Marriot Case

In: Business and Management

Submitted By josh212
Words 5007
Pages 21
202-S08
REV. 1 DE ABRIL, 1998

RICHARD S. RUBACK

Marriott Corporation: el coste del capital (Resumido)
En abril de 1988, Dan Cohrs, vicepresidente de financiación de proyectos de Marriott Corporation, estaba preparando su recomendación anual acerca de las tasas de aceptación de proyectos en cada una de las tres divisiones de la empresa. En Marriott, los proyectos de inversión se seleccionaban descontando para cada división los «cash flow» apropiados por las tasas de aceptación correspondientes. En 1987, las ventas de Marriott crecieron un 24% y la rentabilidad de los recursos propios ascendió al 22%. Las ventas y el beneficio por acción se habían duplicado durante los cuatro años anteriores, y la estrategia corporativa pretendía continuar con esta tendencia. Según la Memoria anual de Marriott de 1987: «Pensamos seguir siendo una empresa de crecimiento puntera. Esto significa desarrollar agresivamente las oportunidades apropiadas dentro de las líneas de negocio que hemos escogido: hostelería, servicios contratados y negocios relacionados. En cada una de estas áreas, nuestro objetivo es ser el empleador preferido, el proveedor preferido y la empresa más rentable.» Cohrs admitía que las tasas de aceptación divisionales de Marriott tendrían un impacto significativo sobre las estrategias financiera y corporativa de la empresa. Como regla empírica, el aumentar la tasa de aceptación en un 1% (por ejemplo, del 12 al 12,12%) disminuía el valor actual de los ingresos de proyectos en un 1%. Como los costes permanecían más o menos fijos, estos cambios en el valor de los ingresos se traducían en cambios en el valor neto actual de los proyectos. La Figura A muestra el importante impacto de las tasas de aceptación sobre el valor actual neto previsto de los proyectos. Si las tasas de aceptación aumentasen, el crecimiento de Marriott se vería reducido a medida que proyectos…...

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