Free Essay

Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By emilygray2014
Words 2849
Pages 12
|Coursework Assistance: Essay Suggestions |[pic] |

|Birdsong |
| |
|PERSONAL INFORMED INTERPRETATION |
| |
|Students who decide to write this type of essay should be aware of what is meant by the term ‘personal informed |
|interpretation’. Think of this phrase as three separate words: |
| |
|‘Personal’ - What does the novel mean to you? How does it make you feel? This does not have to be a positive feeling - just |
|because someone you know loves this novel above all others, does not mean that you have to! However, do not just write your |
|essay in the form of a ‘rant’ - your reasons, whether you love or loathe the novel, must be reasoned and reasonable, but |
|above all, personal. |
| |
|‘Informed’ - Your essay must demonstrate that you have understood the novel. In addition, you will be required to endorse |
|this understanding with wider, relevant reading, showing that you have selected and studied appropriate texts in order to |
|support your arguments. |
| |
|‘Interpretation’ - You need to explain your understanding. In other words, you cannot just write ‘When Sebastian Faulks |
|says ‘He felt himself grow cold’, he is telling us that Stephen has become isolated from his environment’, and leave it at |
|that. You must go on to explore Stephen’s isolation; how it came about; how his experiences with Isabelle affect the rest of|
|his life; why these experiences meant so much to him. So, whatever topic you have chosen to discuss or explore in your |
|essay, you should show that you have thought about the subject in hand and reasoned through your explanations, reinforcing |
|these with highly relevant and specific references to the text. |
| |
|Birdsong lends itself mainly to essays which focus on themes, structure, language, or characters. Students need to choose a |
|task which enables them to answer all of the assessment objectives required, concisely and accurately, demonstrating that |
|they have understood the text. The following are just a few suggestions for possible essay titles and content, together with|
|ideas for specific further reading: |
| |
|(a) ‘Explore the portrayal of male relationships in Birdsong.’ |
|Here the student should pay attention to the friendship between Weir and Wraysford and could compare this, briefly, with |
|Wraysford’s dealings with other characters in the novel. |
|Examine how each of these two characters treats the other. Weir seems to depend more on Wraysford than on anyone else, while|
|Wraysford appears more independent. Weir’s death, however, changes the readers perspective of their friendship. |
|Stephen’s notebook is used by Faulks to demonstrate his innermost thoughts and it is noteworthy that in this, Stephen seems |
|to focus on Weir and the other men who have died. |
|Reading other novels in this genre would enable students to see how different authors have dealt with this topic. Good |
|examples can be found in All Quiet on the Western Front (Erich Maria Remarque) and Strange Meeting (Susan Hill). |
|How realistic is this friendship? Today, two heterosexual men would be more than reluctant to admit to such an extremely |
|close friendship, but in the First World War, such relationships were not at all unusual. Good references for this context |
|can be found in 1914-1918: Voices and Images of the Great War or 1915: The Death of Innocence, both by Lyn MacDonald or |
|Forgotten Voices of the Great War by Max Arthur. |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic, both in Birdsong and other novels, can be found in this Study Guide, in |
|the Chapter entitled Themes and Comparisons - Male Relationships. |
| |
| |
|(b) ‘Explore the portrayal of love in Birdsong.’ |
|Within this topic, one could examine Stephen Wraysford’s liaisons with Isabelle and Jeanne. |
|Explore how these two relationships are portrayed by Sebastian Faulks. The first is clearly a passionate, intense and sexual|
|affair, with far-reaching consequences for everyone involved. The second, while more calm and chaste, is no less important |
|and it is Jeanne with whom Stephen spends the rest of his life. |
|Focus on Faulks’s use of language in describing these two relationships - not just in his descriptions of what actually |
|happens, but in how he shows the characters reactions to each other and the events surrounding them. |
|Look at the emotions of each woman towards Stephen. Jeanne feels concern and pity, which deepen into love. Isabelle feels |
