Human Development

In: People

Submitted By JENFKB
Words 1772
Pages 8
Paper # 2

Jordan Neeley
14069915

Denise Powell
Tuesday 12:00pm
March 15, 2009
Parents are crying out for information on whether or not it is appropriate to spank their children when they misbehave. This paper will provide a research-based review of the current literature relating to this phenomenon. Information will be provided on how spanking is typically defined by researchers, how frequently parents spank their children, and the effects—positive and negative—that spanking has on children’s development between the ages of six and ten. Based upon this review a position will be taken that spanking is never an appropriate disciplinary strategy under any circumstances. First spanking will be defined followed by frequency of spanking, negative and positive effects of spanking and spanking in other cultures.
How Spanking is Defined
A critical factor that underlines this issue is the definition of spanking. The varied definitions of spanking can dictate the conclusions investigators and reviewers reach. A commonly adopted definition by the American Medical Association specifies spanking as hitting a child with an open hand on the buttocks or extremities with the intent to discipline without leaving a bruise or causing physical harm (Kazdin & Benjet, 2003). This definition helps separate occasional spanking from more severe corporal punishment. Just as there is variety in the definition of spanking, there is also variation in how frequently parents spank their children.
How Frequently Parents Spank Their Children
A 1994 survey at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York found that 74% of parents believe it is appropriate to spank children. The 1986 General Social Survey found that 84% agreed that “it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good hard spanking.” Finally, a survey of pediatricians found that 77% of parents spanked…...

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