Policies in Relation to Abortion

In: Social Issues

Submitted By sprite0825
Words 4367
Pages 18
Policies in Relation to Abortion Before and After the Roe v. Wade Supreme Court Case
New Mexico State University
Jennifer Walker

The Roe versus Wade Supreme Court Case has had a huge impact on abortion laws in the United States. Before 1973, abortions were illegal and criminal, with few exceptions. Overnight, the decision in the case legalized first trimester abortions while leaving the specifications of the other trimesters up to the states. This case has led to many debates over the value of life and when life begins whether at conception, independence from mother, or first breath. All of these can be defined by religion, law, or individual beliefs. Unfortunately, none of the policies before or after Roe versus Wade have addressed the issue of unintended pregnancies, which is the underlying cause of abortion. Until this is addressed, policies will continue to be created, implemented, and challenged.

Policies in Relation to Abortion Before and After the Roe v. Wade Supreme Court Case
In 1973, a case was selected to be heard by the Supreme Court that would substantially impact women’s rights then and continue to impact them today. The case was over Texas policy article 1911 that stated, “If any person shall designedly administer to a pregnant woman or knowingly procure to be administered with her consent… and thereby procure an abortion, he shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than five years…” (Law Library, 2014). The only exceptions to abortion were if a medical professional believed the mother’s life was at risk due to the pregnancy, was a result of rape, or was a result of incest. The constitutionality of this policy was challenged by “Jane Roe” (an alias for Nora McCorvey) in 1970 when she was denied an abortion (Roe V Wade, 1973). The case was heard by the Supreme Court in 1973 when the policy was…...

Similar Documents

There Will Be Blood Movie Relations to Environmental Law and Policy

...4/26/2012 Environmental Law and Policy Third Assignment “There Will Be Blood” Environmental Issues and Connections “There Will Be Blood” by Paul Thomas Anderson starring Daniel Day Lewis reproduces the early 1900s oil boom in southern California. Daniel Day Lewis plays a man named Daniel Plainview, the very serious boss of a drilling company. After adopting a son early on in the movie for purely business reasons he leads us on the path of innovation and growth within a new industry. His depictions of oil drilling in the turn of the 20th century present endless environmental law issues. These issues have resulted in the regulation of an industry, countless strains on the environment and the contributing factors to many of the United States administrations and their regulation. Without the need of oil to power automobiles and many other gas-powered mechanisms, some of these laws and regulations might not be necessary today. Early on in the film Daniel Plainview is approached by Paul Sunday, the son of a man owning a ranch in the fictional town of Little Boston, California. Paul explains to Daniel there is oil present on his families land there, however we never see Paul again in the film. Daniel goes to the Sunday Ranch pretending to hunt for quail when really assessing the situation. Plainview finds oil and seems to think there is a lot of it so he quickly buys up everyone’s land around the Sunday Ranch. Little Boston a very religious community is not very......

Words: 1228 - Pages: 5

Policy: the Relation Between Gdp, Unemployment and Inflation Is Theoretically Straightforward

...Policy: The relation between GDP, unemployment and inflation is theoretically straightforward: the higher GDP the lower unemployment and the more upward pressure on prices (at least to some extent). When the Obama administration came into office it was faced with a situation where unemployment was headed up and GDP down. To counter this - as we know - a massive stimulus package was put into place. Now that we are some 15 months into this stimulus package please provide your opinion on how well it is doing. Please give some consideration to: 1) was the stimulus necessary in the 1st place, 2) was it big enough to do the job, 3) was it too big because of the deficits it created. What if anything should the administration be doing now? This is an excellent question. As time passes, I wonder was the stimulus worth it? Are we better off? My overall assessment is that prices were inflated especially in the housing market and it was time that something occurred to bring them back down to reality. It was inevitable that the crash happened creating a windfall in the market. A chain reaction began and people started losing their jobs. In response to the decline in GDP and the rise in unemployment figures, President Obama was able to push through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The act provided investment into infrastructure projects and provided capital to banks and the overall economy. My opinion of the stimulus is good. I feel that it helped in that the......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2


...Abortion Abortion is the termination of pregnancy before the fetus is able to survive without depending on the mother. The loss of this is usually referred to as premature birth. Abortion is one of the most common medical procedures performed in many countries today. In some countries abortion is legalized while in others this is a criminal offence that can lead to prosecution. Globally, each year, 20 to 30 million legal abortions are performed while 10 to 20million illegal abortions do take place (Gnad, 2008). Abortions in most parts of the world are unsafe and, account for many deaths of women due to, many complication involved. In spite of modern, effective and readily available birth control methods, more than half of the pregnancies that happen in the world today are mostly unplanned. Many of these pregnancies end up in abortion. This has made abortion, a pertinent issue that this paper tries to discuss about. Firstly, abortion in the world today comes in many types. Abortion performed before the end of seven weeks from the time of conception is usually done surgically or by use of drugs. From nine weeks to fourteen weeks, abortion is usually performed by a procedure known as dilatation and suction curettage. After fourteen weeks, abortion is performed using a procedure referred to as dilatation and evacuation procedure (Michael, 2000). After expiry of 20 weeks after conception, abortion can only be performed by labor induction, saline infusion or hysterectomy. Medical...

