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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Richard Kapp
Grantham University
.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

History of the Theory
The Hierarchy of needs theory was discovered and put into action by Abraham Maslow. He is a known pioneer of human psychology. Maslow believed that the humans are to understand and accept oneself as much as humanly possible. In his view, humans who realize and actualize oneself will have multiple peaks of human experiences. Unlike, those humans who seldom do the self-actualization stand point. This theory is very important to managers because it helps to realize the needs of humans in the workplace and their need for self-acceptance awareness.

Needs The five basic needs described by Maslow are often shown in the form of a pyramid and are:

1. Physiological Needs - these are our biological needs such as oxygen, food, water, etc. These are the strongest needs because without them we could not survive
.
2. Safety Needs - these are our needs for safety and security. Most adults do not think about their safety needs unless they are in a time of emergency, but children often worry about their safety. 3. Love, Affection, and Belongingness Needs - these are our needs to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation. We have a need to give and receive love and affection. We need to feel a sense of belonging.
4. Esteem Needs - this is the need for self-esteem and the esteem of others. People have a need for stable, firmly based, high level of self-respect and respect from others. These needs, when they are met, make a person feel self- confident and valuable. When they are not met, a person feels inferior, weak, helpless, and worthless. 5. Self-Actualization Needs - this is the need to be and…...

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