Premium Essay

Compare and Contrast the Windows 7 and Ubuntu (Linux) Operating Sysytem

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By surgars03
Words 1502
Pages 7
Windows 7 Ubuntu (Linux)
Year Event 1983 Bill Gates announces Microsoft Windows November 10, 1983.

1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November 20, 1985 and is initially sold for $100.00.
1987 Microsoft Windows 2.0 was released December 9, 1987 and is initially sold for $100.00.
1987 Microsoft Windows/386 or Windows 386 is introduced December 9, 1987 and is initially sold for $100.00.
1988 Microsoft Windows/286 or Windows 286 is introduced June, 1988 and is initially sold for $100.00.
1990 Microsoft Windows 3.0 was released May, 22 1990. Microsoft Windows 3.0 full version was priced at $149.95 and the upgrade version was priced at $79.95.
1991 Following its decision not to develop operating systems cooperatively with IBM, Microsoft changes the name of OS/2 to Windows NT.

1991 Microsoft Windows 3.0 or Windows 3.0a with multimedia was released October, 1991.
1992 Microsoft Windows 3.1 was released April, 1992 and sells more than 1 Million copies within the first two months of its release.
1992 Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.1 was released October, 1992.
1993 Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 was released July 27, 1993.

1993 Microsoft Windows 3.11, an update to Windows 3.1 is released December 31, 1993.
1993 The number of licensed users of Microsoft Windows now totals more than 25 Million.
1994 Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.11 was released February, 1994.
1994 Microsoft Windows NT 3.5 was released September 21, 1994.
1995 Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 was released May 30, 1995.

1995 Microsoft Windows 95 was released August 24, 1995 and sells more than 1 Million copies within 4 days.
1995 Microsoft Windows 95 Service Pack 1 (4.00.950A) is released February 14, 1996.
1996 Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 was released July 29, 1996.

1996 Microsoft Windows 95 (4.00.950B) aka OSR2 with FAT32 and MMX support is released August 24, 1996.


Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pos/ Final Paper Compare Windows Linux Unix and Mac

...UNIX®/Linux® versus Mac® versus Windows® POS/355 October 29, 2012 Carol S. Eichling UNIX®/Linux® versus Mac® versus Windows® There are several computer operating systems available on the market, and it is sometimes difficult to choose. Therefore, it is important to compare the system capabilities to make the decision easier. The three biggest players in the operating systems market are UNIX®/Linux®, Mac®, and Microsoft® Windows® with Windows® holding the largest market share (Boitor & Brătucu, 2011). These three operating systems are capable of multi-processing and have similar capabilities; however, and it is important to compare and contrast how they handle memory management, process management, file management, and security, which are critical system functions. Discussing memory management, which is a vital component in operating systems, is first. Memory Management Memory management refers to the way a system makes use of the computer’s RAM (Random Access Memory). Many of the operating systems in use on computer systems have positives and negatives in their use of memory attributes. “Memory management is usually divided into three areas: hardware, operating system, and application…although the distinctions are a little fuzzy. In most computer systems, all three are present to some extent, forming layers between the user's program and the actual memory hardware” (Ravenbrook Limited, 2001, p. 1). There are several types of memory, including main memory, file......

Words: 2974 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Compare and Contrast Windows 7 vs. Linux

...Linux vs Windows has been a subject of debate since the inception of computers. As told by Severance, (2008) LINUX was originally developed at Bell Laboratories as a private research project by a small group of people starting in 1969. Linus Torvalds, who was then a student at the University of Helsinki in Finland, developed Linux in 1991. It was released for free on the Internet and generated the largest software-development phenomena of all time (Linux's History, 2000). Today LINUX owns about 10% of the market share and this has dropped in recent years as both Windows and Linux have increased their share of the available market with Linux currently holding about 20% (Galli, 2007). As noted by Windows History (2006), many long-time PC users trace the Microsoft Windows operating system to the 1990 release of Windows 3.0, the first widely popular version of Windows and the first version of Windows many PC users ever tried. However, Microsoft initially announced the Windows product seven years earlier and released the first version in 1983. In its early offerings, Windows was still based upon the Disk Operating System (DOS), but it brought a much needed Graphical User Interface (GUI) to the mainstream computer market and began and evolution (or revolution) of the computing industry which resulted in Microsoft owning about 70% of the world-wide market share (Galli, 2007). This paper will compare and contrast Ubuntu (Linux) and Windows 7 in the following areas:• History......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Windows vs. Linux