Words: 699 - Pages: 3


...Philosopher Christina Sommers has come to a similar conclusion: For it [the volunteerist thesis] means that there is no such thing as filial duty per se, no such thing as the special duty of mother to child, and generally no such thing as morality of special family or kinship relations. All of which is contrary to what people think. For most people think that we do owe special debts to our parents even though we have not voluntarily assumed our obligations to them. Most people think that what we owe to our children does not have its origin in any voluntary undertaking, explicit or implicit, that we have made to them. And "preanalytically," many people believe that we owe special consideration to our siblings even at times when we may not feel very friendly to them . . . . The idea that to be committed to an individual is to have made a voluntarily implicit or explicit commitment to that individual is generally fatal to family morality. For it looks upon the network of felt obligation and expectation that binds family members as a sociological phenomenon that is without presumptive moral force. The social critics who hold this view of family obligation usually are aware that promoting it in public policy must further the disintegration of the traditional family as an institution. But whether they deplore the disintegration or welcome it, they are bound in principle to abet it.13 3. A case can be made that the unborn does have a prima facie right to her mother's body.......

Words: 4187 - Pages: 17


...During the past century, abortion has been one of the most passionately debated subjects of controversy in the United State. Since the early decades of the 20th century, abortion was used as a measure of limiting families to a manageable size. In the past, due to the lack of knowledge, many families usually gave birth to a lot of children that they could not afford to raise, which is why abortion was abused in early times as an extreme measure of birth control to avoid further poverty to families. Today, many abortions are given to women under the age of 22. There are not many teenage girls who have sex use protection the first time. Impulsive, ignorant, and irresponsible behavior often lead to unwanted pregnancy. Forcing a woman to raise an unwanted child is the ultimate form of child abuse, for the child will receive less of the loving maternal relationship she or he deserves. Moreover, given birth at the early age may cause a great danger on the young mother as well as the baby, etc. By these reasons, we should consider the right of women to decide whether she should keep the baby or not. Nowadays, many teenage girls have sex in their early age and get pregnant by the lack of knowledge in sexual relationship. If they can not have abortion, they are forced to give birth to the child and raise it while they are still in school. It's not fair for them because they still have the whole school life and their future ahead. That will interrupt their education and even their......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

National Labor Relations Board and Social Media Policies

...Student:XXX Professor:XXX National Labor Relations Board and Social Media Policies National Labor Relations Board has been an important federal agency that administers and enforces the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, being and important middleman in relationship between employers and employees. The area of our interest is section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. §157) that permits employees to engage in so called "protected concerted activity” and the recent changes that needed to be brought in order for the Act to catch up with modern day technology advances. Internet has penetrated our lives and social networks started to play an important role in our daily communication. As with everything else, employment and issues associated with it are often being discussed between employees. Reasonably, there is a number of concerns regarding this particular type of online activity and NLRB had to step in in order to clarify its standing regarding these concerns and provide social network communication policies. Social networks like Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn have become the central communication arena for various companies’ employees and social media policies were established by various employers in order to limit what and how can be expressed when communicating online. The idea is to discourage potential discussions that portray the company in a negative way. Employers also don’t want their...

Words: 2926 - Pages: 12


...Why Women Should Not Have An Abortion Many women in the entire world have abortions. Women believe there are many reasons to abort such as fear of having or raising a child, rape, or not having enough money. But whatever the situation, there is never an acceptable reason to get an abortion. Some important reasons why women should not abort have to do with human values, religious values, and values of conscience. The first reason why women should not have an abortion is related to basic human values. Women need to think about their unborn babies who are not responsible for this situation. These unborn babies should have the privilege to live and grow into a normal person. Women need to be more humanitarian and less egoistic with these babies. On the other hand, the baby doesn’t know how or why he is here. It is not necessary to kill a life; there are many other solutions to resolve this problem short of abortion. The second reason why women should not abort has to do with religious values. In almost all religions, a woman is not permitted to have an abortion. If they do, their religions will punish them. In some religions, for example, a woman cannot take communion after having an abortion, and before taking communion again, she must do many things as a form of penitence. In whatever religion, abortion is punished and for this reason, women should not abort. Finally, the third and most important reason why women should not abort is related to her......

