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Glomeruli

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Chronic Kidney Disease, Hypertension and Diabetes

Did you know that Chronic Kidney Disease is a silent killer? Most people you have it usually don’t know because symptoms usually are not visibly diagnosed. In the early stages of CKD symptoms can include frequent urination and hypertension; as CKD progresses the symptoms can include headaches, joint pain, lower back pain, edema and diabetes.
Chronic Kidney disease is the loss of renal function over a period of time. It is usually triggered by another disease, such as diabetes or cancer, or by hereditary onset. According to U.S. Pharmacist, there are 5 stages to Chronic Kidney Disease. Stage one is slight reduction in function and has a normal or high glomerular filtration rate (GFR)(…” it estimates how much blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. Glomeruli are the tiny filters in the kidneys that filter waste from the blood”) increased to more than 90ml. Normal GFR range is 100ml. Stage two is a small decrease in function, the GFR is 60-89ml. The third stage is a moderately decrease in the GFR, 30-59 ml. In the fourth stage the level is severely decreased to 15-29ml. The last stage or fifth stage is when the kidney is in failure. While the stages show the decrease in function of the kidney, hypertension does play a role in the progression of CKD.

Ford-Martin, Paula Anne. "Chronic kidney failure." Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. Vol. 2. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2011. Nursing Resource Center. Gale. Holyoke Community College. 22 July 2014…...

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