Foodbornue Illness Short Answer Questions

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Salmonella (Food Bourne Illness) * What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite.
The infectious agent (pathogen) that causes Salmonella is called Salmonella Enteriditis. Salmonella is a non-motile, rod-shaped, and gram-negative, that doesn’t form spores. Bacterium within the Enterobacteriaceae and tribe Salmonellae. Salmonella is divided between two species; S. Enterica and S. Bongori. The three main serovars of Salmonella enterica are Typhimurium, Enteritidis, and Typhi. Salmonella can cause two types of illness; nontyphoidal salmonellosis and typhoid fever. Salmonella communicates with fellow bacteria via AHL (Acyle Homeoserine Lactone). Infecting the cell, multiplies, then bursts the cell. Salmonella symptoms include: diarrhea, fever, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting and headaches. It takes between six and seven hours to become ill, usually lasting three to four days, but some bacteria may be presented for much longer. * How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water?
The infection is mostly caused by ingestion by contaminated food, water or fecal particles. This bacteria is found within humans, farmed, pets and birds, particularly chickens. Good hygiene along with appropriate food handling, storage and cooking have important roles in preventing disease. Salmonella illness is worldwide and contaminates almost any food type. From raw eggs, raw meat, egg products, fresh vegetables, cereal, pistachio, nuts, tomatoes and contaminated water. Washing hands thoroughly with soap and hot running water, disposing of paper towels and avoid using cloth towels to prevent the spread of bacteria from one person to another. * What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States?
The most recently, salmonella outbreak in…...

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