Policing Functions

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Policing Functions
CJA 394
March 10, 2013
Hollis Severns

Policing Functions
The criminal justice system is made up of various police agencies that focus on specific areas of enforcement on a local, state and federal level. Law enforcement in the United States is one of three major components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections. Although there is an inherent relationship between the different groups that make up the criminal justice system based on their crime deterrence purpose, each component operates independently from one another. There are 18,000 law enforcement agencies nationwide. Those agencies employ 1.1 million persons on a full-time basis, including about 765,000 sworn personnel. Sworn personnel are defined as those with general arrest powers. Agencies also employed approximately 100,000 part-time employees, including 44,000 sworn officers. These findings come from the 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies (CSLLEA) (Reaves, 2011). Local law enforcement agencies include Municipal police, County police, the County Sheriff, Special District police, and the Tribal police. State law enforcement agencies are the State police and the Highway patrol. The federal agencies fall under the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Justice. The Department of Homeland Security includes the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Transportation Security Administration, U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Secret Service. The Department of Justice includes the Drug Enforcement Administration, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the U.S. Marshals Service and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. This paper will go into depth about…...

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