Origins of Psychology in Philososphy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By rodg
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The ancient Greek philosophers contributed to the development of knowledge in all fields Under philosophy because the various disciplines had not differentiated.

Pythagoras had a lasting influence on western thought. Some of his ideas that influenced the development of psychology as a discipline include:- • The basic explanation for everything in the universe was in numbers and in numerical relationships. The sound of a lyre is harmonious only if one string is twice as long as the others. There is a relationship between string size and perceived pleasantness. This is the first psycho physical law in psychology. Later psycho physics became a huge topic in psychology. Numbers are real and they exert influence on the empirical world In spite of their abstraction. So he concluded that mathematical laws should be employed on every aspect of human existence. This way he anticipated the scientific method used by psychologists and more so the position taken by behaviorists. Define the terms psycho physics and the scientific method. • Ironically the Pythagorean school of thought distrusted the senses." Perfection cannot be achieved in the empirical world only in the world beyond the senses. Senses interfered with the gaining of knowledge". So members of the Pythagorean School of thought imposed on themselves long periods of silence, vegetarianism, fasting, exercise etc. This way the Pythagorean School became a cult and lost the spirit of free open inquiry. Today there is a vigorous debate on the impact of stimulus restriction and stimulus over load.

His views were recorded by Plato and xenophone his student when Socrates was forced to take hemlock after antagonizing the powers that be in orthodox Greece with his critical inquiry and influence on the youth. Some of his ideas…...

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