Educational Equality

In: Social Issues

Submitted By irichard
Words 2312
Pages 10
The Writing Process
5/2/14

Standardized Testing

These days, if a school's standardized test scores are high, people think the school's staff is effective. If a school's standardized test scores are low, they see the school's staff as ineffective. In either case, because educational quality is being measured by the wrong scale, those evaluations are apt to be in error. One of the main reasons that students' standardized test scores continue to be the most important factor in evaluating a school is deceptively simple. Most educators do not really understand why a standardized test provides a misleading estimate of a school staff's effectiveness, as well as education quality for students. Standardized test are not effective measurements of a student’s knowledge, they create negative impacts on curriculum, and they are racially, socially, and economically biased. A standardized test is any examination that's administered and scored in a predetermined, standard manner. There are two major kinds of standardized tests: aptitude tests and achievement tests. “Standardized aptitude tests predict how well students are likely to perform in some subsequent educational setting (SAT-I /ACT), both of which attempt to forecast how well high school students will perform in college. But standardized achievement-test scores are what citizens and school board members rely on when they evaluate a school's effectiveness.” (Popham) One of the most important reasons that students’ performances on these tests should not be used to evaluate educational quality is because student performances on standardized tests are heavily influenced by three causative factors, only one of which is linked to instructional quality, asserting that low or high test scores are caused by the quality of instruction is illogical. Popham argues that the problem of this confounded causation involves…...

Similar Documents

Equality

...Equality Jade Millet Rodarte August 8, 2013 ETH/125 Joyce Hosier Equalities Women and gay/lesbians have come a long way in the world today. History was totally against them and did not give them many choices in life. That is why so many people kept things a secret. Woman did not have many rights and privileges back in early history. Women were thought of as weak and could not perform the work requiring labor. The women were to stay at home and do domestic chores and take care of the family. The men ruled the house and they had to obey what was being told to them. In early history women did not finish their education, so it was important for them to marry a man that could provide for them and their children. Many of the women had to quit school so they could help their mothers take care of the home and her siblings because most of the time the mother had to go and help the father on the farm. It was not until 1963 when the Equal Pay Act was passed, which required women be paid the same amount of wages that men received for doing the same type of work. Before that many women did not work outside of the home. It was thought that you were going against your husband and that was frowned upon by many. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 did not allow discrimination against women if there were more than a certain amount of employees. This act made sure that women could work in certain places such as factories. In the beginning most of the women who did have jobs......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5

Equality

...way women are perceived – making them all incredible and extraordinary women who shaped America. Over the years women have been pushing for the same equality as men. Women are typically looked down upon and are ignored when it comes to standing up for their rights. In the 1960s an organization called the National Organization for Women was established. This main focus of the organization is to eliminate discrimination in the workplace, secure abortion, birth control and reproductive rights for all women, and end all forms of violence towards women. Betty Friedan wrote NOWs official mission statement which says, “…to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men”. [8] She goes into detailed exploration of what she believes is the problem for these women. Friedan uses statistics, theories, and first-person accounts to show that the problem is the idealized image of women society has created, which she calls The Feminine Mystique. Women have been confined to the roles of a housewife and a mother, denied of education and career opportunities. Friedan successfully proves that the feminine mystique denies women the opportunity to develop their own ideas by discussing women's educational process, effective look at media, and first-hand accounts with other women. The first reason why NOW is such an important organization is because......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Equality

...Equality Essay Prof. Greg J. Jungman POLS 1113--American Government Equality Equality is defined as” the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability”. (www.dictionary.com[->0]) The fight for equality in our nation as been a long battle that is still going on. We all have civil rights now, which means that in the 5th and 14th amendment everyone is protected and guarantee rights and privileges and protected from discrimination that could be passed to them due to their race, ethnicity, sex or religion. Equality of opportunity, this subject can be sticky because a lot of people will somehow find a way to say that they are not being treated equal in certain situations such as jobs. The subject of equality of opportunity has been brought out to give fairness in certain situations such as jobs, and school. Those with different political views also look at this differently, liberals disagree on what needs to happen to maintain and ensure equal opportunity. Whereas the conservatives feel that inequality and hierarchy that goes with it should remain the same due to respect for the tradition of the Constitution. For the most part when I look around I feel I see an abundance of equal opportunity in our nation. Considering we are a very diverse country with many different ethnic backgrounds. I honestly believe that where we are at as a nation it would be difficult to not be an equal opportunity country. If that were the case......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Equality of Opportunity

