Epilepsi

In: Science

Submitted By cmekenj
Words 798
Pages 4
EPILESPY
Patrice
AHLT 125: Anatomy & Physiology II
Ms. Johnson
March 4, 2014

Epilepsy is a series of brain disorders that cause repeated and unpredictable seizures that range from severe, life threatening, disabling or benign (In epilepsy "National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 2013). The normal pattern of neurology activity becomes disturbed due to brain illness, damage to the brain; abnormal growth and other unknown causes. Some examples that can cause epilepsy are strokes and brain tumors. Most often the onset for this disease is early childhood or early adulthood.
The brain is located in the cranial cavity and is surrounded by the meninges, Dura mater, arachnoids, cerebrospinal fluid and ventricles. The brain has four main divisions such as the Cerebrum which is the largest part of the brain that’s divided into the right and left cerebrals. These Cerebrals are the broken down into five lobes which are the frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital lobe and the insula. This is where thoughts, memory and reasoning occur.
The diencephalon or interbrain is located between the cerebral hemispheres and the brain stem home of the thalamus and the hypothalamus. The thalamus forms the lateral walls of the third ventricle. The thalamus sorts out sensory impulse. The hypothalamus located midline and inferior to the thalamus and form the floor of the third ventricle. The purpose of the hypothalamus is to maintain homeostasis, controls autonomic nervous system and pituitary gland. The brain stem is located in the anterior region below the cerebrum and connects the cerebrum and diencephalon with the spinal cord. It’s made up of the midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata. The mid brain which is below the center of the cerebrum and deals with vision and hearing it connects the cerebrum with the lower portions of the brain.
The pons are located…...

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