Plato Feminism Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Java868
Words 1014
Pages 5
Vlastos, Gregory. “Was Plato a Feminist?”, Times Literary Supplement

What are some of the major contributions of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle? Why do you think we still focus on their ideas today (in philosophy classes)? Please support your information with references and explain their ideas in "plain English" rather than using phrases from Wikipedia or elsewhere those don't really explain what the ideas mean.
Three Athenian philosophers flourish in Greece from 470 B. C. until 320 B. C. These philosophers were famous for their "schools of thought." The first Socrates he didn't leave his writing behind, he explained his way of thinking, and people learned that from the people whom he taught. His method of instruction called the Socratic is being used still today in this method, the teacher allows students to use their own deductive reasoning to see things for themselves through a series of questions and answers. You than had the people that didn't believe in is method, they felt that he was not setting a good example for the kids. Then he was sentenced to death. Plata was one of Socrates student and he established a second school. He believed that a higher world of unchanging forms and ideas existed. If a person knew these forms, then he knew the truth. The third school of thought was that of Aristotle. He felt that form and matter were one, not two separate concepts. The philosophy that has interest me is the Aristotle's ideal on friends. He believed that there are three different kinds of friendship virtuous, utility and pleasure. He argues that friendship should be so highly valued because it is complete virtue and he also explained that it is above both honors and justice (Pangle, 2003). From an Aristotelian point of view it is tempting to think that friendship can show us something important about moral virtue since it is in this context that…...

Similar Documents

Feminism

...Feminism: key beliefs: factual and moral During the 1960`s and 1970`s the feminists started the idea of women’s liberation into the media and the general public. Key beliefs: Factual and Moral They believe that it was not an oppressed woman’s fault that she behaved like an oppressed woman. They wanted a comparable worth, and therefore supported the Equal pay act which is an act that bits employers from paying unequal wages, based on gender. They also focus on equal rights for the same education and voting. Reproductive rights, abortion rights, protection against sexual harassment and domestic violence. focus on individual rights and autonomy; minimize male/female difference; emphasize equality of opportunity and promote strategies that tear down barriers; seek to extend to women the individual rights gained by men. Like the liberal feminist school of thought, radical or dominant feminism focuses on inequality. Feminists believe that history was written from a male point of view and does not reflect women's role in making history and structuring society. Male-written history has created a bias in the concepts of human nature, gender potential, and social arrangements. The language, logic, and structure of the law are male-created and reinforce male values. ( Look at how the Bible is structured ). The scarlet letter is an perfect example of that. The female character is being judged for committing adultery, while the male character isn't judged for what he did.......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Feminism

...of their gender differences which is a social construct. “Sex is considered a fact - one is born with either male or female genitalia. Gender is considered a social construction - it grants meaning to the fact of sex. Conversely, it could be said that only after specific meanings came to be attached to the sexes, did sex differences become pertinent” (Geetha, 2002: 10). Gender based discriminations and exploitations are widespread and the socio-culturally defined characteristics, aptitudes, abilities, desires, personality traits, roles, responsibilities and behavioral patterns of men and women contribute to the inequalities and hierarchies in society. Gender differences are man made and they get legitimised in a patriarchal society. This paper attempts to link the theoretical dimensions of patriarchy with its empirical experiences to engage in the ongoing debates and discussion on “patriarchy” which manifests itself in various forms of discriminations, inequalities, hierarchies, inferior status and position of women in society. Thus it is important to understand patriarchy in terms of its multiplicity, complexities and dynamics. What is Patriarchy? Patriarchy literally means rule of the father in a male-dominated family. It is a social and ideological construct which considers men (who are the patriarchs) as superior to women. Sylvia Walby in “Theorising Patriarchy” calls it “a system of social structures and practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women”......

