Music Notes

In: Film and Music

Submitted By emmavictorria
Words 3395
Pages 14
Music Notes: Midterm One
Studying Rock: * Fan mentality: reject other forms of music * Gold Records: 500,000 copies * Platinum Records: 1 million copies
* Social, political, and cultural issues * Issues of race, class, and gender * The development of the music business * The development of technology
The Popularity Arc: * Mainstream popularity is the ‘peak’ * Genres tend to develop underground and aren’t written about historically during these years (subcultures)
Musical Form: * The way different sections in a song are organized
Rhythm: the way music sounds are organized in time; beat is the pulse
Meter: organization of rhythm and beats into music * Simple; one & two & three (2 parts) * Compound; one & uh two & uh three (3 parts) * Duple (2 beats per measure) * Triple (3 beats per measure) * Quadruple (4 beats per measure)
Timbre (colour): voice is: warm, smooth, rich * Chest voice, falsetto, crooner (male who sings with background jazz music)

The 1920’s, 30’s and 40’s * Upheaval in politics, reflected in music * Baby boomers

Chapter 1: Roots to 1955
Before Rock and Roll (Main stream music, rhythm and blues, country & western)
Part 1: The World of Mainstream Pop Leading up to 1955
National vs. Regional Changes * Emergence of technology took music from a regional scope to a national level * Radio (1920’s) directed at white middle class * Broken up into Superstations (high power) and Networks (NBC coast to coast broadcasting, developed in one area and broadcast nationally, model used today) * All music was live and records were seen as ‘fooling people’ * Overnight popularity * Some styles became national (Bing Cosby, Frank Sinatra) while Country and Blues stayed regional as they were considered low income…...

Similar Documents


...animals respond to music that's who they say. Music is for every occasion- from partying to Rock 'n' Rolla disco, from everyday life to a wedding anniversary and even to a somber funeral, everything has music embedded in it. Its magic alright- though we never reap every beat has our vocal cords vibrating, it causes adrenal to pump throughout the body and every muscle aching jump on the dance floor. So what is music? Well in a sense every sound produced from clapping two hands to slapping a person is music; The more recognized pundits define it as an arrangement of sounds in a pleasing sequence or combination to be sung; or played on instruments. Well who cares about music in a prolonged sense- music are something universal, something unique, and something which is soothing to our heart, our senses, which makes our nerves calm down- the effect is simply astonishing. Its like a web you have been caught in, a web of music, a web in which where ever you go you find music, music to touch your heart, to take you, in a sense, under its control. And why not- music tames the wildest beasts- even the critics have no answer to that Music is of many types- rock, jazz, classical raga, pop, flat, country, chamber, folk- yes folk is there too. Every community has some sort of traditional music to suit their rhythm. Then there is classical music that portrays the life's culture and tradition, rock music that tends to shake you up, and several other types of music that are all......

Words: 724 - Pages: 3


...Lecture 1 July 4, 2012 • Popular Music in the United States: o Lies in the African-American Population o West African music was brought into America and was thrown into a mixing pot that the slave population count themselves as Americans. o Blues is the beginning of Jazz, Rock and R&B • Congo Square –Passage from book: History of Jazz o An eligible black man sits with a large cylinder drum using his fingers and edge of his hand he jams repeatedly on the drum head which is around 14 diameters and probably made from animal skin. ____________________ with rapid sharp strokes. A second drummer holding his instrument between his knees joins in, playing with the same ______ attack. A third black man seated on the ground _________ instrument the body of which is rashly fashioned from the calabash. Another calabash which has been made into a drum and a woman beats at it with two short sticks. One voice then another voice, then other voices join in a dance of scene contradictions __________ give and take ___________ one handed performance spontaneous yet on closer inspection ritualize and precise is a dance of massive proportions, a dense crowded _________ performed in circular groups perhaps five or six hundred individuals moving in time to the pulsations of the music some swaying gently and others aggressively stumping their feet. A number of women in the group begin chanting. This scene could be Africa, in fact it is 19th century in New Orleans scattered first......