|desire and love, which changes into guilt. There are many reasons why their feelings change. See the chapter in this study |
|guide which focuses on Characters for a more detailed explanation. |
|To examine the portrayal of heterosexual love in other novels in this genre, one could look at A Long Long Way (Sebastian |
|Barry). |
|How authentic are these relationships to the time in which they are set? If you remove the lurid sexual descriptions of the |
|affair between Isabelle and Stephen, then this scenario is perfectly feasible. Reading any literature of the time - or |
|earlier - demonstrates that adultery is not a modern invention. Jeanne’s relationship with Stephen is equally understandable|
|in the context, given its beginnings and its slow progression. In writing about love and relationships in the context of |
|war, one should always remember the temptation to ‘seize the day’, rather than moralise from a 21st century perspective. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic, both in Birdsong and other novels, can be found in this Study Guide, in |
|the Chapter entitled Themes and Comparisons - Portrayal of Love and Sex. |
| |
| |
|(c) ‘Explore the portrayal of battle scenes in Birdsong.’ |
|Remember that, in reality, most of the time spent in the trenches, was spent waiting for something to happen. The first |
|requirement, therefore, is to create an atmosphere of tension prior to the battle scenes. It is for each reader to decide |
|whether they feel this has been achieved. If so, how was it done; what was it that made you feel tense. If not, what do you |
|feel was lacking? |
|Sebastian Faulks has chosen to portray the battle and its consequences very graphically, but also very poetically. His |
|description of the Battle of the Somme is both brutal and lyrical. The poetry of Wilfred Owen (especially Dulce et Decorum |
|Est) or Isaac Rosenberg (Dead Man’s Dump) reinforces how well this contrast can work. |
|The letters which the men send prior to the battle show the personal side of warfare, demonstrating each man’s thoughts and |
|reminding us how much they have to lose. This hits the reader much harder when many of the letter-writers later die. |
|Another narrative tool, namely Elizabeth Benson’s personal journey to discover more about her ancestry, reveals some of the |
|statistics and facts behind the battle. Her visit to Thiepval, for instance, serves as a reminder to the reader that so many|
|lives were lost during the battle which has just been described. |
|Other authors have dealt with this subject, including Erich Maria Remarque in All Quiet on the Western Front. Students could|
|also read some of the memoirs of the First World War to discover how the real combatants recalled their own experiences. |
|These could include General Jack’s Diary, edited by John Terraine or The Last of the Ebb by Sidney Rogerson, among many |
|others. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic, both in Birdsong and other novels, can be found in this Study Guide, in |
|the Chapter entitled Themes and Comparisons - The Depiction of Battle Scenes. |
| |
| |
|(d) ‘Explain how the structure of the novel Birdsong affects the reader’s interpretation.’ |
|Firstly you need to decide whether, and to what extent, the structure of the novel has impacted on your interpretation. If |
|the answer is ‘It hasn’t’, then this clearly is not the task for you! If, however, you feel that Part One is an irrelevant |
|sexual romp, or that the modern sections serve no purpose, or equally, that all seven parts are required in order for the |
|whole piece to work, you could consider this as a topic. |
|Whichever viewpoint you take, this must reflect your own feelings about the novel. It is no use repeating something which |
|you have read somewhere else as you will not be able to conclusively argue your point. |
|If you decide that Part One is unnecessary, you must give a reasoned argument as to why. Is this because you feel that it |
|has no impact on the main point of the novel? If so, then what is the main point of the novel? Is it meant just to be a |
|study of war; or is it really an examination of people? |
|If, on the other hand, you can find no purpose for the modern sections of the book, think about why you feel like this. |
|Remember that their purpose is, essentially, to inform. This is really a narrative tool, employed by Sebastian Faulks to |