...Windows® vs. Linux It was inevitable that operating systems—and computer system in general—at least in the year 2012, are not anything like those envisioned by science fictionists, novelists, and screen writers of the early and mid 20th century. For the most part, they saw computers as a single entity one system controlling everything, like a giant brain reaching out and serving each end-user anonymously. And there were surely no “blue screens of death.” Computers today come in hundreds of flavors. Let’s say you want a tablet instead of a keyboard, no problem. Need to run a multi-million dollar company with an extensive database from home? No problem. Interfaces and operating systems and software applications and hardware upgrades and I/O devices provide each and every person on the planet a customized computer experience. We should thank capitalism for many of the technological advances that have come about over the past fifty years. After all, money has a tendency to flow to the products that make our lives the most enjoyable. Three of the most notable advances in computer history are servers (formerly known as mainframes), Microsoft Windows, and the Linux operating system. Each one in its own right could fill volumes. However, the objective of this paper is to simply highlight a few of the most prominent features each of these advances has to offer. We will start with the most notorious MS Windows®. Microsoft has been in the computer......

Words: 2777 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Linux vs. Windows

...Premise Linux was created as a variation of UNIX by Linux Torvalds in 1991. He created it as open source with a GNU (GPL) General Public License and a lot of coders began downloading the source code and creating their own programs with it. They created patches and fixes for bugs to improve the Linux OS use experience. Security Advantages and Disadvantages Linux and Windows Server share logical security mechanisms that work similar in principle. Both are advantages in their own right using different techniques to secure a network. The importance of network security and how users have access to a network can be maintained not only through best practices but, a strict policy as well. Linux and Windows Server use security mechanisms directly manipulated by the OS, called account privileges. The key advantage with this mechanism is how it assigns a user account privilege to folders and files within the operating system. Linux users are not assigned “root “privilege as default instead the user is assigned an account with low-level privilege. Setting read, write, and execute permissions for owner, group, and other users to give them access control to specific files and folders is usually controlled through the Command Line Interface (CLI) yet some distributions of Linux may also have a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that allows an administrator to change permissions. Windows Server is similar in the way is too assigns account privileges to users. The client/server architecture...

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Windows Linux Security

...Between Linux & Windows Operating Systems Lecturer/ Hadeel Tariq Al-Rayes  Abstract—Comparisons between the Microsoft Windows and Linux computer operating systems are a long-running discussion topic within the personal computer industry. Throughout the entire period of the Windows 9x systems through the introduction of Windows 7, Windows has retained an extremely large retail sales majority among operating systems for personal desktop use, while Linux has sustained its status as the most prominent Free Software and Open Source operating system. After their initial clash, both operating systems moved beyond the user base of the personal computer market and share a rivalry on a variety of other devices, with offerings for the server and embedded systems markets, and mobile internet access. Linux and Microsoft Windows differ in philosophy, cost, versatility and stability, with each seeking to improve in their perceived weaker areas. Comparisons of the two operating systems tend to reflect their origins, historic user bases and distribution models. Index Term— Kernel, Linux, Operating Systems, Windows II. THE ESSENTIAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LINUX & WINDOWS (BEGINNERS LEVEL) 1- Drives don’t have letters, they have mountpoints The first thing that usually trips up people who come from Windows to Linux is that filesystems aren’t assigned letters the way they are in Windows. Instead, there is a single root filesystem whose path is “/”. If you must use the Windows......

