Historical Development of Nursing Timeline

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“ …Nursing science is that body of knowledge developed form questions raised by nurses and investigated by them, concerning the relationship of the human-health-environment” as Dr. Millar stated (George, 2011, p.11). The body of nursing science consists of theories, paradigms, and frameworks (George, 2011, p. 10). A nursing theory could be defined as “ a set of concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing, explaining, predicting, and /or prescribing” Nursing theories are important since they provide the critical thinking structures to direct the clinical decision- making process of professional nursing practice. Nursing is as old as medicine, but nursing science began it began in late 1800s with Florence Nightingale’s writing. Florence Nightingale was recognized as first nurse theorist (1859) and Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing were presented as first theory of nursing and directed nursing for the past 150 years (George, 2011). Despite recognition of Nightingale as first nursing theorist and the most famous name in nursing, the first recognized nursing theory was not published until 1950s (by Hildegard Peplau). The nursing timeline could be seen as following:

1860- Florence Nightingale recommended to adjust environment to improve person’s health. She also elevated status of all nurses and challanged the prejudice against women.

1950s - The need for graduate level of nurses preparation was recognized in orders to fillfull administartive and teaching positions George, 2011). Hildegard Peplau, the psyciatric nurse instructor recognized nurse-client relationship and defined nursing as therapeutic interpersonal process. In 1955 Virginia Henderson…...

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