Words: 5816 - Pages: 24

Music 80 Notes

...the mood consistency of the piece • User friendly→ pop music • Well- strucutred • “Sing, Sing, Sing”- 1937 • most famous piece by benny goodmand and porbably the entire swing era • most recognizable part of the song is Gene Krupa’s drumming, which exists as a motif throughout the song o gene krupa very specific drumming style- jungle style→ pounding sound • band comes in screaming • very stylize- accurate- used for movie • not entirely written- drum and solos improvisation • drums center of it all o everything else is centered around that • IMPORTANT NAMES: • Benny Goodman (clarinet) • Teddy Wilson (piano) • Hampton Hawes (vibraphone) • Gene Krupa (drums) • Harry James (trumpet) o Duke Ellington- “America’s Greatest Composer” • IMPORTANT NAMES: • Duke Ellington (piano) • Jimmy Blanton (bass) • Sonny Greer (drums) • Paul Gonsalves (tenor saxophone) • Cootie Williams (trumpet) • Johnny Hodges (alto saxophone) • “Take the A Train” 1941 • jazz standard by Billy Strayhorn • “It don’t mean a thing if it aint got that swing- 1932 • “Black, Brown, and Beige Pt. 1- Work Song”- 1943 • slow in the beginning • bass’ corse tone- suggestive of an unrelieved tension→ this tension in sound and rhythm then produces the image of struggle • the reason this rhythm provodes image of struggele is due to the manifestly tensional nature of slavery • more complicated than AABA form→ leaves dance music to art music • “Back, Brown, and Beige Pt. IV- Come......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3


...The Sistine Chapel Choir was made up into four parts with 24 male singers. The first part of the choir are the sopranos which was made up of six of the 24 singers of the choir. A soprano in choral music refers to a vocal part or line and not a voice type these men are technically known as “trebles”. The second part of the choir are the altos which is also made up of six singers. A alto refers to the second highest part of a contrapuntal musical texture and is also applied to its associated vocal range, especially in choral music. The third part of the choir are the tenors which is made up of six singers as well. A tenor is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is one of the highest of the the male voice types. The tenor,s vocal range in choral music lies between C3, the C one octave below middle C and A4, The A above middle C. The fourth and final part of the choir is the bass that is made up of the last six of the 24 male singers. A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all the voice types. A bass is classified as having a vocal range extending from around the second E below middle C to the E above middle C. These are the four parts of the choir in the Sistine Chapel. The ideal music according to the Catholic liturgical tradition is plainchant also known as Gregorian chant. Plainchant is believed to originate from the 3rd century A.D. Gregorian chant is a variety of plainsong named after Pope Gregory 1 ,......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3


...the book and course site. Chapter 9 Fanfares - 1) A short, lively, loud, militaristic composition usually composed for brass instruments and timpani. A fanfare is usually warlike or victorious in character. 2) A flourish of horns or trumpets. Jug Band - A folk music ensemble that uses a stoneware (or glass) jug as the bass & rhythm instrument along with a mixture of traditional and improvised instruments. The jug band would normally have the jug and some form of guitar or mandolin. There would often be rhythm instruments such as spoons or washboard, a home-made kazoo, and possibly a washtub bass. Octave - An interval spanning seven diatonic degrees, eleven semitones. An octave above C would be C. The frequency of a note one octave above another will have exactly twice as many Hertz as the frequency of the note an octave below it. Chapter 10 AM Radio Beats - The regular pulse of music which may be dictated by the rise or fall of the hand or baton of the conductor. by a metronome, or by the accents in music. See conducting patterns. 2) A throbbing that is heard when two tones are slightly out of tune. 3) The English term for mordent, an embellishment consisting of the principal note and the note below it, resembling a short trill. Cool Jazz Existentialism FM Radio Guiro - A Latin percussion instrument consisting of a gourd with grooves cut around its circumference and large holes in the bottom. The performer holds the instrument with the holes in the......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3