Words: 5726 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Contrast and Comparison of Operating Systems

...Contrast and Comparison of Operating Systems Team B will take what we have learned from our course POS/355 Operating systems and research to compare and contrast the UNIX/Linux, Microsoft Windows, and MacOS systems. In particular we will contrast and compare the different operating systems in regards to memory management, processing, file management and security. Operating systems at the core is all about the kernel. The kernel in all of the operating systems is the main component that is responsible in the management of memory, processing, file management and security. Contrast and Comparison of Memory Management within Operating Systems Memory management in comparison and contrasts between the different operating systems is due to the way the kernel works in conjunction with the memory. Since each operating system has different kernel’s they each have similar and different ways that they manage memory. Contrasts and comparisons on Mac OS, Windows, and UNIX/Linux are described below. 1. UNIX: Though UNIX and Linux are extremely similar when it comes to how things work internally; there are slight differences that make UNIX distinct from its counterpart. One process that UNIX utilizes is known as swapping; this is done by moving chunks of the Virtual Memory (called pages), out of the main memory and moving others in. In order for this process to work at its best, those pages that are needed must be accessible in the Main Memory at the demand of the CPU. When a page......

Words: 3967 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Windows 7

...Installing, configuring and administering a client Operating system Introduction The operating system is the most important program that runs on a computer. Computers rely on an operating system to supply the interface for interaction between the user, applications and hardware. The operating system is responsible for booting the computer and manages the file system. It is possible for an operating system to support more than one user task or even CPU (central Processing Unit). All computers must have an operating system it is the program that controls almost all of the functions on your computer.    Any decisions that are made during the process of installation will have significant ramifications on how people will use that computer throughout its operational lifetime. Choosing an Operating System    There are three main operating systems in use today these are: 1. Microsoft Windows: The current version is Windows 8.1 although this is not the most popular distribution offered by Microsoft, the most widely use is Windows 7 which according  to 48.77% of computers are using windows 7 This statistic is verified by in 2014 2. Mac OS: Made by the Apple corporation and is very much a proprietary operating system that is made available when apple products are purchased, such as the MacBook Pro laptop. 3. Linux: This is an open source operating system that comes in many......

Words: 2376 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Differences Between Ubuntu and Fedora Linux Operating Systems

...Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution, Fedora is the fourth most popular. Fedora is based on Red Hat Linux and uses the RPM package manager while Ubuntu is based on Debian and uses APT. Both distributions release a new version every 6 months but there's a difference in their long term support models, Ubuntu offers support for 18 months after a version is released and also releases long term support versions every two years that are supported for 5 years. Fedora offers a shorter support period of only 13 months. Fedora’s default desktop is GNOME 3.2.1 and requires 3D capable graphics cards. Ubuntu’s default desktop is unity, which is available in 2D and 3D and uses a standard GNOME based interface that is designed to be a universal interface for desktops, tablets and smartphones. Fedora is leaned more towards developers and testing software where as ubuntu is leaned more towards the average user and stable software. According to online surveys Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution. The latest version of Ubuntu was downloaded 81,063 from CNet. Fedora is now downloaded from its own website, an earlier edition saw 10,000 downloads in the first 24 hours after release. Different hardware can affect the comparative performance of Fedora and Ubuntu. Some benchmark tests suggest that Ubuntu boots faster while Fedora is faster to shut down. Fedora won more of these tests than Ubuntu, but many of these were practical ties in performance. Under Ubuntu, software management...

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Windows Mac Linux Security system is invulnerable. It is a known fact that Windows can be very prone to virus infections, but since there are so little Mac viruses, people like to get it in their heads that it isn’t possible. Mac OS X is built on the UNIX kernel, one of the most secure operating systems. UNIX creates a file system in which the user isn’t the most powerful role on the computer and needs root permission to really make any major changes. It is technically more secure, but the only other real benefit is that Apple doesn’t populate a large percentage of the PC marketplace. Apple used to encourage this way of thinking, but after the Flashback virus (Perlroth, 2012), they decided it wasn’t a good idea to lie to their customers. Apple replaced their “Why you’ll love a Mac” website containing “It doesn’t get PC viruses” to “It’s built to be safe” (Mlot, 2012). Since malware really only exploits existing bugs or holes in an operating system, it is up to Apple to fix those holes, and they do a pretty good job of it. But in any case, it’s better to be safe than sorry. Some pretty good Mac antivirus include MacKeeper, Kaspersky, and Trend Micro (Sutherland, 2014). Preventative Maintenance With the threats to OS X made real, there are some simple tricks to keep a Mac up and running. The first of which is the ever-important data backup. Time Machine, is Apple’s all-in-one backup program similar to the Acronis True Image available on Windows. This lets you back up just your files, or......

