Child Abuse

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Child Abuse

Child abuse is any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm. Sexual abuse or exploitation: or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.

Physical abuse is nonaccidental physical injury ranging from minor bruises to severe fractures or death. As a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting with a hand, stick, strap, or other object, burning, or otherwise harming a child, that is inflicted by a parent caregiver, or other person who has responsibility for the child. Such injury is considered abuse regardless of whether the caregiver intended to hurt the child.

Physical discipline, such as spanking or paddling, is not considered abuse as long as it is reasonable and causes no bodily injury to the child. Neglect is the failure of a parent, guardian, or other caregiver to provide for a child’s basic needs. Neglect may be physical, medical, emotional and educational.

Sometimes cultural values, the standards of care in the community, and poverty may contribute to maltreatment, indicating the family need of information or assistance. When a family fails to use information and resources, and the child’s health or safety is at risk, then child welfare intervention may be required. In addition, many States provide an exception to the definition of neglect for parents who choose not to seek medical care for their children due to religious beliefs.

Emotional abuse can be very hard to detect. It is defined as a pattern of behavior by the parents or guardians that affect the child cognitive, emotional, psychological, and social development. This is done by constant humiliation, Intimidation and belittling a child. Eventually the child loses self worth, and has low self-esteem.


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