Personality Disorders

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By conniebabe2
Words 1499
Pages 6
Psychology of Personality
Research Paper (100 Total Points)

Paper Topic: Each student must select a paper topic from the list below. The goal of this research paper is to write about a psychologist and their theory of personality. You must select your paper topic and state in writing why you have decided to select your paper topic. This assignment is worth 10 points and it is due on February 2nd.

Paper Outline and References: An outline of your research paper will be due on March 1st. Use the sample outline below to create your paper outline. You also need to complete a Reference page with 4 science-based resources (see sample reference page). The major headings for your outline are: introduction, bibliographic information, education and work history, personality theory summary, description of how the theorist’s personal experiences impacted their theory of personality, research and assessment, your reflection, conclusion, references). This outline will be edited and returned to you. After the outline is returned to you, you are expected to incorporate all the edits requested into the final paper. This assignment is worth 30 points. Late outlines will not be accepted.

Final Paper: The final paper will be due on April 12th. Your paper should be 10 pages long; this includes the title page, abstract page, paper body, and reference page. This assignment is worth 60 points. Late papers will not be accepted.

General Notes * Paper must be submitted using APA format. See sample papers for APA style. * You must use at least 4 science-based resources including your textbook, peer-reviewed journal articles, peer-reviewed books and book chapters, and original materials by your psychologist. * Content from online websites are not allowed. * Please feel free to contact your instructor if you have any questions about references.

Research Paper…...

Similar Documents

Borderline Personality Disorder

...face to face with an individual who has a personality similar to a mine field? In other words where or when he/she will explode is never known. This type of personality disorder is called borderline personality disorder. Borderline Personality Disorder is one of the most scariest and hidden disorders that have baffled our society as well as many health professionals for many years. The DSM IV defines borderline personality disorder as an AXIS II disorder which has symptoms of impulsivity and emotional dysregulation. A person with borderline personality disorder has feelings of abandonment and emptiness, and has frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, going to extremes to keep someone from leaving. He or she is emotionally unstable and forms intense but unstable interpersonal relationships. They also have a very unstable self-image or sense of self. They show impulsive behavior, such as spending money, reckless driving, sex, binge eating and other types of eating disorders, and substance abuse. They tend to have recurrent suicidal behavior, and tend to self-mutilate. Some patients with borderline personality disorder have chronic feelings of emptiness, and intense anger or difficulty controlling it (Diagnostic and Statistical manual of mental disorders ). After reading the DSM IV’s definition, the true meaning of borderline personality disorder still wasn’t clear. Excluding fancy words, the reality of borderline personality disorder is simple-a person has a low opinion......

Words: 2630 - Pages: 11

Personality Disorders

...Personality Disorders Overview In order to understand disorders of personality is it necessary to have a clear understanding of what personality actually means. Every single person in the world has a unique personality different than everyone else. Our personalities are thought of as the way we act, think, believe, and feel that makes us different from each other (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). Personalities vary from person to person, and we all exhibit an intense, life long, pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings known as traits. Personality traits are said to be stable throughout our life’s and the situations we are faced with in life. Personality traits can range from happy and outgoing to miserable, lonely, unstable, and unreliable. When personality becomes disruptive, and interferes with life in areas of social and occupational functions they are said to be a personality disorder (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011). Persons with personality disorders have difficulty in their identities, pursuits in life, and relationships. Important to add at this point is the most common theories of personality disorders. One theory of personality is known as the five factor model (the Big 5). This theory uses five dimensions or factors with negative and positive opposites on a continuum to explain personality disorders from functional to dysfunctional. The Big 5 factors are negative emotionally, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness (Nolen-Hoeksema...

Words: 3154 - Pages: 13

Borderline Personality Disorder

...Borderline personality disorder is a disordered behavior pattern that develops by early adulthood, and is characterized by multiple types of psychological instability and impulsiveness, often involves intense and frequent mood changes, fear of abandonment, and a risk of suicide according to Merriam-Webster.com. In Oldham’s article “Personality Disorders” he states that in many important ways, we are what we do. It is easier to determine the “what” of our personality rather than the “why”. We all have unique personalities and no two people are the same, for instance like our fingerprints. Individuals’ temperament is a key component of a person’s developing personality, along with the shaping and molding influences of family, caretakers, and environmental experiences. Personality disorders are diagnosed by a classical system of descriptive psychopathology within a framework adopted by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and published in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) (). The DSM has had many revisions with the latest revision being published in 2000. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV-TR) is used to diagnose psychiatric illness. The DSM-IV TR has a multiaxial approach that includes five dimensions. Axis I: Clinical Syndromes, Axis II: Personality and Mental Retardation, Axis III: Medical Conditions, Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems, and Axis V: Global Assessment of......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Borderline Personality Disorder

...Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness marked by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. Because some people with severe borderline personality disorder have brief psychotic episodes, experts originally thought of this illness as atypical, or borderline, versions of other mental disorders. While mental health experts now generally agree that the name "borderline personality disorder" is misleading, a more accurate term does not exist yet. The symptoms of borderline disorder were first described in the medical literature over 3000 years ago. The disorder has gained increasing visibility over the past three decades. The full spectrum of symptoms of borderline disorder typically first appears in the teenage years and early twenties. Although some children with significant behavioral disturbances may develop readily diagnosable borderline disorder as they get older, it is very difficult to make the diagnosis in children. It is estimated that more than 14 million American adults, distributed equally between men and women, have borderline personality disorder. It is more common than schizophrenia or bipolar disorder: an estimated 11% of outpatients, 20% of psychiatric inpatients and 6% of primary care visits meet the criteria for the disorder. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis can be difficult. As ,ost patients with bipolar disorder go years before receiving an appropriate diagnosis and starting mood stabilizers[1] As with all personality disorders, the......

Words: 2237 - Pages: 9

Histrionic Personality Disorder

...Running Head: HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER Histrionic Personality Disorder Abstract This paper describes the characteristics, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of an individual with Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD). These individuals display a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior. The exact cause of this disorder is not known, but it has been linked to learned and inherited behavior. Diagnosing HPD can be difficult because it is similar to other personality disorders. Part of the focus of treatment is to help the individual uncover the motivations and fears associated with their thoughts and behavior. Histrionic Personality Disorder Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), is a type of personality disorder in which the affected individual displays a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior beginning in early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts (Benjamin, 2003, p. 168). People with this disorder have intense, unstable emotions and distorted self images. Their self-esteem depends on the approval of others and does not arise from a true feeling of self worth. They also have an overwhelming desire to be noticed and often behave dramatically or inappropriately...

Words: 1690 - Pages: 7

Mental Disorder and Personality

...1: MENTAL DISORDERS AND CRIME 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO MENTAL DISORDER A mental disorder is depicted as a significant behavioral or psychological pattern, which leads to distress or impairment in important areas of functioning or a higher risk of suffering from pain, disability, loss of freedom and death (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Mental disorder affects a person’s mood, thinking and also behavior. The general types of mental disorders include mood disorder, anxiety disorders, personality disorders and psychotic disorders. 2.0 SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL DISORDERS These signs may include the feelings of excessive anxiety, intense fear, odd speech or thinking patterns, marked changes in behavior and mood, withdrawal from social interaction and the lost of interest in activities that are normally enjoyed. 3.0 THE LINK BETWEEN MENTAL DISORDERS AND CRIME Personally, I think that there is a positive correlation between mental disorders and crime. However, not all individuals with mental disorders are certain to commit crime. The possibility of crime being committed by these individuals may depend on external factors which trigger their biological predisposition to violate the rights of others. In the following discussion, I have included several studies which stated that mental disorders may lead to crime. 3.1 SOCIAL DISCRIMINATION & AGGRESSION Results from a study have shown that individuals with psychotic disorders were......

Words: 1948 - Pages: 8

Personality Disorders

...she then searches for a job outside of the hospital, and quickly encounters prejudice that haunts former mental patients. She is not quite able to get a job, since even applying for a telephone operator requires a doctor’s note. Susanna then starts seeing a man, who she had a relationship with before entering into McLean’s. She impulsively accepts the man’s marriage proposal, and then she reflects on the difference between the mind and the brain and reveals to the reader that she was diagnosed: Borderline Personality Disorder. She also describes how the disorder is more common in women than in men, and she wonders if sexism as a part in that. Eventually Susanna, Georgina, and Lisa left McLean, and years later Susanna visits Georgina, who is now married and who is as eccentric as ever. Susanna also runs into Lisa in Harvard Square, who has a young child and lives in the respectable suburb. While talking to Lisa though, Susanna detects traces of Lisa’s old mischief personality beneath her persona of a suburban mother. Before leaving, Lisa asks Susanna: “You ever think of those days in there, in that place?” “Yes,” I answered. “I do think of them.” “Me too.” Lisa shook her head. “Oh well, she said rather jauntily. Then she and her son went down the stairs, underground.” (pg 164) In the final chapter, Susanna reveals why the title of her book, “Girl, Interrupted; separated by twenty years, Susanna stands in front of a painting at New York’s Frick Museum. The painting now......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Personality Disorder