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Pos 420 Week 5 Linux vs Windows Contrast and Comparison

...This archive file of POS 420 Week 5 Discussion Questions shows the solutions to the following problems: DQ 1: Compare and contrast the X Window system and Microsoft Windows. DQ 2: What is the most interesting, useful, unexpected or unusual thing you have learned about Linux/UNIX during this course? Computer Science - General Computer Science POS 420 Week 1 UNIX® and Linux® Comparison Matrix Resources: University of Phoenix Material: UNIX® and Linux® Comparison Matrix Complete the UNIX® and Linux® Comparison Matrix located on your student website. See the Assignment 1 post in the Main forum or Course Materials forum for detailed instructions. POS 420 Week 2 Individual File Processing Commands Worksheet Resource: University of Phoenix Material: File Processing Commands Worksheet Resource: University of Phoenix Materials: Linux® Directory Log Complete the Linux® Directory Log located on your student website. Complete the University of Phoenix Material: File Processing Commands Worksheet located on your student website. See the Assignment 2 post in Main forum or Course Materials  POS 420 Week 3 Individual Linux® Script Worksheet Resource: University of Phoenix Material: Linux® Script Worksheet Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Linux® Script Worksheet located on your student website. See the Assignment 3 post in Main forum or Course Materials forum for......

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Linux V/S Window

...Linux Linux is an example of Open Source software development and Free Operating System (OS). What is it? Linux can be freely distributed, downloaded freely, distributed through magazines, Books etc. There are priced versions for Linux also, but they are normally cheaper than Everyone. From home users to developers and computer enthusiasts Linux kernel is developed by the community. Linus Torvalds oversees Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from mobile phones, tablet computers and video game consoles, to Linux is developed by Open Source development i.e. through sharing and collaboration of code and features through forums etc and it is Linux typically provides two GUIs, KDE and Gnome. But there are millions of alternatives such as LXDE, Xfce, Unity, Ext2, Ext3, Ext4, Jfs, ReiserFS, Xfs, Btrfs, FAT, FAT32, NTFS Windows Windows is the family of operating system (OS) from Microsoft, which is the most famous OS in the world. For desktop or home use, Windows can be expensive. A single copy can cost around $50 to $ 450 depending on the version of Windows. Cost User Manufacturer Everyone. From home users to developers and computer enthusiasts alike. Microsoft created the Windows operating system, but allows other computer manufactures to distribute their own computers with Windows preOn PC's desktops, laptops, servers and some phones. Usage Windows is developed and distributed by Microsoft. Development and Distribution ...

Words: 764 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Linux vs Windows

...Windows vs. Linux Enterprise Distribution Recommendation Introduction to UNIX Linux vs. Windows Enterprise Distribution Recommendation X Industries is a large sized business that is in the midst of a decision regarding wither or not to switch their existing Windows-based IT system over to a less proprietary product, Linux. This is no easy choice to make, considering X Industries is currently running 170+ Windows-based servers of various types. Their staff fulfills company operations on these servers with their 750+ array of desktop and laptop computers – all running Windows XP Professional. Linux may just be a little dog in the Microsoft park, but a company that makes the big switch can expect Linux to yield benefits in cost savings, increased security, and arguably better usability. However, each individual enterprise situation is always different, so a cookie cutter solution of which system to use will never suffice. Rather, the numbers through subjects of cost, market share, programming capabilities, software compatibility and availability, and the ever-important user interface will tell the best choice. Cost The only way to evaluate cost is to get down to the basics, and look at the statistics. The first topic of cost will center solely on the price for Windows operating system software, first for the network side, then the node side. Other topics will focus on the cost of the Ubuntu Linux distribution, which will run on the servers and desktops,...

