History of Google

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Submitted By xuan1012
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Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in Stanford, California.[27]

While conventional search engines ranked results by counting how many times the search terms appeared on the page, the two theorized about a better system that analyzed the relationships between websites.[28] They called this new technology PageRank; it determined a website's relevance by the number of pages, and the importance of those pages, that linked back to the original site.[29][30]

A small search engine called "RankDex" from IDD Information Services designed by Robin Li was, since 1996, already exploring a similar strategy for site-scoring and page ranking.[31] The technology in RankDex would be patented[32] and used later when Li founded Baidu in China.[33][34]

Page and Brin originally nicknamed their new search engine "BackRub", because the system checked backlinks to estimate the importance of a site.[35][36][37] Eventually, they changed the name to Google, originating from a misspelling of the word "googol",[38][39] the number one followed by one hundred zeros, which was picked to signify that the search engine was intended to provide large quantities of information.[40] Originally, Google ran under Stanford University's website, with the domains google.stanford.edu and z.stanford.edu.[41][42]

The domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997,[43] and the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998. It was based in the garage of a friend (Susan Wojcicki[27]) in Menlo Park, California. Craig Silverstein, a fellow PhD student at Stanford, was hired as the first employee.[27][44][45]

In May 2011, the number of monthly unique visitors to Google surpassed one billion for the first time, an 8.4 percent increase from May 2010 (931 million).[46] In January 2013, Google…...

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