...Movements in Music 6Famous Composers of the Post-Romantic Period IMPRESSIONISM * 1890-1940 * The Impressionist music style was found during the ninetieth century to the beginning of the twentieth century in France * The Impressionist style was a reaction to the romanticism style * It wants to make an impression, not clearly describe the tone of the music Characteristics * It uses whole tone scales as opposed to major and minor scales as the romantic style used in the past * It involves a lot of dissonance- chords weren’t used to relieve tension as they had in the past * It includes short melodies that have different moods throughout each piece Claude Debussy * August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918 * French composer * Music was not centered around one tone or pitch, he used symbolism * Used many parallel chords and unprepared modulations * Music was usually about events that occurred in his life * Clair de Lune was one of his most famous works * Considered the Father of Impressionist movement in music * Formulated the 12-tone scale and changed how instruments were used for orchestration * Entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of 10, he won the 1884 Prix de Roma at the age of 12 * He sought a style of composition that was free from conventional musical forms and often used descriptive title. * His music was usually about events that occurred in his life * Musical works * Image * Jeux * Madame Bovary Maurice......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4


...Music ever since the first note was played has always been beloved in some way by mankind; though different tastes come into play music still has that power that allows any individual to just get away from the stresses of the world. Music allows you to express yourself when you hide the rest of who you are to try to fit in or impress society. But most importantly music can help with certain types of depression because of how it affects each individual. Music helps with our society bond which in my opinion is one of the only few things I see our society bond on. Ever since I was a kid I always loved music or playing it, it was weird, I was able to pickup basically any instrument and play it like a natural, but that’s not why I kept playing music, I did it for the feeling of release it gave me. The release of stress from school, chores, homework, whatever stressed me out I put into my music and I started getting really good at playing music. See it’s not so much playing the music or listening to it which relieves the stress, it’s actually letting yourself hear the emotion in the song or the notes you play and allow yourself to just let go and allow that euphoria to take over to where it’s just you listening or playing and no one else in this world can interrupt you. Express yourself, a small quote I guess you could say everyone is afraid to do. Yet those who do are frowned upon in today’s society; everyone is afraid to show their true colors because they’re afraid of how......

Words: 616 - Pages: 3


...The role of music in the film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarf’s, has music throughout the film that is very delightful. The most famous is the song for the dwarf’s, “Heigh-Ho, Heigh-Ho, It’s Off to Work We Go” and is a very simple tune. Movies that fall into the musical genre have songs sung by the characters that are interwoven into the storyline of the movie. The songs are used to develop the plot of the movie, or further characterize the roles in the movie, whether directly or indirectly. Musicals came about from stage productions put to film. Musical films tend to have a better set of scenery and backdrops than stage productions because of the ability to move location and editing. Musicals differ among moods of the films due to usage of color and light. Musicals can also differ due to the editing performed on the film itself. Time periods also play a key role in the production of musical films. Sound effects also add individuality to musical films. The usage of both types of film is meant to show the transition of “worlds” that Dorothy makes in the beginning and end of the film. Within the film itself, there is a lot of light used, even in scenes that tend to have a darker mood. For instance, when Dorothy arrives in Munchkinland, the scene is extremely bright with both color and light. Everything can be seen. The scenery is almost surreal in nature. The use of light and bright colors is to show the difference between this “dream world” of Oz and the real world which......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3


...appreciation for classical music especially pieces from the Baroque Period, but I also listen to every piece of music in a way I have never listened before. I always analyze a musical pieces now, I listen to every piece of music fully giving it a chance, before passing judgment on it, and I now take pride in having a knowledge of a wider variety of musical styles. The instrumentation of the orchestra varied with each piece that was performed. Two Sonatas “a sinque”, by Heinrich Bach consisted of two violins, two violas, and a double bass. In this Sonata there is a 5 part texture evident throughout the piece. The Unity is evident through the double bass and the two violas. The listener is given variety through to violins. The rhythm of the piece was fairly simple with an even tempo. The next piece was composed by Johann Christoph Bach baring the title “Ach, dab ich Wassers g’nug hatte.” This piece consisted of a solo vocalist who was singing in alto, a violin, three violas, and a double bass. This piece reminded me a little of today’s music. This piece breaks a little bit away from the typical baroque style piece in the fact that the pieces weird modal harmonies resemble a piece composed in the Renaissance era. There was unity through the double bass and the violas, and we were once again given some variety through the one violin. There was a pretty even tempo throughout the modal harmonies. To be honest, I liked this piece but often the vocals in music form......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5


