General Circulation

In: Science

Submitted By garrison
Words 661
Pages 3
General Circulation

Warm air rises and cool air sinks, or subsides. If the Earth had no continents and did not turn, then the circulation of the atmosphere would appear much like this.

[pic] http://maritime.haifa.ac.il/departm/lessons/ocean/lect14.htm The air at the Equator would be heated by the warm Earth and so rise, flow toward the poles where it is cooled by the cold Earth, subside at the North Pole and South Pole, and then flow back to the Equator along the surface of the Earth.

But the Earth does have continents and it does spin on its axis, so the “General Circulation” of the atmosphere actually looks more like the images on the next page. These are sometimes referred to as the three-cell general circulation model. Air rises at the Equator and near 50( to 60(, and it sinks near 30( and 90( (the poles). The winds do not blow directly north and south due to the coriolis effect. The coriolis “force” deflects moving objects to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.

Winds are named for the direction from which they blowing. As indicated, the general circulation of the atmosphere is from the East at latitudes poleward of about 50( North Latitude and 60( South Latitude. The general circulation of the atmosphere is also from the East at latitudes equatorward of about 30( north or south of the Equator. The general circulation is from the west at middle latitudes, and these are the “Prevailing Westerlies” that we experience in most of the continental United States. This is why weather systems generally move from west to east across North America.

[pic]

http://maritime.haifa.ac.il/departm/lessons/ocean/wwr196.gif

[pic]

http://www.earth.rochester.edu/fehnlab/ees215/fig15_1.jpg

Several distinctive features result from this three-cell general circulation model.

Convergence means “coming together.” The…...

Similar Documents

General

...of Firm and Household Decisions CHAPTER 11 General Equilibrium and the Efficiency of Perfect Competition Prepared by: Fernando Quijano and Yvonn Quijano General Equilibrium and the Efficiency © 2004 Prentice Hall Business Publishing Principles of Economics, 7/e Karl Case, Ray Fair © 2004 Prentice Hall Business Publishing C H A P T E R 11: Perfect Competition • Input and output markets cannot be considered separately or as if they operated independently. Principles of Economics, 7/e Karl Case, Ray Fair 2 of 33 General Equilibrium and the Efficiency • Partial equilibrium analysisis the process of examining the equilibrium conditions in individual markets and for households and firms separately. • General equilibrium is the condition that exists when all markets in an economy are in simultaneous equilibrium. General Equilibrium and the Efficiency General Equilibrium and the Efficiency of Perfect Competition General Equilibrium and the Efficiency of Perfect Competition • In judging the performance of an economic system, two criteria used are efficiency and equity (fairness). • Efficiency is the condition in which the economy is producing what people want at the least possible cost. of C H A P T E R 11: Perfect Competition © 2004 Prentice Hall Business Publishing Principles of Economics, 7/e Karl Case, Ray Fair 3 of 33 © 2004 Prentice Hall Business Publishing C H A P T E R 11: Perfect Competition of ...

