Ethical Issues and Principles with Gardasil

In: Social Issues

Submitted By stephk
Words 1659
Pages 7
For the past several years, there has been a growing awareness of the epidemic of sexually transmitted diseases. One disease in particularly, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), affects over six million individuals every year, comprised mostly of girls between fifteen and twenty-five years of age. Because there are over a hundred strains of this disease, contributing to about 70% of all cervical cancer cases, scientists have researched and developed a vaccine to protect against several strains of HPV. This vaccine is called Gardasil. The research that led to the development of the vaccine started in the 1980s, and finally in June of 2006 a pharmaceutical company, Merck & Co., had the vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Keywords: epidemic, Human Papilloma Virus, vaccine, Gardasil, Merck & Co

Ethical Issues and Principles with Gardasil
After 5 years of clinical trial, Gardasil has been proven to protect against four of about 40 types of HPV, according to the CDC's informational brochure. HPV strains 6 and 11 are responsible for 90 % of genital warts diagnosed in the United States, and HPV strains 16 and 18 are responsible for 70 % of cervical cancers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). More specifically, Gardasil is expected to reduce the incidence of HPV related genital disease, including cervical, penile, vulvar, vaginal, anal cancer, precancerous lesions, genital warts, and laryngeal papillomatosis. In order to produce the vaccine, which costs patients about $360 for 3 shots, pleasant to American consumers, Merck took attention away from its controversial qualities. The company marketed Gardasil as a “cervical cancer vaccine, with girls in advertisements repeating the "one less" mantra--"one less woman who will battle cervical cancer” (Snider, 2010). This vaccine is recommended for children, both boys and…...

Similar Documents

Ethical Issue

...and ethical conduct. It just as with society does not suggest any real safe, because sustains complete social cooperation or noncooperation of developing moral code, for controlling the misuse of technology. Ethics in Security Most organizations bargain along very large space about online network, it apprehend unsocial barriers or general limit of influential. With various values and assents, organizations combine with people from various parts of the world. Users also required having a certain amount of responsibility and good behaviors while using laws to manage through of the Internet. It applies additionally into common application for computer tools. Satisfactory to society it’s not possible to specify laws to contain effect variety of behaviors. Comprehension of socially obtained behavior to develop society base on ethics. Individually ethics are cannot be forced like laws. Ethical beliefs can be change more easily base on situation. In this kind of situation it’s want to be set some sort of social standard with remark to the use of computer assets. People should attempt to carry out and to set up codes of ethical behavior in this manner encumbrance about organizations, associations, internet access providers, groups, plus like nation. Society perspective, only ethics would be plenty to have clearly in an ideal world. Dominated the user community also deep expertise network abide grate valuable moderate plus carry on remarkably. Web start to knowledge issues......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Ethical Issues

...Ethics Issues University of Phoenix MGT 216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility 20th July, 2009 Ethics Issues Less than a year ago a regional property supervisor working for California Commercial Investment found an accountant stealing from the company. More specifically, the accountant was posting charges for one of our buildings (i.e. labor and supplies for painting), cutting checks, misleading the owner to sign them and cashing them for himself. He was able to steal a few thousand dollars with his unethical behavior before being caught by the property supervisor. Unethical behaviors like the one previously described are not uncommon in today’s business world. Indeed, workers during the course of their careers can face several ethical issues; therefore, understanding what business ethics is and how to deal with ethics issues can increase the chances to take appropriate actions when ethics issues occur. Bateman & Snell (2008) stated that business ethics “comprises the moral principles and standards that guide in the world business” (p. 181). In today’s business world, every organization has a legal responsibility to obey local, federal, state, and international laws. Further, every organization has an ethical responsibility which means meeting social expectations that are not translated in laws. Finally, every organization has a corporate social responsibility which is “the obligation toward society assumed by business. The socially responsible business......

Words: 1144 - Pages: 5

Ethical Issues

...With the advancement of growing technologies, competitors in market are also growing. This had resulted in various ethical issues in any business. Every business organization must comply with these principles to be ethically valued. Some companies may tend to boost their sales by following various techniques, most common among them is the promotional adaptations, in which they will not completely give the details of the product and hence customers are in one way or the other defrauded. Ethics covers a wider area in terms of business. Ethical values, one should follow in business should satisfy the customers, employee and employer. There are values that should be satisfied internally within the organization, between the employer and employee or between employees. 1. Treating one or more employees with partiality is also unethical. 2. The business organization should not give out the customer details to any other third parties without the consent of the customer in the written form. The customer is eligible to determine whether he would like to give his details to the third party or not, or which third party to choose and to terminate the details whenever he wishes. 3. The company should be able to change the information of the customers whenever they request it to. In addition, the company should be able to retrieve the information whenever the customer wishes to. However, once the contracts of the clients are completed, or the customer is no longer within the......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Ethical Principles

