Prohibition

In: Other Topics

Submitted By reneesaysshop
Words 3386
Pages 14
ESSAI
Volume 5 Article 34

1-1-2007

The Rise and Fall of Prohibition in America
Daniel Smith
College of DuPage, essai_smith@cod.edu

Follow this and additional works at: http://dc.cod.edu/essai Recommended Citation
Smith, Daniel (2007) "The Rise and Fall of Prohibition in America," ESSAI: Vol. 5, Article 34. Available at: http://dc.cod.edu/essai/vol5/iss1/34

This Selection is brought to you for free and open access by the College Publications at DigitalCommons@C.O.D.. It has been accepted for inclusion in ESSAI by an authorized administrator of DigitalCommons@C.O.D.. For more information, please contact koteles@cod.edu.

Smith: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition in America

The Rise and Fall of Prohibition in America by Daniel Smith (English 1101)

n February 16th, 2007, a headline in the Chicago Tribune read in large, bold lettering: “Task Force Nabs $1.3 Million in Cocaine, Disrupts Drug Ring.” Open almost any newspaper on any given day and one is bound to find an article like this detailing the enforcement of the prohibition of marijuana, cocaine and other drugs, or gang-related crimes. The demand for black market drugs in America is alive and strong, fed by organized drug cartels from Mexico and other countries. To these drug lords, it is simple business mechanics; they have a source for their product and buyers willing to pay large sums of money for it. Even with enforcement at the borders and the occasional bust, their products continue to slip into the country virtually undetected by authorities and into the hands of eager customers and resellers. Many are quick to point the finger at the failed “war on drugs” campaign of the 1980’s as the culprit for the current situation, but Prohibition is not a new idea. Be it drug related or not, it dates back further in history than the infamous 1920’s. Although many associate Prohibition and organized…...

Similar Documents

Prohibition

...Prohibition was intended to rid the world of the vices of alcohol, by outlawing its consumption and access to the common man. Alcoholism is defined as “a preoccupation with alcohol and impaired control over alcohol intake. Alcoholism is a chronic, often progressive disease. Left untreated, alcoholism can be fatal (Mayo Clinic, 2007).” Prohibition was a thirteen year experiment by the government of the United States to control the behavior and actions of the people. The results of this experiment were flagrantly negative due to poor planning and underachieving efforts on the part of the government to properly compensate for the efficiency and effectiveness of organized crime and bootleggers. This essay will illustrate the highs and lows of the 18th Amendment of the Constitution prohibiting the sale, manufacturing, and transportation of alcohol was impossible to enforce wasting time, money and government manpower. Over the years alcohol has become a permanent fixture in the lives of American citizens. To each and every American, alcohol has a positive or negative impact based on the individuals unique life experiences. Alcohol has been perceived as a conveyer of bad habits and the pitfall to the very fabric of positive living in America. All individual lives are unique and full of positives and negatives; however alcohol is the original “substance of abuse” and has had a major impact on the better moral judgment of its users (Mayo Clinic, 2007). This is nothing new......

Words: 1961 - Pages: 8

Ineffectiveness of Prohibition

...Miguel Ureta Mr. Lewis 11/12/2012 “Ineffectiveness of Prohibition” Prohibition was a period in which the sale, manufacture, or transport of alcoholic beverages became illegal. It started January 16, 1919 and continued to December 5, 1933. Although it was formed to stop drinking completely, it did not even come close. It created a large number of bootleggers who were able to supply the public with illegal alcohol. Many of these bootleggers became very rich and influential through selling alcohol and using other methods. They started the practices of organized crime that are still used today. Thus, Prohibition led to the rapid growth of organized crime. The introduction of prohibition in 1919 created numerous opinions and issues in American society. Prohibition has been a long-standing issue in America, with groups promoting it since the late eighteenth century. The movement grew tremendously during the nineteenth century. When the United States entered World War 1 in 1914, there was a shortage of grain due to the long demands to feed the soldiers. Since grain is one of the major components in alcohol, the temperance movement now had the war to fuel their fight. Thus, the war played a large part in the introduction of Prohibition. During the next five years many states enacted their own prohibition laws, and finally, on December 16, 1919, Amendment 18 went into effect. It states that, “…the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating......