Words: 2419 - Pages: 10

General

...cigar N 1.c,zV, EsgAr cigarette N 1.EsgrV  cinder N 1.agArA, jltA h,aA koylA, 2.rAK, B-m cinema N 1.clEc , EsnmA  cinematographer N 1.clEc kAr cinematography N 1.clEc klA, clEc Z cinnamon N 1.dAlcFnF cipher N 1.fy, Ebd,, 2.t,QC v-t,, 3.g, ElKAvV kF kjF , cipher VI 1.gEZt krnA circa Prep 1.lgBg circle N 1.vQ, GrA, pErED, 2.mXlF, smAj  circle VI 1.GmnA, c r mArnA, dE"ZA krnA circle VT 1.GrnA  circuit N 1.GrA, c r, dOrA  circuitous A 1.c rdAr, G,mAvdAr,  r kA P circular A 1.gol, vQFy, vQAkAr, 2.ek vQ yA smAj m GmtA h,aA  circular N 1.s , lr, ank mn yo ko BjA haA p ,   , , GmtA haA Evj^ nApn  , circulate VI 1.GmnA, EPrnA, dOrA krnA, c r lgAnA circulate VT 1.G,mAnA, cAro aor BjnA, cElt krnA, PlAnA  claimant N circulation N Kn kA dOXA  1.GmAv,  r, P , cln, dOrA, c r, 2.r bhn, circumference N 1.pErED, GrA, c r, G,mAv  circumspect A 1.sAvDAn, cOks circumstance N 1.GVnA, syog, bAt, 2.gEt, dfA, av-TA circumstantial A 1.acAnk, syogvf, 2.Ev-tFZ, &yorvAr  circumvent VT 1.DoKA  nA, WgnA d circus N 1.aKAXA, tmAf kA gol mdAn, d l  cistern N 1.kX, jlADAr, hOj, hOdA , citadel N 1.gY, koV citation N 1.avtrZ, d At, 2.b,lAvA, sMmn  cite VT 1.d At  nA, hvAlA  nA, mAZ  nA, 2.b,lAvAnA d d d  citizen N 1.ngrvAsF, ngr kA rhn vAlA, pOr, p,rvAsF, nAgErk  1.dAvdAr, aEByo  , -vv cAhn vAlA,   aEDkAr EtpAdk clam N 1.nmF, trF clam VT 1.lslsA bnAnA, EcknF v-t, lgAnA clamber VI 1.kEWnAI s cYnA  clamour N 1.Ec AhV, kolAhl, Dm, gohAr clamour VI......

Words: 164153 - Pages: 657

General

...apwexpmc.xls. 2. Choose Tools > Protection > Unprotect Sheet. 3. Choose Options from the Tools menu. 4. Open the View tab. 5. Check the Sheet Tabs box, then click OK. Define the Date Format Users enter a receipt date in the spreadsheet Date From column. For multiple–day receipts, users can define a range of days by entering dates in both the Date From and the Date To columns. When an employee imports a completed expense report, Internet Expenses compares the date format of the Date From and Date To columns to the date format set using the self-service applications General Preferences function. If the date formats in these columns do not match the date format specified by the General Preferences function, users must re–enter receipt dates in Internet Expenses. An example of a valid date format is DD–MON–YYYY. When a user makes changes to the General Preferences, the changes only affect that user’s login session. Prerequisites Determine a date format to use in the Expense Spreadsheet. To define the date format: 1. Open the Expense Report sheet tab at the bottom of the spreadsheet. 2. Select the Date From and the Date To column, then choose Format > Cells. 3. Open the Number tab, then choose Date as the Category. 4. Choose a date format from the list in the Type region, then click OK. Enter an Expense Template Name You must assign a template name to the Microsoft Excel template to define the list of expense types......

Words: 6272 - Pages: 26

Circulation

...converted to biocarbonate ions Carbonic anhydrase speeds up the conversion in endothelial and red blood cells The ph near tissues tend to have a lower pH Near the lungs carbonic acid is once again converted to co2 Positive feedback for co2 Myoglobin has a high affinity for o2 – reserved for high metabolic demand for o2 Cartid and aortic bodies regulate ur heart beat according to co2 levels – when you need to breathe more often if u have high co2 High temp reduces the amount of dssolved gas Countercurrent exchange maximizes the amount of o2 fish can get from the water Alveoli increase surface area so they are the actual sites of gas exchange Smaller animals tend to have single circulatory systems – 1 pump Larger animals have double circulation – 2 pumps MEMORIZE THE ORDER OF BLOOD FLOW!!! Blood cells are mainly made of plasma Know the mechanism of blood clotting Thrombin makes more of itself to make fibrinogen to make fibrin Lymphocytes become B or T cells while myeloid make WBC and RBC Atherosclerosis is caused by build up of plaque LDL goes to tissues HDL leave the tissue to go to liver HDL is the good cholesterol LDL is bad bc it takes it to the tissue Hypertension is high blood pressure inflammation plays a role in atherosclerosis heart attack is the death of cardiac tissue and blockage from coronary arteries stoke is the death of brain resulting from a blockage of arteries in the heart angina pectoris is the partial blockage of coronary......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Atmospheric Circulation