...Equality of Opportunity. Reading the articles I have come to the conclusion that opportunity and social class play the crucial role in our society. We always discussed the questions which were related with inequality and huge gap between black and white, low and high social classes. Based on the article of Richard Rothstein poor children rarely succeed in a life. School performance depends on many factors such as health, housing, background, social class and race. Society along with schools prepares the rich students to take the higher income jobs, while the poor students are prepared for the low-wage work. The both articles of Rothstein and Persell reminded me the story about Dasani, who came from minority family. I remember how the community outside of school affected her life. She was willing to work hard to make her dream come true. In spite of the fact she was leaving in poverty she still had dreams and aspirations. The life outside the school has huge impact on children. Children from poor community will less likely to attend the after school art programs, because of the high cost. The Rothstein even compares the differences in approaching to the homework assignments in different social class families. While the working class parents give to the children simple instructions, the middle class parents explain the reasons. I was doing my observation in three different schools and I noticed a big difference in performance between the children from the low and high social......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Equality

...Equality: Issues Concerning Equal Rights in the United States Jonathan Hunnicutt ETH/125 Cultural Diversity Shanda Jones-Burel 27 April 2014 As we know there have been many equality issues in the United States. Over the course of history many people have fought to change their status from inequality. In today’s society there are still instances of discrimination. However, there are laws to help when a situation has become an act of discrimination whether it is in the workplace, real estate, or public establishments. The status of women throughout history in the United States has changed a great deal over time. Women have often been revered in many cultures as a symbol to create life. Also, many nature-based religions often refer to the mother goddess as their primary supreme being. However, throughout our history women have often been considered inferior to their male counterparts. Many men today still hold negative views towards women in regards to thinking that their only duties should those of a wife and homemaker. For many years women did not have the opportunities to perform what was considered to be a man’s job or even vote. However, “women in most nations won the right to vote and increased their educational and job opportunities.” Today woman are working side-by-side with their male counterparts and they are also allowed into the military. For many years women were not allowed to be soldiers. After women were allowed into the military they were still......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Gender Equality

...Gender, equality, poverty and economic growth Gender equality in third world countries still remains poor in comparison to other well-developed countries. Third World Countries with religious subjectivity, rural factors and civic liberties are contributing to a gender gap in education and income possibilities of women in these countries (Sen, 2009). What these countries must realize is that women are the key to the global economic recovery of their countries. Unlocking the potential of women by narrowing the gender gap is the key to developing a Third World Countries economic efficiency. More and more women in third world countries are realizing that education is a key development in their lives, households and economies. Many of the women feel that gender equality when it comes to education is important in its own right (Sen, 2009). One of those women who advocate this education equality principle is Nobel Peace Prize winner and Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sir Leaf who strongly believes that education should be a right for both men and women. When asked about public resources in Liberia she went onto explain that her country is learning that changes in educational policies must occur in order to facilitate economic growth in their country. She stated that, “policies reflect equal opportunity, equity and allocation of public resources is not directed toward an elitist group and favorite few.” She claims that education should be a right of passage for......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Equality

...years, they don't believe that Equality will ever happen, but i believe that it can happen and will happen. What is really meant by the term of equality? Equality can mean different things to different people; some persons believe that equality means treating everyone the same. However, i disagree . You can' treat everyone as equal due the fact that everyone has different life experiences, skills and knowledge. Therefore, no two people are the same and can never be the same. Individuality is a vital attribute in all aspects of life. Equality can be described as when people are given equal opportunities giving them access to the same rights, choices and resources no matter of their beliefs, race or gender. Equality is a world where everyone has the power to make a change. When it comes to equal rights, we should be able to be who we wanna be, love who we wanna love, dress how we wanna dress without anyone telling us that we are wrong or discriminating our choice or style of doing things. Equality is important, because i feel as if no one should live life as a " second class citizen". It is the foundation of any fair society where each person has the opportunity to reach his/her full potential. Equality prevents the society from trying to dominate others, but rather teach us how to build up one another. also, it helps us to realize that some persons may need more support than others in order to maximize their full potential. Equality helps young people like myself......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Equality