Words: 695 - Pages: 3

Marijuana Prohibition

...Marijuana Prohibition Marijuana prohibition in America has become a much heated debate over the past decade or so which has launched countless campaigns both for and against legalizing the plant for a variety of reasons. Unfortunately, excessive propaganda has been used to distort the facts and prevent education on the matter. It may surprise you to know that 100 years ago this was not even an issue. Most people in America simply assume that marijuana was criminalized due to the result of scientific research which determined that it fell into the category of a dangerous drug. This is completely false and the history of marijuana’s criminalization is filled with fear and corrupt legislation. The laws that were created as a result were made for the wrong reasons using false evidence. Despite what the opposition says, legalizing marijuana is beneficial to everyone for several reasons: it is a healthier alternative to pharmaceutical drugs, it will free the court system and jails from unnecessary time and expenses, and it will create a substantial source of revenue for the country. For nearly a century, health care personnel and government officials have stressed the potentially dangerous side effects of marijuana usage. Currently marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. (NIDA, 2010) Marijuana is the dried flowers that come from the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa. The main active chemical in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol which...

Words: 2431 - Pages: 10

Prohibition

...The Effect Prohibition had on Organized Crime The prohibition laws placed to enforced the 18th amendment was strictly enforced at widely supported at one time. It had a huge effect on a lot of people’s lives, especially gang and mafia members. Before I critically analyze the different effects that prohibition had, there must first be a clear understanding of what prohibition is. Prohibition was the legal prevention, manufacture, sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages. The idea of prohibition rose out of the religious revivalism of the 1920’s. So many people baked up the idea of prohibition, because they believed that alcohol played a big factor in the amount of crime that took place. In the process of people fighting so hard to get rid of alcohol the Anti-Saloon League was organized, which were a group of Protestants that wanted to push the prohibition of alcohol through political means. They used modern techniques to get to the state legislature and get prohibition laws passed, and this quickly led to a creation of a national body all wanting the same thing. Although, why the politicians and religious people were trying so hard to fight for prohibition, big time gangsters were fighting against. Bootlegging started; they would make their own beer and sell it illegally. Organized crime was at an all-time high, they would sell their bootlegged beer, and violence rose between the different gangs and mafia, because they didn’t want their customers taken away from them...

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Ending Prohibition of Marijuana

...Ending Prohibition of Marijuana Brian Egnor SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility Instructor. Linda Atkinson June 9, 2013 Ending Prohibition of Marijuana Marijuana should be legal for many reasons. Not only is marijuana been proven over and over through research and studies to help with many illnesses, but marijuana has never caused death by overdose like many legal drugs do year after year. I will also discuss how not only the marijuana plant can be used for medical, and recreational use, but the plant is also a relative of hemp which can be used to produce, rope, clothing, paper and many other resources . We can use nearly every part of the Cannabis Sativa, or marijuana plant. The plant grows rapidly and has been known to reach heights in excess of 20 feet. It is a plant that very few natural pests will attack or infest, and very few extremes in weather will hinder its growth. The leaves of the plant are narrow leaflets with usually in with at least 5 or more leaves. Each leaf connects to a slender stem that is attached to a thick, hollow stalk. The edge of the leaflets will resemble that of a serrated knife. The species does have male and female plants. The male plants tend to grow taller, and are topped with flowers covered in pollen. The female plant being shorter, has larger pollen catching flowers, and produces seeds and protects them with a sticky resin. The plant in turn has many uses. The stalk can be used to make fiber; the seeds can be...

