Milestone

In: People

Submitted By priya2612
Words 2719
Pages 11
MILESTONES OF DEVELOPMENT | INFANCY & TODDLERHOOD | AGE | PHYSICAL | COGNITIVE | LANGUAGE | EMOTIONAL/ SOCIAL | Birth -6 Months | Rapid height & weight gain. | Engages in immediate imitation and deferred imitation of adults facial expressions. | Engages in cooing and babbling. | Shows signs of almost all basic emotions (happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, disgust). | | Reflexes decline. | Repeats chance behaviors leading to pleasurable and interesting results. | Establishes joint attention with caregiver, who labels objects and events. | Social smile and laughter emerge. | | Sleep organized into a day-night schedule. | Aware of object permanence and other object properties in habituation-dishabituation tasks. | | Matches adults emotional expressions during face-to-face interaction. | | Holds head up, rolls over, and reaches for object. | Attention becomes more efficient. | | Emotional expressions become better organized and clearly tied to social events. | | Can be classically and operantly conditioned. | Recognition memory for people, places, and objects improves. | | I-self emerges. | | Habituates to unchanging stimuli; dishabituates to novel stimuli. | Forms perceptual categories based on objects and similar features. | | | | Hearing well developed; by the end of this period, displays greater sensitivity to speech sounds of own language. | | | | | Depth and pattern perception emerge and improve. | | | | 7 -12 Months | Sits alone, crawls, and walks. | Combines sensorimotor schemes. | Babbling expands to include sounds of spoken languages and, by the end of this period, sounds of the childs language community. | Anger and fear increase in frequency and intensity. | | Shows refined pincer grasp. | Engages in intentional, or goal-directed, behavior. | | Stranger anxiety…...

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