Forensic Nightmare

In: Science

Submitted By salemp2
Words 1284
Pages 6
A Forensic Nightmare
Shepherd Leach
Dawn George
March 25, 2013

The Enrique Camarena case was one of many mistakes on the part of the corrupt Mexican government. Evidence was improperly collected, scenes were contaminated and much evidence was lost or destroyed. The United States did what they could do and collected what they were able to collect to try and solve his murder and the murder of another agent. This paper will discuss the evidence that was collected, the steps that the investigators followed the many mistakes that were made and what was done well and what could have been done better. In the end the case was tried and the right people were convicted and the mystery solved. The case begins in February of 1985 with a man being shoved into the backseat of a small car from in front of a restaurant where Mr. Camarena was to meet his wife for lunch. This is also when the first of the mistakes in this case were made. A couple of well known drug traffickers were detained as suspects and then allowed to go, only to have it come out later that the Primer Comandante of the Mexican Federal Judicial Police was paid a six figure bribe for allowing the drug traffickers to go. The forensic evidence found in the case of Enrique Camarena was that of a small piece of burial sheet, a piece of rope, a portion of a pillowcase, lab reports, hair, fingerprint and soil samples and some fibers from a nylon rug or carpet. Most if not all the evidence was collected by the MFJP and small samples were given to the DEA upon request. This was another mistake in a series of mistakes committed on the part of the MFJP. Had the DEA been allowed to handle the case from the start things would have been much different. But one must respect the customs of another country when dealing with outside agencies. The steps that were followed by the crime…...

Similar Documents

The Nightmare

...The Nightmare Picture yourself sleeping in your bed then suddenly your door bursts open and you are taken away by someone you don’t know. Before you know it you’re being injected by needles and painful procedures are the next thing in line. Then you’re thrown into a dark lonely cage where all you can do is fear when the next terrifying procedure will be. This nightmare can only be described as animal experimentation. Over 100 million animals suffer and die every year in cruel chemical, drug, food and cosmetic tests, biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experiments that we can’t even begin to imagine. Plus, only 5% of these experiments only come out positive! No experiment is illegal, no matter how cruel, irrelevant to human health, or painful. Which really makes no since considering tons of people get arrested every day for animal cruelty, but yet it’s legal for people to do lethal and painful tests on them for “experimental” purposes only. Just how much do we really know what’s going on during those labs every day? To test cosmetics, household cleaners, and other everyday products, thousands of animals are poisoned, blinded, and killed every day by cruel and selfish corporations. Just think about that happening to your own animal, what would you say? Mice and rats are forced to inhale toxic fumes, dogs are force fed pesticides, and rabbits have harsh chemicals rubbed onto their skin and eyes. Is it really worth taking another......

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

“the Enrique Camarena Case: a Forensic Nightmare” Explanation

...“The Enrique Camarena Case: A Forensic Nightmare” Explanation CRJ 311 Forensics Instructor: Paul Stein November 19, 2012 “The Enrique Camarena Case: A Forensic Nightmare” Explanation The purpose of this paper is to discuss what went wrong with the investigation of the kidnapping and murder of a DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) source and Enrique Camarena, a special agent of the DEA February 7, 1985. Crime scenes can be confounding for they are much like a puzzle in which the pieces have to be found then turned until they fit together making a puzzle a complete picture. Sometimes there are pieces that cannot be found but when enough pieces are put together it is easy to picture in ones brain what that piece of evidence contained. No crime is committed without leaving some kind of evidence behind which is why there are different criminalist trained in how to find and charged with the job of studding and analyzing evidence so that even the cleverest of criminals can be found and prosecuted. There were several things that complicated the case mainly that there was a month between the time the two agents died and when their bodies were found decomposing. This meant that the evidence needed had to begin with the job that the agents were assigned to so that a link could be found from those crimes that tied them in with the death of the agents. Time span proved to be difficult and finding the original crime scene (the area in which the crime was committed before the bodies......

