High Christology in the Gospel of John

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By liamandmacey1991
Words 1844
Pages 8
High Christology in the Gospel of John. What evidence exists in the Gospel of John to support Ernst Käsemann’s insight that the Johannine Jesus is like a “god striding over the earth”?

John presents a very different Jesus compared to the synoptic gospels. It is clear that for John Jesus has many complex elements to his personality and without all of these the picture is not complete. The above quote by Käsemann suggests that in the gospel of John Jesus’ divinity is definite and his presence is felt on the entire world through his words and actions. This allows for the human Jesus but implies the divine Jesus is imperative.
The divinity of Jesus Christ is something that is very apparent in the gospel of John. Käsemann’s quote describes Jesus as a ‘God’, which offers an immediate insight into the ‘high Christology’ of Jesus in the gospel of John. The divine Jesus far outweighs the human Jesus. From the introduction of John’s gospel the divinity of Jesus Christ is immediately addressed when John writes ‘In the Beginning..,’ implying that Jesus was there with God at the start of creation. ‘Where the other gospels’ tell us about the human origins of Jesus, John speaks about his divine origin,’ which is with God in heaven, ‘Before all things the word was.’ The fourth gospel paints Jesus as a picture of total control who has descended from heaven to perform his duties to reveal God to humanity. This is evident in the final words of Jesus Christ ‘It is finished’ , implying that Jesus made the decision to end his life. Jesus is given very powerful and direct titles in the gospel of John such as ‘Son of God’. Jesus also implies that he is omniscient and all knowing (John 21:17), characteristics which could only be associated with God. John’s Jesus is one who knows the future and what will happen. ‘Jesus therefore said, "When you lift up the Son of Man, then you…...

Similar Documents

The Gospel of John

...In many ways the Gospel of John remains a mystery—it hints at who its author is and yet never explicitly tells us. The story seems simple and straightforward, and yet one feels as though the author is often hinting at still deeper truths. In the New Testament it stands alone, distanced from the Synoptics by its unique presentation of the Christ-event. Of the four gospels, John is by far the most poetically written and the most distinct in terms of style, narrative and approach. While there are varying theories about who wrote it and when, it can be agreed on that the Gospel of John was written for not only a very different audience than the synoptic gospels, but also written independently of them. This can be seen in the basic language that it is written in, and can also be seen because there is no mention anywhere of the parables, Jesus' primary teaching method according to the synoptic gospels. Instead, John makes use of miracles and uses examples from Jesus' ministry to demonstrate his power and divinity. He uses his power over nature to raise people from the dead, heal a blind man and feed 5000 people with the physical amount of food for only a few. The gospel narrative contains a series of "signs"--the gospel's word for the wondrous deeds of Jesus. The author is primarily interested in the significance of these deeds, and so interprets them for the reader by various reflections, narratives, and discourses. The first sign is the transformation of water into wine...

Words: 809 - Pages: 4

John and the Synoptic Gospels

...The gospels put emphasis on Jesus’ religious meaning, it is to inspire life giving faith in the readers. There are the Synoptic Gospels and then there is the Gospel of John. The Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) are three versions of the same sayings or incidents of Jesus life. They follow the same order of events in narrating Jesus’ public ministry. All four concentrate exclusively on the last phase of Jesus’ life, the period of his public ministry when his teachings both attracted devoted followers and created bitter enemies. Matthew: It tells the story some what differently, avoiding any implications that Jesus made have had limited powers and stating merely that Jesus “did not work many miracles there”. In Matthew, Jesus first public act is to deliver the sermon on the mound demonstrating his authorities as a teacher, upholding and interoperating the Mosaic Law, He also represents Jesus’ birth and ministry as fulfilling prophecies from the Hebrew Bible. Matthew betrays Jesus as a greater Moses who demands a higher righteousness unlike Mark and Luke. All four concentrate exclusively on the last phase of Jesus’ life, the period. Mark: Marks gospel for instance seems to consist a string of incidents, anecdotes, and sayings that are very loosely connected to one another. Mark, is the first Gospel, who was stitched together of previously isolated oral units, individual episodes illustrating Jesus words and deeds. According to Mark, Jesus first act was to......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Theology of Christology

