How the First Nuclear Age Started and How It Ended

In: Other Topics

Submitted By faizhayes
Words 1511
Pages 7

Introduction Nuclear, the most powerful energy fuel on earth has been discover on 8th November 1895 by Wilhelm Röntgen when he accidently discover X-ray. According to Njolstand Olav in the Nobel prize website “The real Nuclear age started in 1939 when the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from physicist Albert Einstein and his Hungarian colleague Leo Szilard, calling to his attention the prospect that a bomb of unprecedented power could be made by tapping the forces of nuclear fission, just after the outbreak of World War II in Europe.” (Njølstad, 2003) This was a turning point in the beginning of the development of nuclear weapons in the world. After the first atomic bomb exploded in 1945, many countries in the world have been competing with each other to develop these weapons systems. The earliest countries to blow up nuclear weapons after the U.S. was the Soviet Union and followed by Britain, France and others. The existence of the nuclear weapon become the most powerful deterrence tool in the cold war between two ideologies. The collapse of the communist ideology in many communist country in the world, it is the signed of the end of cold war and the end of the first nuclear age.
The First Nuclear Age Concerned with the ability of the Nazi Germany to produce the super weapon at that time, the President of the US in collaboration with Britain has ordered an ongoing research project known as The Manhattan Project. According to US History website “on 16th July 1945, at Trinity Site near Alamogordo, New Mexico, scientists of the Manhattan Project readied themselves to watch the detonation of the world's first atomic bomb. The device was affixed to a 100-foot tower and discharged just before dawn.” (U.S History, t.t). This first bomb exploded and the result that has been…...

Similar Documents

How Divorce Impacts Children Under the Age of 18

...boy brought a gun to school and shot his first grade classmate In the school Library. Committing a criminally act under the age of seven is not considered criminally responsible. A child is like a sponge they take everything In. If they see something that catches there eye they usually have lots of questions to ask. Children are smarter than we think. A child's Brain Is always changing especially from the age of 2 to 6. By age 2, most neurons connect to other neurons and substantial Pruning has occurred. The 2-year-old's brain weighs 75 percent of what it will weigh In adulthood. (Berger,2011,P.212) This shows how much a child's Brain grows at the age of two too adulthood. Reported that one study found that The brain grows 90% from age two to six which helps in mature language and a better understanding of people and the environment. ( Berger 2011, P212). A child's brain is still growing and understanding the whole process of what's going on."Young children are much less adept than adults at social understanding and planning because functions of this part of the brain have not yet developed (Berger, 2011 P.215) This shows that children don't have the same social understanding as an adult. So when the six year old shot his classmate he didn't have the same brain development as we do. He was clueless to what he was doing. The Cognitive development of a six year old child Piaget states Cognitive development between two and six of age Preoperational Intelligence, a......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

How to Get Started with Fountain Pens

...Fountain Pen Noobs, you might find it beneficial to read this post before posting the eternal question “Which pen should be my first?” The only true answer is “All of them. Every pen ever made should be your first.” This is a question asked by many, but only answerable by the asker. However, to a newcomer such as yourself, you find that you lack certain, shall we say, knowledge. That’s what this thread is for. You won’t find an overwhelming bundle of information, but hopefully what I have to say will set you on the road to spending all your money on Fountain Pen gear. The first thing you need to answer, before you even ask the question is “How much do I want to spend?” There are so many fun reasons to start writing with a pen, and most of them lead to future purchases. Set a limit (or starting point) for yourself and try (this is really hard on B&B) to stick with it (at first). Inexpensive pens are more readily available than you might think. And some people, me included, agree that starting with one of these options is a great way to see if you’d even enjoy writing with a fountain pen without risking too much from the wallet. Some of the most popular and most highly recommend choices in this category are: Pilot 78G – Get started with cartridges, but a converter is also available, and nibs are interchangeable with the Pilot Plumix. It can also be converted to be eyedropper filled (greater ink capacity) quite easily,......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

How Amazon Started

...Jeff Bezos Jeff Bezos founder of was born Jeffrey Preston Jorgensen January 12, 1964 in Albuquerque, New Mexico to Jacklyn Gise Jorgensen and Ted Jorgensen who were married just over a year. His mother was a teenage mother who later married when Jeff was five to Miguel Bezos who legally adopted him. Miguel Bezos was born in Cuba immigrated to the United States alone at age 15, worked his way through the University of Albuquerque. After the marriage, the family moved to Houston, Texas, and Miguel became an engineer for Exxon. Jeff attended River Oaks Elementary in Houston from 4th to 6th grade. His maternal grandfather was a retired regional director of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Jeff Bezos spent most of his summer of his youth working with his maternal grandfather at the ranch where his grandfather retired to. He showed intense and varied scientific interests at an early age by rigging an electric alarm to keep his younger siblings out of his room as well as making the garage into a science laboratory for his projects. Later his family moved to Miami, Florida where he attended high School at Miami Palmetto Senior High School. While in high school he participated in the student’s science training program at the University of Florida which helped him receive a Silver Knight Award in 1982. When he enrolled at Princeton University he planned to pursue a degree in physics which he later changed to Electrical Engineering and......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