...3 Ethical Principles Moral Objectivism- -Morality is objective- moral standards are not created by human beings or human societies -Moral standards are unchanging. Moral standards are eternal and do not change throughout time or from location to location. -Moral standards are universal-there is a uniform set of moral standards that is the same for all people, regardless of human differences like race gender, wealth, and social change (Fieser, J. & Moseley, A. (2012)) * I believe that there are several companies that would use moral objectivism but the one that come to mind would be the judicial system. With this they really don’t manufacture products nor do they produce profits. With the judicial system moral objectivism plays apart where the employees are treated equally and the extended group of people that plays a part of the judicial system abide by the rules of the government locally, state and federally. Psychological egoism- All forms of egoism require explication of “self-interest” (or “welfare” or “well-being”). There are two main theories. Preference or desire accounts identify self-interest with the satisfaction of one's desires. Often, and most plausibly, these desires are restricted to self-regarding desires. ( Psychological egoism claims that each person has but one ultimate aim: her own welfare. This allows for action that fails to maximize perceived self-interest, but rules out the sort of......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Ethical Issues

...Gwendolyn White HSM/230 August 4, 2014 The NASW code of ethics only applies to people who are members of the NASW - though may be applied by the state if someone is licensed in the state (many state licenses will indicate they use the NASW code of ethics). The code is most effective in areas of clear ethical violations (e.g. someone engages in a clear damaging dual relationship). They are most effective when the evidence is clear, obvious, compelling and overwhelming - you can look at the NASW site for who has been sanctioned. The NASW Code of Ethics is intended to serve as a guide to the everyday professional conduct of social workers. This Code includes four sections. The first Section, "Preamble," summarizes the social work profession's mission and core values. The second section, "Purpose of the NASW Code of Ethics," provides an overview of the Code's main functions and a brief guide for dealing with ethical issues or dilemmas in social work practice. The third section, "Ethical Principles," presents broad ethical principles, based on social work's core values that inform social work practice. The final section, "Ethical Standards," includes specific ethical standards to guide social workers' conduct and to provide a basis for adjudication. If you believe a social work member of NASW is in violation of this Code of Ethics, one of your options is to file a complaint with NASW (see NASW Procedures for Professional Review [PDF; requires Adobe Acrobat Reader]). ...

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Ethical Principles

...Business Ethics Concepts & Cases Manuel G. Velasquez ABSTRACT Summary of the main points of the first two chapters in the book. The remaining chapters are application of the concepts summarized as relating to political forms of government and market systems. These further chapters are less relevant to the DBA class that this summary was prepared for. Chapter 1 – Ethics & Business Ethics is the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group. It is the study of morality. Morality are the standards that an individual or group has about what is right and wrong, or good and evil. Moral norms can usually be expressed as general rules or statements, such as “Always tell the truth”. Moral values can usually be expressed as statements describing objects or features of objects that have worth, such as “Honesty is good” and “Injustice is bad”. Five characteristics can help pin down the nature of moral standards. 1. Moral standards deal with matters that we think can seriously injure or seriously benefit human beings. 2. Moral standards are not established or changed by the decisions of particular legislative bodies. 3. We feel that moral standards should be preferred to other values including (especially?) self-interest. 4. Moral standards are based on impartial considerations. – that is, a point of view that does not evaluate standards according to whether they advance the interests of a particular individual or group, but one that......

Words: 7571 - Pages: 31

Ethical Principles and Organizational Issues

...Ethical Principles and Organizational Issues Sidney Holsey ETH/316 February 23, 2014 Irma Flores-Brothers Ethical Principles and Organizational Issues Ethical principles and organizational issues are an area of the corporate world that successful businesses practice and adhere to on a regular basis. The significance is ever important as the growth and development of technology in continuous. Companies need to be conscious of ethical responsibilities of their products and decisions. Privacy is becoming ever problematic due to the fact that companies can gain access to individuals’ information by way of website history. This information is attainable as a person frequents to a website and develops customer trends through cookies, web bugs, and other means. Succeeding ethical principles is necessary to keep corporations operational and clear from any negative consequences that unethical practices may lead to. This paper will look at a variety of areas ethics relates to the corporate world, such as, privacy, technological trends, and liability, as well as several other significant areas. Close to four million consumers and close to 46k megawatts of producing ability, Atlanta’s Southern Company is the primary energy provider attending the Southeastern region of the U.S. on behalf of its affiliates (, 2015). One of the leading producers of uncontaminated, safe, dependable and reasonable energy in the U.S., Southern Company is the owner of......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Ethical Issues

