Literature Review- Anti-Dumping in Usa

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kunalnegi
Words 1128
Pages 5
Historical Perspective of Antidumping activities in USA
(Irwin, 2005)
The focus of this study is to put recent antidumping activity in USA in historical context by studying the determinants of annual case filings over the past half century. Antidumping was an obscure part of U.S. trade policy and no research was done on the topic until pioneering paper of Finger, Hall, and Nelson (1982). The study focuses on the period prior to 1980 and revels the following: the number of antidumping investigations conducted in the late 1930s and the late 1950s and early 1960s are surprisingly large and comparable to the post-1980s levels of activity; most antidumping investigations prior to the 1970s were dismissed by the Treasury Department as lacking evidence of less-than-fair-value (LTFV) sales; by contrast, now virtually all petitions move on to the injury-determination stage of the process; the increase in antidumping cases since the early 1980s is related to the rise of multiple petitions—that is, petitions citing several source countries of dumping the same product in the U.S. market; in fact, the number of products targeted in antidumping cases has fallen since the mid-1980s; the proximate determinants of the annual number of antidumping cases are the unemployment rate, the exchange rate, import penetration, and a 1984 legal change that encouraged the filing of multiple petitions.

Antidumping decisions and macroeconomic determinants
(Mah, 2000)
In the United States, domestic firms can file an antidumping petition under the regulations determined by the United States Department of Commerce, which determines "less than fair value" and the International Trade Commission (ITC), which determines "injury". There are many macroeconomic factors which explain antidumping decisions in the US International Trade Commission (ITC). This paper tries to investigate the correlation…...

Similar Documents

Literature Review

...Assignment 2: Annotated Outline and Reference List for Literature Review by John Doe EDD 9200 CRN 24329 Trends and Issues: Society, the Individual, and the Professions Nova Southeastern University November 08, 2010 Topic: The Increase of Obesity Amongst Teens has Damaging Effects I. Introduction A. Establish the understanding of the topic 1. What is obesity? Cite definitions and characteristics of obesity ( ). 2. Define teen and identify normal weight criteria ( ). 3. Causes of Obesity a. Genetics 1. Predisposition from heredity factors such as Bardet-Biedel syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome ( ) 2. Metabolism Disorders (Keast, Nicklas, & O'Neil, 2010). b. Diseases and Drugs 1. Cushing disease 2. Polycystic Ovary syndrome 3. Steroids 4. Antidepressant c. Lifestyle and eating habits; energy imbalance 1. Increased consumption of fast food (Keast, Nicklas, & O'Neil, 2010). 2. Increased time with media (T.V., computer games) ( ) 3. Increased time communicating on phones ( ) d. Social opinions of overweight individuals 1. Cultures identify overweight people as lazy, stupid, and slow. 2. Effects of negative attitudes expressed towards obese teens. e. Increased emotional disorders (i.e. anxiety, depression) ( ) B. Additional factors affecting obesity in teenagers 1. Low self-perception and self-esteem 2. Social isolation 3. Reduction in physical activity C. Health consequences of......

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

Literature Review

...07133031 qi yang | Literature review Report | Course: Procurement &Contract Management BMGT43670Term: Jan 2012 semesterProfessor: David Staunton Student: Qi yang Student No: 07133031 Date: 20 March 2012 | “I the undersigned confirm that the work submitted here is entirely my own work, and that any work of others which is included has been properly referenced and acknowledged according to normal academic guidelines.” Table of Contents Abstract 2 Introduction 4 Why procure 4 How procure 8 Defining and initiating the contract 8 Planning the procurement 10 The tendering process and choosing the contractor 11 Finalizing and monitoring the contract 12 Conclusion 13 Reference 14 Abstract There has been a noticeable increase in the number of studies directed at explicating the drivers of procurement’s success in all kinds of industry and government agency. Since the fierce competition of market, there is high requirement not only for the speed of product and service desired, but also the quality of commercialization. So the procurement has come and is essentially delivering value through all kinds of relationships. This report shows why procurement is desired urgently and how the procurement process works. Procurement is the process of acquiring outside service through soliciting and evaluating proposals and establishing a contractual agreement which includes monitoring project work for conformance to the contract and......