...Thematic Paper on Christology in the Gospels Submitted to Mr. Kwok H.B. of Alliance Bible Seminary in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course of TH512-E:Systematic Theology II Sept.-Nov, 2005 Margaret, Tse Yin Yi M024110 November 29, 2005 I. The meaning of Christology 3 II. What Can Be Discerned about Jesus from His Words Concerning Issues Other than the Kingdom and Himself 3 III. What Can Be Discerned about Jesus from His Deeds and Words Proclaiming the Kingdom of God 3 IV. What Can Be Discerned about Jesus from His Words Concerning Himself… 3 V. Hosea and “the Son of the Living God” in Mattew 16:16b 3 VI. Jesus as Messiah in the Gospel of Luke 3 VII. Narrative Christology and the SON OF MAN: What the Marken Jesus says instead 3 VIII. Conclusion 3 IX. Reference 4 I. The meaning of Christology The Greek for “Messiah” is Christos, whence “Christ”. So, “christology” would discuss how Jesus came to be called the Messiah or Christ and what was meant by that designation. In a broader sense, “christology” discusses any evaluation of Jesus in respect to who he was and the role he played in the divine plan. Scholars distinguish different kinds of Christology. “Low christology” covers the evaluation of him in terms that do not necessarily include divinity, e.g. Messiah, Rabbi, Prophet, High Priest, Savior, Master. “High christology” covers the evaluation of Jesus in terms that......

Words: 9677 - Pages: 39

Why John Is the Most Jewish Gospel

...While numerous scholars say that John is the Gospel to the world (and Matthew to the Jews, Mark to the Romans, and Luke to the Greeks), a Jewish scholar such as Israel Abrahams might very well believe that the Gospel of John is the most Jewish Gospel of the four by the way it reflects Jewish traditions and symbolisms. According to David Wenham[i], there is more attention given to Jesus as the Messiah in the Gospel of John than in any of other Gospels. In John, from chapter one onwards people are directly talking about Jesus as Messiah, and then there is intense public debate about whether Jesus is Messiah or not in John 7:25-31, 41-44[ii], which indicates that John is quite mindful of Jewish issues. Wenham also asserts that there is a greater emphasis on Jesus' participation in the Jewish festivals in Jerusalem. While the synoptic Gospels only describe the fully-grown Jesus going up to Jerusalem for the Passover at the end of his ministry, John reports Jesus going up to at least two Passovers, the Feast of Tabernacles and the Feast of Dedication (Hanukah). That might not prove anything, but it seems likely that John perceives Jesus as in some way fulfilling the symbolism of those Jewish festivals. The feast of Passover, referred to in John 6, celebrated the exodus from Egypt, and so Jesus within that context speaks of himself as the true bread come down from heaven (i.e. as the new manna 6:32-51). The feast of tabernacles, referred to in John 7 and 8, involved a......

Words: 658 - Pages: 3


...#2 CHRISTOLOGY PT. 1 As I continue this study, there is a question that keeps coming to my mind. A question that millions of people may ask right now, probably my neighbor, maybe a nurse, a lawyer or maybe that person that God has prepared his/her heart for us to answer or guide them to the right direction. A question that was in my mind many years ago, and thanks be to God, He has respond to that question! Who is this Jesus? Even that the fullness of Christ is indescribable, I begin to grasp the amazing concept that He, being fully Man and fully God, loves each of us with a never-ending love the extent of which is hard for us to imagine. There is some biblical basis Jesus had to be born as a human being for several reasons. Gal 4:4-5 says, “To redeem those under law”. Only a perfect human (Jesus Christ) could perfectly keep the law and perfectly fulfill the law, and redeeming us from that guilt, which He accomplished on the cross. In His humanity, Jesus was subjected to all the same kinds of trials like us; therefore, He is able to sympathize with us and to help us. He was tempted; He was persecuted; He was poor; He was despised; He suffered physical pain. Only a human being could experience these things, and only a human being could fully understand them through experience. (Hebrews 4:15). We must affirm not only that Jesus was fully human, but also that he was fully divine. There are several passages where is also used to refer to Jesus Christ. (John 1:1;......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Some Differences Between the Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John