Words: 411 - Pages: 2


...Abortions and Forced Abortions in China Many people were forced to have abortions in China due to their government trying to maintain the growth of their population. This policy prohibits some families from having more than one child, if the first child is a girl you may have a second child. Although, “forced abortions are considered an acceptable way of enforcing China’s population limits, but are banned when the woman is more than five months pregnant.” (Tang. 2014) China’s government is serious about the policy even if that means telling women how many children they are allowed to have and enforcing it by abortions, forced sterilizations, and infanticide. Women who get pregnant without permission will still be dragged from their homes to abort their babies without choice, even if the woman is 8 months pregnant. Couples who disobey this policy gets heavily fined, and humiliated. The author of the article “Abortion and Forced Abortion in China” lacks Ethos because the author shows no credibility as far as stating not only who he is but what he has to do with the article. I think this article appeals more to pathos and logos. Einron starts his argument by quoting from the bible saying The Sixth Commandment “Thou shalt” not kill”(Exodus 20:13) . He then goes on to say “if abortion is considered murder, why are people doing it”? Abortions in the United States are by each and every individuals decision it is never forced although in china......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3


...not available in many countries is abortion. Legalizing abortion without the consent of a legal guardian in these situations, either due to rape or incest, should be an option. Considering this, there are statistics around the world which can prove the need of abortion and why we should make it possible, aside from the advantages, mentally and physically, abortion can provide for a woman. On the other hand, opposing ideas such as: Pro- Life, as well as religious opinions may say it is taking the life of a human being. No one can deny the act of incest and rape among minors. Jessica Schiffman, author of ´´Gender Violence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives´´ claims that 90 percent of pregnancies of children between the ages of fourteen and fifteen are caused by rape from a family member or friend. When facing these situations, a minor must know her rights. Handing the possibility to make the right choices over her own body can save her life and future. There are various pivot reasons to why a minor should be able to abort by her own free will, respectively: First of all, a minor in this case is incapable of maintaining a baby economically, at the same time an under aged child would not want to be a single mother, lastly most teens do not carry the level of maturity to carry on with the responsibility of a human life, with or without the help of an adult. The United Nations in 2011 statistically gives information regarding the acceptance of abortion globally: in order to save a......

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Abortion Policy for Women

...lack of access to abortion impairs their economic and social equality. * Following the case of Roe V. Wade in 1973, optional abortion was legalized in the U.S and restrictions were permitted in the individual states for the women pursuing abortion. * The court allowed women to undertake abortion provided the states did not create undue burdens for the women; however, the current public policy goes against this mandate. * The Current policy on abortion seeks to restrict access to abortion by incorporating techniques that create undue burdens on vulnerable women. * Several attempts to criminalize abortion have been unsuccessful resulting in the implementation of the repressive policy. * The repressive policy aims at fragmenting the rights of women to access abortion as well as limiting their accessibility to the procedure. These systems make the women resort to illegal and unsafe methods or are forced to bear children against their wish. * These efforts have limited the reproductive rights of vulnerable since upper-class white women can still access abortion procedures via their private doctors or through traveling to countries where it is legal and safe. Slide 1 * There are many groups of vulnerable women that fail to access abortion procedures. * Firstly, teenagers below the age of 18 years cannot access abortion due to the expensive cost of the procedure as well as legal constraints that do not allow them to consent to abortion. *......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5


...Weaknesses of the British Approach to the Regulation of Abortion? Abortion is a procedure carried out to terminate a pregnancy. In 1967, liberal Member of Parliament David Steel introduced the Abortion Act. This legally permitted abortion to be carried out by a medical practitioner in England, Scotland and Wales (Glennerster 2000). Since the implementation of this policy, numbers of abortion have gradually increased. In 2010 almost two hundred thousand procedures were carried out in England and Wales, ninety-six per cent of which were funded by the National Health Service (Department of Health 2011). To access the strengths and weaknesses of abortion regulation a number of areas must be considered. Following a brief section about the background and development of abortion policy, the legal requirement of two doctor consent will be discussed. Repercussions of this legality will be used to justify why the requirement is considered an outdated obligation that weakens abortion regulationWhat do you consider to be the Strengths and Weaknesses of the British Approach to the Regulation of Abortion? Abortion is a procedure carried out to terminate a pregnancy. In 1967, liberal Member of Parliament David Steel introduced the Abortion Act. This legally permitted abortion to be carried out by a medical practitioner in England, Scotland and Wales (Glennerster 2000). Since the implementation of this policy, numbers of abortion have gradually increased. In 2010 almost two hundred......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2