Words: 4553 - Pages: 19

Literature Review

...Disclosures About CSR Practices: A Literature Review Kavitha W * and Anita P ** Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is now prominent and evident more than ever due to the emphasis laid on businesses regarding environmental, social and ethical issues. The level of CSR activities of the firms is made known to public only through the disclosures. This paper reviews the literature on CSR disclosures and the effect of these disclosures. There are various factors which determine the extent of disclosures like the size of the firm, industry, high visibility, etc. Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is now prominent and evident more than ever due to the emphasis laid on businesses regarding environmental, social and ethical issues. This is because over the recent years, there have been social, political and economic pressures on corporate management to pay attention on social and environmental consequences of corporate activities. These pressures motivated the corporate management to actively participate in a wide range of social welfare activities. CSR now-a-days covers almost all issues like the use of child labor; inequality of employment; environmental impact; involvement in local community; products’ safety; company cultures; brand image and reputation. Apart from this, companies are now disclosing these activities in their annual reports, and one of the parameters to judge the performance of a company is CSR reporting. Corporate Social......

Words: 28706 - Pages: 115

Literature Review

...Literature Review Journal #1 Title: Behaving Intelligently - Leadership Traits and Characteristics By Kristina G. Ricketts, Community and Leadership Development Most individuals would consider these people to be some of the greatest leaders of all time. In the early 20th century, leadership traits were studied to determine what made certain people great leaders. Common thoughts of leadership back then suggested that leaders were born and not made. These perceptions originated out of an observation that many great leaders possessed something out of the ordinary—natural, inborn characteristics that allowed them to excel above the rest. This perception translated into limited opportunities for leadership among the common people, as they were not endowed with these “special” leadership characteristics. However, research did not end up supporting this hypothesis and came back disappointingly negative. Researchers compared leaders and followers and looked for obvious differences. Even after comparing aspects such as IQ, personality qualities and personal characteristics, no consistent trends were found. As mentioned above, effective leadership often relies upon certain traits held by the leader. So leadership effectiveness is based upon the working relationship between the leader and other group members. Individual Differences Framework (IDF) states that leadership can be defined relatively straightforwardly as influencing people towards a shared goal. Determining that......

Words: 1426 - Pages: 6

Vietnam Catfish Anti Dumping

...Policy Research – Implications of Liberalization of Fish Trade for Developing Countries Trade Issues Background Paper: The Impact of Dumping on Trade in Fisheries Products Nigel Peacock Project PR 26109 July 2004 Support unit for International Fisheries & Aquatic Research SIFAR Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome 1 THE IMPACT OF DUMPING ON TRADE IN FISHERIES PRODUCTS This report forms part of a wider study on “Policy Research – Implications of Liberalization of Fish Trade for Developing Countries”, comprising five trade issues background papers and five country case studies. The trade issues background papers are dealing with the following topics: • Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) Measures and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) • Ethical/Social/Eco Certification, Labelling and Guidelines • The Impact of Subsidies on Trade in Fisheries Products • The Impact of Dumping on Trade in Fisheries Products • Fiscal Reforms and Trade in Fisheries Products The case studies cover the following countries: • Bangladesh • Guinea • India • Uganda • Vietnam For a synthesis of the entire study including policy recommendations, see: Bostock, T., Greenhalgh, P. and Kleih, U. (2004), Policy Research – Implications of Liberalization of Fish Trade for Developing Countries – Synthesis Report. Chatham, UK: Natural Resources Institute. ISBN 0 85954 560-1. Copies of the various reports are available on the following websites: •......