...Atmospheric Circulation Zachary Carson-Gilmore October 12, 2013 Embry-Riddle Atmospheric Circulation On a nice summer evening as you walk across the beach heading home, you hear the waves crashing on the beach and the warm wind on your face. Have you ever wondered how wind is created and how we know it’s with us? There has been a time when I wished there was a breeze outside to dissipate some of the heat on the flight line, where it was so hot I couldn’t even touch the aircraft to work on it. On the other hand, I have wished that the wind would go away when we couldn’t get clearance to do any test flights because of high winds. Atmospheric circulation and how it affects aircraft performance is important to know and understand because of the problems it can create with an aircraft, but also how it can potentially benefit the airframe. But first we need to know what atmospheric circulation is and how it is created to understand the positives and negatives against aviation. “Atmospheric circulation is the movement of air at all levels of the atmosphere over all parts of the planet. The driving force behind atmospheric circulation is solar energy, which heats the atmosphere with different intensities at the equator, the middle latitudes, and the poles” ("Atmospheric Circulation", n.d.). Electromagnetic radiation is absorbed by the earth’s soil and by bodies of water. This reaction creates a heating effect and this effect is intensified during the summer months...

Words: 1294 - Pages: 6

Global Circulation

...sun rays are reaching the earth surface almost perpendicular to the region near the equator. This intense heat energy absorbed per unit area is much which causes tropics more warm then other part of the earth. The sunrays are more spread in temperate latitude compared to tropics. The less heat absorption in the temperate latitude makes this region less warm than tropics. Temperature change in the poles happens in an annual cycle because of the inclination of earth axis with respect to the path around the sun. In high latitude of northern and southern hemisphere experience a seasonal shift in the length of day due to the shift in the solar energy due to the shift of the earth axis. Heating of the earth surface and atmosphere drives circulation of the atmosphere and influences pattern of precipitation. The heat near the equator region causes the evaporation. It results the air warm and moist air. This warm air tends to move toward the poles and lose its temperature and condense. The condensation forms the cloud. This cloud causes the high precipitation in this region....

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

General

...tests 3 See also 4 References Intelligence[edit] Aptitude and intelligence quotient are related, and in some ways opposite views of human mental ability. Whereas intelligence quotient sees intelligence as being a single measurable characteristic affecting all mental ability, aptitude refers to one of many different characteristics which can be independent of each other, such as aptitude for military flight, air traffic control, or computer programming.[2] This is more similar to the theory of multiple intelligences. Concerning a single measurable characteristic affecting all mental ability, analysis of any group of intelligence test scores will nearly always show them to be highly correlated. The U.S. Department of Labor's General Learning Ability, for instance, is determined by combining Verbal, Numerical and Spatial aptitude subtests. In a given person some are low and others high. In the context of an aptitude test the "high" and "low" scores are usually not far apart, because all ability test scores tend to be correlated. Aptitude is better applied intra-individually to determine what tasks a given individual is more skilled at performing. Inter-individual aptitude differences are typically not very significant due to IQ differences. Of course this assumes individuals have not already been pre-screened for aptitude through some other process such as SAT scores, GRE scores, or finishing medical school. Combined aptitude and knowledge tests[edit] ......

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Generals

...Generals had all the financial tools needed to win a non-winnable war in Iraq and Afghanistan. . The United States never told a general that they could not have limitations financially .The so call budget for the War on terrorism rose year every after year from 2003 to 2008 and then leveled off after the surge. The War on terrorism is un winable because there is no way to judge the outcome since it needs a constant security for the United States. You would have to have no threats or acts against the Untied States for they’re to be true success. Over the last 12 years we have had a budget over 6 trillion Dollars to fight the Afghanistan and Iraq War. I group the two campaigns into one War since it is the War on terrorism. The mount is a extraordinary amount in our history of Wars the United States have spent 7 times more than the Vietnam War and a couple trillion and counting over the World War II. The money was spent on many thing to include training , man power, contracting, technology, and expansion with the area of operations. The helped the The Bushies started preparing us for an endless war just days after the 9/11 attack. In his most important policy speech, on September 20, 2001, the president called the war on terrorism "a task that does not end." A few days earlier, Dick Cheney said: "There's not going to be an end date when we're going to say, 'There, it's all over with.''' Donald Rumsfeld agreed that we "surely will not" eliminate terrorism......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