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6


...Restoration of Obliterated Marks in Forensic Science Practice and Investigations R. Kuppuswamy Forensic Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Malaysia 1. Introduction 1.1 The problem A problem of common occurrence in forensic science is the restoration of obliterated serial numbers on the chassis and engine of stolen motor vehicles, firearms, jewellery, valuable tools, and machinery (Nickols, 1956; Wolfer & Lee, 1960; Jackson, 1962; Cunliffe & Piazaa, 1980; De Forest & Gaensslen, 1983; Schaefer, 1987; O’Hara & O’Hara, 1994; Moenssens et al (1995); Heard, 1997; Petterd, 2000; Lyle, 2004; Katterwe, 2006; Seigel, 2007; Mozayani & Noziglia, 2006; Jackson et al (2008); Levin, 2010). Serial numbers or other markings, which are unique to that particular item, are usually marked on the above metal surfaces during the manufacturing process. Criminals alter or obliterate these identification marks during thefts or other illegal uses in order to prevent their identity. On many occasions a fraudulent number would be introduced after removing the original one. In abandoned vehicles all serial numbers are verified in order to detect alterations in the identity of the vehicle (Svensson et al, 1981). Sometimes the serial numbers on firearms are removed more professionally making it hard to distinguish whether the numbers are original or not (Shoshani et al, 2001). Restoration of the original obliterated numbers provides important forensic evidence in......

Words: 10345 - Pages: 42


...files of a source drive, to save space on the target drive. Hashing helps check the integrity of the data. Various tools can integrate metadata into the image file But there exits an inability to share an image between different vendors’ computer forensics analysis tools. Like ILook imaging tool IXimager produces IDIF, IRBF, and IEIF but can be read only by ILook. Proprietary format tools produce a segmented file of 650 MB. Maximum file size per segment can be 2 GB. 2. Disk-to-disk copy: UNIX/Linux dd command does disk-to-disk copy. dd command is very easy and effective in a Linux machine. But for that we need equal or larger space in the target disk to copy full image from the source disk. Raw formatting is a technique in which we use dd command to generate image files which are split into smaller segments and are exact bit-by-bit replica of the original disk. These are sequential flat files of the source drive. Hardware and software duplicators are available for disk to disk copy. Hard duplicators like Logicube Talon,etc and software duplicators like SafeBack, EnCase, etc. Raw format is faster data transfers and has the ability to disregard minor data read errors. Versatility is a big deal as the output because many forensics tools can read the raw format, making it a universal acquisition format for most tools. It needs equal storage space as compression option is unavailable. Freeware versions, sometimes might not collect marginal (bad) sectors on the source......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4


...Subspecialties of forensic psychologySubspecialties of forensic psychologySubspecialties of forensic psychology Forensic psychology is defined as the application of psychological knowledge to the legal system (Bartol & Bartol, 2012: 6). The concept of forensic psychology can be misunderstood, because the definition does not explain much. The easiest way to explain forensic psychology is to break it down into its subspecialties and describe where psychological knowledge can be applied. There are five subspecialties of forensic psychology, namely police psychology, psychology of crime and delinquency, victimology and victim services, legal psychology and correctional psychology. I will discuss legal psychology and correctional psychology. · Legal psychology Legal psychology is the study of human behavior relevant to the law. This subspecialty of forensic psychology consists of those theories that describe, explain and predict human behavior by reference to the law. Bartol & Bartol (2012) described that early in a case when attorneys are preparing for a trial and gathering information psychologist can be called in to testify. Main roles of a forensic psychologist in the USA includes, acting as a consultant to law enforcement, acting as trial consultants (jury selection, case preparation and pre-trial publicity), presenting psychology to appeal courts, doing forensic assessment and acting as an expert witness (insanity defense, competence to stand trial, sentencing, eyewitness...