Words: 6446 - Pages: 26

Review of Literature

...Review of Literature Grand Canyon University: Family Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V September 8, 2013 Review of Literature Health Promotion is the concern with physical, social, and mental wellbeing that strives to help people take control over the matters that influence their life. In addition, to enable people to increase control of their health, improve their health, and optimize their quality of life. The concept of health promotion was developed to emphasize the community-based practice of health promotion, community participant and health promotion practice. Health promotion can be encompassed with any disease either acute or chronic. When underlining the definition health promotion in relationship to hypertension it is defined as “effect of anti-hypertensive patient-oriented education and in-home monitoring for medication adherence and management of hypertension, by providing education of healthy lifestyle behaviors and medication adherence”(Hacihasanoglu & Gozum, 2011, p. 692). This means to change the behaviors to one’s lifestyle along with medication compliance an individual can achieve control of and a better well-being while living with hypertension. Nurses’ purpose to health promotion is to assist in education, promotion, planning, implementation, and goal setting to patient, groups, and communities. We are the largest group of health professional, we have the potential to contribute substantially in the area of health promotion. The......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Literature Review

...Literature review In today’s world of modern technology our growing up generation become addicted of such things like video games. Now it is a problem for young people, because uncontrolled way of playing leads to unexpected and sad consequences. In May 2013, video game addiction was added to the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” in the Conditions for Further Study section as "Internet Gaming Disorder" (Petry, 2013), this information confirms that problem is existing and need an investigation. The following several literature reviews presented main information about reasons and effects of video game addiction among adolescents. In the article written by Kimberly Young (2009), in details described the consequences of video game addiction and some therapies and methods to avoid this problem. Author briefly shows impacts of gaming and life of addicted person. There are a lot of accidents when people suffer or even died from many hours playing. Online gaming is an emotionally draining and time-consuming activity. To create more time for the computer, gaming addicts neglect sleep, diet, exercise, hobbies, and socializing (Young, 2004). Author claims that because of addiction, they have several serious problems like health: stress, eye strain, back strain, loosing or vice versa gaining weight; and social: bad relationships with family and friends. Article called “Video Game addiction and social responsibility” written by Mark......

Words: 1755 - Pages: 8


...Effects of Anti-dumping Measures A country that is exposed to dumping will benefit from the lower prices. The consumers of the importing country will have a larger consumer surplus since they have access to a larger supply of goods to a lower price. These consumer benefits will be lost when the importing country imposes an antidumping measure on the low-price imports. When the duties are levied on the imports the products will have the same price-level in both domestic and foreign market. When the price is increased in the foreign market the supply will decrease and the producers have to comply with an inefficient low level of output. The consumers in the importing country have to pay a higher price for the products and have less consumer surplus. Other customers will not pay the higher price and are driven out of the market, which leads to a dead-weight social cost (Howse & Trebilcock, 1995). Imposing an anti-dumping measure will cause all the consumers and industrial user benefits from dumping to disappear. The importing country will drive the dumped products out of the market if the anti-dumping duties are high enough, or the product might remain in the market at higher prices. If the dumped products leave the market, the domestic firms are able to raise their prices due to lesser competition. If an anti-dumping measure is introduced in a market where the domestic industry is composed of only one producer, it might lead to that producer charging monopoly...

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Literature Review

...August 2008 Literature Review Course: Academic Writing December 22, 2014 Introduction There are lots of unsolved conflicts in contemporary world, among which is the issue of so called South Ossetia Region. As new government of Georgia came in to the power in 2004, territorial integrity became one of the major concerns to be solved. At that time the majority of Georgian society thought that integrity issue would be solved in the peaceful manner. However, since then, events developed in such way that in August 2008 military conflict launched in South Ossetia. The nature of this conflict had significant implications for regional and international power politics. According to the American scientist Kenneth Waltz “peace is the one among a number of ends simultaneously entertained… To explain how peace can be more readily achieved requires an understanding of the causes of the war”. After the war between Russia and Georgia the whole world was concerned about what was the reason of the August war? This paper attempts to review some literature about this topic trying to answer this main question and create even a little understanding of the views that were expressed during or after the war. According the literature reviewed, views about causes of the war can be divided in two parts. First part is about interests’ contradiction between Russia and the USA and the second – about “Matter” of Saakashvili. Interests’ contradiction – Russia and the USA The views......