|fill in the gaps. Do you feel that this works, and if not, what else could Faulks have done to perform the same task? |
|Those who feel that the whole structure works perfectly could examine why others (and there are many others), disagree. Why,|
|for example, do you think that some people dislike Part One and/or the modern sections of the novel? And what makes them |
|work for you? |
|Reasoned arguments are required. You cannot simply say ‘I like/hate this because...’. You must, instead, decide upon how you|
|feel about the novel’s structure and whether you believe it works. Then evaluate why you have reacted in the way that you |
|have. You must assess how Faulks has created that reaction, rather than just your reaction itself. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic can be found in this Study Guide, in the Chapter entitled Critical |
|Analysis - The Structure of the Novel. |
| |
|Other possible topics... |
|Students could choose to explore Faulks’s use of language, possibly making comparisons between his portrayal of battle |
|scenes, wounds and death with his descriptions of sexual intercourse and birth, focusing on the impact of these narratives |
|on the reader. |
|The representation of the home front, although not featured heavily in Birdsong, is nonetheless, represented. However, |
|Faulks gives just one, unfavourable perspective. Students could, therefore choose to examine this, discussing its |
|authenticity and how others have treated this topic. |
|An examination of the portrayal of faith within the novel could be chosen, with students exploring the importance of faith |
|to the characters involved and whether - or how - their beliefs change as the story unfolds. The context and authenticity of|
|these portrayals should also be explained. |
| |
| |
| |
|CREATIVE TRANSFORMATIONAL WRITING |
| |
|As the title suggests, this option gives the student more scope for creativity - within certain limitations. Here, rather |
|than writing a piece which clinically analyses one or more aspects of the novel, you could choose to become the author |
|instead. Do not be fooled into thinking that this provides you with an ‘easy’ option, however. Your essay MUST demonstrate |
|that you have understood not only the content, language, structure and narrative viewpoint of the novel, but also that you |
|have completely absorbed the author’s style and purpose in writing it in the first place. |
| |
|Within the restrictions of the permitted word-count and the fact that the assessment objectives remain the same, you have to|
|adopt the style - both narrative and linguistic - of Sebastian Faulks, retain the characterisations which he has already |
|created, focus on the context of the novel and make your piece believable and realistic. |
| |
|There are several possibilities within this choice of essay: |
| |
|(a) Stephen’s Notebook |
|You could take one episode in Stephen’s life and re-create a relevant notebook entry. Possible examples for topics might |
|include: |
|- Stephen’s war-time meeting with Isabelle; |
|- Hearing the news of Weir’s death; |
|- Recovering from the wounds received in the tunnel; |
|- Any of the battle/death/wounding scenes in which Stephen is involved; |
|- Stephen’s feelings upon returning to England on leave; |
|- The episode with the prostitute. |
|Remember that you must write in the style of Sebastian Faulks, but that you are writing from Stephen’s perspective. The |
|language and tone must reflect this. Use the notebook extract provided at the end of Part Five, although remember that by |
|the time he wrote this, Stephen’s character had become disillusioned and war-weary. Your piece should demonstrate your |
|interpretation of his state of mind at the time of writing. |
|You should include and refer to, but not repeat verbatim, the episode(s) as referred to in the text. Make yourself extremely|
|familiar with the events you have chosen to describe, so that you cannot miss anything out, but also remember not to include|
|scenes or experiences which Stephen has not witnessed himself. You may, of course, allow him to refer to incidents about |
|which he has later been informed, taking care as to how these are introduced and bearing in mind that Stephen’s character is|
|unlikely to ‘gossip’. |
|Relate Stephen’s feelings and reactions to his past and his previous experiences. This helps to demonstrate your |
|understanding, not only of the particular circumstances which form your topic, but of the whole novel and, especially, |