Words: 9801 - Pages: 40

Plato

...Plato declared that “rhetoric is the art of ruling the minds of men.” In this quote, we gather that persuasion is not a structured formula but a dynamic and nimble art. While many USP students believe that logical appeal is the predominant persuasion technique, Gorgias’ “Defense of Palamedes” successfully demonstrated that emotional and ethical appeals can be equally convincing if they are employed at the opportune moment. This paper argues that Palamedes actively manipulates his kairos, or timely and situational moments, which compelled him to deliver his ethic and pathetic appeals effectively. As a result, these appeals establish credibility in Palamedes, create emotional distress in the Jury and ultimately absolve Palamedes from his treason charges. Palamedes tactfully constructs his kairotic context of urgency in order to deliver his virtuous past record. In effect, this acts as a basis for him to substantiate his moral authority in his subsequent self-defence. For example, in paragraph 10 of “Palamedes”, he argues that the trial obliges “the accused” to put forward his credentials that “I must now speak...” The word “must” and “now” indicate the pressing necessity of situation that forces Palamedes to tout his credibility as a defendant there and then. In addition, he stresses that his ostentatious self-praise is “under the compulsion of self-defense.” Hence, Palamedes highlights once more the involuntary nature of such obligation while insinuating Palamedes as......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Plato Research Paper

...Research Paper on a Philosopher Plato Valerie Jenter Centenary College April 24, 2012 Abstract Many Philosophers made a difference in society but Plato is perhaps recognized as the most famous. His writings have had a profound effect on people, politics, and the philosophy throughout the centuries. He was a public figure and he made major contributions to society. Plato helped to lay the philosophical foundations of modern culture through his ideas and writings. One of the most philosophical thinkers of Western civilization, Plato is the only author from ancient Greek times whose writings survive intact. His collection consists of thirty-five dialogues and thirteen letters, though the authorship of some is contested. Plato was born in Athens, into a prosperous aristocratic family. His Father’s name was Ariston and his Mother’s name was Perictione. His relative named Glaucon was one of the best-known members of the Athenian nobility. Plato's name was Aristocles, his nickname Plato originates from wrestling circles, Plato means broad, and it probably refers either to his physical appearance or his wrestling style. “Plato is, by any reckoning, one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most penetrating, wide-ranging, and influential authors in the history of philosophy,” (Kraut, 2009). Plato was born during the Golden Age of......

Words: 1881 - Pages: 8

Plato

...The Conditional Acquittal: On a Supposed Contradiction in Plato’s Apology and Crito Ben Blanks, Lynchburg College (Editor’s note: This essay by Ben Blanks is the winner of the North Award for the best paper in the 2012 Agora. Ben presented an earlier version of this paper at the ACTC Student Conference at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California, in March, 2011.) When reading the Apology and the Crito of Plato, one inevitably comes upon a seeming fundamental contradiction between the two dialogues. The Apology presents readers with a defiant Socrates who declares in his trial that, if acquitted on the condition that he never philosophize again, he would continue to practice philosophy in spite of the jury’s order to the contrary: . . . if you said to me in this regard: “Socrates, we do not believe Anytus now; we acquit you, but only on condition that you spend no more time on this investigation and do not practice philosophy, and if you are caught doing so you will die”; if, as I say, you were to acquit me on those terms, I would say to you: “Men of Athens, I am grateful and I am your friend, but I will obey the god rather than you, and as long as I draw breath and am able, I shall not cease to practice philosophy . . . (29c-d).1 The passage from the Apology seems to present a defiant argument for civil disobedience in the face of injustice. In the Crito, however, when given a chance to escape prison and his upcoming execution, Socrates reasons that such an action......

