Policing Functions

In: Other Topics

Submitted By a75sweetp
Words 1187
Pages 5
Policing Functions
CJA 394
March 10, 2013
Hollis Severns

Policing Functions
The criminal justice system is made up of various police agencies that focus on specific areas of enforcement on a local, state and federal level. Law enforcement in the United States is one of three major components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections. Although there is an inherent relationship between the different groups that make up the criminal justice system based on their crime deterrence purpose, each component operates independently from one another. There are 18,000 law enforcement agencies nationwide. Those agencies employ 1.1 million persons on a full-time basis, including about 765,000 sworn personnel. Sworn personnel are defined as those with general arrest powers. Agencies also employed approximately 100,000 part-time employees, including 44,000 sworn officers. These findings come from the 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies (CSLLEA) (Reaves, 2011). Local law enforcement agencies include Municipal police, County police, the County Sheriff, Special District police, and the Tribal police. State law enforcement agencies are the State police and the Highway patrol. The federal agencies fall under the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Justice. The Department of Homeland Security includes the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Transportation Security Administration, U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Secret Service. The Department of Justice includes the Drug Enforcement Administration, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the U.S. Marshals Service and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. This paper will go into depth about…...

Similar Documents

Policing

...David Bayley and Clifford Shearing: The New Structure of Policing: Descriptions, Conceptualization and Research Agenda Policing is being reconstructed worldwide. Its distinguishing features are (a) the separation of those who authorize policing from who do it and (b) the transference of both functions away from government The change in policing cannot be understood in customary terms. It is often mischaracterized for example as privatization. Because the distinction between public and private domain becomes problematic in the new policing, the more appropriate description for what is occurring is multilateralization—as host of non governmental groups have assumed responsibility for their own protection, and a host of nongovernmental agencies have undertake to provide security services Crucial distinction is made between the auspices and providers of policing. Auspices are groups (and sometimes individuals) that explicitly and self-consciously take upon themselves the responsibility for organizing their own protection. Providers are groups that actually do the policing. In the old paradigm of policing government had responsibility for articulating security needs and for developing institutions to meet them. This has changed auspices can either be public (govt) or private (nongovt) Governments were the organizational auspices for formulating demand for policing, and they were the providers who supplied it. These two functions have become separate it has become acceptable......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Policing Functions

... Policing Functions Paper Dana Gurley CJA 394 April 29, 2013 Don Frederick Policing Functions Paper According to The Free Dictionary (2013), policing is defined as to regulate, control, or keep in order with or as if with a law enforcement agency. Policing is at city, county, state, and federal levels with the United States, each have different roles and responsibilities. Policing has advanced so much from starting with night watchmen who were just citizens, to community policing being an occupation. Society is always advancing making the criminal justice system which includes policing to keep up with the advancements. As a police officer whether it be at a city, county, state, or federal level risk their lives daily to keep society in order by protecting and enforcing the laws. There are also private security industries that employ law enforcement officers as well. Local police department is a general purpose law enforcement agency which consists of both county, and town or city (Bureau of Justice Statistics, n.d.). Tribal police are also classified as local police. Municipal or city police are the most important component of American law enforcement. Municipal police play a more complex role than any other type of law enforcement agency. As a city police department has the heaviest responsibility for dealing with serious crime which is located within the cities (Walker & Katz, Chapter 3, The Contemporary Law Enforcement Industry, 2008). Not only with the......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Policing Functions

...Policing Functions Policing Functions Policing functions are learning from experience, these functions follow current policing functions as well as those from the past. Policing functions at any level, whether it is local, state, or federal can be difficult at times because each level was made by someone or a few individuals carrying out their own ideas and responding to the circumstances that were present at that time. The way the police agencies are functioning now still needs improvement, but it has improved from the way they were functioning in the past. “Law enforcement in the United States is a large and extremely complex enterprise. There are almost 18,000 federal, state, and local agencies, along with a private security industry that employs over a million additional people” (Walker & Katz, 2008). Policing agencies implement many functions in order to protect society. Law enforcement agencies are responsible for maintaining the peace, preventing crime, and to provide the public with a service. These agencies are split up into local, state, and federal levels. These levels can work together, but they mainly work independently from the each other. Even though they may work together, each level has its very own set of responsibilities, techniques, and guidelines. Before society can understand how policing function has changed, society needs to understand what policing function means and how police functions came about. Police functions were identified by......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Policing