...principles of equity, equality, and need are most relevant in the context of distributive justice, but might play a role in a variety of social justice issues.[4] These principles all appeal to the notion of desert, the idea that fair treatment is a matter of giving people what they deserve. In general, people deserve to be rewarded for their effort and productivity, punished for their transgressions, treated as equal persons, and have their basic needs met. However, because these principles may come into conflict, it is often difficult to achieve all of these goals simultaneously. According to the principle of equity, a fair economic system is one that distributes goods to individuals in proportion to their input. While input typically comes in the form of productivity, ability or talent might also play a role. People who produce more or better products...either by working harder, or by being more talented, this argument goes, should be paid more for their efforts than should people who produce less. Note that this sort of distribution may not succeed in meeting the needs of all members of society. In addition, the idea that justice requires the unequal treatment of unequals is in tension with the principle of equality. This principle of egalitarianism suggests that the fairest allocation is one that distributes benefits and burdens equally among all parties. If there are profits of $100,000, and 10 people in the company, the principle of equality would suggest that......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Equality

...freedom into the word liberty. Whereas the concept of freedom ignores the concept of obligations, the concept of liberty implies potential obligations. The word freedom ignores interactions with other humans, the word liberty acknowledges those interactions. The word liberty describes specific freedoms of action without obligations toward others, but recognizes that obligations might exist. The concept of boundaries introduces obligations toward other people. The concept of freedom implies unrestricted movement and actions regardless of boundaries, but the concept of liberty implies restrictions on actions because of boundaries. Liberty acknowledges possible boundaries and merely is freedom from fiat boundaries. In relation to the quote “Equality is the sole of liberty; there is, in fact no liberty without it” (Frances Wright) It is clear to understand that as liberty implies certain obligations of society, i.e The Rule of Law, Taxation. Bestowing unequal obligations onto any group in society i.e Slavery, completely destroys any chance of liberty for those that are oppressed or impeded by inequality. Within society, there are various factors that contribute to the development of prejudice and discrimination from birth. When discussing prejudice and discrimination it is important to understand their meanings. According to the text (Shapiro & Neuberg, 2007) prejudice refers to negative attitudes towards others while discrimination refers to negative behaviours towards......

Words: 2479 - Pages: 10

Equality

...Is the idea of Equality "empty" According to the Oxford Dictionary equality is defined "as the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities" (Hawker, 2008). It has been said the term equality has settled that parts of people's conditions ( if any) should be the same for all and fixing a measure of people's condition in this respect still does not give an ideal of equality of condition fully determinate. The matter of having equality flourishes because of the rights that every single human being obtains. The same question arises if a person dismisses or downgrades the equality of condition views and takes some rational equality ideal to capture the core morally required egalitarian aspiration. Between whom should equality, of whatever kind of it is deemed morally required, obtained? ( Greenawalt, 1983). It is wrong to claim equality in a state that no such word actually exists in. Research has shown that from the early years until now, it is inaccurate that one lives in an equal society. This is all because of the law which has deliberately divided people shows the inequality. At the bottom of the hierarchy system, there are those who are still discriminated against their sexual orientation, gender, and racial discrimination is still rising. Above all the discrimination, women are still fighting for equality. Finally, racial discrimination seems to have taken the trophy as people are segregated against, thus being the reason for segregation......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Equaty Equality

...quity and Equality Equity and Equality Jaime Matta Concordia Online Community of Learners EDGR 595 Karen Billette February 27, 2012 Educational equity refers to equal access, opportunities, and expectations in education for all persons, irrespective of their backgrounds or status. As a democratic nation, the United States offers a system of "universal" and free public education as a primary mechanism for providing equal educational access and opportunities to all persons, for preparing its people for civic participation in society, and for the socialization of immigrants. The basic premise of public schooling in our school district is that students at all grade levels are entitled to equal learning opportunities irrespective of advantages, disadvantages, or liabilities linked to skin color, ethnicity, disability, or socioeconomic status. An open system of public education serves as a key compensatory strategy to minimize individual differences and to equalize potential achievements and life outcomes for all. To achieve this end, attendance in public schools became compulsory in most states by the start of the 20th century. Specifically, the words equality and equity have different meanings. Equity speaks to public actions and policies in the cause of fairness and social justice. It requires a sufficient distribution of social resources to rectify initially unequal conditions for different groups of people. Equal access to educational opportunity has been a......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Equality

