Psychoanalytic Theory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jumayna
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Psychoanalytic theory
Psychoanalytic theory

Introduction: Psychoanalysis is grounded on the observation that individuals are often unaware of many of the factors that control their emotions and behavior. These unconscious factors may create unhappiness. (Cherry,2012).
Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung and Alder
Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Alfred Alder were influential thinkers, early founders and significant contributors to the science of psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Carl believed that dreams contained significant insight into people’s Psyche and theorized that for people to become whole, they must be thought to integrate the unconscious with the conscious mind in a process he called individuation. (Malamud, 1923).Freud based most psychological things on sexuality, and Adler promoted the theory of individuality. According to Freud human personality is divided into Id, ego, and superego. (Friedman & Schustack, 2009). Each of these characters has its own idea of what the outcome of the story should be. Their struggles are fueled by powerful motives, and each one is out for itself. (Cash, 2011) The ego is the conscious and thinking self, the personal unconscious is the collective personal expenses unique to each individual, and the collective unconscious is a collection of experiences and behavior patterns that is common to all people. (Sheedy, 2011). Jung on the other hand identified the concepts of introversion and extroversion as the main definitions of personality and sensing, thinking and intuition as the major ways of relating to the world whether introverted or extroverted. Moreover, Freud identified the psychosexual stages the oral, anal, phallic, latency and the genital stages and developed fixation, a concept in which Freud further suggested that if the…...

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