Words: 1988 - Pages: 8


...Forensic Psychology Abstract: U.S. Supreme Court Rules in Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael Case (No. 97—1709. Argued December 7, 1998–Decided March 23, 1999) On March 23, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael, No. 97-1709, that all types of expert evidence are subject to the relevance and reliability ‘gatekeeping’ function that the Supreme Court had articulated with respect to scientific evidence in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993). The Court further held that trial judges have substantial discretion or ‘considerable leeway’ to determine how to evaluate relevance and reliability and to make a determination on whether to admit the expert evidence. While this decision will make it more difficult when judges are hostile to the type of expert testimony being offered by plaintiffs, there were some helpful aspects to the Court’s opinion that lawyers for plaintiffs should know and emphasize: • The Court rejected arguments that all, or even one, of the four Daubert factors (testing, peer review, error rates, and scientific acceptability) must be satisfied for the testimony to be admissible, noting that even in scientific evidence cases the Daubert factors ‘do not all necessarily apply’; • The Court endorsed the idea that expert testimony from reliable fields of study that conforms with the standards used in that discipline should be admissible (In doing so, the Court was......

Words: 395 - Pages: 2


...medical examiners use similar phrases. Most people enjoy watching CSI, Criminal minds, and Law and Order. If you haven’t guessed by now, I am totally interested in crime scenes and how people die. A forensic pathologist is a great profession that requires hard work, dedication, and flexibility. A Forensic Pathologist is a person who examines the bodies of people who died suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently. They are in charge of determining a person death. A medical examiner perform autopsy and trace evidence from the body for further information. This profession works hand and hand with criminal law. As a medical examiner, you are responsible for finding the exact cause of death. “I wanted to be a forensic scientist for a long time. It's like putting the pieces of a puzzle together. Solving mysteries seemed like it would be fun, scary and exciting all at the same time.” Forensic Pathologist performs a full death investigation. As a coroner, evaluates crime scene evidence. There is a large vocabulary that forensic pathologist must learn. The terminology that medical examiners use is totally different from everyday language. They use medical terms that doctors use for body parts. Education is very important no matter what career path you choose. For a forensic pathologist, you will need plenty of education you must go to high school and college; you must also make good grades. In high school, you should strive to keep a B average. Asking your......

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5


...antigen found on the surface of red blood cells 85% of human population is Rh+ Anibodies are Y-shaped proteins secreted by white blood cells that attach to foreign antigens to destroy them. If you have blood type A, you have Antigens on your red blood cells, and B antibodies in your blood plasma. Those B antibodies will clump if mixed with B antigens. Genotype I(b) I(b) Phenotype Blood type B Heterozygous I(a) I (i) Homozygous I(a) I(a) Chapter 10 Serology is used to describe a broad scope of laboratory tests that use specific antigen and serum antibody reactions The concept of specific antigen-antibody reactions has been applied to immunology techniques for the reaction of drugs of abuse in blood and urine. Forensics of Blood The determination of blood is best made by means of a preliminary color test. A-B-O vs. DNA Seminal stains- sexual contact Blood spatter analyst at crime sense Transfer of blood Arterial spurting----splash of blood---dribble down on the wall Blood drip onto blood---surface Violence of event (energy) Very energetic event-----gun shots Falling drop of blood Spherical------ hit at an angle Multiple blood droplets---plot backwards---point of convergence=source of blood...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2


...Forensic Pathology In the many months I’ve researched Forensic Pathology, I’ve found so many roads that I have to take in order to get there. I have been pursuing this dream since my freshmen year. I found so many interesting, shocking, and yet some upsetting things. I realized that not everything is positive when it comes to choosing your career. When actually seeing, physically what Forensic Pathology really is, you’ll be shocked about it. Since reading about it and actually doing the job, it’s so different it never crossed my mind that it would be so much work. There are many steps to becoming a Forensic Pathologist. The education for it takes many years, but yet it is possible. A forensic pathologist (which is known to most people as a medical examiner), is heavily involved in the criminal justice system and medical system. The medical examiner's main job is to conduct an autopsy on the victim of any unnatural form of death. Their primary task in potential criminal cases is to find the cause of death and confirm if it was homicidal, suicidal, or an accident. They perform autopsies, write out autopsy reports, look over victim's medical records, and interview the victim's next of kin. They also have to be trained in the legal system and to be able to testify in court cases involving death or injury (“Forensic Pathology,” 2009). Most forensic pathologist start as a resident, then after residency they awarded the title medical examiner. They can continue working to......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2