The General

...because of how he did it. Harold Lloyd made us laugh as much, Charlie Chaplin moved us more deeply, but no one had more courage than Buster. I define courage as Hemingway did: "Grace under pressure." In films that combined comedy with extraordinary physical risks, Buster Keaton played a brave spirit who took the universe on its own terms, and gave no quarter. I'm immersed in his career right now, viewing all of the silent features and many of the shorts with students at the University of Chicago. Having already written about Keaton's "The General" (1927) in this series, I thought to choose another title. "The Navigator," perhaps, or "Steamboat Bill, Jr.," or "Our Hospitality." But they are all of a piece; in an extraordinary period from 1920 to 1929, he worked without interruption on a series of films that make him, arguably, the greatest actor-director in the history of the movies. Most of these movies were long thought to be lost. "The General," with Buster as a train engineer in the Civil War, was always available, hailed as one of the supreme masterpieces of silent filmmaking. But other features and shorts existed in shabby, incomplete prints, if at all, and it was only in the 1960s that film historians began to assemble and restore Keaton's lifework. Now almost everything has been recovered, restored, and is available on DVDs and tapes that range from watchable to sparkling. It's said that Chaplin wanted you to like him, but Keaton didn't care. I think he cared, but was......

Words: 6535 - Pages: 27

General

...effluxion of time or obsolescence through technology and market changes. Accordingly, depreciation may arise even when asset has not been used in the current year but was ready for use in that year. The need for using the stand by bus may not have arisen during the year but that does not imply that the useful life of the bus has not been affected. Therefore, non-provision of depreciation on the ground that the bus was not used during the year is not tenable. As per para no. 10.1 of AS 10, ‘Accounting for Fixed Assets’, clearly states that the gross book value of the self constructed fixed asset includes the costs of construction that relate directly to the specific asset and the costs that are attributable to the construction activity in general can be allocated to the specific asset. If any internal profit is there it 1.80 1.40 3.20 PAPER – 1 : ACCOUNTING 3 should be eliminated. Saving of ` 1,50,000 on account of using its on work force is an unrealized/ internal profit, which should not be capitalized/recorded as per the standard. Thus, only ` 4,50,000 should be debited to the factory building account and not ` 6,00,000. Hence, the contention of the directors of the company to capitalize ` 6,00,000 as cost of factory building, on the ground that the company is fully entitled to employ an outside contractor is not justifiable. (d) As per AS 14, ‘Accounting for Amalgamations’ there are two types of amalgamation. In first type of amalgamation there is a genuine......

Words: 33857 - Pages: 136

General

...as a deflection or alteration in a long-term trajectory or pathway that commenced at an earlier in time (Sampson & Laub, 2005). The interest here is in understanding the offenders’ turning points which are responsible in redirecting trajectories and not mere temporary discourses in their lives’ the pathways. As such, a turning point is especially helpful in the study of alterations in deviant behaviors within different contexts and over the life span. Turning points offer potentially fruitful areas of investigation that may enhance an understanding of how and why offenders quit their behaviors over the long-term. Characteristics of Low Self-control or Impulsivity Self-control is an important concept under Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime (Pratt & Cullen, 2007). Individuals with low self-control are easily persuaded by situational factors. They become impulsive, risk-taking, insensitive, short-sighted, physical and nonverbal which predisposes them to criminal engagements. People with low self-control can be identified in various ways. They are unable to delay gratification due to their focus on the present. They often act impulsively with an immediate want for things. They become risk takers with little thought. People with low self-control also focus on themselves as opposed to other people which make them very insensitive. Empathy is of little import to them. As such, low self-control easily leads one into criminal behavior. Adolescent......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

