In: Business and Management

Submitted By patjilan
Words 3411
Pages 14
Motivating for Performance * Understanding why people do things is not an easy task * Predicting their response to management’s latest productivity program is harder. * Motivation * forces that energize, direct, and sustain a person’s efforts * highly motivated people, with adequate ability and understanding of the job, will be highly productive * To be effective motivators managers must know what behaviors they want to motivate people to exhibit * Managers must motivate people to * Join the organization * Remain in the organization * Come to work regularly * Perform * Exhibit good citizenship * Good citizens of org are committed, satisfied employees who perform above and beyond the call of duty by doing extra things, the company needs. * Importance of citizenship behavior may be less obvious that productivity. * Process: goal-setting, reinforcement and expectancy theories – basic and powerful actions to take. * Content: what people want and need
* Goal setting is perhaps the most important, valid, and useful single approach to motivating performance * Goal setting works for any job in which people have control over their performance * Goal setting theory * people have conscious goals that energize them and direct their thoughts and behaviors toward a particular end

Goals that motivate * goals should be acceptable to employees * goals should be challenging but attainable * goals should be specific, quantifiable, and measurable

Stretch Goals * Stretch goals are targets that are particularly demanding, sometimes even though to be impossible * There are two types of stretch goals * Vertical stretch goals are aligned with current activities including productivity and…...

Similar Documents

Physics Reviewer

...Static Electricity; Electric Charge and Its conservation Static Electricity – amber effect, Electric charge Unlike charges attract, like charges repel. Two types of electric charge: positive and negative (amber). (By Benjamin Franklin) Whenever a certain amount of charge is produced on one object, an equal amount of the opposite type of charge is produced on another object. Net change in the amount of charge produced is zero. Charges are separated, but the sum of the two is zero. Law of conservation of electric charge – the amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero: no net electric charge can be created or destroyed. If one object acquires a positive charge, then an equal amount of negative charge will be found in neighboring areas or objects. Electric Charge in the Atom Atom – tiny but heavy, positively charged nucleus surrounded by one or more negatively charged electrons. Nucleus – contains protons, neutrons. Protons – positive Electrons – negative Neutrons – no net electric charge. All protons and all electrons have exactly the same magnitude of electric charge; but are opposite. Neutral atoms contain equal numbers of protons and electrons. Atom may lose one or more of its electrons or may gain extra electrons, in which case it will have a net positive or negative charged called ion. When an object is neutral, it contains equal amounts of positive and negative charge. Object by rubbing can be explained by the transfer of electrons...

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

Math Reviewer

...3RD GRADING PERIOD GRADE 6 MATH REVIEWER Name : ______________________________________ Lesson 1 : Place Value The 'zeroth power' of any number always equals one Ex. 3 = 1. 1994587685775 = 1. 8999 = 1. 92 = 1. The exponent equals the number of DECIMAL PLACES. 7 Ex. Exponent 7 = 7 places 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 = 10 000 000 1 x 10 = 1 10 = 10 10 = 100 10 = 1 000 10 = 10 000 10 = 100 000 -5 10 = 0.000 01 10 -1 = 0.1 10 -2 = 0.01 1 2 3 4 5 10 -3 = 0.001 Exponent -5 = 5 DECIMAL places INCLUDING 1 10 -4 = 0.0001 10 -5 = 0.00001 5. 27 x 101 = _______________ 6. 128 x 108 = _______________ 7. 77 x 10 -6 = _______________ 8. 122 x 10 - 9 = ______________ 9. 10. EXERCISE: PLACE VALUE 1. 2 x 101 = _______________ 2. 4 x 107 = _______________ 3. 9 x 10 - 5 = ______________ 4. 8 x 10 - 10 = _____________ Write in standard form: 1. seven hundred seventy seven an three hundred sixty eight thousandths _________________ 2. ninety two thousand and two hundred one ten thousandths ______________________ 3. five hundred eighty eight millionths ____________________________ Give the place value of the digit 7 in each number 1. 6.123457 ____________________________ 2. 9457.2234 _____________________ 3. 3.2355622547 ______________________________ 4. 712.4532......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Computerized Definition Reviewer According to Atkinson, once something has been learned, it becomes stored in our memory and to maintain our ability to retrieve what we have learned from memory becomes essential to review. The review of definitions has become common in education and in studying and while using markers to highlight terms in texts of book or notes after hours of leafing through piles of scribbles to find the right pages is a tried and tested way to review terms and their definitions. Printed commercial examination reviewers are available in bookstores. In Lee Morgan’s article “What are the Limitations of Print Media,” he touches on two issues printed material face: they are unchangeable and no motion. It is particularly significant for printed reviewers available in bookstores because while memory involves an “organism’s ability to store information about events in a retrievable format,” and the re-use of printed reviewers promotes memory retrieval, not learning, because printed reviewers are static....

