Critical Response to Esl Standards

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lizaeslava
Words 546
Pages 3
\
Introduction
Standards direct the course of the curriculum, instruction and assessment in the US schools. Most of the pedagogical decisions made at the school and district levels are shaped by the standards set by the state and mandated by the federal government. These standards serve as an instrument for the definition of the language and the content that all students including English language learners (ELLs) are expected to achieve (Fenner, 2012). In this article, Fenner and Segota tackled the importance of the English language proficiency (ELP) standards, professional teaching standards and Common Core standards, their impact on ELLs and the interrelation between them.
In order for ELLs to meet the academic competencies embodied in the standards, it is necessary that they acquire the social and intercultural competence and academic language proficiency across content areas. The academic language competencies embodied in the content-area standards require quality instructional delivery that intertwines language development and content. States are mandated by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation to create language standards to assist ELLs in developing English language proficiency (ELP). The ELP standards are designed to bridge the gap between language acquisition and content proficiency for ELLs. Ensuring that ELLs have the academic language proficiency allows them to navigate through information, engage with new learning, and produce high level of achievement. When ELLs are assisted in targeting high levels of success in the content area classrooms. Fenner and Segota (2012) also discussed the importance of establishing professional ESL (English as a Second Language) teaching standards in achieving academic success for ELLs. The TESOL P-12 Professional Teaching Standards and National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
The creation of the…...

Similar Documents

A Critical Response to Tom Sandage's "Bad to the Last Drop"

...A Critical Response to Tom Standage’s “Bad To the Last Drop” In “Bad To The Last Drop,” Tom Standage talks about our lifestyle option in choosing the type of water we drink: tap water or bottled water. It wasn’t till the end of the editorial I understood the message he was trying to convey. He doesn’t state which side he is defending or arguing against, but rather give an opinion to both sides of tap and bottled water. Those who drink tap water have the fear of getting sick from drinking it than they do from bottled water. Tom argues that “for people living in the developing world...access to water remains a matter of life or death.” So contracting a sickness due to an improper filtration or lack thereof, isn’t an unusual thing in developing countries. Countless amount of the poverty population live in villages where there is no clean water and rely on the river water or ponds that are situated miles away from their homes. Upon receiving international aid, the countries start to get dependant on it, and won’t be able to raise above the poverty line. Providing clean water to the world is another main concern that Standage discusses in the editorial. Projects that could help provide clean water (1.7 bill/yr) and improve sanitation (9.3 bill/yr) around the world is less than the annual spending on bottled water. Bottled water has its effects on the environment. First of all, we know that plastic is a renewable resource, and the water we use is as well. The resulting...

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Battle in Seattle Critical Response

...Battle in Seattle Critical Response Essay The movie "Real Battle in Seattle" is based on the real life events that occurred on November 30, 1999 in Seattle, Washington. A group consisting of at least 40,000 (Oldham 2) well organized and trained individuals converged on Seattle, Washington for the World Trade Organization conference that was being held there. They were there to protest corporate globalization and better inform the world of the WTO and what it meant for earth as a whole. But as history shows, they were attacked with tear gas, pepper sprayed, shot with rubber bullets, and beaten. The movie, "Real Battle in Seattle", varied from what actually happened on November 30, 1999 even though its purpose was to accurately portray these events. Between the Hollywood version and the actual version a couple of things stick out. One of the main characters, Jay, was a key player in the organizing of this protest but it doesn't seem that he does it fully because of a belief against the WTO. It seems as if he does it out of revenge for his brother who was killed in the movie by some police at a different protest. This comes off to me as a viewer as if he's doing it partly out of hatred towards the police/government rather than because of an underlying belief that corporate globalization is wrong. Also, Django who was an activist portrayed in the movie, seemed more focused on the WTO's ruling against the Endangered Species Act which left sea turtles at harm towards the......

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Critical Response Essay

...Critical Response Essay 1. If Fred were a Utilitarian, what would he do? Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory where right and wrong depends on the consequences of one’s actions for everyone who might be affected by them. In other words, Utilitarian individuals want a system that will bring good to society than any other system. The philosophy of consequentialism is also based on the belief that the moral and ethical value of one’s action should be judged by the consequence of such action. In the case where Fred has signed a confidentiality agreement with Greyarea Inc. he is unable to leak out any information to the public about his research findings. If he were to tell anyone else that the cigarettes are more harmful, then the consequences of him being sued by the company due to a breach of the contract would be the repercussions. This is not to say that if Fred did give out the information about the truth of their newly developed cigarettes, he would be right or wrong. In the case with his company, he will be considered doing wrong. If Fred were a Utilitarian he would want to bring good to the society as a whole by letting the public know that the cigarettes in production is actually more addictive and has a higher chance of developing cancer in smokers. He would disregard the repercussions that would affect his family and career even when he is financially secure. His moral beliefs would tell him that his actions are for the greater good and so much more......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Critical Response

