How Do Superpowers Exert Their Influence?

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mchin
Words 445
Pages 2
Power can be maintained directly or indirectly, this has changed over time. In the past, those who had power maintained it almost exclusively through direct control (e.g. colonisation), yet in the present day power is maintained mostly through indirect control (e.g. neo-colonial models of influence, for example trade, aid and debt).

The main way that superpowers would impose direct control on more vulnerable territories in the past would be through colonialism. They would use war and their superior military power to gain control of these territories to impose their own mechanisms such as legal systems, culture and economics.

In the past, this would often be done to fulfil a superpower's own agendas, such as the exploitation of raw materials or cheap labour; however in recent decades there has been a shift towards more political agendas. Many superpowers or major powers now intervene in troublesome regions that they believe may threaten their superpower security.

Whilst rare, superpowers do still take full colonial control of some countries in extreme circumstances- for example the NATO led coalition taking control of Afghanistan in 2001.

In recent decades, there has been a shift towards more indirect control. Superpowers now use more subtle, 'roundabout' ways to impose their influence and power on other territories, in essence 'neo-colonial' control. The three main examples of this are aid, trade and debt.

Aid is often given to allies or 'friends' with whom the superpower wants to create or maintain certain relationships. A lot of aid is, in fact, supposed to be paid back to the country who supplied it. This means countries which receive aid are often in debt to superpowers. Some superpowers use this wisely, offering aid to countries that perhaps have no choice but to accept it, but will in future be able to be manipulated because of their debt to the…...

Similar Documents

How Media Influences Politics

...agent of political socialization, which has created an impact on politics. Mass media has operated in a way that can affect politics in America. Today, significant factors contribute to the workers of mass media as their reports can face a high chance of influence to politician. Such influences include big corporations or the government, primarily to manipulate the mass audience for their own advantage. Mass media has a great influence on the public opinion as they can fluctuate what individuals should think, know and feel about politicians. The media supplies the general audience with information that voters can base their decisions on. From this, the media is able to manipulate the general public on extreme issues that interfere with the general publics’ rights, such as important issues regarding health or even political interferences. Although one may believe what they learn from the media may be a from an objective point of view, but in truth all information from the media has many external factors that can influence stories for a purpose. This paper will argue how the mass media has a direct influence on the general audience’s perspective and the opinions of the opinions of our political candidates. One area to notice is how certain issues in the media are given more attention in comparison where others are not. What is determined to be on the agenda of the media is a continuous competition from different issues to obtain attention. James W. Dearing and Everett M.......

Words: 2203 - Pages: 9

How to Influence Your Friends

...How to Win Friends and Influence People Introduction Creation of relationships in an organization is essential and requires individuals with distinguished character traits. Individuals need to be keen on their choice of friends in either the work place or any other area. This is necessary for building harmonious relationships between people of diverse cultures, leading to increased productivity. Winning friends and influencing people is the principal element require by all leaders to enhance the behavior of individuals together with the organizational interactions. The principal concern of this essay is on winning friends and influencing people. It comprises of several theories of organizational behavior applied in the book. In addition, it involves a chosen and researched premises found in the book. Further, there is justification of the study carried out. Finally, is a recommendation of the lessons learned in the book by others individuals. Overview of “how to win friends & influence people” Carnegie Dale is the writer of the book “how to win friends & influence people”. This book looks down to portray how human beings win and influence others. The protagonist characters in the book are Simon and Schuster. It is through the protagonist in the book that Carnegie reveals the existing organizational behavioral theories. Carnegie wins particular individuals attracted to the book through various strategies necessary when one needs to be closer to them.......

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

How to Do?

...screen “Pharmacist reply email” picture 8. “JianYang closing email” video Clashing timetable picture fade out 9. Zoom into 3rd yellow big box Black screen with documentary font typing out “ 1st row: 7 October, 2nd row: 1500 hours, 3rd row: During Priscilla’s elective lecture” with the crying emoticon Black screen with font typing out “Preparations before the interview…” 10. “Google search of Pharmacist” video “SGH Webpage” video (remove the start of clicking on button to start on powerpoint” 11. White screen: “These are the more memorable questions we asked: LIST 1. How has your education and professional training helped to prepare you for your role as a pharmacist? 2. What was the most memorable encounter with a patient? 3. What do you think is an important quality a good pharmacist should possess? 4. As the Hematology-in-charge, how do you cope with the passing of a patient? 12. 1st question change colour Black screen with white words moving from left to right “What does the Pharmacist say” + “What does the Pharmacist say” soundtrack “Question mark face 1” video Care Plan video + “PC Care ppt” video 13. Go back to list of questions slide then 2nd question change colour Same thing as step 12 but replace with Personal touch video 14. Go back to list of question slide then 3rd question change colour Same thing as step 12 but replace with Sincerity video + Nursing Communication ppt 15. Go back to list......

