Foundations of Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By cacc1911
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Foundations of Psychology PSY/300 General Psychology
June 3, 2013

Foundations of Psychology
Modern psychology combines four major and distinct schools of thought, with each one containing possessing fundamental assumptions. Even though each individual perspectives maintains it distinction and individuality, they all have made influences to the developing science of psychology. (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). While they each focus on a different domain and function, each of them remain intertwined and attempt to answer basic questions of how the body and mind work together.
The Four Major Psychological Perspectives
The Psychodynamic Perspective The psychodynamic perspective was developed in the late nineteenth century by Sigmund Freud. He concluded that psychodynamic perspective has three key premises: 1. “People’s actions are determined by the way thoughts, feelings, and wishes are connected in their minds. 2. Many of these mental events occur outside of conscious awareness. 3. These mental processes may conflict with one another, leading to compromises among competing motives.” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011)
The Psychological Perspective remains to this day heavily debated with physiologist supporting its study and other calling for its abandonment.
The Behaviorist Perspective
The Behaviorist Perspective was developed by accident, early in the twentieth century by Ivan Pavlov. McLeod (2007) “Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion.” This perspective is that people have no free will and environment determines their behavior. New behaviors and reactions are learned through our interaction with our environment. We learn new behavior through traditional or operant conditioning over time (McLeod, 2007). Behaviorism was the dominant perspective in psychology…...

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