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

A Thesis "Definition Reviewer"

...through piles of scribbles to find the right pages is a tried and tested way to review terms and their definitions. Printed commercial examination reviewers are available in bookstores. In Lee Morgan’s article “What are the Limitations of Print Media,” he touches on two issues printed material face: they are unchangeable and no motion. It is particularly significant for printed reviewers available in bookstores because while memory involves an “organism’s ability to store information about events in a retrievable format,” and the re-use of printed reviewers promotes memory retrieval, not learning, because printed reviewers are static. Another significant finding is that the critical learning stages are those before the age of eight for two reasons: first, children under the age of eight learn 200% faster than adults, and second, thinking patterns become habitual after age eight, and difficult to change. Information Technology has influenced society in ways that have made assessing information so much easier (Hodge, 2010). Computers help people perform tasks easier and faster. Technology also has a systematic and organized way of keeping data records, computing, and accomplishing a lot of transactions and reports It is after the consideration of all these that the researchers came upon the idea of developing a definition reviewer Software, designed for first to third grade students of Master’s Vineyard Academy(MVA). They further considered that in learning, abstract......

Words: 4816 - Pages: 20

Ateneo Taxation Reviewer

...ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007 Taxation Law SUMMER REVIEWER PART I – GENERAL PRINCIPLES TAXATION – power inherent in every sovereign State to impose a charge or burden upon persons, properties, or rights to raise revenues for the use and support of the government to enable it to discharge its appropriate functions SCOPE OF TAXATION TAXATION IS: Unlimited, Far-reaching, Plenary Comprehensive Supreme STAGES OF TAXATION: (LAP) 1. Levy 2. Assessment 3. Payment Basic Principles of a Sound Tax System 1. Fiscal Adequacy 2. Theoretical Justice 3. Administrative Feasibility INHERENT LIMITATIONS (SPING) 1) Situs or territoriality of taxation 2) Must be for a Public purpose • Test is whether proceeds will be used for something which is the duty of the State to provide. • Legislature is not required to adopt a policy of “all or none.” • Incidental benefit to individual does not defeat exemption 3) International comity • Property of a foreign State of government may not be taxed by another 4) Non-delegability of the taxing power • Contemplates power to QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor determine kind,thisobject, extent, are needed to see picture. amount, coverage, and situs of tax; • Distinguish from power to assess and collect • Exemptions: (a) presidential taxing powers; (b) local governments 5) Exemptions of Government agencies • Taking money from one pocket • to the other Applies only to entities exercising government functions (acta jure......

Words: 81188 - Pages: 325


...Pagbasa  Proseso ng pagkokonstrak ng kahulugan mula sa mga tekstong nakasulat.  Komplikadong kasanayan na nangangailangan ng ilang magkakaugnay na hanguan ng impormasyon.(Anderson, et al., 1985)  Proseso ng pagkokonstrak ng kahulugan sa pamamagitan ng dinamikong interaksyon ng mga sumusunod: 1. Dating kaalaman ng mambabasa;2 impormasyong taglay ng tekstong binabasa;3 konteksto ng sitwasyon sa pagbasa.(Wixson, et al., 1987)  Isang komplikado at kognitibong proseso ng pagdedekowd ng mga simbolo para sa intension ng pagkokonstrak o pagkuha ng kahulugan. (  Isang paraan ng pagkatuto ng wika, paraan ng komunikasyon at paraan ng pagbabahagi ng mga impormasyon at ideya. Apat na hakbang sa pagbasa 1. 2. 3. 4. Persepsyon- pagkilala sa mga nakalimbag na simbolo. Komprehensyon- proseso ng isipan sa mga impormasyong ipinapahayag ng simbolong nakalimbag. Reaksyon- hinahatulan o pinagpapasyahan ang kawastuhan, kahusayan at pagpapahalaga ng teksto. Asimilasyon- iniintegreyt at iniuugnay ang kaalamang nakuha ng mambabasa sa kanyang dati nang kaalaman o karanasan . 4 na yugto ng pagbasa Pagbasang elementari- karaniwang natutunan sa paaralang primarya at preschool. Pagbasang inspeksyonal- makikilala ito sa espesyal na emphasis sa oras. Pagbasang analitikal – tinatangka ang posibleng pinakamaayos at pinakakompletong pagbasa sa loob ng oras o panahong walang limitasyon. Pagbasang sintopikal- tinawag ding pagbasang komparatibo ni Gestalt. Uri at Paraan ng pagbasa ......