Words: 2113 - Pages: 9

Prohibition and Its Harmful Effects

...Topic: Prohibition and Its Harmful Effects Since the beginning of the eighteenth century, early colonists have attempted to control the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. Prominent people like George Washington and Benjamin Franklin were once leading figures in the Temperance movements that started in early Colonial times. The first temperance society in the United States was begun in New York in 1808 which begun a long battle between reformers and the American public for years to come. The modern movement for prohibition had its main growth in the United States and developed largely as of the agitation of the nineteenth century temperance movements (Colliers Encyclopedia 97). When World War I began the idea of prohibition was thought to be a way to keep the country patriotic and at the same time strong. A phrase that was commonly heard was “A drunk worker is not a productive worker” (McDonnel 394). Prohibition proved to be very difficult to enforce and at the same time the overall effect did more harm to the United States than good. In the United States constitution, amendment eighteen which was passed in 1919 stated that “ After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverages purposes is hereby prohibited.” Throughout...

Words: 1718 - Pages: 7

Against Prohibition

...Ayesa Mir AP U.S History Ms. Loveridge 20 March 2014 Against Prohibition Prohibition was an experiment on morality, and emphasized by the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) during the 1920s. It had been an intention to reduce crime, domestic abuse, and prevent addictions. Those reasons seem attractive enough to promote Prohibition laws. Unfortunately, the task was easier said than done, for the obvious backups. 1. Freedom: Taking away the rights of drinking puts a question on the individual’s freedom. It also doesn’t infringe freedoms of other people. Therefore, prohibition on alcohol would remove the freedom of drinking for many people. 2. Victimless Crime: Similar to the first reason, people should have the liberty to decide whether to harm themselves or not. Alcohol addiction is basically a victimless crime, since it primarily affects the alcoholic. Others can keep their distance away from the drinker, if he chooses to do so. 3. Underground or Black Markets: Those who desire alcohol, can still either buy it or make it, although at higher prices and seedier locations. These types of markets are forced to operate outside of formal economies, therefore, avoiding taxes or skirting price controls. Gangs would often smuggle drinks from Canada and the Caribbean, open up speakeasies, and allow people to have a fun time along with drinking their favorite alcoholic concoctions. 4. Safety: Alcoholic drinks made without government regulations can prove harmful side......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Prohibition in Florida

...Prohibition in Florida Your Name Professor Name and Class Prohibition is defined as the act of forbidding something by law. In Florida the prohibition alcohol encountered many issues due to the close proximity of neighboring countries and the illegal import of the alcohol. Florida’s coastal line was one of the most prominent factors in its battle during the prohibition of alcohol days. The thought of prohibition of alcohol was proposed to the citizens, by the government and the church as an attempt to reduce crime, improve health, and protect the women and children in society (www.floridahistory.org). The government officials went into the neighborhoods and town meetings and told the families and homeowners that prohibiting alcohol would make their neighborhoods safer and the pastors preached about alcohol and the bible to their congregations instilling the fear of displeasing God. The whites would be concerned of their safety and power and restricted blacks from alcohol whether they were free or still in slavery due to their concerns of having less power or being ineffective in slave ownership. In any effort, their attempts to abolish alcohol led to many more illegal operations and the people of the Florida are became very creative about finding ways to obtain the illegal alcohol. The 18th amendment was established and declared the sale, production, and transport of alcohol illegal. The amendment became law on January 17th, 1920. The advocates of the......