...Discuss various ethical issues that would be likely to have bearing upon company commercial relations with suppliers Ethical Issues With diverse gatherings included in the inventory network handle there is dependably an issue of who is in effect reasonable and overall. Pressures emerge in inventory network primarily because of the apparent comprehension of 'reasonable play' between different gatherings. What may appear to be as a true blue course of completing the business may be seen as an unreasonable exchange hone by the other. So underneath are a portion of the moral issues confronted by the gatherings included in the inventory network process. Producers There are various moral issues that a maker could conceivably confront in a store network process. Working conditions, work rates, youngster work, environment disagreeable works on (counting creation of merchandise and transfer of squanders), use of characteristic assets are a percentage of the elements in which an association can go amiss from its reasonable business hones. A few associations with the support of the administration in their country resort to abuse of the accessible assets either by misusing the political unsteadiness or by nourishing the degenerate officials of the host country. These activities make a feeling of disappointment among the workforce in the more extended run which may bring about disturbance in the generation process. Likewise ecological debasement can't be discounted if the association......

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Ethical Issues

...Andrew Cabrera Ethics in Business Ethical Diversity in Management 03/12/2015 In the year 1961, affirmative action was introduced. Since its arrival, debates became natural and controversy was part of criteria. In order for the people considered minorities in our country, as well as women to have somewhat of leverage within the work environment, there must me different views. The work force in which a company has desired to develop, should always offer equality and should be unique in its own way. After the establishment of affirmative action, people still have their discrepancies about it not being fair, and signs of discrimination towards others, but with a need there is a way. Companies must still triumph to create a divert plan. A company that wants to succeed and grow beyond others must be acknowledged. I believe its important for companies to have a distinct plan that will put them a step above competitors within a community (Fiske). Equal opportunity laws have been created by the government to support the much needed attention on diversity. These laws require that as a company within a community, no matter their sex, race, religious preferences, sex origin or age, they must administer the same commitment and options to each applicant. When companies want to avert complaints on discrimination, the EEO laws come into play. Any previous discriminant actions can be resolved and corrected with a well thought out plan,......

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Ethical Issues

...●● learning OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 3, you will be able to: LO1 LO2 Explain how companies influence their ethics environment. LO3 Outline a process for making ethical decisions. LO4 Summarize the important issues surrounding corporate social responsibility. LO5 Discuss reasons for businesses’ growing interest in the natural environment. LO6 bat37233_ch03_050-071.indd 51 Describe how different ethical perspectives guide decision making. Identify actions managers can take to manage with the environment in mind. 11/11/09 11:01:16 AM Confirming Pages ● ETHICS The system of rules that governs the ordering of values. This chapter addresses the values and manner of doing business adopted by managers as they carry out their corporate and business strategies. In particular, we will explore ways of applying ethics, the system of rules that governs the ordering of values. We do so based on the premise that managers, their organizations, and their communities thrive over the long term when the managers apply ethical standards that direct them to act with integrity. In addition, we consider the idea that organizations may have a responsibility to meet social obligations beyond earning profits within legal and ethical constraints. As you study this chapter, consider what kind of manager you want to be. What reputation do you hope to have? How would you like others to describe your behavior as a......

Words: 15103 - Pages: 61

Ethical Principles

...Ethical Principles Paper Nadia Brown University of Phoenix Ethical Principles Paper Henrietta Lacks was born on August 1, 1920, in Roanoke, Virginia and she died due to complications of cervical cancer on October 4, 1951.She had been receiving treatment at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. At the hospital she was treated with radium tube inserts, which is said to be the standard treatment for cervical cancer in 1951. As a matter of routine, samples of her cervix were removed without permission. Henrietta was 31 years old when she died. In this time it was customary for doctors and researchers to remove cells from a person for testing. Likewise cells were taken from Henrietta. The problem was that the cells were taken from her body without her knowledge or consent. These cells were later used to form the HeLa cell. The HeLa cell has been used many times over in medical research since they were removed from the body of Henrietta Lacks. The lack of consent in this case shined a light on the legal and ethical issues involved in medical research. On October 4, 1951 Henrietta Lacks died, but unlike others her cells did not die. Samples of her cells were removed from her body without her permission. During this time doctors frequently removed cells from patients without their permission or consent. Informed consent did not come into practice until the late 1970s due to another controversial case, the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment of 1932-1972.......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Ethical Principles

