Postwar Modern Movements of the West

In: Historical Events

Submitted By dbrooks55
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Brooks1
Wilma Brooks
Vicki Bean
AR 112
26 November 2012
Postwar Modern Movement in the West
The Postwar Modern Movements in the West began in the United States in the 1940’s, shortly after World War II. In 1945, with Europe in ruins, millions of people dead, and others suffering from famine and Nazi oppression, many leading artist fled Europe for the United States. and settled in New York in 1945 (ArtForms 397). Devastated and scarred by the aftermath of war the artists settled in New York and joined “The New York School” and became a huge influence to other artist’s in a new art movement called Abstract Expressionism (“ArtForms 397”). There was no certain rules or characterisitics in Abstract Expressionism however, the artist’s shared an interest in painting as a way to express their subconscious. Abstract Expressionism was a movement strongly influenced by Surrealism which was started by Andre Breton in 1924. Andre Breton (1896-1966), was originally a Dadaist, which was a group of artist that painted silly, distorted, non conformed paintings to depict their rage and rebellion against the war. In 1924, Breton founded the Surrealism Art Movement, which were artist’s who based their art on feelings, dreams and memories. In his online article “In Search for Nothingness”, Charles Moffat tells us that the Abstract Expressionist’s like the Surrealist wanted to express their subconscious mind with their art.
Brooks 2
Some of the most important figures in Abstract Expressionism was Mark Rothko, and William De Kooning however, the most powerful influence was Jackson Pollock. According to Patrick Frank, in the late 1940’s Jackson Pollock introduced a new technique called action painting (ArtForms 397). In 1950 he created a large drip painting called, Autumn Rhythm. The painting was an oil on canvas painting and was 105”x 207” in size. (ArtForms 397).…...

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