Power and Politics

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sujanbd888
Words 4019
Pages 17
Table of Contents

Contents | Pages | The concept of power | 2 | Sources of power | 2 | Political strategies and tactics | 8 | What is political Behavior | 9 | What are the factors contributing to Political behavior | 9 | POLITICS: Power in action: | 11 | What are the Reality of Politics | 11 | What is Organizational Politics | 12 |

What is Power?

Power is the capacity to influence the behavior of others.3 The term power may be applied to individuals, groups, teams, departments, organizations, and countries. For example, a certain team within an organization might be labeled as powerful, which suggests that it has the ability to influence the behavior of individuals in other teams or departments. This influence may affect resource allocations, space assignments, goals, hiring decisions, and many other outcomes and behaviors in an organization.

Definitions of power abound. German sociologist, Max Weber defined power as "the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance." Along similar lines, Emerson suggests that "The power of actor A over actor B is the amount of resistance on the part of B which can be potentially overcome by A." Power appears to involve one person changing the behavior of one or more other individuals -- particularly if that behavior would not have taken place otherwise.

Contrasting Leadership and Power

Leadership focuses on goal achievement. It requires goal compatibility with followers and focuses influence downward.
Power is used as a means for achieving goals. It requires follower dependency. It is used to gain lateral and upward influence.

Using power.

Obtaining, maintaining, and using power are all essential to influencing behavior. Dependency is the extent to which something person A wants can be effected by person B…...

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