Words: 1601 - Pages: 7

Prohibition

...The Role of Prohibition and its Fluidity The American Dream during the 1920’s was truly wonderful to Americans, and to some, was only a dream. This “dream” had just about everything someone needed to live an exciting and happy life. Money would not always be a problem. However, there was one thing missing from their lives that caused uproar. That would be the absence of alcohol in the daily lives of Americans. Prohibition, or the Eighteenth Amendment in the Constitution, made the production and consumption of alcohol illegal. Those who added this Amendment believed that alcohol was entirely bad thing. All it did was create problems, and to get rid of the source of it (being alcohol) would solve and prevent them. Sadly, that did not happen. Widespread law breaking and violence were two of the handful of issues created by this deprivation of alcohol. It was a law that had good intention, but ceased to be successful due to Americans’ strong desire for “some” unnecessary drinks. Prohibition was hoped to be beneficial to all of the Americans. It was the idea of saving America from sadness and sin that ended up with the creation of the Eighteenth Amendment. Looking at it from this point of view can make many people nod their head in agreement when said that Prohibition was a beneficial and overall positive thing. If it was thought to aid America and save it from any kind of harm, then people would never think of it as a hindrance to their enjoyment of life. However, the......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

The Prohibition of Corruption in China, Korea

...The prohibition of corruption in China, Korea * Invitation and Submission of Bids Law of the People’s Republic of China 178 * Interim Provisions on the Prohibition Against Commercial Bribery Acts 179 * China Enforcement Agencies 179 * Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party 179 * Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the People’s Republic of China 179 * Ministry of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China 180 * State Administration for Industry and Commerce of the People’s Republic of China * Case * Background China’s substantial corruption challenges are deeply rooted in cultural traditions as well as the country’s complex transitory conditions. Further, corruption is increasingly growing in significance as a political issue in China, and in an international context, China’s corruption problems have attracted extensive attention. Like any emerging market, China suffers from corruption and an often unethical business environment. What makes China different from many other national economies is the scale of the bureaucracy and the pace of economic development from a low base, both of which have created conditions ideally suited to the growth of corruption and opportunities for massive financial gain by underpaid local government of officials and by entrepreneurs eager to amass personal fortunes as quickly as possible. The sources of corruption in China In overall terms, corruption in China derives from three......

Words: 2382 - Pages: 10

Marijuana in the U.S.: a Failing Prohibition

...Marijuana in the U.S.: A Failing Prohibition Recently two of the fifty states passed state laws allowing the recreational use of marijuana. Not only do the new marijuana laws conflict with the national law that marijuana is illegal but the new laws have put in question how states are able to pass laws that directly conflict with national laws. Although each state has the right to govern and create laws never before have any states directly disobeyed national law with the passing of state legislation. Prior to the new laws passed by Colorado and Washington 18 states and the District of Colombia had already passed laws allowing the use of medicinal marijuana. The District of Colombia and the other 18 states have acquired incredible amounts of tax dollars due to the medicinal marijuana causing many people to question whether the national government should continue with the prohibition over marijuana. Not only will the national government receive tremendous amounts of tax dollars, the government spends too much money fighting marijuana use and marijuana is also safer than other legal substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs. Therefore marijuana should not be illegal in the United States. Although government expenses are high, and the predicted tax benefits are tremendous many people are still very strong supporters of the prohibition of marijuana. Even with government regulated substances such as tobacco and alcohol killing large amounts of people each year......

Words: 1890 - Pages: 8

Prohibition and Harm Reduction

... Prohibition and Harm Reduction Bryon Wilson BEHS 364 August 5th 2014 There have been two different strategies of society dealing with alcohol; harm reduction and zero tolerance. The method of harm reduction is focused primarily on reducing the negative effect of alcohol society and the people who drink. This is usually implemented by our government. They create policies and social programs that can treat those afflicted with alcoholism. There are several ways that this can be accomplished, such as limiting access, and taxing the substance to reduce demand. There are also social programs put in place that can help educate, rehabilitate and help recover. This a strategy compared to zero tolerance carries a unique ability to be tailored to suit individual needs as opposed to a one size fits all blanket policy. The harm reduction policy stands on a principle that alcoholism will not be completely eliminated so it would be more benefit to address the negative harms. For instance as alcoholism can be a major problem at work, some companies provide someone as an advocate and counsel. These counselors can work with them to modify behavior and reduce alcohol related incidents and further harm to their self on the job and in their personal life. That is something prohibition policies cannot do for an individual person. The proponents of zero tolerance see the alcoholic epidemic as a disease and therefore cannot allow continued usage if the person is to be treated and recover.......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Prohibition Alcohilism