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

What Are Attitudes and How Do They Influence Message Reception and Attitude Change?

...attitudes and how do they influence message reception and attitude change? The influence communication has on our lives is often taken for granted. How we have been taught to communicate shapes our behaviour, opinions, perceptions and entire value system. How we then communicate with one another reflects our attitude towards our social environment. According to Baron and Byrne (1997), “Attitudes are lasting evaluations of various aspects of the social world” (p. 112). It is essentially the mental state when responding to objects and situations through the opinions, perceptions and value systems formed, which are all as a result of early socialisation. Communication, whether verbal or non-verbal, is essential in human interaction. Therefore, the study of communication is essential in understanding human behaviour. The field of social psychology deals with how we think about and interact with others, so it is no surprise that this field will be the basis of reasoning in this paper. Relationships are very important in our social reality; however, they are also very fragile. Building relationships instead of destroying them will depend on our understanding of our ongoing interaction with people. Our attitudes will always tell a very interesting story as they are deeply imbedded in our self identity. As individuals we tend to get passionate about specific concepts, this passion really demonstrates our attitudes on social information. For this reason, the influence of attitudes......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Evaluate the Influence That Different Stakeholders Exert in One of Your Chosen Organisations

...Evaluate the influence that different stakeholders exert in one of your chosen organisations. Every organization has stakeholders: these are groups or individuals that affect or are affected by the business. The number of stakeholders of a business varies as does their importance and influence. The type of organization and the product or service it supplies also determines its stakeholders. There are three main types of stakeholder. •• Internal – people and departments within your organisation. They are your colleagues. They rely on or use the work you produce – for example, your manager is a stakeholder and other departments who require the services of the PR department are stakeholders. •• External – people and organisations outside your organisation. They may be customers, clients, suppliers and other key individuals or organisations who take an interest in or are affected by your work. •• Interface – stakeholders who function both internally and externally – for example, an organisation with a large trade union presence or shareholders who are also employees. You may not find these in every organisation. Influence of stakeholders on business objectives Owners/stakeholders have a big say in how the aims of the business are decided, but other groups also have an influence overdecision making. For example, the directorswho manage the day-to-day affairs of a company may decide to make make higher sales a top priority rather than profits. Managers influence a......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

How Do Media Influence Our Understanding of Masculinity?

...The documentary movie Tough Guise 2 gives us the most insightful understanding of how the contemporary masculinity is shaped and constructed by the media. In the movie, Dr. Jackson Katz bridges the connections between violence on the screen and violence in the real life by using lots of stunning examples from television, films, video games, and sports. Then, what is the media? The media is the means of communication, as television, film and video games, newspapers, radio and magazines, which plays the silent but influential roles in the lives of individual. In particular, Television, film, and video convey information as well as impact comprehension of gender identities as a result of portray by the media (Kivel & Johnson, 2009; Johnson, Richmond, & Kivel, 2008). For example, in our society, TV set is so important in many families and households. It functions as one of the most popular ways of entertainment for most of people and also as the important source of information. Van Evra (1990:112) comments on the impact of television on the lives of many people by saying that it plays a significant role in a child’s growing beliefs and attitudes about what it means to be male or female in the world. The National Television Violence Study examined nearly 10,000 hours of television programming from 1995-1997 and found that 60% contained violence, with children’s programming being the most violent (Federman, 1996). This study is summarized in the diagram below......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

How to Influence Friends

...your influence, your prestige, your ability to get things done. 6. Handle complaints, avoid arguments, keep your human contacts smooth and pleasant. 7. Become a better speaker, a more entertaining conversationalist. 8. Arouse enthusiasm among your associates. This book has done all these things for more than ten million readers in thirty-six languages. This Book Is Dedicated to a Man Who Doesn’t Need to Read It:My Cherished Friend HOMER CROY HOW TO Win Friends AND Influence People REVISED EDITION Dale Carnegie Editorial Consultant: Dorothy Carnegie Editorial Assistance: Arthur R. Pell, Ph.D. SIMON AND SCHUSTER NEW YORK Copyright 1936 by Dale Carnegie, copyright renewed © 1964 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie Revised Edition copyright © 1981 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form Published by Simon and Schuster A Division of Gulf & Western Corporation Simon & Schuster Building Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas New York, New York 10020 SIMON AND SCHUSTER and colophon are trademarks of Simon & Schuster Designed by Stanley S. Drate Manufactured in the United States of America 17 19 20 18 Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Carnegie, Dale, 1888-1955. How to win friends and influence people. Includes index. 1. Success. I. Title. BF637.S8C37 1981 158’. 1 80-28759 ISBN O-671-42517-X Preface to Revised Edition How to Win Friends and Influence......