|characters involved. |
|Read other memoirs or narratives of the First World War, especially those that may relate directly to the events you have |
|chosen to describe. These will help you to understand how much detail is required. However, be careful to stick to the style|
|of Faulks, rather than adopting that of any of the other writers. Possible texts to study could include Undertones of War by|
|Edmund Blunden or Somme by Lyn MacDonald. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic can be found in this Study Guide, in the Chapter entitled Character |
|Analysis - Stephen Wraysford. |
| |
| |
|(b) The missing years |
|You could choose to write an account of Stephen’s two years of silence following the end of the war. |
|We know that Stephen and Jeanne were married in 1919 and went to live in Norfolk with Françoise. Use this information as a |
|basis to write an essay explaining what happened to the family and how, eventually, Stephen began to speak again. |
|Explore Stephen’s likely reactions to the news of Isabelle’s death and the discovery that he has a daughter. Use Françoise’s|
|brief accounts to help understand her perspective of her father. |
|Remember that you are acting as a third-person narrator. In the case of Birdsong, the narrator has a certain amount of |
|insight into the thoughts and feelings of the characters. You could, however, use letters to enhance this. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic can be found in this Study Guide, in the Chapter entitled Character |
|Analysis - Stephen Wraysford and Jeanne Fourmentier |
| |
|(c) Letters |
|Correspondence between various characters form a part of the narrative structure, serving the purpose of explaining events |
|or reactions, from the sole perspective of the writer of each letter. Within this topic, you have several options available:|
|A letter, written in Munich, from Isabelle to Jeanne (found by Elizabeth amongst Françoise’s possessions), explaining her |
|actions in following Max to live in Germany. You could, perhaps, explore Isabelle’s feelings for Stephen, compared with her |
|stronger emotional link to Max. You might also hint at the beginnings of the influenza which would eventually claim |
|Isabelle’s life, and her request that Jeanne should bring up Françoise in her absence. |
|An imaginary letter, written from Isabelle to Stephen, explaining her departure in 1910. We know that Isabelle began to |
|write such a letter, but found it impossible to explain her actions. Using your knowledge of Isabelle’s character you could |
|try to write a feasible explanation of her decision, remembering that you must not reveal the fact that Isabelle is |
|pregnant. |
|Imagining that, following his rescue from the tunnel, Stephen has been sent to recuperate, you could write a letter to him |
|from Jeanne. In this, she might explain her love for him; her hopes for their future, offering him encouragement in his |
|recovery. She might also make the suggestion of marriage - being as she is the stronger of the two characters at this stage,|
|why should the proposal not come from her? It would also be in character for Jeanne to propose in writing, rather than in |
|person and might take the form of her suggesting that she could nurse him, but that she understands he might prefer to live |
|in England, away from the memories of Isabelle and the war. |
|Whatever your choice of character and letter, remember to write the correspondence from their perspective. You are not |
|narrating this essay, but are representing a specific character. Read the other letters in the novel and use them to help |
|create your own. |
|Keep to context in your letter. Remember the timeline of events and do not deviate, but also retain a wartime feel. So, for |
|example, although Jeanne may have shared Stephen’s joke that they will ‘shock the whole of Rouen’ by living together, does |
|this really strike you as something which Jeanne would find acceptable? This is not only dictated by Jeanne’s character but |
|also by the time and place in which she lived. |
|You may be able to demonstrate a deeper knowledge of the text by referring to unknown reactions to events. You could create |
|these reactions or thoughts using your understanding of the character(s) involved. |
| |
|Additional information and guidance on this topic can be found in this Study Guide, in the Chapter entitled Character |
|Analysis. |
| |…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essay