Words: 680 - Pages: 3


...ACID -is a chemical substance whose aqueous solutions are characterized by a sour taste, the ability to turn blue litmus red, and the ability to react with bases and certain metals (like calcium) to form salts. -Aqueous solutions of acids have a pH of less than 7. A lower pH means a higher acidity, and thus a higher concentration of hydrogen ions in the solution. Chemicals or substances having the property of an acid are said to be acidic. | Name of the Drink | pH Content | 1 | Coca-Cola | Almost 2.5 | 2 | Sprite | Almost 2.5 | 3 | Orange juice | Around 3.5 | 4 | | | GLUCOSE  -C6H12O6, also known as D-glucose, dextrose, or grape sugar) is a simple monosaccharide found in plants. -The mean normal blood glucose level in humans is about 5.5 mM (5.5 mmol/L or 100 mg/dL, i.e. milligrams/deciliter) | Name of the Drink | Conclusion | Content (g/100 ml) | 1 | Coca-Cola | GLUCOSE IS PRESENT | 3.9-4.5 | 2 | Sprite | GLUCOSE IS PRESENT | 3.9-4.5 | 3 | Orange juice | GLUCOSE IS PRESENT | 20.8 | 4 | | | | PHOSPHATE  -an inorganic chemical, is a salt of phosphoric acid. | NAME OF THE DRINK | Observation | Conclusion | | Coca-Cola | | | | Sprite | | | | | | | | | | | If small samples of each brand of cold drinks were taken in separate test tubes and Ammonium Molybdate followed by concentrated Nitric Acid (HNO3) was added to it. And the solution was heated. Appearance of canary-yellow precipitate confirmed the......

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

History of Architecture Reviewer

...Architecture Comprehensive Examination Reviewer HISTORY AND THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE 1. The ornamental blocks fixed vertically at regular intervals along the lower edge of a roof to cover end tiles. a. ancones c. acroteria b. Antifixae 2. A continuous base or structure in which a colonnade is placed. a. stereobate c. stylobate b. Torus 3. The market in Greek architecture. a. Megaron c. agora b. Pylon 4. The smallest among the famous pyramids at Gizeh. a. Pyramid of Cheops c. Pyramid of Chephren b. Pyramid of Mykerinos 5. The largest outer court, open to the sky, in Egyptian temple. a. Sanctuary c. Irypaetral b. Irypostyle 6. The inner secret chamber in the mastaba which contains the statue of the deceased family member. a. Pilaster c. serdab b. Sarcophagus 7. The grandest of all Egyptian temples. a. Palace of Sargon c. Great temple of Ammon, Karnak b. Great temple of Abu-Simbel 8. The principal interior decoration of early Christian churches. a. stained glass c. painting b. mosaic 9. In early Christian churches, it is the covered space between the atrium and the church which was assigned to penitents. a. baldachino c. narthex b. apse 10. A dome placed on the drum. a. simple c. compound b. superpositioned 11. The architect of a church of Santa Sophia Constantinople, the most important church in Constantinople. a. Ictinus and Callicrates b. Apollodorous of Damascus and Isidorous on Miletus c. Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorous of Miletus 12. The second largest medieval cathedral...