...officer is employed. Some are beat cops, for example, patrolling a regular route to look out for infractions of the law, while others specialize in dog handling, bomb disposal, and various other fields of law enforcement. Police practices vary from one area to another and variations have been seen in the different styles of policing, structure, patterns of crime, and the demands of local communities. Most variations in police behavior have been seen in urban settings while rural and small-town policing has been relatively neglected. Variations from one area to the next frequently focus on comparisons among urban areas, occasionally make rural-urban comparisons, but rarely examine differences among rural areas (Warner, 1974). Crime prevention is often based on understanding the causes of crime, in order to find a way to reduce ‘risk factors’ within a community. One way to help with crime prevention is to try to tackle the social causes of crime, through cooperation with other departments within the community such as employment generation, poverty reduction, housing and education. Other approaches may include having the police try new methods such as community policing by helping with the rehabilitation of offenders and community projects to reduce the opportunities for crime in the community. When a police manager wants to have a positive police force that deals well with its community and wants to provide its officer and community with the best resources possible, the......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Policing Functions

...Policing Functions   Policing in the U.S. is unique to any other part of the world today or in anytime in the past. Near the turn of the century there were so many individual police departments and agencies in the U.S. that it could easily seem very strange to people in other countries why there was a need for this huge number of entities. Most often in other countries law enforcement is ran by a central agency or ministry that is over all local branches. Unlike the US system in which local departments are largely responsible for themselves, for example currently the US has around 18,000 different agencies ("United States", 2014). While the UK has 46 agencies ("United Kingdom", 2014) and Japan has 47 agencies ("Japan", 2014). The almost 18,000 agencies in the US are individually governed, so to speak. Each agency answers to a higher power, our local law enforcement that is managed by and answers to the mayor and the City Council. Larger cities or metropolitan areas often also have a federal law enforcement agency branch in the city. The federal enforcement agency located there reports to the federal office of that particular agency. The common local law enforcement handles the simple day-to-day tasks of keeping the town running and in order, while the federal law enforcement handles issues like kidnapping and bank robbery. Then there are specialty departments with in these agencies. Such as departments that are over parks or airports, there are also federal......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Policing

...Policing Matt S Rippee Sam Houston State University Abstract There is an abundance of white collar crime that occurs around all of us. The problem with this is too many people think that they can get away with it, and many of them do. To stop this influx of crime, a large number of agencies have been formed. These agencies use a joint policing style to combat white collar crime in the most effective way. Each and every day it is becoming harder to cheat the system due to the diligence and hard work that these agencies put forth. Policing White collar crime is around us everywhere. People that appear as if they have it all are scamming the system and profiting heavily from it. Due to these issues we have several agencies that work day and night to stop white collar crime. In broader terms there is really only three types of agencies that enforce white collar crime. This includes private agencies, formal criminal police agencies, and governmental regulatory agencies. With white collar crimes a lot of the time multiple different types of agencies will work together. This joint policing tactic is really the best way to explain the majority of success in white collar crime cases. Although there are only three types of agencies that go after white collar crime, those types have a large number of agencies within them. The first agency that I want to talk about is the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The FBI is probably the most......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Policing

...police institution emerged. The French, under Napoleon, instituted the Gendarmerie, a state military police model. It evolved from the “Marechaussee,” which had had a dual military and civil function since the 16th century. The model was exported across Europe by Napoleon. The British developed two models. The first, set up to answer similar challenges to the Gendarmerie in France, was the Royal Irish Constabulary model. It was close to the state military model, but distinctively styled as part of the civil power of the state and subordinated to the Magistracy. The Irish model was subsequently exported to Britain’s colonies and became the basis of forces such as the Indian Police Service. The Metropolitan Police was consciously created as a local force with a uniform that was deliberately different from the military and a mission that focused on prevention of crime rather than the repression of disorder. This state civilian model became the basis for all UK forces on the mainland and the principal influence on the development of East Coast US policing in the 1840s. As the three models have developed and evolved in different political systems over the years since 1800, they have both diverged and converged in various ways. There has been significant convergence in the basic disciplines of policing. However, the governance of the police, the use of force, and the management of public disorder have, in many cases, remained quite distinct in the late 20th and early 21st......