...1 Overview of How to Write an Essay Writing essays is a major element of your education at the university level. Effective writing gives you the ability to express your ideas, theories, arguments, and projects clearly. The skills you acquire at the university level through writing essays will be aimed at practical business applications that you will be able to use in the workplace. The following information provides a succinct overview of the elements you need to know to begin writing an essay. It will help you on your writing journey. Types of Essays Narrative A narrative essay is a story told by a narrator. Generally, a narrative discusses the personal experience of the author (the first person point of view), but it can also be written about things that happen to others (third person point of view). A narrative typically involves characters, a setting, specific and vivid details, and a series of events that can include current incidents, flashbacks, or dialogue. Cause and Effect A cause and effect essay explores why events, actions, or conditions occur (cause) and examines the results of those events, actions, or conditions (effect). For example, a cause could be purchasing a new expensive home. The effect might be fewer family vacations, more time spent on upkeep, or less time with family because of extra work hours to pay for the home. Comparison and Contrast A comparison and contrast essay shows the relationship between two or more elements. The items can be compared...

Words: 6215 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Essays

...HOW TO READ ESSAYS YOU MUST ANALYZE 1. Take a pencil in your hand. 2. Read the essay over once, quickly, looking for the main idea, for what the essay is about in general, and for what the author seems to be saying. Don't get bogged down in details. (If you come to an unfamiliar word, circle it but go on reading). 3. Check the meaning of unfamiliar words. If they seem to be key words, i.e., if the author uses them more than once, scribble a brief definition at the bottom of the page or at the end of the essay. 4. Now re-read more slowly and carefully, this time making a conscious attempt to begin to isolate the single most important generalization the author makes: his thesis. Follow his line of thought; try to get some sense of structure. The thesis determines the structure, so the structure, once you begin to sense it, can lead you to the thesis. What is the main point the author is making: Where is it? Remember, examples or "for instances" are not main points. The thesis is the generalization the author is attempting to prove valid. Your job, then is to ask yourself, "What is the author trying to prove"? Another way of identifying the thesis is to ask yourself, "What is the unifying principle of this essay"? or "What idea does everything in this essay talk about"? or "Under what single main statement could all the subdivisions fit"? If the author has stated his thesis fully and clearly and all in one place, your job is easier. The thesis is apt to be......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Essay

...POL1EEH International Relations and the Global Economy Take Home Examination 2 November 2012 INSTRUCTIONS: The examination is worth 35% of the final mark for this unit. Students are to answer ONE question from SECTION A and ONE question from SECTION B, each in essay format, independently. Each essay should be approximately 750 words and should be referenced appropriately. Each essay will constitute 50% of the mark for this piece of assessment. Completed exams should be submitted to the Essay Box in the Politics and International Relations Program Office no later than 5pm on Monday 5 November and also lodged electronically via the Turnitin link on LMS. As this is an examination there will be no extensions. Any exams submitted after the due date will receive 0% for this piece of work. If circumstances befall a student during the examination that prevent timely completion, students should contact Dr Jon Symons (J.Symons@latrobe.edu.au) with written evidence of the problem and an alternative time to complete the examination will be arranged. QUESTIONS: SECTION A 1. To what extent have the main features of the global economic order established after World War II been transformed by globalization? 2. ‘The failure of so many multilateral institutions reflects not just the problems of those institutions but the shortcomings of multilateralism more generally.’ Critically evaluate this claim in relation to ONE multilateral institution. 3. To what extent do liberal ideas retain their......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay

...There are some teachers who are going to require you to write a 250 word essay. Actually, it is a very short essay for that matter but for some students, it may also be a burden to have a word limit in writing. Let us take a look at the scenarios that you need to understand to compose a well developed essay. For some students, it may be limiting to have a word factor quota in writing an article. There are some individuals who can tell more out of a topic and that having 250 words will not suffice to tell everything in their minds. That is why you need to have the skills in budgeting the words that you have to write without sacrificing the ideas that you have to deliver. There are different essay types that you also need to consider so having a word limit cannot simply be an easy task. Still for some students, a 250 word essay may mean too much because there are also some people who do not want to waste their time writing. No matter what the essay structure may be, these types of people are not really eager to translate their thoughts to written form so they think 250 words simply equates to too much work. Anyway, you need to understand that having this kind of limit will eventually benefit the students as they improve their discipline, being responsible and being resourceful individuals. We can offer you to buy essays from us so you do not have to worry about the number of words in writing. Let our writers make your life easier today...