How the Environment Started

...come to live. Unfortunately, each of these endemic species is especially susceptible to the effects of invasive species, which means the impact on Hawaii’s animal life has been tremendous.         When goats were first introduced to Hawaii by Captain Cook in the late 1700s, they immediately began eating all the local plant life. Most of these plants were unused to being preyed upon until the introduction of foreign species into their habitat, and so suffered massive population loss from grazing animals. The goat population, on the other hand, grew rapidly, as it had no natural predators to keep it in check. The introduction of European pigs to Hawaii had similar effects on the native species, although, due to a scarcity of protein in natural Hawaiian forests, the European pig population did not grow as rapidly as the goats until the 1900s with the introduction of earthworms and foreign plants which made up large portions of the pigs' diets (Stone and Loope 1987).         European pigs and goats are both primarily grazing animals, meaning their diet consists mostly of plant life found near the ground. Rats, mice, and mongooses, however, are easily able to reach low hanging branches of trees containing fruit, seeds, and sometimes even bird nests. Mongooses were first introduced to Maui in the 1880s to prey upon rats in sugarcane fields and quickly extended their range to include almost every hospitable nook in the island. They feed on most plants and animals smaller than......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

How Important Was the Entry of the Usa to the Outcome of the First World War?

...How important was the entry of the USA to the outcome of the First World War? In 1918 over 1,600,000 American troops crossed the Atlantic over to Europe to help the Allies beat the Germans at the western front. The new fresh troops were well-fed and made a big difference at some of the last battles in the First World War. Many people would argue that the entry of the US was the most important factor to the end of the war. The Allies ‘outfought’ the Germans on the western front with help of the new soldiers to end the war of attrition. However, this traditional view might not have taken many other factors into account. Other factors such as Allied tactics and technology, Germany’s internal collapse or the success of the Allied blockade could be a more important factor to the end of the war. Some people argue that Germany lost it and the allies were just the last to be there. Germany’s internal collapse was very important for the allies. The lack of food, political and economical issues produced riots on the streets. The German public had had enough of the war and the control and discipline failed. On top of this the German Keizer, Wilhelm abdicated and fled to the Netherlands. Germany was drained from all its resources because of the two front war. Germany’s allies had failed her and were relying on Germany’s money, weapons etc. Austria-Hungry was useless and the Turkish empire collapsed. Italy, Germany’s other ally at the start of the war had changed sides. This meant......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

How to Act on a First Date

...3/19/14 eng-111 How to Behave on a First Date Everyone has their personal opinions on how someone should behave on a first date. Now, whether it is for a male or female my top three things that a person should do on a first date are the following: make a good first impression , have good communication, and last but not least have some type of manners. A good first impression is all or nothing on a first date. I personally would not want to go on a first day with someone who looks like they just got attacked by a bunch of monkeys . On a first date one must look their personal best. What if you got asked out on a date with someone and on the day of the date they look super tacky and their hygiene is not at their and they just do not look attractive , right you would just want to leave and go home and call it the worst first date of your life. that is why first impression is a must on a first date. good communication is the key to a great relationship. So, why not get off to a great start by doing that on a first date. Don't be a rather boring person , both females and males hate having a boring date. spice things up have funny conversations about each other's childhoods or ask common "getting to know each other " questions . communication is great, it gives opportunity for both to express themselves and let each person see how one another's personality is. Last but manners are everything and more on a first date . once my friend and I went on double date. My then......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

How Could Age Dependency Ration Influence the Savings and Following Capital Outflow

...How Could Age Dependency Ration Influence The Savings And Following Capital Outflow. Introduction. The aim of my work it to analyze how the age dependency ration influences the saving. According to the definition of the World Bank, Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents-people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. So the questions of my research is to find out how the quantity of pre-working-aged children and retired influences the saving per capita. Would people save more in their working age in order to save money for retirement period or to invest -or they will earn and spend. Another issue is to see if countries with huge level of GDP( China, the USA) have the different extent of ADR influence on savings and how it is differ from Russia and ,for instance, Brazil. This problem is actual and important because nowadays countries face the problem of capital outflow . As we can see from the current statistics databases, there were such demographical crisis since the 1950 , especially in Asian countries and because they are mostly overpopulated, it has an impact on the world situation in general. According to the theoretical economic models, Investment=Savings, so if I define what impact have demographical structure of population on saving per capita I could predict the future saving and investment in countries using the obtained results of influence. The model. To define, what could also has the impact on savings......