...Dependent Personality Disorder Elsie Carrasquillo CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior Instructor Kristin Mauldin 23 July 2013 Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) is “characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation” (DeLisi, 2013.) In other words, Dependent Personality Disorder is when a person is very dependent on others to meet their emotional and physical needs. It usually begins with a caregiver as a child but it does not fully develop until early adulthood. There are some symptoms such as a solitary environment as well as seeking approval of others. The actual cause of Dependent Personality Disorder is not known. Some suppose that it can be due to biological and developmental factors but nothing has been actually confirmed. Studies are ongoing to see the causes of Depend Personality Disorder. It is a common diagnosed disorder which affects men as well as women equally. The Dependent Personality Disorder begins in childhood but it is not diagnosed until early to middle adulthood. The main reason why it is not diagnosed at childhood is because a child is not fully developed. Psychological and environmental experiences that surrounds a child, influences their Dependent Personality Disorder. A child’s primary caregiver has a major impact on a child’s development. Children see and learn from their primary caregiver and try to imitate them. “Some researchers believe......

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Personality Disorders

...Avoidant Personality Disorder From the moment a person is born, his or her personality begins to take shape. In infancy, childhood, and later adolescence, the individual explores a multitude of behaviors. Of all the behaviors, or personalities, the person experiences, one of them will stick with them until the day they die. Unfortunately, each specific personality also contain a personality disorder. Personality disorders can result in anxiety attacks, depression, and to a certain level, suicide. One of the most unique personality disorders is the Avoidant Personality Disorder. The DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) describes Avoidant Personality Disorder as: a persuasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation, beginning by early childhood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following traits: 1.) avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection 2.) is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked 3.) shows restraint within intimate relationships because of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed 4.) is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations 5.) is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy 6.) views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others 7.) is usually reluctant......

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Personality Disorders

...consideration the important and central relationship that I share with my son, XXXXX. I will discuss the disorder, traits and symptoms that best fit each of us independently. I will analyze and reflect on why these traits and symptoms lend themselves to a mostly good, positive, and harmonious relationship that we share. My relationship with my son wasn’t always harmonious. When he was six years old I got sent to Federal Prison for eight years. I committed two bank robberies in Manhattan as a direct result of being a drug addict. I used drugs most of my life, from the age of 12, starting with marijuana. However, at the age of 31, after being stabbed five times, I started using heroin. I used it to relieve the pain... I ended up doing seven years and two months in federal prison. Prior to this incarceration I was an everyday part of my son’s life. We lived together. I took him to, and picked him up from school. We played together, ate together, sometimes even slept together. When I was sent to prison I tried my best to maintain a relationship with him via the mail and telephone calls. We did not get to see each other during this time. My son was thirteen when I was released. It was not easy getting back my relationship with him. Rather, creating a new, honest, supportive, and loving relationship with him. I have many psychological and personality disorders. As a child I suffered physical, sexual, and psychological abuse. I am diagnosed as suffering PTSD,......

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Personality Disorders

...RUNNING HEAD: Personality Disorders: Making a Diagnosis Personality Disorders: Making a Diagnosis Anya Dobbs Walden University September 27, 2015 Given the stigma and often-times lifelong courses of mental disorders, I would like to have more time and information from this patient in order to make a definitive diagnosis, but based on the information I have, I would likely diagnose him with Schizoid Personality Disorder, 302.01. “Schizoid personality disorder is a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression” (APA, 2013, p. 645). The patient in question displays almost every symptom that is characteristic of the disorder, based on the information he has provided. Criterion A states the patient must display at least four of seven symptoms displaying “a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotions in interpersonal settings, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of context” (APA, 2013, P. 652). Based on what the patient provided, his symptoms did begin by early adulthood as he mentioned his behaviors while in college and they are present in a variety of context- school, work, personal, and familial areas of his life. Five out of seven of the criterion symptoms apply to the patient: Criterion A1 states, “Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being a part of the family” (APA, 2013, p. 653). The patient expressed how he came to see the......