...Public Policy: Abortion The public policy regarding abortion plays a large role in U.S. politics through influential interest groups who are either pro-life or pro-choice advocates. These opposing sides have compelling arguments regarding the abortion policy in the U.S. that have been largely debated since the legislation of Roe vs. Wade in 1973, where the U.S. government declared that abortion was a “fundamental right” of American women. (Procon.org) While majority of Americans agree that abortion should not be recriminalized, there is still controversy over policies regarding abortion. Pro-choice advocates discourage all policies restricting abortions or taxes making them less affordable, where as pro-life advocates encourage stricter policies on abortions. In the U.S., The National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL) and the National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) are opposing advocacy groups that have greatly influenced this public policy and continue to inform and educate the general public on the abortion issue. Public policy regarding abortion is not just a national debate, other democratic countries face debate over abortion policies. For example, Canada has faced similar debate over abortion policies, but differs from the U.S. in significant ways. Pro- choice advocates in the U.S. believe that the government does not have to right to interfere with a women’s choice to get an abortion. They argue that women must have the right to abortion in order to posses......

Words: 1526 - Pages: 7


...Introduction: Should abortion be lawful? The debate on abortion has been running upon for quite a long time, yet it is still emphatically examined as of late. Numerous ladies have attempted to end the embryo or unborn child prematurely since they believe that it is not the ideal opportunity for them to be moms. Essentially, they are excessively youthful, making it impossible to have babies. To manage this issue, people need to abort. I have always encouraged the life of the unborn. Other people don't concur with me. In any case, I understood that legalizing abortions are entirely essential for women. I do concur that fetus removal should be reasonable because it gives a lot of focal points to pregnant women. There are numerous reasons why fetus removal needs legalization. Firstly, laws against premature birth murder ladies. Actually, to illegalize abortion would be harder than society would think. At the point when women feel it is essential to them, they will have premature births. Nobody can stop them, and they will do everything even in mystery, without real consideration and in unsafe circumstances. In the quarter century, abortion was legalized in the United States. The evaluation shows that about a million women for each year carried out their abortion illegally. Thousands of those women die, and thousands of more women's health were worse from doing the abortions illegally. Moreover, the legalization of abortion would secure women's wellbeing, as well as legal......

Words: 2922 - Pages: 12

Public Policy Abortion

...pasdf ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm Public Policy Abortion 9/29/2011 Chiquita Butler | Introduction An abortion has been an issue since the United States Supreme Court’s sanction of abortions in 1973. Political, ethical, religious, medical and legal almost every branch of human endeavor is impelled to respond. The derivation of the word abortion is from a language root that dignifies the disappearance of sun and moon, primitive symbols of life on earth. It would be a mistake to underestimate the depth of the emotions involved in the controversy around it, or to override one side or the other with the rhetoric of advocacy. One extreme hides the gas chambers efficiently disposing of cripples and Jews. The other masks the self-righteous denial of a health service to those who desire it. Factual information which can shed light on public policy is rare. Background In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the 1820s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the American Medical Association, and legislators, most abortions in the US had been outlawed by 1900.Illegal abortions were still frequent, though they became less frequent during the reign of the Comstock Law which essentially banned birth control information and devices. Some early feminists, like Susan B. Anthony, wrote against abortion. They opposed abortion which at the time was an unsafe medical procedure for......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Policy on Us-China Relations

...manufacturing positions could still exist without intervention from the Chinese government in the currency market. Backgrounds: The controversy about China’s currency manipulation has long been a subtle yet sensitive argument between Beijing and Washington. Without a market based floating exchange rate, the Chinese Yuan has appreciated approximately 30% beyond the dollar since 2005 (China Daily). In order to keep the value of Chinese Yuan low, the Chinese government has artificially maintained restrictions and controls over capital transactions, and has made large-scale purchases of U.S. dollars by constituting a de facto subsidy for Chinese exports to the U.S. as well as imposing a de facto tariff on imported U.S. goods. Consequentially, this policy has severely harmed several US manufacturing sectors, especially those that have been made to compete against the low-cost Chinese products. The growing trade deficit with China has cost the United States more than 2.8 million jobs since 2001, including more than 1.9 million manufacturing jobs (Hsu). Facing the current high unemployment rate in the nation, U.S. congress members have been claiming that the currency manipulation of the Chinese government can no longer be tolerated. In both 2005 and 2010, legislations were carried out by aiming at addressing the undervalued Chinese currency. In 2011, legislation bills in both February and June were introduced in the House and Senate, implying the same issue has become urgent and......

Words: 1175 - Pages: 5

Bölüm 10: Umumi Tuvaletler 16 Ocak 2018 | Binbou Shimai Monogatari English Subbed | Marina Inoue