Rene Descartes: Mediations on First Philosophy

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Submitted By zakali
Words 1853
Pages 8
Zakareaeltayeb Ali
Professor Gary Toop
PHL 550
June 5th, 2014
Rene Descartes: Mediations on First Philosophy
Rene Descartes, known as one of the most influential philosophers of his time, is famously quoted to have been proven the existence of himself with the infamous statement, Cogito ergo sum or (in English) I think, therefore I am. Rene Descartes has claimed to have proven his own existence in this world by claiming that he is in fact a thinking thing, and that therefore he must be something that exists. This raises the question, how can Descartes truly prove to us that in fact he thinks, and how can he prove that since he thinks he therefore can say that he exists? In this essay I will be explaining the reasoning’s of proof as to why Descartes says that he thinks and that therefore he exists, and I will give sufficient support as to why Rene Descartes is in fact correct about his claims that he has stated in his Philosophy of Mediations. The evidence that I will be providing in support for Descartes statement I think, therefore I am include, Descartes doubtfulness of all things he once believed to be true (which he says has been false lies to have been told to him all of his life) (A. w. Bailey, First Philosphy, Second Edition 26-28), secondly his three proofs for his skepticism mentioned in the first piece of evidence listed previously (Descartes asking if he is dreaming or if he is really awake, his painters argument of how dream like/ images arise from real things, and an evil like demon trying to trick Rene Descartes into thinking that he is not actually in existence), thirdly the wax argument (aka the change of shape and how its perceived through the mind), and finally the distinction of the mind and the body (the famous concept of dualism) where Descartes realizes that he thinks and therefore it must mean that he does in fact exist. The first piece…...

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