...Ethical Principles John Durham III PSY/305 March 7, 2016 Dr. Daven Salmi Ethical Principles Introduction The ethical issue that I chose to examine was an article about the relationship between ethical and abusive coaching behaviors and student-athlete well-being. I found this article very interesting because not a lot of people are aware of the ethical issues that have been and are currently going on in the athletic background. Believe it or not there are many ethical issues that relate to psychology in the athletic field. Ethical Issues in Collegiate Athletics One of the biggest ethical issues in collegiate athletics was the abusive behaviors of the coaches to the athletes. This is a big ethical issue because the actions and behavior of the coaches resulted in the players to cheat. When you look at coaches you think of them as the parent of many children on the field or in the gym. The ability of coaches to impact the performance of their athletes is well established (Horn, 2008; Weiss, Smith, & Stuntz, 2008). When a coach instructs an athlete to perform certain actions the first response of the athlete is to do what the coach says. Part of the duty of coach is to prepare athletes for competition through physical training, planning, and instructions; as well as designing strategies and game plans that affect the performance of their athletes and teams during competition. Preparing and motivating athletes to succeed during competition is an important......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Ethical Principles

...Ethical Principles Paper Joe Garcia PSY/305 June 29, 2016 Dr. Christa Branton Ethical Principles According to the American Psychological Association (2016), “in psychology, APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists lays out the standards of psychologist and identifies behaviors that deserve punishment” (Ethics). It also identifies the Ethical principles issues, issues that have been violated, diversity implications that are involved, and strategies to mitigate those ethical issues. The Issue “Some people behave in a certain way because they don’t think they’ll be caught, whereas others know the difference between right and wrong and do what’s right even if they can get away with it” (Landrum & Davis, 2016, "Ethical Issues for Psychology Majors"). According to several studies done throughout the nation, approximately 40 to 60 percent of college students self-reported that they have cheated at least once during their college career. Over 50 percent of that number stated they cheated regularly (Landrum & Davis, p. 163, 2016). Colleges and Universities have a hard time legislating ethical behavior even with set academic dishonesty policies and honor codes in place. According to Landrum & Davis (2016), “Cheating is a short-term solution that leads to bigger problems” (p. 164). I agree with Landrum & Davis’ statement. You can only so as to say “wing it” for so......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Ethical Issue

...In our recent lectures, we discussed numerous ethical foundations that exhibit day to day life and its meaning. Christianity ethics is the ethical foundation that I most discussed in the previous paper. The reason I stressed this ethical issue is because I feel it can be implemented by many in all career and success. My future career is in psychology, which is a field that deal majority with behavior. The ethical issue that would most likely happen in my career is a confidentiality breech. If and when I am a psychologist I will deal with a lot of confidential information with my clients/patients. I'm sure there will be a time when I am accused of leaking this information to others, betraying my clients/patients privacy. How is it that my ethical foundation can be used to solve such a situation? Christianity ethics are base solely on morals. In my previous paper I discussed the good in the higher power, such as God, that we believe in. In order to resolve the issue with confidentiality I would start with morals. Most Christians use prayer as well. Within prayer, we feel that if we call on a higher being such as God, all conflicts will be resolved; not when we want them to, but right on time. The Holy Bible is like a guide for the ethical foundation in which I practice. It gives regulations of a holy life; if you follow these regulations then you are liable to live a structured, successful life. Therefore I would use prayer and the structure given from the Bible. ...

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Ethical Issues

...Why are ethical issues a major concern in organization? When it comes to ethics I believe that it starts with ones morals, although morals are based on one beliefs and ethics is based on a code of conduct I believe you don’t have one without the other. So within any organization I believe that their goals is to insure that things are some right by ensure that the companies code of conduct is being consider when needed and applied. In our text on page 23 the authors does a great job of explaining ethics. They “say that ethics involves the study of moral issues and choices. It is concerned with right verse wrong, good verse bad and the many shades of gray in supposedly black and white issues.” Moral and ethical issues are in every one life on a daily bases, whether they are on the job or in their personal life. ((KInicki & Kreitner, 2009) I feel that it’s very important that a manager makes the right decision within an organization. If unethical behavior or code of conduct is present within an organization employees may feel that behavior is welcome and awarded. Subordinated would than lose respect for upper management within the organization. What individual influences impact ethical behavior? In our text the author teaches about the model of individual ethical behaviors and how a person has a unique set of personality characteristics, values, moral principles, history of reinforcement, and gender; meaning that people whom feel that they have higher morals tend......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Orphan black | Dragon Ball Z: Plan to Eradicate Saiyans Episode 2 English Subbed | Mirror Master