Local Government, Pakistan, Punjab, Development

In: Social Issues

Submitted By AmjadNazeer
Words 6870
Pages 28
PUNJAB LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL 2012
(A CRITICAL ANALYSIS)

By: Amjad Nazeer

RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY INSTITUTE (RDPI)
&
PRACTICAL ACTION
(August 2012)
Islamabad
PUNJAB LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL 2012
(A CRITICAL ANALYSIS)

Theoretical Context:
Believed to be an integral part of democratic system of governance, it is the third tier of local governance that is highly argued about and advocated in contemporary times. Closer to the people and representatives of their essential needs and aspirations, it holds tremendous potential for civic comfort, environmental peace, social justice and economic development. One can hardly find any progressive or progressing state in the world that is either not evolving or thriving with an efficient and autonomous system of devolved governance. Not interchangeable though, notions like deconcentration, devolution and delegation hinge around the modalities and practices of decentralization.

Richard Bird (1994) defines decentralization as “the degree of independent decision making exercised at the local level.” In theory decentralization is sometimes classified into three forms of governance i.e. delegation, deconcentration and devolution (Cheema and Rodinelli 1983). If the dispensation of services is removed from the centre and delivered through representatives of the central government, this is termed as ‘deconcentration’ (Smith 1967), while ‘delegation’ stands for a case, where local government functions as an agent of the federal government. Transferring power and autonomy from centre to the local level is knows as ‘devolution’, if genuinely in place and functioning. On the other count, if certain roles and services, normally performed by bureaucrats, are rolled down to the regional or local axis, this is usually meant for shifting authorities and responsibilities, not for independent planning or decision making.…...

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