...20. Some Differences Between the Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John The Synoptic Gospels-Matthew, Mark and Luke-offer such strikingly similar accounts of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ that, according to one author, “they can be placed side by side and viewed horizontally” (Harris 103). In contrast, the Fourth Gospel, the Gospel of John, stands alone in its portrayal of Jesus Christ. The differences in the Synoptic Gospels and John relate to content of each and the variation in purpose or point of view. According to one author, “The Fourth Gospel…is so different from the other three in …content…, that it has few parallels with the Synoptic accounts” (104). For example, Matthew, Mark and Luke record thirty miracles. John records a total of seven (He calls these miracles “signs.”) and only one is recorded by all four gospel writers: the feeding of the 5000 with the few loaves and bread and fishes (Biblecenter). Obviously, the writers differ in what the miracles indicate. The Synoptics are “basically descriptive in their approach” while John, who seeks to demonstrate the divinity of Christ to his readers, is more “reflective” in his selection of the signs he wishes to include (Angelfire). He makes the purpose of his selectivity clear, however, when he acknowledges that while Jesus did many more signs than those included in the book of John, his purpose is that men would come to believe that He was indeed the Son of God and “that believing”, … they......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

The Four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

...The four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John 1. Introduction The term Gospel means good news, a message which was desperately needed (Guthrie, 1965: 11). According to Talbot (2013: 69) gospels can be divided into 2 groups namely the Synoptic gospels- Matthew, Mark and Luke and Gospel of John. He explains that Matthew, Mark and Luke are called the synoptic gospels because they have so much in common. Kotze (6), outlines their similarities and differences as follows: |Mark | |Matthew | |Luke | |Total: 661 verses | |Total :1068 verses | |Total: 1149 verses | |600 verses parallel to Matthew | |505 verses parallel to Mark | |380 verses parallel to Mark | |61 verses peculiar to Mark | |235 versus parallel to Luke | |235 versus parallel to Matthew | | | |328 verses peculiar to Matthew | |534 verses peculiar to Luke | There are suggestions due the similarities and differences that (1) Mark was the original writer and was copied by Matthew and Luke (2) Matthew was original writer copied by Luke, and Mark made a shorter version. The material where obtained from the following suggested sources: (1) Oral tradition – the good news spread by word of mouth before it was written down (2) An......

Words: 1129 - Pages: 5


...“Christology” Dana Peebles THEO 201: THEOLOGY SURVEY 1 Writing Style: APA Professor Gaston July 19, 2014 It had been a long day at work. While I just wanted to get home and relax, I was stopped from doing so by two gentlemen handing me literature. I know that sometimes being a Christian is not always about convenience, so I started talking to them and put my relaxation on hold for just a little while longer. As I glanced over the paper they had handed me, I realized that our views on Jesus being a man and not God was completely contradictory. I must have had an expression on my face that allowed them to see my emotional thinking, because one of the men questioned what I was contemplating. I then told them that if Jesus was just a man, then we are all condemned and were going to Hell. My faith has taught me that because of Jesus’ humanity and deity he is not just a mere man. We must remember that our humanness is vastly different than his, and his divine being of love is what saves us from ourselves. “For God made Christ, who never sinned, to be the offering for our sin, so that we could be made right with God through Christ.” (2 Corinthians 5:21) I then, asked them a question for their question and said, Do you know any mere human being that would truly “lay down their life” (John 15:13) or want to die to save another person and actually go through the action of it being totally selfless? After hearing my thoughts, the other gentleman asks......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6