Words: 11839 - Pages: 48

Policing

...“redemption.” They lay out an empirical basis for estimating when an ex-offender has been “clean” long enough for his or her risk of re-offending to be no greater than that of an individual in the general population. Read the full report: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/232358.pdf. Watch the authors’ discussion of criminal background checks and hiring ex-offenders: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/multimedia/video-nijconf2009-blumstein-nakamura.htm. ▼ .gov Look for multimedia links throughout this issue of the NIJ Journal. On the NIJ website, look for the following new online content: The new digital forensics Web topic pages Felton Earls discussing engaging adolescents in research on exposure to violence A recap of the 2010 Predictive Policing Symposium, East New Computer Forensic Tool Testing Program reports The most recent issue of the Geography and Public Safety Bulletin NIJ funding opportunities, including FY2011 solicitations, and past funding awards Current training opportunities The online archive of NIJ Journal back issues ▼ ▼ Strengthening the Scientific Foundation of Firearms Identification In a criminal investigation, forensic firearms examiners may be asked to determine whether a bullet was fired from a particular firearm. Benjamin Bachrach’s research team at Intelligence Automation, Inc., has conducted NIJ-funded research assessing the individuality and repeatability of features that transfer from a barrel to a bullet when a gun is fired. Their initial......

Words: 19057 - Pages: 77

Policing

...Annette Davis Inside Public and Private Policing CJA 500 Survey of Administration & Justice Dr. John Baiamonte, Jr. November 1, 2010 Assignment Write a 1500 to 2000 word paper that compares and contrasts the roles, responsibilities, and differences of public and private policing.  Cite at least two scholarly works (articles or books) or government documents. However, your textbook cannot be used as a source. Public policing has been known to have a monopoly on policing until the increased trend of private policing in the United States. Private policing, while emerging as a new industry, is not a new phenomenon and predates the existence of public police as witnessed today (Wilson 1994). Public and private policing have many similarities, as well as differences and the distinction between public and private police are often blurred. Private police look and behave like public police and describing their function often involves a comparison of the activities and responsibilities of the two. Despite the differences, public and private police tend to mirror each other to a certain extent (Nalla & Newman, 1990). The increase of private policing has been in response to many changes in society such as the increase of "mass private property" (Shearing and Stenning, 1983) in the form of large shopping complexes, cinemas, large retail stores and large compound style housing estates or gated communities. These require constant surveillance for the safety of shoppers and......

Words: 8202 - Pages: 33

Policing

...Policing in U.S Society Paper Brittany Duke CJS/210 11/08/2015 Brian Carter Policing in U.S Society Paper The United States has one of the most complex law enforcement systems in the world compared to other countries. There are several different policing organizations throughout the United States. These policing organizations can be broken down into two main agencies, federal law enforcement agencies and state and local law enforcement agencies. Federal law enforcement agencies contain officers that work for agencies in different departments such as the department of justice, department of Treasury, and Department of Homeland Security. Law enforcement agencies are at the federal level only, but they enforce various laws. They try and level local crime to the State. According to “Discover Policing” (2008-2015), “There are more than 17,000 state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States”. Every state has its own police force, and so does every city and every county. The State and local law enforcement agencies include different law enforcement agencies such as local police, state police, as well as other agencies. Local police includes municipal and county police that obtained their authority from that specific governing body that created it. They interact locally within their jurisdiction to uphold the laws in that area and take care of local crimes. State police perform police duties within their assigned state, they mainly help with......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Policing

...History of Policing Thomas J. Bowers Texas A&M University Central Texas Abstract The history of police has come a long way. America has police standards and traditions based on the Sir Robert Peel’s British police. There is plenty of history in the American police and the evolution of the system, but first we must know how even the British Police came about. The Anglo-Saxons is where policing started. It was the people who were doing these jobs. The People in the area were given names or titles like tythings, or group of ten and they were responsible for policing their community. There was ten tythings in a hundred-man group who would fall under the Shire-reeve, or Sheriff of the land area or county. with a tything-man as representative of each; and into larger groups, each of ten tythings, under a “hundred-man” who was responsible to the Shire-reeve, or Sheriff, of the County. As time went on the tything man became the Constable, or Come-stable, and the Sheriff would be the Justice of Peace. The constables would have paid able men to walk the streets and keep the area safe. These men would be called the Watch. In the eighteenth century times changed and this system began to fail. After many years and studies of the accomplishments and fails of the system, Sir Robert Peel pushed for police department to be formed. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Act was agreed and the Metropolitan Police was recognized. The complete formation and unity came in 1839......