...this research paper was to analyze three anti-forensic techniques for potential methods of mitigating their impact on a forensic investigation. Existing research in digital forensics and anti-forensics was used to determine how altered metadata, encryption, and deletion impact the three most prominent operating systems. The common file systems for these operating systems were analyzed to determine if file system analysis could be used to mitigate the impact of the associated anti-forensic technique. The countermeasures identified in this research can be used by investigators to reduce the impact of anti-forensic techniques on an investigation. Also, the results could be used as a basis for additional research. File system analysis can be used to detect and mitigate the impact of the three methods of anti-forensics researched under the right circumstances. Some areas of anti-forensics and file systems have been relatively well-researched. However continued research is necessary to keep pace with changes in file systems as well as anti-forensic techniques. Keywords: Cybersecurity, Albert Orbinati, Windows, Linux, Macintosh, file table. MITIGATING THE IMPACT OF ANTI-FORENSIC TECHNIQUES THROUGH FILE SYSTEM ANALYSIS by Gabriel A. Flynn A Capstone Project Submitted to the Faculty of Utica College August 2012 in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science Cybersecurity – Intelligence & Forensics © Copyright 2012 by Gabriel Flynn All......

Words: 11835 - Pages: 48


...of Nightmare Human beings go through a mundane cycle of work, school and extra curricular activities that at the end of the day, they look forward to relaxation and sleeping which is fundamental to their health and well being. The main focus in this research paper is to examine the nature of a certain kind of dreaming in a stage of sleep, also known as a nightmare. Nightmare may professed a state of distress that once awaken a person may suffer despair, anxiety, and great sadness because of the strong emotional reaction. Nightmare is a kind of dream that occurs during the rapid eye movement stage of sleep. Dreaming itself can have wavering natures such as melancholic, adventurous, frightening, exciting, and sexual. Sigmund Freud who is most known for his psychoanalytical theory study about dreams, interpreted that dreaming is a ‘royal road to the unconscious’ or also known as the will-fulfillments (Sigmund Frued). Describing the will-fulfillments as it dreams the defense mechanism is lessened so that some of the subjugated material comes through to awareness without any bias. In other words, dreams implement vital functions for the unconscious mind and operate as a valuable clue to how the unconscious mind works. In retrospect, going in-depth into dreaming brings the subject of nightmare. Experiencing a nightmare can be hostile and disturbing that the dream may enclose situations of threat, distress, and physical or psychological terror. Interestingly, nightmare......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Rhetoric on America's Nuclear Nightmare

...powerful weapons, but also a promising alternative to fossil fuels for the new age of energy demands. In Jeff Goodell’s article, “America’s Nuclear Nightmare”, the topic of injustice for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and its affiliates is raised. We live in a society where more people are needed to be aware of preventable catastrophes, which is the matter that Goodell brings up. The injustice I refer to is that of the NRC’s negligence to comply with proper safety protocol and renovation to addressing the serious domestic threat of aging nuclear reactors. Since its inception, the NRC has pushed nuclear power to the people, but has since let its duty to the public fail the test of moral obligation. Skirting safety investigations and legitimate refitting of old nukes, the NRC and the industry it puppeteers could end up with a nuclear meltdown on its hands. The cost for such inaction may very well include billions of taxpayer dollars in cleanup and aid, and the untold millions of displaced or irradiated civilians. Though Goodell’s article does address the possibility of imminent risk taken by the nuclear industry, he falls short in conveying the sense of urgency that is needed in order to effect change for America’s nuclear industry, ultimately making his article more PAST than CUSP. My analysis and research will fill in the gaps of forensic evidence and touch on the due deliberation by improving upon Goodell’s poor use of rhetorical modes. One of the PAST things that......