Words: 2039 - Pages: 9

How Much Did Castles Change in the Middle Ages and Why

...Introduction Castles first came to England in 1066 when William, Duke of Normandy, won the battle of Hastings. The Normans needed castles because they had taken control of England by force and were hated by many English people. The Normans had to protect themselves from English rebellions and they needed to keep power over and show strength to the English people. William made sure that castles were built all over England in major towns. The first castles were built very quickly and were very simple, but during the reign of William and throughout the rest of the Middle Ages (1066-1500) the design of castles changed. In this essay I will talk about how much castles changed during the Middle Ages and the reasons for this. Motte & Bailey Castles (1066 – 1078) The first castles to be built in England by the Normans were called Motte & Bailey castles. They had: • The Keep – a wooden tower used when under attack and for soldiers to keep lookout. • A Motte - a large mound of earth that the Keep was built on. • A Bailey – a large yard that sat next to the Motte, attached to the Motte by a wooden bridge. • A Palisade – a wooden fence all around the Bailey with a ditch around the outside. • Wooden gateway - the entrance to the castle with a wooden bridge over the ditch. Norman soldiers lived in wooden buildings in the Bailey. Motte & Bailey castles were made of earth and wood, which was easy to find, and they could be built really quickly, in 7-21 days. The......

Words: 1596 - Pages: 7

How to Get Started

...Learn how to get started with Dropbox: 1 2 3 4 Keep your files safe Take your stuff anywhere Send large files Work on files together Welcome to Dropbox! home 1 Keep your files safe Dropbox lets you save docs, photos, videos, and other files — all in one place — and automatically backs up your stuff. So if your computer breaks down or you leave your phone on the train, your stuff is safe. Add files to your Dropbox On Windows or Mac 1. Make sure you’ve installed the desktop app on your computer. 2. Drag and drop files into the Dropbox folder. That’s it! WINDOWS MAC continued home On 1. Sign in to 2. Click the Upload button at the top of the window. 3. Choose the file you’d like to add, and click Open. 4. Or, just drag and drop files directly into your web browser. On iOS or Android 1. Tap the More actions menu (...) icon in the top-right corner. 2. Choose Upload File (in iOS) or Upload here (in Android). 3. Select the location you’d like to upload files from. 4. Select the files you’d like to add, and then tap Upload. iOS ANDROID continued home 2 Take your stuff anywhere Save your photos and docs to Dropbox, and access them on any computer, phone, or tablet with the Dropbox app. Every file you save to Dropbox is automatically synced to all your devices, so you can get to your stuff from anywhere. Install the desktop and mobile......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

How We Ended Up with 15 Different Kinds of Plugs and Sockets?

...How we ended up with 15 different kinds of plugs and sockets? There is 15 different types of power plugs and sockets in the world and those are named with letters from A to O. Main question is why we have those 15 different types of power plugs instead of one in whole world. All of this plugs works either with 50 Hz frequency or with 60 Hz and the voltage variate between 100 to 240 V. Around 80% of all the countries in the world use voltage between 220 to 240 V and the rest 20% use voltage between 100 to 127 V. Although the biggest user of lower voltage United States of America has started to use 230 V split in two 115 volts wire and that allows every possible appliance to plug in without concern of braking it. So maybe some point in future we only have one short voltage area. (International Electrotechnical Commission 2015), (H.McGregor 2015). Some history to this point to give a hint why we even end up needing these power plugs and sockets. All of this goes back to man named Joseph Swan who invented incandescent light bulb in 1878 and Thomas Edison who invented indoor light bulb which was huge invention at that time. Light bulb was huge invention at that time people were able to see in the dark house without candles. After many test and disappointments Thomas Edison was able to create lamp that lasted 13,5 hours 22nd of October in 1879 and he filed a patent for it and so it was the first commercial incandescent light bulb. After patenting the light bulb Thomas develop......

Words: 4055 - Pages: 17

How to Survive a Nuclear Attack

... Nuclear War Survival Skills Updated and Expanded 1987 Edition Cresson H. Kearny With Foreword by Dr. Edward Teller Original Edition Published September, 1979, by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Facility of the u.s. Department of Energy Published by the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine Cave Junction, Oregon Copyright © 1986 by Cresson H. Kearny Cresson H. Kearny's additions to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory original 1979 edition are the only parts covered by this copyright, and are printed in this type print to distinguish these additions from the original upcopyrighted parts. The uncopyrighted parts are printed in a different type of print (like this). No part of the added, copyrighted parts (except brief passages that a reviewer may quote in a review) may be reproduced in any form unless the reproduced material includes the following two sentences: "Copyright © 1986 by Cresson H. Kearny. The copyrighted material may be reproduced without obtaining permission from anyone, provided: (1) all copyrighted material is reproduced full-scale (except for microfiche reproductions), and (2) the part of this copyright notice within quotation marks is printed along with the copyrighted material." First printing May 1987 Second printing November 1988 Third printing September 1990 ISBN 0-942487-01-X Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 87-60790 CRESSON H. KEARNY Civil Defense Consultant, Retired A LETTER TO THE AMERICAN......