Words: 3478 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

How to Dualboot Linux and Windows

...How to Dual-boot Linux and Windows (on a PC with Windows 7 already installed) The purpose of this Instructable is to set up your computer to dual-boot Windows 7 and Ubuntu Linux. Dual-booting is a technique which allows a single physical computer to run two or more operating systems (OSes). This is useful for experimenting with new OSes without putting all your eggs in one basket. Step 1: Getting Prepared Prerequisites: 1. A PC running Windows 7, with at least 30 GB of free hard-drive space. 2. A CD/DVD burner and blank CD/ DVD or a USB drive with a capacity of 1GB or more 3. An external Harddrive big enough to backup your Windows installation 4. Administrative access to the PC 5. Internet Connectivity Most PCs sold in the last three years should meet the criteria for number 1. To confirm what version of Windows you are running, go to My Computer and click on “System properties.” The listed version should be Windows 7. From that same screen, you should see how much free space you have left, which is underneath the blue bar for each disk. In the example image, there is "8.49 GB free of 55.7GB". NOTE: The 8.49GB shown in the example is not enough space for most people. While you can install Ubuntu to a partition this size, you will typically want more space store documents and applications. 20GB is probably the minimum size you would want. Step 2: Select a Linux Distro Linux comes in many flavors. Some distributions are aimed at full......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Windows Operating System

...James Windows Operating System Exercise 3.1 1. Summarize the four phases of the Windows boot process in your own words. 2. Over the years, Microsoft has consistently updated the Windows operating system with new versions. Compare and contrast the features of Windows 7 and Windows Vista. 3. The Windows operating system has specific requirements that must be met in order to install it on a PC or mobile device. Which three most important hardware devices must be considered before you install Windows 8, 7, Vista, or XP on a computer? Explain why these three devices are important in general. 4. Mobile computing is the way of the future and so are mobile operating systems. Describe the features and benefits of the two major mobile operating systems, Android and Apple iOS. 1. The first phase would be to power up the computer by pressing the power button, doing so the power button creates an electrical impulse that instructs the motherboard to power on the power supply to begin the computers boot up sequence. The second phase after your initial startup power sequence is the BIOS activates and runs the power-on self-test (POST) that checks the hardware of the computer such as the CPU, RAM, video interface, hard drives, USB interfaces, and other integrated ports and interfaces, making sure everything is working properly, after that the BIOS displays an option for you to press if you choose to enter into the BIOS settings. The third phase of the computer boot up......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Compare Windows 7 to Vista to Xp

...Compare Windows 7 to Vista to XP Cedric Green IT109 MS-Desktop operating System Instructor: Luis A. Barreiros Comparing Windows 7 to Vista to XP Microsoft Windows XP the XP is short for experience it was released to the world on October 25, 2001. When it was released it was the most highly anticipated operating system on the market. It was introduced in two styles Windows XP Home and Windows XP Professional. (1) “Most of the feature where the same in home and professional, but the difference was that Windows XP Professional edition incorporated various feature to support communications, mobility, as well as remote help and support. Some of the support feature for home was easy setup, auto-configuration connections options.” It came standard with Internet Explorer 6 as the default web browser. (1)Bill Gates said, “Simply put, Windows XP is the best operating System Microsoft has ever built.” (2) “It was built on the momentum of the internet and digital media with the improvements that increase productivity and provide both business and home users with an easy to use exciting PC experience.” Windows XP Professional could either be installed on a single pc or throughout a worldwide network because it was built on a common code base. Do to this may it more cost effective for the business users to own. (3) “It was the key operating system for Microsoft to Vista was released in 2006. One of XP’s remarkable claims to fame is that when buying a new computer with...

Words: 1912 - Pages: 8

В сердце моря / In the Heart of the Sea (2015) HDRip | Line | Tales of Demons and Gods 205 | Daddy Sex Hd