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Literature Review

... The role of non-evidence based beliefs on anti-vaccination-Literature Review Student Name: Institution: Introduction Anti-vaccination proponents have largely embedded their energies in promoting doubt in parents, instructing forms of biomedical fear while capitalizing on their spiritual and paranormal belief naivety to enforce the same. These approaches are ensured to make it possible that even with any increase in people’s knowledge and evidence, their rational strength over anti-vaccine movements become a myriad.[Lewandowsky et al. 2013] Decision making becomes a weak thing to do because by looking at both ends, things seem to parallel each other. There those who believe in an unquestionable trust in political figures, doctors and other medical professionals. Other parents seem to look at homeopathy, nature and metaphysical tendencies to resolve their medical dilemma as regards to the vaccine.[Huntley and Peeters, 2010; Battles, 2008]. It is at this point that Lewandowski et al. [2013] and his believed that with an increase in knowledge the worldview polarization of science also doubled. Apparently, these issues are evident to point out to the fact that anti-vaccine attitudes are predicted by them. But there is very limited research in place, to depict the underlying factor beneath these forms of psychosocial behaviors against vaccines. The notion of worldview approach to anti-vaccine over vaccines is a current one and stems from paranormal, spiritual, and conspiracy......

Words: 6697 - Pages: 27

Literature Review

...A LITERATURE REVIEW OF THE IMPACT OF EARLY YEARS PROVISION ON YOUNG CHILDREN, WITH EMPHASIS GIVEN TO CHILDREN FROM DISADVANTAGED BACKGROUNDS Edward C. Melhuish Institute for the Study of Children, Families & Social Issues Birkbeck, University of London Prepared for the National Audit Office The views expressed in this paper are not necessarily those of the National Audit Office. Address of author Institute for the Study of Children, Families & Social Issues 7 Bedford Square London WC1B 3RA Email: Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 1. Introduction 1.1. The context of childcare research 1.2 Types of childcare and pre-school provision 1.3 Evidence on developmental effects 1.4 Structure of report 7 7 8 10 10 2. Childcare as intervention 2.1 Research methodology 2.2 Randomised Control Trials (RCTs) 2.2.1 Ypsilanti/High Scope/Perry Pre-school Study 2.2.2 Abecedarian Project 2.2.3 Project CARE 2.2.4 Milwaukee Project 2.2.5 Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP) 2.2.6 Early Head Start (EHS) 2.2.7 Hackney study Table 1: Summary of Randomised Control Trials of Interventions 2.3 Quasi-experimental Studies 2.3.1 Head Start 2.3.2 Chicago Child – Parent Center Program 2.3.3 Syracuse Study 2.3.4 Brookline Early Education Project 2.3.5 Diverse State-based programmes in the US 2.3.6 Meta-analyses and reviews Table 2: Summary of Quasi-experimental Evaluations of Interventions 2.3.7......

Words: 25865 - Pages: 104

Literature Review

...This document has some claims and a related report and journal article, Use it if you are stuck for ideas on the literature review.. Some claims about cheating you can either agree or disagree Claim 1 one reason why you should give students an assignment about cheating is that gives students an example of how government agencies place demands on a business. The fact that many students that blatantly cheat and get 0 but still argue say their mark needs to be changed clearly do not understand this. Claim 2 It is difficult to do a proper literature review, they are not experts and they are not used to how academics describe the problem, However they do get a benefit from looking at actual journal articles and seeing how they discuss a specific problem and review the literature. If a student cheats by getting an essay from a website that makes fake essays they will not actually learn anything. Sections on a government report related to the claims about cheating For your literature review you have to refer to a government report on cheating “Report on Student Academic Integrity and Allegations of Contract Cheating by University Students” The following statements are relevant to claim 1 and claim 2 “Contract cheating – the purchase of another person’s work to present as your own – has a long history. Recently, the ready availability of......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Literature Review