Words: 1804 - Pages: 8

Euthyphro Plato Paper

...Week Three Euthyphro Plato What is the definition of pity? What is the definition of holiness? All individuals have their own way of thinking and views. What one may think of holy and pity another may not. What will be discussed in this paper is the concept of holiness emerges in the dialogue and why it takes a prominent position in the conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro, the three definitions that Euthyphro uses in his response to Socrates, Formulate your own argument as to what you think Socrates’s goal is in this dialogue. And finally a definition of my own of piety/ and holiness. There are several times that holiness has emerged throughout the dialogue. In the dialogue Socrates and Euthyphro are speaking of Euthyphro father being charged with murder than they began to speak of holiness and the knowledge of religion. Socrates states in the dialogue “Euthyphro! And is your knowledge of religion and of things pious and impious so very exact, that, supposing the circumstances to be as you state them, you are not afraid lest you too may be doing an impious thing in bringing an action against your father”( Socrates, 2010)? Holiness takes prominent position in the conversation between the Socrates and Euthyphro because Euthyphro wants to get his father in trouble for the murder and the conversation about holiness arises. The main problem is what are holy and the definition. No matter what one may believe in, one should still have faith, believe and follow the......

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Feminism

...Feminism in Multicultural Societies An analysis of Dutch Multicultural and Postsecular Developments and their Implications for Feminist Debates Eva Midden A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment for the requirements of the degree of PhD at the University of Central Lancashire May 2010       Student Declaration Concurrent registration for two or more academic awards I declare that while registered as a candidate for the research degree, I have not been registered candidate or enrolled student for another award of the University or other academic or professional institution Material submitted for another award I declare that no material contained in the thesis has been used in any other submission for an academic award and is solely my own work Signature of Candidate Type of Award School ___PhD_________________________________ ___Centre for Professional Ethics___________ 1   Abstract It was long assumed that both multiculturalism and feminism are connected to progressive movements and hence have comparable and compatible goals. However, both in academia and in popular media the critique on multiculturalism has grown and is often accompanied with arguments related to gender equality and/or feminism. According to political scientist Susan Moller Okin for example there are fundamental conflicts between our commitment to gender equality and the desire to respect the customs of minority cultures or religions. If we agree that......

Words: 97145 - Pages: 389

Feminism

...limiting circle in which the image of Indian womanhood has become, both a shackle and a rhetorical device that nevertheless functions as a historical truth.” - Uma Chakravarti “Whatever happened to the Vedic Dasi?: Orientalism, Nationalism and a Script for the Past.”* Who/where is the Indian woman? Since this conference focuses on the theme “Identity, Difference and Conflict: Postcolonial Critique”, I think this question could well serve as a starter for our discussion on this issue from an Indian feminist perspective. In order to situate this question bringing into relief its complexities, I wish to begin this paper narrating an event recorded by Shobha De, a feminist writer and analyst. According to her report, a certain man in Orissa refused to take back his wife- the mother of his five children, after her three day trip to Delhi. She had gone to receive a special award for being a highly successful mushroom farmer, an honour she shared with 100 other farmers from across India. Her labourer husband doubted her character after the trip and remained adamant about his decision not to take her back home. The award winner is bewildered and apologetic, insisting that she had sought her husband’s permission to go to Delhi. Her mushroom cultivation has to be on hold until the poor woman is able to sort out the non-sense with her obstinate......

Words: 4288 - Pages: 18

Plato and Music Paper

...The philosophy of Plato and its influences on modern society concerning music In modern society music is ubiquitous. Everywhere a person goes music can be heard, from the local grocery store to the radios in cars. With all this exposure to music it would be easy to forget it is even there but how much does this constant exposure affect an individual? Is it good to be subjected to every random song that you might encounter on a day to day basis? Questions concerning the effects of music on people have been around for a long time, going back as far as ancient Greece. While this paper will not attempt to cover the complete body of literature this topic entails nor will it attempt to answer these questions, it will examine one of their most notable philosophers, Plato, and see how his opinions concerning music and its effects on behavior on individuals and society at large match up with the beliefs of today. Plato felt that music could have a profound effect on individuals, for good or for ill, and could shape society at large. In Plato's Republic we find Socrates discussing with Glaucon what proper modes of music should be included in the education of the guardians of their ideal state. By this point in the Republic guardians have been defined as individuals who are both fierce to enemies of the state and gentle to its citizens.(Plato) To this end the two men describe at great length the types of music that encourage or accompany all manner of behaviors and proceed to......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Plato