Words: 39667 - Pages: 159

How Divorce Impacts Children Under the Age of 18

...How Divorce Impacts Children Under the Age of 18 F. Jeanpierre Psychology Abstract In this research you will see how divorce impacts children under the age of 18.  The effects are not universal. Divorce affects children differently based on their age, personality and sexuality. Divorce affects children both mentally and physically. In this research, you will see how divorce can impact children immediately as well as post divorce. I will start with infants, preschool age children, school-aged and then adolescents. Then you will see how divorce affects children spiritually. Furthermore, you will see how the affect of divorce varies based on the child's gender. Finally, in this research paper, you will see ways to help a child adjust after divorce. Infants The first age group is infants.  Not too much is known on the affects of divorce for children under the age of 3. Some have speculated that children under the age of 3 does not always suffer from their parents divorced. Thus, sociologist and psychologist agreed that problems in personality can developed if the child had a strong bond between the parents and those bonds are broken due to the divorce.  Professionals highly encourage parents to make arrangements so the potential, full affect of the divorce won’t impact the child as much. The conflict of divorce may not be understood by infants, but they can react to changes in the parent’s level of energy and involvement. Infants can lose their appetite, have an......

Words: 2164 - Pages: 9

How the Americas Got Started

...How The Americas got started Charlene Cochran Matthew DeFraga His/115 8/12/10 How the Americas got started North American started to civilize about 35,000 years ago. There was a land mass that acted as a bridge like structure that connected Europe and Alaska. Many natives used this land mass to cross over to the Americas. When the Ice age ended the water level rose over the land mass which was submerged leaving the native that were here stranded with no way to go back across to their land. This is how the first descendants as well as their animal made it into North Americans over the years the natives started settlements of different tribes though out North America, Central, and South Americans. They were the first inhabitants (Axia College2010). These people were nomads which means they moved around a lot. The men of the tribe would hunt and fish for food . They also used Animal hides for their clothes and blankets. The women of the tribe plant gardens they also harvest them for more crops like wheat and corn. They also took care of the home and the children which they took pride in. They had to adapt to the lands while strengthening the society. They also would share their food with other settlements. They each developed their own language along with their religious belief. Many Europeans came to America by boats and ships through exploration. There were a few explorers by the 1300’s . One was Eric the Red he was a Viking. He was the first......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

How Google Started

...everyone could access, making it more useful overtime. When was formed in 1998, it was basically a search engine which allowed people to search for basic information. Today’s offers a much broader selection of services which can be found through their search engine. Google also offers many services along with its famous search engine such as Google Maps, You-Tube, Google Apps, Google Earth, Gmail, Google Calendar and Google Docs which are all programs designed to help users find information more efficiently. Google also earns profits through advertising; from displaying text ads for mobile advertising to large and small companies as well. Google first came to light with their first advertising program in 2000 called Ad Words, which was a program that allowed people to see how ads can be useful. Currently, the company is involved into display advertising which is growing rapidly due to products such as their Google Display Network, comprised of over 1 million partnered websites including other Google-owned websites such as YouTube. Google has recently posted a third-quarter revenue of $7.20 Billion compared to $1.578 Billion revenue posted for the third quarter of 2005. Corporate Culture and Management Co-founders Larry Page, president of products, and Sergey Brin, president of technology founded Google in 1998, created with the mission to organize and deliver the worlds information, making the information accessible and creating a marketing......

Words: 3140 - Pages: 13

How Advertising Was Started in India?

...|How Did Advertising Start in India? | | |By B Sumangal; Illustration by Anup Singh | |The first newspaper in India was brought out by an Englishman James Augustus Hickey in 1780 who was stationed at Calcutta. The | |paper was brought out on Saturdays and was first called the Calcutta General Advertiser or Hickey's Bengal Gazette. | | | |Publishing a newspaper is an expensive business as Hickey realised to his cost. He was losing money faster than the newspapers | |came out of the printing press. To make ends meet, Hickey decided to take on advertisements or ads. | | | |The earliest ads consisted of simple messages 'classified' into different categories for easy reference with a mailing address | |from where they could be ordered. These became the forerunner of today's classified advertisements in newspapers. For instance, | |today's newspaper carry sale of autos, electronic items, domestic services, pets, etc under these headings. | | ...

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Magical Tree Within A Fantasy World by Chrisbeans | Más detalles | Midorishita Yumina