...Short Essay 2 Theology Christology – As you are going home from work, two well-dressed gentlemen accost you, handing you some literature explaining what they believe.  You glance over it and are drawn to this sentence: "Jesus was a man and as such could not also be God." Seeing the puzzled look on your face, one of the men asks you what you think of this claim. Keeping this scenario in mind, answer the following questions in your essay: * What is the biblical basis for Jesus' humanity? In the Synoptic gospels, he was seen born of a woman, found lying in a cradle, growing, learning, subject to hunger, anxiety, doubt disappointment and surprise. Mark 2:15, 14:33; 15:34; Luke 2:40; 7:9, and finally to death and burial. Elwell. R.S WALLACE AND G.L. GREEN Pg 239 * What is the biblical basis for Jesus' deity? He claimed to forgive sin, thus assuming a prerogative that belong to God. Mark 2:5 – 7. He allows people to worship him, thus asserting himself as deity. Matthew 14:33, 28:9, John 20:28, 29 claimed any comparative attributes of omnipresence, omniscience, and omnipotence. He claimed to be in heaven John 3:13 and then nature would obey his words Mark 4:39. See towns 156 Explain how Jesus can be both God and Man at the same time (Hypostatic Union). “In the incarnation of the son of God, a human nature was inseparably united forever with the divine nature into one person of Jesus Christ, yet with the two natures remain distinct, whole, and......

Words: 1961 - Pages: 8


...Running head: Christology Christology Christology The claim that Jesus was a man and as such could not also is God is one that has been highly debated. The fact that Jesus was a man can be confirmed by another religion, Islam claims that he was a great prophet. For Christians it is maintained that Jesus was fully God and fully man. The hypostatic union of Jesus is the cornerstone of the faith, his humanity sets the example for us to live by and his deity makes the only sacrifice sufficient for our sins. The Bible gives plenty of examples of how Jesus was fully human. The book of Luke chapter 2 gives two examples of Jesus’ humanity first by talking about his birth. The second example is when the chapter talks about how he became strong in the spirit as he grew when he was at the temple. The Bible gives another example of Jesus’ humanity “Jesus wept at the death of Lazarus (John 11:35). The Bible gives examples of his humanity in John 4:6 at the well he was tired from his journey and needed a drink from the well. Mathew 4:2 After 40 days of fasting he was hungry. All of the examples in scripture point to a very human nature of Jesus. If he were not fully human he would not have been tired and thirsty after a journey nor would he be hungry after not eating and he definitely would not have cried at the death of a friend. Those are all very human needs and emotions but through that he also displays the deity side of him. Jesus was also fully God and there are plenty......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4


...Christology In the following essay I will address the topic of Christology. Merriam-Webster defines Christology as, “theological interpretation of the person and work of Christ”. (Christology. (n.d.). Retrieved November 19, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Christology) Walter Elwell further states that “in one the one person of Christ there are two entire natures, the human and the divine, including two wills’. (Ewell, 1984, 2001, p. 872) The Bible makes it very clear that Jesus was both all God and all man. John 1:14 says, “The Word (Jesus) became flesh and made his dwelling with us.” (NIV) and Galatians 4:4-4 says “But when the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.” (NIV) We see by these scriptures that Jesus was in fact a man, a human being. The Bible also makes it clear that Jesus was in fact God on earth. Philippians 2:6-7 says,” Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:” (KJV). In John 14:9 Jesus said, “The one who has seen Me has seen the Father” (KJV) and John 10:30 Jesus said, “I and my Father are one”. (KJV). God Himself claims Jesus as His son in Matthew 3:17 “And lo a voice from heaven, saying, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (KJV) making Jesus equal with God.......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Gospel of 1 John

...Your Own Work-Gospel of 1John Observation: Blocks/Sections 1 John 1:1-2:11The fellowship of the divine life 1 John 2:12-27 The teaching of the divine anointing 1 John 2:28-3:10a To practice the divine righteousness 1 John 3:10b-5:3 To practice the divine love 1 John 5:4-21 To overcome the world, death, sin, the devil, and idols These section are brought together as John write to the church as a whole, as there is no greetings or farewells, however, throughout each section John talks about love of God and to the brethren. John uses the word “love” 47 times. This table will show the pattern used by John moving back and forth between love towards God and love towards others. Chapter | Love in connection to God | Love in connections to others | 2 | 5 But those who obey God’s word truly show how completely they love him 15 Do not love this world nor the things it offers you, for when you love the world, you do not have the love of the Father in you | 7b to love one another10 Anyone who loves another brother or sister15 Do not love this world nor the things it offers you, for when you love the world, | 3 | 1 See how very much our Father loves us16 We know what real love is because Jesus gave up his life for us 17b how can God’s love be in that person | 10b Anyone who does not live righteously and does not love other believers 11b We should love one another14 If we love our Christian brothers and sisters… But a person who has no love is still......