...It is common knowledge that a very high rate of divorce threatens our marriages. We expect a lot from the sexual passion we call love, but usually end up disappointed when the romance goes away. Yet we keep getting married, thinking that we are going to be the ones that will beat the system. If we fail, we change our partner and try again. We end up our love life as we began it, confused, afraid and as disappointed as we were hopeful. The malaise that characterises our love lives naturally finds its way to the philosophical consulting room. In this paper I shall attempt to show how Plato’s view of love can be helpful both in dispelling our confusion about love and in proposing some solutions to our suffering. A comprehensive account of Plato’s complex theory of love, an exhaustive presentation of the controversies involved in interpreting it or a thorough discussion of the problems it creates, are all beyond the scope of this paper. What one may hope to do is to introduce the reader to some basic characteristics of Plato’s view of love, and then to share some thoughts about its applicability to our contemporary view of the blessings and predicaments involved in what we call love. I shall therefore begin with Plato’s definitions of love (sections 1 and 2), followed by a description of the path to successful love (section 3). Some difficulties in Plato’s theory of love will be then explained, as well as their import on the applicability of Plato’s view to philosophical......

Words: 7450 - Pages: 30

Masculism and Feminism

...Philosophical Paper: Defending Men Through the Study of Masculism and Explaining 3rd Wave Feminism Further Submitted by: Xiayra Mae B. Magtibay 1LM2 Submitted to: Mr. Emmanuel De Leon Abstract This paper will be discussing gender equality through further explanation of Masculism and 3rd Wave Feminism by depending on essays and articles made by 3rd Wave Feminists and the philosophies of Plato. This paper will be pointing out the objectives of Masculism and Feminism and their similarities. This paper will also attempt to explain that the demands of both genders can be met. Defnition of Terms * Masculism: is a movement that advocates for the rights, equality and dignity of the male sex in an egalitarian framework. * Egalitarian: believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities * Feminism: the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men and an organized movement for the attainment of such rights for women. * Misandrist: a person who hates men * Gender : the state of being male or female * Gender Roles: is a theoretical construct in the social sciences and humanities that refers to a set of social and behavioural norms that, within a specific culture, are widely considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex. * Gender Equality: is the measurable equal representation of women and men. Gender equality does not imply that......

Words: 3062 - Pages: 13

Feminism

...English 101 Professor Zitter July 29, 2014 Female Stereotype Banished Since the 1960’s, there have been various types of feminist criticism that have been analyzed and interpreted through literature. A feminism critic is one who works to represent the belief that men are superior to women and feminists will create change so women can be fully recognized and respected (Dobie 97). One of the earliest and most influential accounts of Feminism is the American Feminism. The American Feminist criticism, Fun Home by Alison Bechdel, argues that women have been stereotyped through literature, text, and images. Historically, feminist movements have been divided into three waves. In the nineteenth century, the first wave’s focus was on politics of women. For example, the right to vote (“History and Theory” par.6).According to first wave feminist, Simon De Beauvoir, she believes “Women are not born inferior, but made to be so” (Dobie 100). The second wave in the 20th century, focused on “liberation which were legal and social rights for women”(History and Theory” par. 6). Feminists in this wave, Virginia Woolf critiques the absence of women within literary work throughout history and emphasize that gender is shaped by society. (Dobie 101). The last wave, which is still occurring today, overlaps with the second wave and it is a continuation of the failures within the second wave. Each theorist have different perspectives that lead them into different groups according to their belief......

