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Geography and the Development and Diffusion of Human Societies
Michelle Murray
Western Governors University

GKE Task1 2
A. The two rivers, Tigris and Euphrates are substantial examples of geographical and environmental factors that impacted the development of the Mesopotamia civilization. Mesopotamia- “known as the land between two rivers”. (Hollar,2011). Details Tigris river is 1180 miles long deeper but shorter than the Euphrates river. The Euphrates River is 1700 miles long and not as deep only flat boats can ride along this river. (Hollar,2011). I believe both rivers contributed to the Mesopotamia civilization and were significant geographical and environmental factors. The two rivers were a point of focus from the beginning. They provided rich soil perfect for agriculture, deposits of mud and clay to build their community, mode of transportation and water for irrigation for crops.
The use of these valleys’ soil and water were signs of innovation and exchange. The Mesopotamians made the Fertile Crescent fertile with their irrigation technology. (Keita,n.d) They had to create an irrigation system so they could better operate the river’s water. Along with the fertile soil, proper irrigation and organized labor they reaped the benefits of the land. They were able to grow a surplus of food not only for the community but also for crops to trade. Human movement to the River Valley in Mesopotamia is the outcome of people taking action to the abundant natural resources and chances offered by the geography in Mesopotamia (Soomo,2013a). With all this the rivers developed community and technology. Labor organization is introduced thru the building of these complex Irrigation systems making a small group work…...

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