Words: 19682 - Pages: 79


...Filkom- Kabanata 1 Aralin 1 “Ang wika ay masistemang balangkas ng sinasalitang tunog na isinaayos sa paraang arbitraryo. Ang mga tunog ay hinuhugisan o binigyan ng makabuluhang simbolo (letra) na pinagsama- sama upang makabuo ng mga salita na gamit sa pagbuo ng kaisipan.” – Henry Allan Gleason (ecologist, botanist at taxonomist) *See page 3 – Webster, Sturtevant….* Katangian ng Wika * Ang wika ay masistemang balangkas * Tunog, salita, parirala, pangungusap at diskors a. Ponolohiya o tunog – makaagham na pag-aaral ng mga makahulugang tunog o ponema b. Morpolohiya o salita- pag-aaral ng mga pinakamaliit nay unit ng tunog o morpema c. Sintaksis o parirala/sugnay/pangungusap- pag-aaral ng sistema ng pagasama-sama o paguugnay-ugnay ng mga salita d. Semantika o kahulugan ng salita- kahulugan o relasyon ng mga salita Diskurso- palitan ng pangungusap * Ang wika ay sinasalitang tunog * Interaksyon ng mga aparato sa pagsalita gaya ng bibig, dila, ngipin, ngalangala, velum at gilagid (speech organs) * Unibersal na katotohanan sa wika na tunog- pinakapangunahing pangangailangan ng wika * Ang wika ay arbitraryong simbolo ng mga tunog * Simbolong bokal at arbitrary * Dualismo- isang panagisag at isang kahulugan * Arbitraryo- walang tiyak na batayan * Ito ay arbitraryo sapagkat walang rasyunal na magagamit upang ipaliwanag ang koneksyon ng mga ito * Nakaugaliang gamitin * Ang wika ay komunikasyon * Kasangkapan ng......

Words: 3394 - Pages: 14

Pgc Prelim Reviewer

...PGC | Philippine Government & Constitution Prelims Reviewer THE CONCEPT OF STATE  State o o Community of persons more or less numerous in number occupying the definite territory with government free of external control Elements:  People  A state can’t be a state without rational beings  World is governed by laws of men  People determines the law that can be applied  Laws in this context: Laws of men ; not laws of nature  Law: Law is ordinance of reason promulgated by the authority for the common good o 4 elements  Reason  Rule of action  Anything that governs us is of reason  Promulgated/Promulgation o Act of making o Informing others of the law o Congress is mandated/required to publish laws  By the authority  Congress makes the law  Everything that we do is provided by the congress  National in scope  Local scope: mini-congress o Ordinance: available only to the place where official is elected  Ordinance  For the common good  Majority: 50%+1  Territory  Not limited to the land  Pertains to the land, water, sea and air  Countr has exclusive power and right  If you’ll go to the other country, you’ll pay  You have to know your territory o As a sovereign people, you are free to go to your territory without asking permission  Government  Agent of state ; not the actual state Forms of government o Monarchial  Run by royalties  Saudi, Brunei, Bahrain, UAE  The King and Queen has actual powers  Note: England is not a monarchial country ; the......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Reviewer for Soc Sci 1

...Reviewer for Social Science 1 A. Introduction Behavior * manner of conducting one’s self * action and response to stimulation * response to the environment Behavioral Sciences * deals with human action and seeks to generalize human behavior in society Psychology * Science of mind and behavior * Behavior and mental process are interwoven Sociology * Science of the society, social institutions and social relationships * Study of human society and social interaction Anthropology * Study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, society and culture. * Cultural anthropologist [culture] * Linguistic anthropologist [language] * Archeologist [material artifacts] * Biological anthropologist [origin and evolution] Science * System of knowledge covering general truths [scientific method] Scientific Method * Procedure for the systematic pursuit of knowledge Social Research * Done to gain a body of information which helps us understand behavior and society Quantitative Research * Numeric data and precise statistical analysis Qualitative Research * Nonnumeric information is used to describe * Done as they happen Experiments * Research situation designed to elicit some sort of behavior Field Research * Observe events as they occur * Non-participant observation [without interaction] * Participant observation [with......