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay

...An essay is usually a short piece of writing. It is often written from an author's personal point of view. Essays can be literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Thomas Malthus's An Essay on the Principle of Population provide counterexamples. It is very difficult to define the genre into which essays fall. Aldous Huxley, a leading essayist, gives guidance on the subject: Like the novel, the essay is a literary Abstract This article will examine the reasons why it is important both linguistically and psychologically to build a vocabulary quickly when learning a foreign language. The article asserts that very little can be achieved or learned in a foreign language with a small vocabulary and that by building a sizable vocabulary quite quickly one can soon be able to function adequately. You may also wish to look at http://www.jalt-publications.org/tlt/files/95/feb/meara.html   Introduction   It is obvious that in order to learn a foreign language one needs to learn many many words. But how many?......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay

...to write A Level Sociology Essay Assessment With reference to the present AEB syllabus, there are three main skills being assessed in your essays. 1. Knowledge and Understanding (9 marks) 2. Interpretation and Application (9 marks) 3. Evaluation (9 marks) What Does This Mean? What this means is that for writing an essay is that the content (studies, names of researcher, dates, figures, concepts, although important need to be organised coherently, applied to a variety of social situations and interpreted, and expressed in a critical fashion. You must be aware of the skills being highlighted in the question in order to use the appropriate skills in your essays. You should also practice writing essays regularly and develop a technique which addresses the skills required so that you can actually answer the question set. I hope that this handout should allow you to achieve this. Stage One Many students are too quick into diving into an answer. They have focused on certain key terms and ‘assumed’ what the essay requires from a quick look at the question. Instead, the question should be read a number of times. Task One With the title provided. Analyze the question by underlining the key features in the essay title Double underline the skills being assessed, e.g., describe and explain Identify any terms or concepts contained in the question. These terms will need to be defined, i.e. concepts such as interactionists. Essay questions will also......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Essay

...I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay I’m sorry this is not a real essay...

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Essay

...Studieportalen.dk? Klik her for at oprette en bruger. Kommentarer til Save as many as you ruin - Essay * Kommentar #1 12. oktober 2012 Af IsabellaFF Wow, hvordan er du blevet så god til engelsk? :) Hvis jeg må spørge - du må have et eller andet trick. :D ------------------------------------------------- Øverst på formularen Nederst på formularen * Kommentar #2 24. november 2011 Af benjaminpetersen Fantastisk essay. Fortjent 12-tal. Grunden til at forrige kommentar, tror at du kobler det med Helligtrekongersdag, kunne være fordi at ordet "epiphany" både kan oversættes til førnævnte, men også betyde en slags åbenbaring. (Sudden realization) Men igen, super essay :) ------------------------------------------------- Øverst på formularen Nederst på formularen vis/skjul svar * 01. januar 1 Af Longarm Tak Benjamin, - og skarpt observeret! Nu giver det mere mening. :) God weekend! * Kommentar #3 28. august 2011 Af Fiierne Virkelig flot essay. Noget jeg ikke helt fanger er hvordan du kobler det sammen med Helligtrekongersdag? ------------------------------------------------- Øverst på formularen Nederst på formularen vis/skjul svar * 01. januar 1 Af Longarm Hvorfor skulle jeg det? :) Det må være en ekstra opgave i er blevet stillet :) * Kommentar #4 17. juni 2011 Af backus Et virkeligt velskrevet og rammende essay. ------------------------------------------------- Øverst på formularen Nederst......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Essay