...A Pursuit To Equality One may ask, “What exactly is homosexuality?” It is simply a romantic and/or sexual attraction between members of the same sex or gender. Seeing two friends, of the same gender, walking down the street together used to be the only visible acceptability, but now to see a couple of the same gender holding hands is slowly becoming more accustomed and ordinary. Same-sex relationships are becoming more common and socially acceptable than a decade ago, and with the ever increasing desire to put discrimination behind us, it is clear that homosexual marriages are growing in acceptance as they grow in number. Touching on the subjects of television, film, and laws, it has come apparent just how acceptable and worldwide these relationships are becoming. The most influential source of media is television. Although people call television the idiot box, it could play a key role effortlessly. In the past, media has led society to believe that same-sex relationships are not acceptable. Achieved by displaying strictly heterosexual relationships on almost every television show, and leaving no room for possibility of homosexuality. Even though most television shows are American, they are still televised nationally including Canada, influencing minds in positive ways. The first reality show to cast a homosexual character on national television was MTV's 1992 "The Real World", which follows the lives of 7 strangers, with different backgrounds, personalities,......

Words: 2142 - Pages: 9

Equality

...Joshua Wu Equal in the Twentieth Century The late nineteenth century to the early twentieth century became the rising point of equality and social reform and protest. After many Nationalist movements of reform and revolts, this resulted in several unified countries. It then led to the next big social issue, equality. The female equality movement, especially the suffrage movement, gained traction throughout the world gaining massive support from many. Many female activists and authors were very vocal about the injustice they faced and how the societies they lived in needed to change. Some of these activists/authors were: Virginia Woolf, Alexandra Kollontai, Constance Markievicz, and Sylvia Pankhurst. Though in different forms and different pursuits these four authors pursued the same ultimate goal, equality. Virginia Woolf was an author during the turn of the century and in her piece, “A Room of One’s Own” she draws meaning from the injustice between the sexes in the time and in the industry of literature and art. In her piece, after referring to Shakespeare, she says, “A highly gifted girl who had tried to use her gift for poetry would have been so thwarted and hindered by other people…No girl could have walked to London and stood at a stage door and forced her way into the presence of actor-managers without doing herself a violence and suffering an anguish…for chastity may be a fetish invented…” (298). Prior to this quote Woolf spoke about the history of Shakespeare and......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Equality

...l t   s t r u g g l e   t o   g e t   p o i n t   a c r o s s   t o   t h a t   e v e r y   o n e   s h o u l d   b e   e q u a l .                       W o m e n   s t r o n g e s t   h u m a n   b e i n g s   b u t   i t   w a s   a l w a y s   t h a t   w a y .                T h r o u g h   o u t the years women struggled with equality with everything they did.  In 1960's women Had started N.O.W which is a organization that women protested in. In July 1972 the movement even had a magazine of its own that kept women learning about the issues women were having.        Gloria Steinem was the author and a huge public icon in the eye of women . Role model for the women who couldn't stand up for them selves. She would give them inspiration and advice on the women's aspect of discrimination.                    In 1970's stories of Katy Striebel showed everyone that women were discriminated against, facts came to life as the mother of Katy Charlotte got involved.  Charlotte was a member of N.O.W , Saint Paul had passed a law making gender discrimination illegal.               In 1972 congress had decided to pass a law which was called educational amendments. a section of it was called title IV. It denied students of discrimination of girls in public schools.                      In 1972 congress had passed amendment called ERA , it would protect  women in 38 states from any discrimination. By 1979 many people had opposed the amendment. This caused females to be outspoken......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5

The Quest for Equality

...Quest for Equality Debbie Werley U.S. History 1312 Dr. Wendell Hunnicut Final Essay March 21, 2012 Although the United States was founded on the ideal that all men are created equal, many Americans throughout our history have not enjoyed this privilege. Several issues, such as voting rights, labor equality, and equal opportunities in education have faced minorities and women in our country. Many gains in improving equality have been made. Voting rights for all Americans, improvement in workplace discrimination, and equal opportunities in education are some examples of these gains. Various prominent citizens have worked diligently throughout our history to accomplish equality for these groups using different methods. Some of these methods have worked better than others. Boycotts, peaceful marches and courtroom battles were some of the methods that brought better results. Many equality issues have affected minorities and women in our country. The fight for the right to vote was long and difficult for both groups. Although the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified in 1870, granting all black men voting rights, (Jones et al, 2009, 373) it was not until after World War II that this right was realized. Women’s suffrage was an even longer battle. Begun in 1866, when women reformers attempted to secure this right along with African American’s right to vote, women would not gain the vote until ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 (Jones et al, 2009, 476). Equality......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Der Vorname | Dragon Ball – Bảy Viên Ngọc Rồng chap 135 | Chaussures bateau