Words: 4372 - Pages: 18


...Introduction to Law Series Part 1 - Law (What is Law?) In its broadest sense, means any rule of action or norm of conduct, applicable to all kinds of action and to all objects of creation. In a strict legal sense, law is a rule of conduct, just and obligatory, promulgated by legitimate authority, of common observance and benefit. (Sanchez Roman) Law is: 1.) A rule of conduct; 2.) Just; 3.) Obligatory; 4.) Promulgated by legitimate authority; 5.) Of common observance; and 6.) Of common benefit. <><><> Things to Ponder Why and how, law is a rule of conduct? Why and how, law is just? Why and how, law is obligatory? Why and how, law is promulgated by legitimate authority? What is promulgation? Why promulgate law? Who is legitimate authority? Why and how, law is of common observance? Why and how, law is of common benefit? ============================ Introduction to Law Series Part 2.1 - Evolution of the Concept of Law A.) Classical Greek Concept of Law ============================ Side Notes: - Literature is the reflection of reality. -Greek civilization is two things, politics and drama. -Greek drama is two things, tragedy  and comedy  -Alexander the Great's teacher is Aristotle. -Aristotle's school is the Lyceum. -Aristotle's teacher is Plato. -Plato's school is the Academy. -Plato's teacher is Socrates. -Socrates' teachers are the Sophists. -One of the sophists is Sophocles. -Sophocles is an ancient Greek tragedian......

Words: 5241 - Pages: 21


...HISTORY AND THEORY STUDIES FIRST YEAR Terms 1 and 2 Course Lecturers: CHRISTOPHER PIERCE / BRETT STEELE (Term 1) Course Lecturer: PIER VITTORIO AURELI (Term 2) Course Tutor: MOLLIE CLAYPOOL Teaching Assistants: FABRIZIO BALLABIO SHUMI BOSE POL ESTEVE Course Structure The course runs for 3 hours per week on Tuesday mornings in Terms 1 and 2. There are four parallel seminar sessions. Each seminar session is divided into parts, discussion and submission development. Seminar 10.00-12.00 Mollie Claypool, Fabrizio Ballabio, Shumi Bose and Pol Esteve Lecture 12.00-13.00 Christopher Pierce, Brett Steele and Pier Vittorio Aureli Attendance Attendance is mandatory to both seminars and lectures. We expect students to attend all lectures and seminars. Attendance is tracked to both seminars and lectures and repeated absence has the potential to affect your final mark and the course tutor and undergraduate coordinator will be notified. Marking Marking framework adheres to a High Pass with Distinction, High Pass, Pass, Low Pass, Complete-toPass system. Poor attendance can affect this final mark. Course Materials Readings for each week are provided both online on the course website at and on the course library bookshelf. Students are expected to read each assigned reading every week to be discussed in seminar. The password to access the course readings is “readings”. TERM 1: CANONICAL BUILDINGS, PROJECTS, TEXTS In this first term......

Words: 22588 - Pages: 91

Oblicon Reviewer

... CIVIL LAW REVIEWER TABLE of CONTENTS OBLIGATIONS Table of Contents Chapter II. Nature and Effect of Obligations93 I. Kinds of Prestations ............................93 II. Breach of Obligation............................94 III. Fortuitous Event (Force Majeure) .......96 IV. Remedies to Creditors ........................96 V. Usurious Transactions and Rules on Interest .........................................................97 Chapter III. Different Kinds of Obligations ..98 I. Pure and Conditional Obligations .......98 II. Reciprocal Obligations ......................100 III. Obligations with a Period ..................100 IV. Alternative and Facultative Obligations 101 V. Joint and Solidary Obligations ..........103 Effects of Prejudicial and Beneficial Acts (Art.1212) ...................................................105 VI. Divisible and Indivisible Obligations..106 VII. Oblligations with a Penal Clause ..106 Chapter IV. Extinguishment of Obligations .......................................................................107 I. Payment or Performance ..................107 II. Loss or Impossibility..........................109 III. Condonation or Remission of the Debt 109 IV. Confusion or Merger of Rights ..........110 V. Compensation ...................................110 VI. Novation ............................................111 Charts: Payment & Performance ................114 90 OBLIGATIONS Chapter I. General......

Words: 19824 - Pages: 80

Reviewer handle complex combinations of conditions. On the other hand, a decision tree is an effective way to describe a relatively simple process. ( 10. What is Structured English? Structured English is a subset of standard English that describes logical processes clearly and accurately, and when used must conform to the following rules: • Use only the three building blocks of sequence, selection and iteration. • Use indentation for reliability. • Use a limited vocabulary, including standard terms used in the data dictionary and specific words that describe the processing rules. ( reviewer...

Words: 809 - Pages: 4

Watch movie | Familijne | Steven Spielberg