...------------------------------------------------- Red River College ECE Program ECED-2009 Research Essay Assignment Value: 30% Select a topic related to Early Childhood Education for this assignment. The list on the following page may be helpful for some ideas, although you are not restricted to these topics. Approve your topic with your instructor by: _______ . Duplication of topics will not be allowed, and topic choice is on a first-come, first-served basis. Search for resources related to this topic. Check the Learning Centre, as well as the Library. Conduct an Internet search. For your paper, you need a minimum of 4 current (less than 8 years old) references. Include a minimum of one of each of the following: - book - scholarly journal article (from EBSCOHOST or other scholarly database) - reliable internet source. Use the APA style of documentation (see text) to write a 3 - 4 page paper. Include an introduction, thesis statement, body (that includes background information and at least 3 points of discussion), a conclusion, and a reference page. The reference page is not included in the length. You will also complete a 5 minute presentation to the class based on your research. Refer to Considerations for Effective Presentations. Use peer editing as part of your writing process. That is, when you have a draft completed, ask at least one peer to provide feedback using the peer editing rubric. Be mindful of the peer’s......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essay

...paragraph. The idea is to allow the author to develop an argument and support it with ideas. • Stated first and last The topic sentence appears both at the beginning and at the end. It is a technique that is used by authors in cases where the content of the paragraph is complex. The topic sentence that appears at the end aims to remind the readers about the content in the paragraph so that they do not loose focus. • Stated implied This is a situation where an author states an obvious topic sentence to avoid being direct. In this case, the topic sentence is not conspicuous. The readers have to read in between the lines to identify the hidden topic sentence. 13. Paragraphs are the building blocks of coherent, authoritative and well-developed essays. An adequately developed paragraph should contain the following four details; Topic sentence This is a sentence that traditionally appears as the first sentence. However, the topic sentence could also appear at the end, in the middle, at the beginning and at the end or implied. It informs the reader the subject matter of the paragraph. The reader is in a position to internalize what to expect in the paragraph. In addition, the topic sentence substantiates the thesis statement. Conclusion This is a summarizing sentence that comes at the end of the paragraph. The sentence wraps up the argument developed in the paragraph and gives a summary. The conclusion helps the reader to connect the argument that is being developed and......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Essay

...Lindsay Apedaile Ms. Brown English 1020 2 November 2015 4.1 Ravisankar begins his essay by describing consumers and their want for low prices then describes sweatshops and their conditions. The problem he identifies is consumers demand lower prices to do this, corporations cut the cost on their employees either decreasing their wages or worsening their working conditions. Ravisankar assumes his readers are poor college students looking for lower prices and have a basic understanding of what a sweatshop is but does not fully know the appalling conditions of sweatshops. His purpose in this essay is to raise awareness of the degrading environment of sweatshops. In order to accomplish this purpose, he appeals mainly to pathos an appeal to emotions by mentioning how bad sweatshop working conditions are and its consumer’s. He also appeals to logos when he writes that people should have equal rights as others like pay. In this essay, Ravisankar addresses the main argument against his thesis the idea that the big companies like Nike, Reebox, and Gap are to blame for decreasing conditions in sweatshops. He refutes this argument by saying these companies are taking apart of “the race to the bottom” the pressure for low costs. Finally, he concludes by making the point that universities purchase around $3 billion in clothing with the universities name on it. This puts pressure on the companies to provide living wages and reasonable working. Overall, the argument Ravisankar makes...

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Essay

...How to Write a Religious Studies Essay The first thing to understand when approaching an essay in religious studies is the unique nature of the discipline. Apart from its distinctive subject matter, the interdisciplinary nature of the field makes the study of religion both fascinating and highly challenging. The academic study of religion requires more than knowledge of individual texts, beliefs and practices, and may draw upon fields as diverse as history, sociology, anthropology, hermeneutics, and linguistics. For this reason, your instructors will expect you to familiarise yourself with and be able to employ a variety of different theories and methods. The interdisciplinary nature of the subject is also reflected in the various kinds of essays you will be asked to write, which may include a mixture of comparative, textual, ethnographic, hermeneutical, sociological and historical approaches. The academic study of religion takes place in a secular rather than a faith-based context. Since it aims to understand religion from a perspective that can be shared by all, and limits itself to evidence that is available to all, you will not be required to try to prove or refute particular religious beliefs. As an interdisciplinary academic subject, religious studies employs historical, textual, cultural, sociological and anthropological methods to contextualise, interpret and understand religious beliefs, practices, traditions and communities. As such, it is important......