General

...Care which is characterized by quality, compassionate medical care which is delivered in multispecialty and in an integrated academic institution. The clinic’s Model of Care portrays expectations for the clinic’s staff. Among the most important elements in the model include cooperative and collegial staff members that coordinate as a team (Berry & Seltman, 2008). Physicians are required to take their time and listen to their patients and assume personal responsibility for care in collaboration the patient’s personal physician. The allied health staff is required to exhibit strong work ethics that support their commitment to the Mayo Clinic. Every staff member is expected to selflessly share his/her expertise with colleagues and the general institution. The commitment to the Model of Care directly reflects the institution’s core values leading to the clinic’s repute as a global leader in health care service. There is greater emphasis on values, commitment and teamwork. Moreover, the clinic commits to embracing diversity in order to create an all inclusive and welcoming environment (Berry & Seltman, 2008). This diversity is integral to the institution’s mission of offering culturally relevant and excellent care to its diverse patients. It also fosters an all inclusive work atmosphere that appreciates diversity and allows employees to maximize on their......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

General

...been an important aspect in commanding and the demand of respect as well as recognition. This has evolved with time, new & modern technologies, fashion, grand car designs and the different types of acquired and preferred tastes in choices of fashion brands & class. Social situations make some of the greatest influences in fashion, style, accessories as well as the type of car you are to purchase. In ‘todays’ era we have an amazing range of cars to choose from and our intrinsic motivation comes from affordability, durability, brand communications, neediness, technology, social media as well social status. As I took a visit to GM Motors in Gaborone to look at some of the most popular car brands & style that Batswana men love to own, The General Manager ‘ Daryl’ described to me 3 different types of drivers we have in Botswana; The Family man; The young and aspiring youthful gentleman and the locally travelled gentleman. This made perfect sense to me because I realized how everyone of those gentlemen are different and part of where their influence in style and fashion may be derived. Fashion and style for men in Botswana used to be one of the nonfactors in consideration, how ever taken back 20 years ago, I remember Batswana men to have been a lot more fashion conscious and forward than women. For example, the infamous farmers kaki jacket is a must have for every farmer whether he is in town for a business meeting with colleagues over the weekend, is driving around the city......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

General

...fortified the HERO, and, like the vast followers condemned that the washroom squabble is a fake story pushed by the ordinance’s enemy (Houston Politics, 2015). Ben Hall won the debate because he is the lone candidate to come out against the HERO and prolongs to acquire support from the Hotze family along with alternate spiritual conservativeness. Although he concurs with other candidates that the city financial status along with the streets needs fitting, he also confesses he could lose or win this voting for his antagonism on the HERO decree. The preferred candidate that I favored is Ben Hall because he stands for the truth as well as the welfare of the people. He does not care to lose or win as long as it is for the good of the society. In general, I find him not be a selfish leader. References Eulau, H. (2015). Periodic election; vote. Available at http://global.britannica.com/topic/election-political-science [Accessed 11th November 2015]. Garza, N. (2014). A quick look at Houston’s Mayoral Candidates. Available at http://www.freepresshouston.com/a-quick-look-at-houston-mayoral-candidates/ [Accessed 11th November 2015]. Houston Politics. Houston Mayoral Race Candidates Face Off in Debate. Available at http://abc13.com/politics/houston-mayoral-race-candidates-face-off-in-debate/978446/ [Accessed 11th November......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Newspaper Circulation

...A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold, often called paid circulation, since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the reader. Readership figures are usually higher than circulation figures because of the assumption that a typical copy of the newspaper is read by more than one person. Circulation is certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations which is an industry body. It audits the paid-for circulation of the member newspaper companies. Readership is estimated by two different surveys, The Indian Readership Survey (IRS) and the National Readership Survey (NRS). [Recently a merger between the councils running the IRS and the NRS was announced and a new entity, Readership Studies Council of India (RSCI) was formed. The new readership survey under the aegis of RSCI would continue to be called IRS in order to leverage the continuity of the brand that the IRS has become for the Indian print industry in the last many years.] Possible Ways to Boost Circulation 1. Improve quality of news and editorial content. 2. Undertake effective marketing and promotional strategies to build or improve the newspaper’s image. 3. Offer free subscriptions or discounts to attract prospective readers. 4. Expand the range of distribution. 5. Identify a target market and apply marketing......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

SlySoft CloneDVD v2.9.2.7 Final. | Cincuenta Sombras Liberadas BluRay-Screeener | 2 Chainz – Based On A True Story II Me Deluxe Edition 2013 MP3 VBR LATEST ALBUM MAHIY