...Taylor Leyva A.P. Language Jackson 29 January 2012 Critical Response: Deloria In this excerpt from We Talk, You Listen, Deloria campaigns on behalf of the rights of all minorities, but namely Native Americans. The unorthodox way he went about it, however, was the most interesting. Unlike most advocates for this cause, Deloria suggests that rather than attempting to join in on white history, minorities should remember and celebrate their own. He downplays the importance of a national sense of unity in order to promote togetherness between racial groups. Thinking back in history to the most well-known battles fought by minorities, the Civil Rights’ Movement definitely stands out. However, it seems that in this instance African Americans wished to fit in to a “white man’s world”. Of course this is understandable, simply because of what we believe of human nature. As Mark Twain said, “If [a man] would prosper, he must train with the majority; in matters of large moment, like politics and religion, he must think and feel with the bulk of his neighbors” (717-718). This desire to be apart of what others are, to join the majority is, in a sense, refuted by Deloria in this excerpt. He gives specific examples in which it seems the truth has been stretched in order to include minorities into white history. This supporters of this theory think that, “Crispus Attucks, a black, almost single-handedly started the Revolutionary War, while Eli Parker, the Seneca Indian general,......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

International Financial Reporting Standards and India’s Response

...International financial reporting standards and India’s response “International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are designed as a common global language for business affairs so that company accounts are understandable and comparable across international boundaries.” TABLE OF CONTENT 1. Introduction 2. Objectives of financial statements 3. IFSR and India’s response 4. GAAP 5. Certain clarifications on IFRS roadmap 6. TransitionIFRS methodology Page | 2 1. International Financial Reporting Standards International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are designed as a common global language for business affairs so that company accounts are understandable and comparable across international boundaries. They are a consequence of growing international shareholding and trade and are particularly important for companies that have dealings in several countries. They are progressively replacing the many different national accounting standards. IFRS began as an attempt to harmonies accounting across the European Union but the value of harmonization quickly made the concept attractive around the world. They are sometimes still called by the original name of International Accounting Standards (IAS). IAS was issued between 1973 and 2001 by the Board of the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC). On April 1, 2001, the new IASB took over from the IASC the responsibility for setting International Accounting Standards. During its first meeting the new Board......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Critical Response on Democracy

...Critical Response on Democracy DeVry University Political Science 330 July 16, 2011 Democracy when looked at as a system of government is when power is vested in the people who rule either directly or indirectly through freely elected officials. (democracy. (n.d.) The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition, n.d). There are certain criteria and conditions that must be place in order for a government to be considered democratic. In a democratic society the government will get its power form the people that it is to govern over. The people will elect representatives who are given the responsibility of being their voice in the state capital or countries capital. The representative’s job is to make sure they are trying to do what is in the best interest of the people that they represent. This way is called a representative democracy. The representatives under this type of representation are allowed to be in office for a specific period of time through elections. When they have completed the set term they were elected for then they must step down or try to stay in office by seeking re-election. (Dr. Almon Leroy Way, n.d.). Today you have current events that provide evidence of democracy at work in America. Looking at 2006 and 2007, our economy started to collapse and you could see that the American public as a whole was not happy with the direction of the economy and the government. They had grown weary of the War in Iraq and the drain on......

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6

Critical Response Essay

...Critical Response Essay: Fred’s Dilemma In respect to the given example of Fred, the view of utilitarian would propose that the person should do whatever is going to offer him or her the most pleasure while obtaining the least pain possible from it. Considering this case, the utilitarian perspective would most likely indicate that Fred should keep the job because by doing so it would provide him with pleasure in many different ways. Some of the reasons he might consider keeping the job are his desperate need for money to support his family. On the contrary, a utilitarian would not consider keeping the job because the company is adding more addictive and toxic ingredients to their products which can cause cancer and many other diseases to their consumers. According to the given scenario, it would not matter if Fred quits his job, because then the company will offer the position to some other applicant who will gladly accept the job with full benefits. Also by quitting the job, Fred would not be able to expose the company’s activities because he signed the confidentiality agreement. In addition, through this theory it is possible to consider that the pain he would obtain if he does quits the job, would be higher due to his financial situation to support his family and also due to finding a another job anytime soon because of the economy. Therefore, the view of a utilitarian would propose that Fred should keep his job because he would obtain more pleasure for him and his......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Critical Response Paper