...International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2014 ISSN 2250-3153 1 A Review Paper on Big Data and Hadoop Harshawardhan S. Bhosale1, Prof. Devendra P. Gadekar2 1 Department of Computer Engineering, JSPM’s Imperial College of Engineering & Research, Wagholi, Pune 2 Department of Computer Engineering, JSPM’s Imperial College of Engineering & Research, Wagholi, Pune Abstract: The term ‘Big Data’ describes innovative techniques and technologies to capture, store, distribute, manage and analyze petabyte- or larger-sized datasets with high-velocity and different structures. Big data can be structured, unstructured or semi-structured, resulting in incapability of conventional data management methods. Data is generated from various different sources and can arrive in the system at various rates. In order to process these large amounts of data in an inexpensive and efficient way, parallelism is used. Big Data is a data whose scale, diversity, and complexity require new architecture, techniques, algorithms, and analytics to manage it and extract value and hidden knowledge from it. Hadoop is the core platform for structuring Big Data, and solves the problem of making it useful for analytics purposes. Hadoop is an open source software project that enables the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of commodity servers. It is designed......

Words: 5034 - Pages: 21

Anti Dumping

...determines that there is a reasonable indication that imports from Korea and Mexico materially injure or threaten material injury to, the domestic industry, the investigations will continue, and Commerce will be scheduled to make its Countervailing duties and antidumping duties preliminary determinations in March and June 2012, respectively, unless extended. The U.S. government recently decided to no longer collect antidumping duties on imports of stainless steel sheet and strip in coils (SSSSC) from Germany, Italy and Mexico. This action follows from a recent vote of the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) in connection with a “sunset review” of existing antidumping duty orders on imports of SSSSC from these three countries, as well as from Japan, Korea and Taiwan. The United States on Friday set hefty preliminary anti-dumping duties on large power transformers made in its future free-trade partner South Korea and used in the electric utility industry. Antidumping duty investigations: Large residential washers are automatic clothes washing machines with a cabinet width (measured from its widest point) of at least 24.5 inches (62.23 cm) and no more than 32 inches (81.28 cm). The merchandise covered by these investigations is all large residential washers and certain subassemblies thereof from Korea and Mexico. For purposes of these investigations, the term “large residential washers” denotes all automatic clothes washing machines, regardless of the orientation......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Shrimp Anti Dumping

...Indian Shrimp Industry vs Anti-dumping allegation On 31st December, 2003, the Ad Hoc Shrimp Trade Action Committee (ASTAC) files an anti-dumping petition against 6 countries including India. The case was backed by the Southern Shrimp Association (SSA) of the USA citing dumping of shrimps by the listed countries in the US market paralyzing the domestic industry. Events and their impact on India and US were as follows: a) The US Department of Commerce (DOC) initiates the investigation and notifies the International Trade Commission (ITC) which approves the case and preliminary investigation and duties are performed by 28th July, 2004. b) There is a fall-out between the SSA and the American Seafood Distribution Association (ASDA) as it backs the import of shrimps from the countries to be charged. c) Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia argue at them being wrongly accused since they export shrimps to the US at the market defined rates but India is in the docks. d) The Us position is that the 6 countries named in the case have grown their space in shrimp imports to it in the years and have captured about 74% of the import to US. e) For India shrimp is the major marine export with plenty of livelihood dependent upon it. f) MPEDA and SEAI forged alliance to not only develop the shrimp industry from scratch but also enable the value chain people with enough money from business through exports at the best possible price. g) The Indian association went against...

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

How to Build a Computer - 1139 Words | Documental | Baixar toque para celular