Words: 250 - Pages: 1

Premium Essay

Essay

...steps in the scientific method? Type your response here: 4. Why did most Medieval philosophers and scientists feel that experimentation was unnecessary? Type your response here: 5. Why did the Enlightenment writer Voltaire get into so much trouble in France and elsewhere? Type your response here: Part 2 Write a well-developed essay of two to three paragraphs on one of the topics below. Make sure you use specific information from this lesson and, if need be, from previous lessons. Proofread your essay to eliminate errors in grammar and spelling. (Each question is worth 15 points) 1. Choice #1: Compare and contrast the careers of Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. What discoveries did each make? How were their methods similar or different? How were both received by the religious and political authorities of the day? A complete answer will include an assessment of the political and cultural climate in which each thinker lived.  Choice#2: Write an essay explaining how the Scientific Revolution influenced Enlightenment thinkers in other disciplines. Your essay should mention at least two of the following thinkers and topics: divine right of kings, empiricism, Vesalius, Descartes, Hobbes, or Voltaire. Type your response here: ----------------------- Submission ----------------------- © 2013 EDMENTUM, INC....

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay

...How to determine custom essay editing company that is legitimate This is the company you will find great editors to provide you with custom essay editing service. Students whose first language is not English may find speaking and writing in English as a difficult task for them. Most of these students are international students who have enrolled in various universities in America and in the UK. The main teaching language is English, American and Standard English respectively. It is essential for students to master well the language of instruction because it is a medium through which they are required to write their assignments and speak in classroom. Competence and fluency in English language will help students to read and understand the teaching material provided to them. It is important therefore for students to ask for support from custom essay editing services which deal with the tips of writing good essays among other academic papers and also to write for them assignment essays. Our writing and editing services is created both for students and professionals. We deal with both the non academic and academic editing and writing services to fulfill your needs. At our custom essay editing, you will find editors who are qualified in linguistics and English language. We are ready to provide you the custom essay editing service at any time of the day or night because we operate as a 24/7 service. Our custom essay editing service comprises of creative thinkers, skillful......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Essay

...Der Essay Was ist ein Essay? Nach der Duden-Definition ist ein Essay eine Abhandlung, die eine literarische oder wissenschaftliche Frage in knapper und anspruchsvoller Form behandelt. Einen Essay schreiben heißt also wissenschaftliches Schreiben, eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit einem Thema. Ausgangspunkt für einen kritischen Essay ist in der Regel ein Problem, eine strittige Frage oder eine These, die in dem Essay dann bewusst subjektiv diskutiert werden soll. Dabei benötigt der Einstieg in den Essay/in das Thema einen Aufhänger. Das kann ein aktuelles Ereignis sein, oder auch eine persönliche Begebenheit. Es muss klar werden, warum Sie sich zu diesem Zeitpunkt mit dem gewählten Thema auseinandersetzen und weshalb Sie dem Thema eine gewisse Relevanz zusprechen. Anforderungen an einen Essay Das Schreiben von Essays soll die kritische Beurteilung und das Abwägen wissenschaftlicher Positionen fördern; dabei wird kein Anspruch auf vollständige Darstellung in allen Details erhoben, wichtiger ist die Betrachtung des Gegenstandes in einem größeren Gesamtzusammenhang. Mehr noch als bei Hausarbeiten muss man daher zwischen Wichtigem und Unwichtigem unterscheiden. Als AutorIn hat man damit die Möglichkeit, wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse zusammen mit eigenen persönlichen Beobachtungen und Eindrücken zu schildern. Im Mittelpunkt steht jedoch die wissenschaftliche Argumentation, die zum Ausgangspunkt für Ergänzungen und Überlegungen genommen wird.......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Research Computer Components - 2759 Words | 1997 toyota landcruiser | Aprilia SX 50 E4 2018-, Kettengleitführung vorne