...From the rich many-sided quality of the Bach fugues to the appealing tunes of the Beatles, music and arithmetic cover in a wide range of intriguing ways. The impact of Mathematics has been explained in the music created by Beatles. Since the 1960s, Beatles fans have pored over the bunch's recordings and memorabilia looking for answers to inquiries concerning both their music and their lives. They understand it or not, the best lyricists have constantly depended on arithmetic, says Jason Brown, the mathematician who is known to solve such puzzles. In the same way as other Beatles fans, Mr. Brown was entranced with the opening harmony of "A Hard Day's Night." The harmony has no less than four sheet music variations, however no one has ever very duplicated it, and the Beatles haven't uncovered how they created the complex sound. Mr. Brown acknowledged he could utilize a discrete Fourier change, a scientific method for separating confused signs into more straightforward capacities and known as DFT. He utilized advanced hardware to demonstrate the harmony as a progression of numbers, several thousands every second, and after that connected a DFT to change over the harmony into many more straightforward capacities, every speaking to a solitary sound recurrence. Mr. Brown knew there is no such thing as an unadulterated tone: Each instrument emanates one sound for the note played and after that sounds that are products of that note's recurrence, as the string vibrates back on......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3


...7 October 2015 Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3,1847 and died on April 2,1922. He is the guy who we all have to thank for inventing the telephone, without him how could we communicate? In 1866 Bell experimented on the thought of how to produce vowel sounds. He came up with the thought of combing the note of electrically driven forks, which gave him the idea of telegraphing speech. Bell with the lack of electric knowledge, ask for help from a local electrical shop owner named Thomas A. Watson. After many months of working together the two finally accomplished something. On June 2,1875 Watson heard a sound coming from over Bell’s end of the wire, with some tinkering the device transmitted Bell’s voice to Watson. Bell soon begins to write a patent for his first telephone. Besides trying to complete the telephone, Bell was trying to help out the deaf children. He opened a school in Boston to train teachers to teach and tutor the deaf. He was also the professor of vocal physiology at Boston University. Alexander did many lectures and tutoring at this time, helping many deaf students. Bells health was not doing so well in 1875 because of the long nights, this led him to return to his parent’s house in Canada to recuperate. In 1875 after many years of working endless nights and with the financial help of George Sander and Mabel Hubbard, the two finish the telephone and Bell soon got a patent for the telephone in 1876.  Sigmund Freud was born on May 6,1856...

Words: 1532 - Pages: 7


...THE HISTORY OF MUSIC The Middle Ages 450-1450 Characteristics of Music Music comes from the Ancient Greek muses, who were the nine goddesses of art and science. Music actually began around 500 B.C. when Pythagoras experimented with acoustics and how math related to tones formed from plucking strings. The main form of music during the Middle Ages was the Gregorian chant, named for Pope Gregory I. This music was used in the Catholic Churches to enhance the services. It consisted of a sacred Latin text sung by monks without instrumentation. The chant is sung in a monophonic texture, which means there is only one line of music. It has a free-flowing rhythm with little or no set beat. The chants were originally all passed through oral tradition, but the chants became so numerous that the monks began to notate them. Music in Society Towards the end of the Middle Ages, about the 12th and 13th centuries, music began to move outside of the church. French nobles called troubadours and trouveres were among the first to have written secular songs. Music of this time was contained among the nobility, with court minstrels performing for them. There were also wandering minstrels who would perform music and acrobatics in castles, taverns, and town squares. These people were among the lowest social class, along with prostitutes and slaves, but they were important because they passed along information, since there were no newspapers. Links to......