Words: 1936 - Pages: 8

Plato

...Plato Paper: Prompt #2 11/3/14 Why does Plato write dialogues? How does that genre fit with and promote his philosophy? Use Examined life to help promote this concept that Plato embodies. ! From what method of teaching can a learner take away a meaningful interpretation of the lesson taught? Upon determining the answer to this question, one might discern between more and less helpful ways to learn. The old Native American saying goes, “Tell me and I'll forget. Show me, and I may not remember. Involve me, and I'll understand”(Inspirational Quotes). This exact idea is embodied by Plato and also by some of the philosophers in The Examined Life. Plato provides examples of stories to help one wrap their brain around a concept due to their own involvement in the learning. The brilliant Plato methodically sends an equally striking and concise impression-making message to both his readers and interlocutors. Unlike Aristotle, who lays down the law of philosophy in absolute non-negotiable terms, Plato paints a sufficiently big picture for the reader in terms of philosophical conclusion through narrative dialogues and allegories in his writings. Plato does this by granting the interlocutor a paintbrush in drawing the “big picture” so that the appropriate details can be sketched in as needed and refutations are made possible in order to distinguish between what is and what is not relevant. This process gives the readers, as well as the interlocutors, a feeling of......

Words: 3836 - Pages: 16

A Soul Is Independent of the Body: Plato and Feminism

...body: Plato and Feminism Plato’s claim that a person should be judged on the nature of his or her soul and not on their external appearance serves as the foundation for his favorable views on feminism. According to Plato, women should fill the jobs for which they are most talented. He says that talented women should not be withheld from any job within society just because of there sexual organs. In book 5 of the Republic, Plato engages in a conversation with Socrates’ where they discuss the notion of women making potential good guardians and philosopher-rulers of the state and that they should be educated the same way as men. (Cooper 1977, pg. 1087) Although Plato believes that women are not equal to men, his belief that the body and soul are independent of one another helps justify his reasoning that women can have just as much success as men within society. Plato’s concept of a functional society rests on the notion that there are different classes of people and that it is in the best interest of both the people and the state that people perform the functions that coincide best with their natures. According to Plato, there are natural differences between all people and these differences are amongst groups of men as well as groups of women. (Feminist perspectives on reproduction and the family, Stanford)Plato’s belief that women have different natures and not different functions helps support his idea that women and men can share similar roles within society. Plato......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

Feminism

...3 TRENDS IN FEMINISM Structure 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Objectives 3.3 Liberal Feminism 3.3.1 Liberal Thought 3.3.2 Classical Liberal Feminism 3.3.3 Second Wave Liberal Feminism 3.3.4 Weakness/Limitations of the Liberal Feminism 3.3.5 Contribution to the Women’s Movement 3.4 Marxist Feminism 3.4.1 Foundations of Marxist Feminism 3.4.2 Other Key Elements in Marxist Feminism 3.4.3 Limitations of Marxist Feminism 3.4.4 Contribution to the Women’s Movement 3.5 Psychoanalytic Feminism 3.5.1 The Beginnings of Psychoanalytic Feminism – Countering Freudian Theories 3.5.2 Explanation by other Theorists 3.5.3 Limitations of Psychoanalytic Feminism 3.5.4 Contribution to the Women’s Movement 3.6 Radical feminism 3.6.1 Definition 3.6.2 The influences that shaped Radical Feminism 3.6.3 What are the variations of Radical Feminism? 3.6.3.1 Radical- Libertarian Feminism 3.6.3.2 Radical-Cultural Feminism 3.6.4 Radical Feminism – Its Structure 3.6.5 The Outcomes of the Movement 3.6.6 Critiques of Radical Feminism 3.6.7 Contribution to the Women’s Movement 3.7 Postmodern Feminism 3.7.1 Postmodern Thought 3.7.2 Postmodern rethinking of psychological explanation of gender 3.7.3 Postmodern Feminist 3.7.4 Limitations of Postmodern feminism 3.7.5 Contribution to the women’s Movement 3.8 Black Feminism and Womanism 3.8.1 The Beginnings of Black Feminism 3.9 Cyber Feminism 3.9.1 Origin of Cyber Feminism 3.9.2 Definition of the 100 Anti Thesis 3.9.3 Cyber art and its relation to Cyber feminism 3.9.4......

Words: 17769 - Pages: 72

The Hollow Crown | A Morte do Demônio (Evil Dead) 2013 | Greys.Anatomy.Staffel.2.DVDRip.XviD-iNSPiRED