Words: 2473 - Pages: 10

Policing

...Policing happened long before computers existed, but the job is more streamlined and efficient now that computers play a major role in the way police officers work. Police agencies benefit tremendously from computers in accessing criminal and fingerprint databases, reporting offenses electronically, using GPS systems to track calls and speeding up forensics work. 1. Police Databases o Police use two main types of databases. Fingerprint databases allow forensics teams to run fingerprints found at a crime scene against prints in the system. These prints may be on file because of a person's criminal history or because of that person's job or licensing requirements. Though the database is not immediate, the process is faster than a lab worker comparing one-by-one. Police officers also use criminal databases, which show people arrested, indicted and convicted of various crimes. These databases allow for easier tracking of serial crimes and for identification of potential suspects. Offense Reports o Inputting offense reports is a time-consuming part of an officer's job. Much of the information is repetitive but must be completed. By having software programs for filing incident or offense reports, officers can cut out the time they spend on administrative tasks and focus on field work instead. GPS Tracking o GPS units in patrol cars allow officers to input addresses when calls come in. Rather than searching in the dark or trying to memorize an entire precinct, the officers can...

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

Policing Functions

...Policing Functions Sara Powell CJA/394 February 7, 2012 Patrick Daulton Introduction Law enforcement agencies in the United States have numerous different functions. There are three basic levels of law enforcement; Federal, state, and local level. Each level of law enforcement is organized to deliver effectively the services that meet the public’s needs. Collectively these levels and agencies work together to achieve many duties. Whereas each level of law enforcement has its own responsibilities and procedures, their functions are very comparable. Research reveals the various roles of each police agency at its perspective level, how these functions compare to each other, and the impact these roles have in a community. Basic Functions of Policing First, the basic functions of police agencies include law enforcement, arresting offenders, crime prevention, maintaining order, and providing other services to community members in need. Many of these functions may coincide with each other. As an example while enforcing the laws, officers are often required to arrest the offender, which results in the maintenance of order. These functions in turn help prevent future crime. Federal Level of Policing The Federal level of policing includes organizations such as the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The FBI, for example, is the Nation’s premier law enforcement organization......

Words: 1380 - Pages: 6

Individual Policing Functions Paper

...Individual Policing Functions Paper Monica Robinson University of Phoenix CJA/394 Individual Policing Functions Paper Policing has come a long way from the way it was decades ago. It has changed for the better even through there is still some room for more improvement. In policing today there are more officers, detectives, and other officials accounted for then there was in the past. Having all of these individuals within the criminal system, it has shape the government to provide better protection for its people. In policing in past and now in the present there are many different perspectives of policing functions. These functions stem from different levels of law enforcement which includes the local, state, and federal organizational levels. These are very important parts of the criminal justice system, because every individual within these levels must be sure to protect citizens, enforce law, and perform the duties that are required of them in order to keep the United States safe from criminals and terrorist attacks from other foreign countries that might try to attack the United States. As years have passed on within policing, there are many possible future changes that will have an effect in the field of policing. Within each level of policing there are many different roles in which every individual in the policing field must take part in if they are going to be on the law enforcement team. I say this because this is a very serious 24/7 operation...

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Policing Functions Paper

...The roles of policing from the local, state, and federal all have several roles, that they must take part in everyday. Law enforcement has different branches that oversee a variety of jurisdictions. All of these variety jurisdictions have a main purpose, to protect citizens and enforce laws that have been passed. Depending on your jurisdiction and what you are doing will decide on what type of law enforcement will be assisting you in the activity. The various policing functions of local, state and federal all have their own roles and are important for each jurisdiction. The most common law enforcement that we see in our daily lives is the local police department. The main goal for the local law enforcement is to uphold the laws on streets and in their neighborhoods that they patrol. Our local police department consists of 83.5 employees, which of these 57 are sworn police officers (City of San Luis Obispo, 2012). Local law enforcement provides service to their community and to special assignments. Special assignments can include field training, crime scene investigator, SWAT, and others. Many individuals look at their local law enforcement as people who do not respect their community members. This is not the case in many situations. Law enforcement is in place to help communities and the individuals who live there. If there was no local law enforcement in communities, criminal activities would be out of control. If an individual respects a police......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Vestibular | Thám Tử Lừng Danh Conan chap 952 | Kate Upton