Words: 79364 - Pages: 318

Evaluate the Influence Different Stakeholders Exert in One Organisation.

...Evaluate the influence different stakeholders exert in one organisation. To: Chairperson of Tesco From: Anas Hussain Dear Chairperson of Tesco I have written to you to because I am going to evaluate the influence different stakeholders exert in one organisation, in this case the organisation I have chosen is Tesco. Owners The first stakeholder I am going to evaluate is owners which are internal stakeholders. One of the owner’s jobs is to manage employees. If the owner employs too many employees then there wouldn’t enough money to pay them all. If the owner employs less employees than required then the business wouldn’t run properly because employees would be all over the place trying to do too many jobs at one time. Business owners set policies so employees and customers follow rules about how the business should be ran. Business owners also set objectives that the business should meet, for example, a business would want to achieve sales of £5 million in European markets in 2010. Business objectives can motivate the employees. It also enables the business to measure the progress towards to its stated aims. The most effective business objectives meet the following criteria: S – Specific objectives are aimed at what the business does, e.g. Tesco might have an objective of selling half of the whole of their current stock within three months, an objective specific to that business. M - Measurable – the business can put a value to the objective, e.g. £10,000 in sales......

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

How Do You Do

...inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor. |...

Words: 1345 - Pages: 6

Evaluate the Influence Different Stakeholders Exert in One Organisation

...Every organisation has stakeholders; these are groups or individual that affect or are affected by the business. The number of stakeholder of a business varies as does their importance and influence. The type of organisation and the product or services it supplies also determines its stakeholders than a family business; it is therefore much more influenced and affected by the action, aims and objective of its stakeholders. In this report I will evaluate the influence of three stakeholders; Employees, Suppliers and consumers on Coca-Cola. Employees: Employee are very influential stakeholders of Coca Cola and they are one of the most important for the running of the organisation. Coca Cola has around 146,200 worldwide employees who have a high impact o the organisation. Satisfaction and performance of employees fully depends on the way human resources are managed in a company. Employee’s main interests are salaries, wages and job satisfaction; all these influence the company’s staff turnover, industrial action and the quality of the products and/ or services. Coca Cola must considers a lot of factors when employing new staff and managing the existing staff. Employees can affect and influence in various way and due to various reasons, some of which are skills and qualifications, personal views and opinions, employee performance, training and redundancy. Since employee are one of the main stakeholders and are the human resources of the company their performance highly......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

How Far Do You Agree with the View That Superpower Misjudements Account for the Development of the Cold War in the Years 1945-53?

...Although factors such as ideology differences and traditional power rivalry played a part in the development of the Cold War in the years 1945-53, superpower misjudgments account largely to this as well. As Source 7 suggests, mistrust between the US and the Soviet created a vicious cycle which could not be broken after 1945. It states that the US "misread" the Soviet security policy in eastern Europe and saw it as "Soviet expansionism". This, in turn, led the Soviets to misjudge the US policies as "aggressive capitalist expansionism". During the years after WW2, Stalin enforced policies to ensure national security, by establishing a 'buffer' zone. As the USSR had already been invaded twice before through these countries, it can be said that Stalin was only trying to ensure national security. However, US misread the situation as Soviet "expansionism", which in turn led the Soviets to misjudge the US policies as "dollar imperialism", showing that these misjudgments were creating a vicious cycle which could not be broken. Source 8 also supports this view as it suggests that the road to Cold War was "strewn with miscalculations". However, in face value, Source 8 blames the Soviet Union for being responsible. It states that Stalin "overreacted" to any threat in Germany and Eastern Europe and goes on to add that he "triggered" the Berlin Blockade Crisis as well. The Source only describes Stalin's reactions to the situation, thus failing blaming the USSR and failing to bring......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