Words: 2719 - Pages: 11


...MUSIC 9 Lupang Hinirang * National anthem of the Philippines * Originally: * Music (melody) by Julian Felipe in 1898 entitled “Marcha Nacional Filipina” * Played June 12, 1898 [didn’t have words] : Independence Day * Lyrics [originally in Spanish] from the poem “Filipinas” by Jose Palma: year 1899 * Translated [from Spanish] by Ildefonso Sanos and Julian Cruz balmaceda * Republic Act No. 8491 * Should be sang in Filipino * “shall be with the musical arrangement and composition of Julian Felipe * “Shall always be sang in the national language” * “Prohibits its playing or singing for mere recreation, amusement or entertainment except during occasions” * fine or imprisonment penalty for any person or juridical entity which violates its provision * The 1998 Flag and heraldic Code * How to handle the flag * Conduct of Flag raising and lowering ceremonies * Simple and dignified (during ceremony) * Hand on chest * No hats should be worn Alma Mater of SPPC * Music by Lucio San Pedro * Lyrics by Rosana Heredia (1980) * Judith Danato (1980) * Ma. Paz Villanueva (1981) *Tonality: Major happy, Minor sad *Tonality: Major happy, Minor sad Art in the Medieval Age * Example: The Cathedral of Reims, The Character Cathedral * Characteristics: * Limited facial reaction expression * Religion * Anatomy is not proportional * Flat, has no depth * Depicts God...

Words: 669 - Pages: 3


...= (end) Patrick jumps and knocks Brenton over leading into the “Frantic Handshake”. Frantic Handshake - Straight 4/4 with pulse on 1 & 3. Two voices, 1: straight laced handshake, 1: retreating away from uncomfortable handshake. Vigil - no music = (end) 1 at a time people get up and shake Patricks hand before exiting Duet (Erin {mama?} /Patrick) - 2 electric basses through effects and delay. = (end) He kicks her to roll / up / jolted slow walk step by step / Patrick walks off Mama Died - Live mic delays of text. (end) everyone backing up to the wall Breathes - No music Duet (Pat Lisa) – Maybe. Music? Press Trio - No music at first for texts then add loop 26 menacing with nasty sax. = (end) Up against the wall (stop) /“have you been here a while?” Jump on Patrick - Maybe. Loop 33 with keyboard playing white noise, static, in waves coming in and out. = (end) lift Patrick up / go back 3 Ramones - Whistling calls? Piro’s Stranger 1. Repeated bass loop 35 ||: 2 eighth notes, rest 2, 3, 4 :|| w/ angular flute line and vibes. = (end) clapping walking back / jumps / kick back / Matrix - Absurd song. Music starts with a long note bending to match the matrix move then into Absurd music = (end) others walk from wall and transition to Ocean (loop 29) Ocean - Loop 29 long bass swoops in delay petal with sax ocean breaths. = (end) 2 rolls touch / 2 rolls back / 1/2 roll touch / 1/2 roll touch...

Words: 307 - Pages: 2


...Functions of Music Music therapy Music therapy is a treatment method that involves using music to enhance health. There are many different approaches to music therapy, including creating music, listening to music, and talking about music. Although music therapy is often used to promote mental and emotional health, it may also help improve quality of life for people coping with physical health conditions. . In the 17th century, the scholar Robert Burton's The Anatomy of Melancholy noted that music has an "excellent power expel many other diseases" and he called it "a sovereign remedy against despair and melancholy." What Does Music Therapy Involve? A music therapy session may incorporate a number of different elements, such as making music, writing songs, or passively listening to music. While music therapists often aim to foster the patient's emotional expression, there can be many other different goals in a music therapy session. These goals include relief of stress or anxiety, improvement of mood, and enhancement of quality of life for people dealing with illness. Research shows that patients do not need to have any musical ability to benefit from music therapy. Benefits of Music Therapy Here's a look at some key study findings on the health effects of music therapy: 1) Music Therapy and Depression Music therapy may help some patients fight depression, according to a review published in 2008. Researchers sized up data from five previously......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10 | Oralb PRO 600 rosa cross-action | SHIPPED FROM OVERSEAS Generic 12000mAh LED Dual USB Ports Solar Panel Power Bank Case Charger DIY Kits Box -20% KSh 546 KSh 683 Buy now