...Prohibition began in 1920 and ending in 1933 in the United States. The 18th Amendment started the law which mentioned all intoxicating liquors whether it be sale, transportation, or any other related alcohol usage is prohibited. The Volstead Act also helped in enforcing prohibition for the amendment. During this time there was a lack of support in trying to ban alcohol amongst many individuals and groups but the ban still continued on thanks to the help of the Anti-Saloon League. This organization enabled legislation for the enforcement of national prohibition beginning in 1920. Although it was passed and did reduce the availability of alcohol, it failed to do what is was meant to do. Prohibition directly led to the increase in crime and corruption during the twenties, the public health problems associated with bootleg liquor, alcohol substitutes, the irritated tensions between religious, racial, social groups, and political disturbance. A nation of drunkards was persistent in the U.S. Neil Dowe gathered thousands of signatures demanding the ban of sale of alcohol. It was passed in Maine but sooner decayed over years. Temperant walked the streets and drunkenness of was no more. People found loopholes around the law such as liquor sellers hiding it underneath their pantlegs called bootleggers. Men were more occupied on drinking rather than supporting their own families. Prior to the 20th century, there had never been national attempt to restrict alcohol production in the......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Prohibition

...Prohibition: the Cultural War of the 20th Century The legal ban on the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcohol, within the United States, otherwise known as Prohibition, began with the ratification of the 18th Amendment in 1919. In this essay I will talk about Prohibition and explain why it was so effective and talk about the prohibitionist side. I will talk about how who the prohibitionists were, and what did they seek to accomplish through prohibition and also, what strategies the prohibitionists adopted to carry out their agenda, and why and how were they successful. The prohibitionists were someone who supported the laws that made the production and sale of alcohol illegal in the United States. Many people wanted to get rid of the sale and transportation of alcohol because some saw it as being dangerous. It all started when these prohibitionists formed the Anti-Saloon League. Including men and women, this league wanted to get rid of alcohol for many reasons. Prohibitionists came from all over the country looking to put Prohibition into effect. According to the video, “The Time is Now”, people like Andrew Carnegie and Henry Ford were even prohibitionist became they believed that alcohol was making their workers less effective and couldn’t give it their all because they were always drunk. So, these prohibitionists had to create a movement where they could get support from the people and get their votes to put prohibition into effect. One group who helped this work......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Prohibition

...are rampant through society from the policies of prohibition: murder, corruption, assault, racial and economic marginalization, just a few examples of the effects fueled by the cold and inhuman policies of prohibition. The idea of prohibition is an old one and it is not practical to apply in our democratic government that is based on individual rights. The prohibition of alcohol during the roaring 20’s is the perfect example that proves prohibition is a failed policy that cost many people their lives. The legalization of all illegal drugs, will minimize if not eliminate violence related to drugs, will ensure safe regulation through the standards of pharmaceutical companies, and will save money in so many ways. Violence related to both the sale and use of drugs will minimize if not diminish if they are legalized. How are drugs and violence related? Drugs and violence are related because drugs are in high demand and are expensive due to their illegality. Combine the high demand and price tag to drugs and expect violence to ensue. At one point in time the U.S. government actually practiced the same policy it is doing today and that policy was the prohibition of alcohol. When a government prohibits something, not only is it being intrusive to the lives of its citizens, it is also paving the way for turmoil. During the 1920’s, the U.S. ratified the 18th amendment, enabling the national prohibition of selling alcohol. Prohibition of alcohol did not stop consumption; it caused......

Words: 3155 - Pages: 13

آخر الباروكات أتسسوريس | Prisoners | £0 Shipping