...CRITICAL RESPONSE PAPER #2 I would be addressing how I would set up a government system in Nigeria, a country with three major religion beliefs. In conjunction with the legislators we will create a law that will allow citizens to practice the religion they wish in order to be able to persecute people who kill others because they didn’t accept their religious beliefs. Also, whenever a government official is to be sworn into office, he/she will be required to use the books of the main religions in the country which are Christianity, Islam, and traditional religion. This will help to minimize the belief that one religion is superior than the other. Also, there will be public holidays for the celebration of each religion so as to maintain equality. Institutions will be set up in a way that all religious worshippers will have access to employment and services all the institutions are offering. All the religious worshippers will all attend the same schools so as to create peace among them and also create a good relationship among different religious worshippers. Also, different worshippers will work in the same organization, In other words the workforce will be more diverse. Also, all men and women will be able to work and have access to basic amenities irregardless of what their religion might have said. All this will help to reduce stereotypes and racism in our society. Political parties will continue to represent groups of interest but in a different context, no political......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Intellectual Standards in Critical Thinking

...Focusing questions on intellectual standards: Intellectual standards in critical thinking plays a vital role. These standards are nothing but the way you define the way of questioning. The main theme is to infuse the questions in thinking process, which lay a road map, and finally turns them to better and better reasoning. There are several universal standards deals with questioning, of them all the following are some of the essential. Clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, logic and fairness. Clarity is the gateway standard. I want to buy a car with features I like. I failed to elaborate the features that I need in my car. Also I failed in providing a example of what I need. My statement is clear but not accurate. I failed in providing accuracy of what I need. I need a leather seated car but I did not provided what kind of leather I need. After a long discussion, I have told a particular leather seat but I am not specific. I made clear of what feature and leather seat but I failed to be specific. In view, I would have told the color of the leather. Relevant to the topic. As we are discussing the topic of leather seat, I started talking about blue tooth feature. It is one of the feature I needed but is not relevant to current situation. Depth, of the question here is how well are the seats are equipped with. As my feature for leather seat comes with heated technology, I failed to ask the significance factor like......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Write Critical Response

...Writing Critical Response Papers: An Introduction A critical response paper is not too different from other types of essays that you might have written before.  Like all papers it arises as the result of a process of personal reflection.  Your Reader: You must assume that your reader is already familiar with the text that you are writing about. It is someone who has read it and understands it at an average level. Your Aim: Your goal is to advance your reader’s level of understanding by revealing to her/him a deeper aspect of meaning. This would be something that confirms a given interpretation, enhances it, makes it more complex, or challenges it. Coming up with a topic (brainstorming): As a writer, you can begin by asking yourself questions and then answering them. Your answers will bring your subject into focus and provide you with the material to develop your topic. See the following handout: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_plan3.html Having generated a list of ideas, your next step is to organize those ideas in relation to other ideas; that is, to group similar ideas with other similar ideas. If you have written your ideas on cards, all you need to do is to reorganize them into a logical order. A logical order, is one that is easy for the reader to follow. The Topic and the Thesis: A topic would remain an unfulfilled promise of knowledge if it were not by the delineating virtues of a thesis.  A thesis statement informs the readers of......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Phi101 Critical Response 4

...Justin Maman 4/8/14 PHI101 Critical Response 4 The problem of the existence of God is one of the most interesting subjects in philosophy. Many avoid discussion regarding God, and sometimes for good reason. The word “God” often comes loaded with such varied meaning and symbolism that is bound to create confusion when trying to agree on who or what or where God even is, let alone whether or not God exists. As with nearly every other philosophical subject matter, I find myself relating to each perspective in some way, leaving me unable to exclusively subscribe to either theist, atheist, or agnostic. As a theist, I identify most with pantheism. Human beings are excellent at creating dichotomies and conceptually separating and forming distinctions between every life form that exists. The most obvious examples of this are day and night, hot and cold, tall and short, big and small – the list goes on. The more subtle forms include humans and nature (humans and animals), humans and God, younger humans (children) and older humans (adults), poor humans (unsuccessful) and rich humans (successful), and so on. Since these distinctions are all relative to perception, I am inclined to see all of existence as being these infinite forms within the spectrum of life. To me, if God does exist, s/he exists as the expression of all life. I consider God to be all inclusive – in my mind, a loving God must be the force that relates everything. While I can understand why some choose......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Critical Response to the Art of Thinking Clearly

...The Art of Thinking Clearly Critical Review Colby Wallace Northern Alberta Institute of Technology Abstract This paper is a critical review on Rolf Dobelli’s novel, The Art of Thinking Clearly. It is composed of a literature review and a critical analysis. The literature review section will be a composition of research gathered to: have a better understanding of the books sources, test for sloppy reasoning and get a good understanding of how the book is perceived through reviews. All research will be done through the novel itself, N.A.I.Ts library database and reputable online sources. The information found in the literature review will then be evidence used to determine the answers to the seven key critical questions: 1. What is the source of the article? 2. What kind of publication is it for what audience? 3. What is the main point (thesis) of the article? 4. Are there any new insights about the topic that you did not have before reading it? 5. Do you agree or disagree with its position and evaluation of the topic? 6. How reliable is this particular source as a guide to the truth of the topic? 7. Also, which, if any, of the sloppy reasoning errors can be found in the article? The paper will close with a conclusion that reiterates the papers key points. The Art of Thinking Clearly Critical Review Dobelli, R. (2013). The Art of Thinking Clearly. London: Sceptre. The Art of Thinking Clearly (TAOTC) takes a philosophical look at...