How to Do Brand Extension

...contenders respond back; this makes vibrant market environment. 9) Brand augmentation / extension helps the parent brand additionally from numerous points of View; first it gets clarity brand importance, second brand expansion can add to the guardian brand's relationship by either including or reinforcing this affiliation (Verma, 2002). DISADVANTAGES OF BRAND EXTENSION STRATEGY However brand extension strategy has some disadvantages which are identified by different authors. We can describe some disadvantages as under: 1) Dilution of the existing brand image: (Viot, 2007) explains that extensions are utilizing most important virtual asset of the company “Brand Name/ Brand Image” which is infect advantage for extension but it exert huge disadvantages as chances of for existing brand name diluted or becomes weak which was created after very long and hard struggle and efforts of the companies people that creates best competitive advantage (ADMINSTRATOR, 2015). 2) Brand extension Spoil the original brand image or symbol. When particular type of the product in the market is considered superior and high quality and brand considered strong brands in that market. After introduction of any slightly lower quality product or ordinary quality of the product under same brand name it spoils the parent products also as consumer may divert from its previous image and it was observed that better quality product sales also decline and this is known as improper use of......

Words: 4951 - Pages: 20

How to Do It

...means –– electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise –– without the permission of the Stanford Graduate School of Business. toothpaste. The continual public drumbeat about “dangerous Chinese-made products” hammered the “Made in China” brand. Yet, it was inaccurate and overly simplistic to blame the problem solely on irresponsible Chinese manufacturers. In fact, less than 15 percent of the toys recalled by Mattel were due to manufacturing errors (specifically, the use of lead paint). Most of Mattel‟s recalled toys were due to defective designs, such as those that allowed small magnets to become dislodged. Most of design have been carried out outside of China. Understanding the true nature of the problems, and how they could be resolved, required urgent, yet thoughtful efforts on many fronts; by Mattel, by the manufacturers, and by the government agencies of China and toy importing countries. MATTEL Mattel began as a manufacturer of dollhouse furniture in 1945. The company broadened its lineup of toys over the next several years, with sales growing into the millions of dollars. In 1955, Mattel became the first toy company to sponsor a television program, when it used sponsorship of Mickey Mouse Club to reach millions of potential customers. The company introduced its most popular product in 1959—the Barbie doll. The doll, which was named for the founder‟s daughter, was an immediate success and went on to become the most successful toy brand...

Words: 9114 - Pages: 37

Superpowers

...Superpowers June 2011 4a) This data has been used to produce the superpower index, as it includes some of the elements of a superpower, these are economy, belief system, natural resources, location, population size and physical size. This figure has 4 of these 6 elements GNP covers the economy factor and to some extent military power. It reflects wealth which is a source of power as it allows a country to exert global influence e.g. militarily, or invest in technology. Comparing the wealth of superpowers will show who has the most economic power, who can invest in new military technologies and who can compete better when buying resources. Population is not one of the best measures when comparing superpowers as the USA ends up 4th and currently is argued to be the biggest superpower. Generally if a country has a large population they will have more manpower in both military and workforce, so smaller countries won’t be able to compete with the larger countries when it comes to becoming a superpower. Oil reserves reflect energy independence as they don’t have to look elsewhere to satisfy their needs. Although wealth may mean supplies can be ensured in other ways by importing or investing in alternatives. So oil supplies is not the best way to compare superpowers, as a richer country may not have as much oil but may be able to buy from foreign countries to make up for it. Finally the patent fillings covers a few parts of being a superpower patents could be used to stop other......

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

How Environment Influence Culture

...Running Head: INFLUENCE OF CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT How do culture and environment influence one’s life? Name University 1 INFLUENCE OF CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT 2 Influence of culture and environment on one’s life It is believed that the primary connection between human beings and the world is their senses. It is what one perceives, touches, smells or hears that constitutes their later output. Information picked up by these senses is provided by one’s immediate environment. Moreover, every action taken or utterance made has a direct or indirect bearing with the culture in the surrounding. The activities one engages in and the conversations held with different individuals in this environment, all make up one’s daily life. This influence can occur in diverse ways (Sarte, 2008). One way in which environment can influence one’s life is through language. Different people come from various ethnic communities. Each ethnic community has a native language that it teaches its offspring. Depending on where one was born, and the first language learnt, people can exhibit different accents. For instance, someone born and brought up in the American neighborhood will speak in the same accent as the Americans, irrespective of their ethnic background (Sarte, 2008). However, if the person had been brought up in an African setting, his/her accent would have been different. These differences are especially evident when one learns a second language. This logic explains why Black Americans may...

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

I Live Alone | 14.06.1820:28 Uhr Matze Knop Und Silverjam - Jogipalöw (Der Jogi Song) Pop256 kbit/s 0 / 04.620 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare | Revenge BluRayRip AC3 5.1