Settlement Geography

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Settlement Geography
Jon-Carlo Steele Pennett Due: 17th April 2012

Settlement Geography

A settlement is a grouping of people; activities; building structures and communication networks that function together on a daily basis as a single integrated system. This essay will look at how three settlements, Cape Town; Grabouw and Stanford compare with each other.

Cape Town; Grabouw and Stanford are located within the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Cape Town is a very built up area and is a major Metropolitan. Cape Town is also a break of bulk settlement and can be seen as a specialized city that is multi-functional because it serves many functions. Grabouw and Stanford are not as built up as Cape Town. They have fewer high order good and services. This places them both lower on the hierarchy of urban settlements. They can be seen as minor country towns that supply goods and services to the surrounding rural population, so they are also seen as central places.

Due to Cape Town being so well built up compared to Grabouw and Stanford, It has a lot more land-use-zones that can be clearly identified. Cape Town has a large CBD with many tall, high rise buildings; situated on a grid iron street pattern; accessible but contains a lot of traffic during peak hour. Cape Towns upper residential zone has large 2-3 story houses that are situated on a planned irregular street pattern that is fairly close to the CBD, such as Higgovale. Cape town’s transition zone is situated around the oldest parts of the city, like Bo-Kaap and Buitengracht Street because of the old style small housing.

Cape Town also has a light industry situated fairly close to the CBD at Paarden Island. Printing, plumbing and textile industry takes place there. Cape Town also has a decentralized commerce regional Centre, in the form of Century City, Which is situated along the N1, which contains…...

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