Words: 2266 - Pages: 10


...Name: Writing Style Used: MLA Course and Section Number: THEO 201 – D21 Essay on Topic Christology Jesus was a man but was he also God? It is a question that many have today. Through studies it can be determined that Jesus is in fact both God and man. This can be accomplished by reviewing biblical accounts, looking at what it means for Jesus to be both God and man, and examining the dangers of overemphasis or denying the deity or humanity of Christ. Through the synoptic gospels it is apparent that Jesus was both God and man. Matthew 1:18-25 explains the birth of Jesus. It explains that while engaged to Joseph Mary became pregnant through the Holy Spirit. This not only shows Jesus’ humanity but also his deity as he was conceived through the Holy Spirit and not through man. We can also see the humanity of Jesus in the fact that he died on the cross. Mark 15:37 States “Then Jesus uttered another loud cry and breathed his last.” Throughout the New Testament Jesus would make I am statements, these statements would show the deity of Jesus. For example John 8:12 states “Jesus spoke to the people once more and said, “I am the light of the world. If you follow me, you won’t have to walk in darkness, because you will have the light that leads to life.” Jesus is announcing his deity to the people in this passage. John 1:1-5 also shows Jesus’ deity by explaining that in the beginning he was with God and he was God. Through these two passages it is clear that Jesus’......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4


...Short Essay on Christology John 3: 16 says, “For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in his shall not perish but have ever lasting life.” We see the humanity of Jesus so perfectly in this scripture. Jesus was given to the world to live a sinless, perfect life so that the world would see in flesh the Devine Authority of God. In Elwells article of Christology he points out that the virgin birth and resurrection are obvious signs of his humanity because just as humans, he was born and he died. There are many verses that explain the deity of God but the most basic and important in my opinion is Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” The question of God’s deity rests in the very first verse of the Bible. He created the world for us to be sinless and blameless and we messed it up. So He gave us His only son to die on the cross for OUR sins so that we could have eternal life in heaven. We are so undeserving of his love and forgiveness but He gives it to us anyway. In the scenario above a man claims “Jesus was a man and as such could not also be God.” However, 1 Corinthians 3:23 simply states, “and you are of Christ, and Christ is of God.” First off, I would like to say that God is the almighty, powerful, sovereign, Eternal Father. He can be both God and Man because he is all-powerful. The Hypostatic Union explains the union of the divine nature and the human nature in the incarnation of the......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

The Relationship Between John and the Synoptic Gospels

...Article Critique “The Relationship between John and the Synoptic Gospels” Introduction The Journal article entitled “The Relationship between John and the Synoptic Gospels,” focuses on the relationship that John may have had access to the synoptic gospels when he wrote the book of John. The debate focuses on three theories about how the book of John was written, and how John is similar, yet uniquely different from the Synoptic Gospels, of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The journal compares the writing style and the scripture context in comparisons and differences between the synoptic gospels and the book of John. Brief Summary The three distinct positions of the article focuses on, first “that John was literally dependent upon one or more of the synoptic gospels” (1). The second is “that John was literally independent of the synoptic gospels, but that similarities between them are due to use of a common synoptic tradition” (1). The third and final position is “that John was literally independent of the synoptic gospels, but was aware of them and their traditions.” (1). All of these literary theories help the reader to understand why the book of John is different, yet similar in many ways to the synoptic gospels, although it is not included as one of the synoptic gospels. “The term synoptic is derived from a combination of the Greek words συν (syn = together) and οψις (opsis = seeing) to indicate that the contents of these three Gospels can be viewed side-by-side,......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

회원가입 | Christmas in Theater Eight | Aquarion Logos (26)