Words: 696 - Pages: 3

Border Personality Disorder

...Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis, criteria, symptoms Personality disorders are estimated to affect about ten to twenty percent of the general population (Sadock & Sadock 2007). Individuals with borderline personality disorders fall under the category of Cluster B personality disorders, which are characterized by dramatic, impulsive, and erratic features, which include narcissistic, antisocial, borderline, and dramatic personality disorders. (Sadock & Sadock 2007) According to the DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic for Borderline Personality Disorder, the criteria for Borderline Personality is “A pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following: 1. 1.Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment 2. A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by 3. alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation 4. identity disturbance, markedly and persistently unstable self image or sense of self 5. impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging 6. recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self......

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Borderline Personality Disorder

...Running Head: BORDERLINE PERSONALITY Borderline Personality Disorder: Diagnostic Complexity and Misunderstanding Nova Southeastern University March 31, 2009 “The term borderline personality disorder (BPD) suggests the image of a person who is on the edge or border of something” (Stoeltje, 2009). During the beginning of the twentieth century, all psychiatric problems were viewed as falling along a single continuum that ranged from neurotic to psychotic. Originally, the border in borderline was believed to fall somewhere within this continuum, and was actually once termed pseudo-neurotic schizophrenia. While many of the instances of the disorder have been cited in medical literature since the 1930’s, the condition did not get official recognition as borderline personality disorder until the 1980’s (Stoeltje, 2009). Now, professionals have abandoned the single continuum concept of behavioral health problems, and now know borderline personality disorder does not progress into schizophrenia (Stoeltje, 2009). In fact, approximately 2 to 4 percent of adults (at least six million people nationwide) suffer from a clinically significant form of borderline personality disorder. As a fairly new psychological disorder, the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder is still debated, with various symptoms commonly mistaken for other disorders. Despite the ongoing controversy, the unique symptoms, age and gender differences, possible......

Words: 2301 - Pages: 10

Personality Disorder

...Personality Disorder Personality disorders are mental health conditions that affect how people manage their feelings and how they relate to other people. Disturbances of feeling and distorted beliefs about other people can lead to odd behavior, which can be distressing and which other people may find upsetting. The main symptoms are: being overwhelmed by negative feelings such as distress, anxiety, worthlessness or anger avoiding other people and feeling empty and emotionally disconnected difficulty managing negative feelings without self-harming (for example, abusing drugs and alcohol or taking overdoses) or, in rare cases,threatening other people odd behavior difficulty maintaining stable and close relationships,especially with partners, children and professional cares. sometimes, periods of losing contact with reality Symptoms typically get worse with stress. People with personality disorders often have other mental health conditions, especially depression and substance misuse. Personality disorders typically start in adolescence and continue into adulthood. They may be mild, moderate or severe, and people may have periods of 'remission' where they can function well. Personality disorders are caused by a combination of genetic reasons and experiences of distress or fear during childhood, such as neglect or abuse. 1 Types of Personality Disorder The different types of personality disorder that might need treatment can be broadly grouped into one......

Words: 2712 - Pages: 11

Histrionic Personality Disorder

...Running Head: HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER What is HPD? Histrionic Personality Disorder Brookline College Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking, including an excessive need for approval and inappropriately seductive behavior, usually beginning in early adulthood. People with this disorder are usually able to function at a high level and can be successful socially and professionally. People with histrionic personality disorder usually have good social skills, but they tend to use these skills to manipulate other people and become the center of attention. They often fail to see their own personal situation realistically, instead tending to dramatize and exaggerate their difficulties. HPD patients may go through frequent job changes, as they become easily bored and have trouble dealing with frustration. All of these factors may lead to greater risk of developing depression. They may seek treatment for depression when romantic relationships end, although this is by no means a feature exclusive to this disorder. The cause of this disorder is unknown, but childhood events such as deaths in the immediate family, illnesses within the immediate family which present constant anxiety, divorce of parents and genetics may be involved. Histrionic Personality Disorder is more often diagnosed in women than men; men with some quite...

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Cote D'Ivoire | scientific workplace 6 | Rpg Metanoia