Child Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By sluster
Words 1215
Pages 5
Adam is a very lively 5 year old; the oldest of 3 kids and already has a passion for the arts. He loves playing basketball and coloring with markers. He loves to watch sports with his dad and cuddle with his mom. He likes taking care of his younger siblings and takes pride in being the “big boy”.

In Adam’s first year of life he was in the stage of Trust vs. Mistrust, where the child is so young they depend on his parents for everything. Especially the mother to take care of their needs such as food, nurture, love, sustanance, and comfort. The child will learn to understand the world based on the care it receives from its caregivers. If the parents can provide a dependable care, love, and warm relationship the child will develop trust. If trust develops successfully, the child gains confidence and security in the world around him and is able to feel secure even when threatened. The child develops a sense of hope and confidence; this is a belief that things will work out well in the end. Unsuccessful completion of this stage can result in an inability to trust, and therefore a sense of fear about the inconsistent world. It may result in anxiety and/or depression, insecurities could be heightened, withdrawal, and an over feeling of mistrust in the world around them.

From the age of 1 to 4 Adam will go through the stage of Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, where he will want a sense of independence. Adam will want to explore, learn new things, and do things for himself, walking away from his mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what he likes to wear, to eat, etc. If Adam’s parents allow him to have his own sense of independence he will develop a sense of autonomy being able to handle many problems on his own. The result of this stage is will, which helps us accomplish and build self-esteem as a child and adult. If Adam is criticized,…...

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