Words: 3399 - Pages: 14

Critical Response

...Annette Moore English 122 September 6, 2015 Sarah McMahon Critical Response #1 On the Uses of a Liberal Education: As Lite entertainment for the Bored College Students Mark Edmundson is an English professor at the University of Virginia as well as a published writer. Edmundson’s writing consists of several academic articles on literary, cultural criticism and books for academic specialist on the politics of reading and writing to include an article named “On the Uses of a Liberal Education: As Lite entertainment for the Bored College Students” (Edmundson, On the USes of a Liberal Education: As Lite Entertainment for Bored College Students) published in an issue of Harper’s Magazine in September of 1997. In “On the uses of Liberal Education” Edmundson speaks of how professors no longer have the passion for teaching as they once did. Edmundson explains how teaching has become part of a consumer report. In fear of receiving bad evaluations the professors have compromised their teachings by becoming more lenient while grading or not being as challenging. As a professor Edmundson didn’t want his students to think of him as being fun or enjoyable instead Edmundson wanted them to be challenged, learn and to make a difference in their education as he was. While in school Edmundson didn’t seek out to be an English teacher, like any other young student Edmundson had other interest such as music and sports but as he matured so did his passion. The action that would......

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Critical Response Essay

...Critical Response Essay Life is full decisions, some harder than others, but those hard decisions have to be made sometimes for the wellbeing of others. Medical technology is beginning to take of the medical field and is making ethical decisions and issues a thing of the past. Due to this there are has been some debate on whether or not the technology in the medical field is harming the medical profession or not. Some people agree with the topic others do not and think that the medical team should be the ones making the decisions not the computers. The passage, Medical Technology and Ethical Issues by William E. Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey, explains the dilemma of technology in the medical field, and the different sides of it. The technology that is being referred to is the RIP computer. This is a computer program that doctors us to help make decisions about whether to administer lifesaving actions to patients that are dying or to let them die. In the passage critics and supporters take opposing sides to the issue of technology being used in the medical field. Some believe computers will be making the decisions, while others believe it just provides data to make decisions on who to treat. On the debate of the use of the RIP in medical field has two main positions, the critics and the supporters. The critics disagree with the technology because, they say that it is a “frightening example” of the overreliance of computer technology that makes decisions that should......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Critical Response

...860987602 ETST 001: Intro to Race July 7, 2012 Critical Response 1 The Conquest Of A True Identity The ‘survival of the fittest’ was a theory coined by the English naturalist Charles Darwin in which only the fittest organisms will prevail. This phrase has unfortunately been connected to his name with the negative view that it sparked the racial hierarchy that esteems one race over the other. However, Darwin meant for this theory to apply to animals; the predator-prey relationship, and not to human-beings. His cousin, Francis Galton was responsible for tying the theory to the social construction of humans. This helped spark the concepts of colonialism, slavery, and enlightenment in Europe and America which ultimately was the conquest of many people’s identities most especially to the colonized and oppressed who were deemed inferior to the White man. Hegel’s dialectic states that freedom was a condition achieved first by the ownership of oneself (Lowe, 200) During the age of US imperialism, African Americans were held under slavery precisely under this notion that the Whites were more “fit” than non-Whites. Because of this, African Americans were driven to lose their identity not just of being the inferior race but they were dehumanized as well. Black female slaves were not viewed as “mothers” by slave-owners but merely as “breeders” like animals. (Davis, 7) The slave system also discouraged male supremacy in Black men. Because of this, Blacks did not have a chain of......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Vestidos | Lenovo (69) | Chasing Ice Chasing Ice (2012) DokumentarfilmDer anerkannte Naturfotograf und Wissenschaftler James Balog stand dem Klimawandel lange Zeit skeptisch gegenüber und spöttelte über die akademische Naturforschung. Doch während seiner Langzeitstudie EIS (Extreme Ice Survey) fand er unwiderlegbare Beweise für die Klimaveränderungen unseres Planeten. Für diese Dokumentation arbeitete Balog mit speziellen Zeitrafferkameras. (arte.tv)