Words: 2263 - Pages: 10

A Civil Nightmare

...Principal Mr. Allen telling Mrs. Yadamah, my fourth grade teacher that LBS (Liberia Broadcasting System) reported this morning that rebels were coming to take over the government from President Samuel K. Doe and we would have to be in our homes for at least two weeks until they were done. For me, this meant that I would not have the chance to play for two whole weeks especially on my Christmas and New Year break so I was trying to play all I could before being forced to remain indoor for two long weeks. What is wrong with these people? I thought to myself. Don’t they know that we are on our Christmas break and want to have fun with our friends and family? Later did I know that this was not just a two week play restriction, but a 15 year Civil Nightmare that would change my life and the lives of every single Liberian. Liberia, sweet land of liberty; oh how I love my country. I still remember when we would sit on our back porch in the night and watch the stars when the moon was bright while listening to our grandmother tell us spider stories. Those memories are treasured in my heart forever. There was 24 hours electricity and running water; something that has become a luxury since the war erupted. On some Sundays, we would get in our father’s green Pajero Jeep and drive to Sophie Ice Cream Shop in Sinkor, Monrovia or right next door to Bonjal in Rehab for the best ice cream ever made. We’ll have cotton candy, popcorn, soft drink, and anything we wanted; it was family time.......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

The Nightmare

...The nightmare Patricia rose late. She had never been an early riser, but that night she had slept more heavily than usual. The previous day had been hard to get through. She came downstairs to find the house empty apart from her husband Roy, who was growling into the telephone in the sitting room. She made herself some coffee and interrupted him. “Who are you talking to?” asked Patricia curiously. Roy didn’t answer her and continued the conversation. Patricia took a gulp of the coffee and started thinking. She couldn’t believe what had happened. One month ago her life was perfect, but one thing had changed it. Roy interrupted her thoughts: “I talked to the estate agent in the telephone. He hadn’t sold our old house yet. Patricia became discontented but she didn’t say anything. She just left the living room and went upstairs to the bedroom. She lay back in bed again. Patricia found it still very strange that they didn’t live in their old house anymore. But she really hoped that this new house would make a new start in her life. It was him! He was going down the street. She was quite sure. “James! It’s your mother. I knew you were here. I can’t believe that you left me without saying goodbye.” Patricia started running, but she couldn’t reach him. “Mom, it’s too late. You need to let me go. I am in good hands. Goodbye” “Patricia, wake up! Your mother is here. She really wants to talk with you.” Patricia woke up frightened. It was just another of hundreds dream. Roy sat......

Words: 472 - Pages: 2


...DNA is a molecule that contains the body’s genetic information. ”DNA typing is also known as DNA profiling and genetic fingerprinting. Forensic investigators use this method to identify the suspects involved in a criminal case(s). “Although 99.9% of human DNA sequences are the same in every person, enough of the DNA is different to distinguish one individual from another.” ( A Mr. Alec Jefferys first documented the DNA typing procedure in 1984 at the University of Leicester in England. Inside ones DNA, we find what is called Short Tandem Repeats (STR). It is known why STR exist, but what is significant is that over 30 percent of human DNA is made up by these STR. “STRs are locations on the chromosome that contain short sequence elements that repeat themselves with in the DNA molecule.”(Saferstein, R pg.397) With Polymerase Chain Reaction or PCR technology, DNA research has made leaps and bounds. This method greatly enhances a single piece of DNA and makes thousands of copies of that particular DNA sequence. Another reason PCR is proven beneficial is that it moves shorter strands of DNA that are supposed to be more stable and less subjected to degradation, as oppose to the longer strand that break in bad environment atmospheres. Particularly PCR can enhance the STRs found in individuals blood and can be used to tell the difference between different individuals DNA, thereby proving a person innocent or guilty. In criminal investigations today DNA is used...

Words: 1256 - Pages: 6

Women's Shoes | Baixar XAPK | 1 Liter Bottle Koozie Insulated Sleeve Cooler Carbonated Soda Water Soda Stream