friedan, founded NOW (National Organization for Women), an organization to fight gender discrimination through the courts and legislatures. The purpose of NOW, sought to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men (The 1960s-70s American Feminist Movement). However, the success of women receiving more job opportunities was driven by a favorable confluence of economic and societal changes. After World War II, the boom of the American economy outplaced the available workforce, making it necessary for women to fill new job openings. In fact two-thirds of all new jobs went to women in the late 60’s. The nation had to accept this new idea of hard working women in the workforce. One woman stated, “I knew I was a part of making history… It gave you a real high because you knew real things could come out of it,” (The 1960s-70s American Feminist......

Words: 1321 - Pages: 6

Feminist Movement

...Feminist Movement Firstly, we would like to talk about the causes and the beginning of feminist movement. the About two centuries ago, human society has many changes and movements; the occurrence of human right and its acceptability, the attention of the importance of democracy, the change of production to industry, instead of agriculture, and the advance of technology. These changes and movements cause some women getting the chance of education as same as almost men, and make women working outdoor instead of doing household work. These phenomena cause people questioning about the original belief that proposes women are inferior to men, and the difference between men and women is natural matter which is unchangeable. People tried to find the reason why this belief occurred and has still endured for a long time. In addition, there is a social movement which tried to change this belief, including the condition of the inequality between men and women. This social movement is called feminism. This social phenomenon began, in 19th century, in the western side of the world, because women didn’t accept the original culture, their role in society, the inequality of gender, and the oppression of men. However, this contradiction in terms of gender has been argued up to the beginning of 20th century. Feminism has rapidly grown since the last forty years of 20th century. People become awakened to study about women in several measurements, especially in the study of the......

Words: 3199 - Pages: 13

Feminist Movement

...for LGBT characters if we don’t do anything and just keep waiting for the world to get itself ready? Ugh, I’m so mad at about this. I just needed to pour it out. I’m so mad at Hollywood and celebrities for their hypocrisy. Discrimination is a real issue. Racism is a real issue. Well, actually, what do expect from people who still pay women less, you know? Actually, it’s more problematic that people don’t even think about boycotting these kind of things. Those movies are there because you watch them. Why do you settle for this while it’s so problematic? Tumblr fangirls annoy me with the way that they’re just cheering for whatever Hollywood does. Never question it. And the world will surely be a better place! Yeah, you’re feminist. For sure....

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

The Feminist Movement

...The Feminist Movement Starting the decade of the 1960s, American women still enjoyed far less opportunities than men in every economic and social aspect; moreover, such disparity was being protected by state, and even federal, laws (Bodenner). Gender inequality brought a great social unrest that culminated on the feminist movement’s efforts to ratify an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex" (“Equal Rights Amendment (1972)”). That was the most descriptive sentence on what the ERA proposed to ratify in the U.S. Constitution in order to really achieve gender equality. Females had minimal political representation, almost no educational access, very low earnings, and were deprived of their own corporal liberties (Bodenner). These injustices were mostly based on the fact that women were seen as irrational, irresponsible and dependent of men in many aspects such as the economic one (Bodenner). These prejudices and old-fashioned ways of thinking not only interfered with the recognition of women’s basic and human rights, but also undermined the nation’s commitment to human dignity, freedom and democracy (“Executive Order Establishing the President's Commission on the Status of Women (1961)”). It is thus fair and humane to affirm that the Equal Rights Amendment had to be added to the Constitution. The ERA’s ratification was the correct way to proceed for America as a......

Words: 1110 - Pages: 5

Watch movie | John Savage | > Regarder Harry Potter et l'Ordre du Phénix gratuitement