Cancer Patient

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ShannanM
Words 394
Pages 2
“Leukemia is the most common cancer in children and teens, accounting for almost 1 out of 3 cancers” (American Cancer Society, 2015).Causes and Risk Factors * Genetic * Inherited Disorder * Down Syndrome * 3rd copy of Chromosome 21 * Klinefelter Syndrome * Males have an extra x chromosome * Inherited Immune System Problems * Ataxia Telangiectasia * Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome * Bloom Syndrome * Having a Sibling with the Cancer * Radiation Exposure | | | What is Leukemia?Leukemia is a cancer that is formed in the white blood cells or in other blood cells in the body. Leukemia can spread throughout the body slowly or very quickly. The Leukemia cells start to over reign the good cells and cause problems in the body. When leukemia spreads through the body quickly then it tends to make organs in the human body not function properly. Support Group Contact Name: American Childhood Cancer OrganizationPhone: 855-858-2226
Email: webmaster@acco.org
Address: American Childhood Cancer OrganizationNational Office P.O. Box 498 Kensington MD 20895-0498Web: ACCO.org | | | | | | LEUKEMIA
IN
CHILDREN
LEUKEMIA
IN
CHILDREN
| | | | | | | LEUKEMIA
IN
CHILDREN

LEUKEMIA
IN
CHILDREN

| BY: Shannan Merrill | |

TREATMENT OPTIONS * Work Close with the Child’s Primary Care Doctor * Cancer Centers for Children and Teens * Pediatric Oncologist * Uses Chemotherapy * Medication to Treat the Child * Nurses * Social Workers * Rehabilitation Specialist * Stem Cell Transplant * Radiation Therapy * Surgery | | | PREVENTION * There is no known aspects of life to prevent Leukemia. * Parents cannot do anything to help prevent their child from getting this cancer. * The is only one known prevention for this kind of cancer * Prevent getting CT scans and X-Rays while being pregnant and young…...

Similar Documents

Cancer Patient Paper

...CANCER INFORMATION PAPER HCA/240 CANCER INFORMATION PAPER The paper will reflect on breast cancer, A breast is made up of three main parts: glands, ducts, and connective tissue. The glands produce milk. The ducts are passages that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) connects and holds everything together I will talk about the cause and risk factors of breast cancer, ways to try to prevent and how to get early detection. I will be speaking about the effects of your health related to breast cancer as well as treatment options for breast cancer. Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women all over the world. Breast cancer does not discriminate of race or ethnics. In reading this paper, you will see that more than 502,000 women are killed in a year from breast cancer. In 2007, more than 47,000 women died from breast cancer. Unfortunately, there are some risk factors for breast cancer that are not under your control, but learning as much as you can about them is something that should be taken into consideration. Cause and Risk Factors for Breast Cancer While we do not yet know exactly what causes breast cancer, we do know that certain risk factors are linked to the disease. A risk factor is something that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, such as smoking, drinking, and diet are......

Words: 2014 - Pages: 9

Isolation of Rare Circulating Tumour Cells in Cancer Patients

...Vol 450 | 20/27 December 2007 | doi:10.1038/nature06385 LETTERS Isolation of rare circulating tumour cells in cancer patients by microchip technology Sunitha Nagrath1*, Lecia V. Sequist2*, Shyamala Maheswaran2, Daphne W. Bell2{, Daniel Irimia1, Lindsey Ulkus2, Matthew R. Smith2, Eunice L. Kwak2, Subba Digumarthy2, Alona Muzikansky2, Paula Ryan2, Ulysses J. Balis1{, Ronald G. Tompkins1, Daniel A. Haber2 & Mehmet Toner1 Viable tumour-derived epithelial cells (circulating tumour cells or CTCs) have been identified in peripheral blood from cancer patients and are probably the origin of intractable metastatic disease1–4. Although extremely rare, CTCs represent a potential alternative to invasive biopsies as a source of tumour tissue for the detection, characterization and monitoring of non-haematologic cancers5–8. The ability to identify, isolate, propagate and molecularly characterize CTC subpopulations could further the discovery of cancer stem cell biomarkers and expand the understanding of the biology of metastasis. Current strategies for isolating CTCs are limited to complex analytic approaches that generate very low yield and purity9. Here we describe the development of a unique microfluidic platform (the ‘CTC-chip’) capable of efficient and selective separation of viable CTCs from peripheral whole blood samples, mediated by the interaction of target CTCs with antibody (EpCAM)-coated microposts under precisely controlled laminar flow conditions, and without requisite...

Words: 7750 - Pages: 31

Opioid Administration and Pain Management in the Terminally Ill Cancer Patient:

...Administration and Pain Management in the Terminally Ill Cancer Patient: Case study of a patient in the terminal phase of breast cancer. This case study is based on Ms. D, a 48-year-old married woman diagnosed with Bilateral Breast Cancer. She underwent a bilateral mastectomy 4 years ago. Lymph involvement was noted at the time of the surgery. Recent metastases of the bone has been diagnosed and she is in the terminal phase of the disease process. Up to this point, she has been on a regimen of Oxycodone 5 mg P.O. every 6 hours as needed for pain, Zantac 150mg P.O daily for heartburn, Docusate 100mg P.O. twice a day to promote bowel movements, Celexa 40mg PO daily for depression and enteric coated aspirin 81mg PO daily for prophylaxis of transient ischemic attacks and MI. She remains in her home and is receiving care at home. Ms. D has complained recently of significant increased pain and trouble sleeping, most likely due to the bone metastases in the area of the lumbar spine. She has stated that the pain has dramatically decreased her quality of life recently also. She has expressed the desire to remain at home during the terminal phase of her disease, but needs more adequate pain management to preserve her quality of life for as long as possible. She is married and her husband is very loving and supportive of her desire to stay in the home during this phase. He has voiced some concerns about drug dependency if the patient were to receive stronger pain medication. I......

Words: 1677 - Pages: 7

Two Patients Two Cancers One Moment of Truth

...Two Patients Two Cancers One Moment of Truth By: Andrea Patterson 2/4/2013 Ms. Doris M.O.B. There are so many types of cancers. The focus in this research paper is to specify two different kinds. Where in which I will describe what type they are, where it’s located, signs to look for, treatments and reactions to those types of treatments. I will also be interviewing two cancer survivors, both of which had different cancers. Dianner Patterson, who was diagnosed with Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma and Cheryl Washington, who was diagnosed with Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Nottingham Grade 3. Dianner Lafontaine Patterson was diagnosed with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma with follicular cells on January 31st, 2003. Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma is the most common cancer of the thyroid. It primarily affects more women than men. Symptoms include a nodule or bump on the thyroid gland that is clearly visible, swollen lymph nodes, hoarse voice, and a sore throat. If these nodes or symptoms last more than two weeks consult a doctor. Doctors can diagnose you using extensive research. The type of doctor that specializes in this disease is called an Otolaryngologist or an Ear, Nose, and Throat doctor. Diagnosis can be determined by a biopsy with a fine needle, extensive blood work, or an ultrasound or sonogram of the throat. Three types of treatment include: medication, surgery, and radiation iodine. The survival rate is excellent after treatment. Dianner’s journey began......

Words: 1388 - Pages: 6

Cancer

...diagnosed with cancer? As crazy as it sounds, most people assumes that the cancer patient has no way out to survive and may have couple months or one to two years of survival time. Yes! it’s true that patients die out of cancer because it’s a disease in which abnormal cells spreads out without any control and are able to invade other tissues. What if cancers have medication in which it shows patients can survive? As we all know, there are more than hundred types of cancer and for each type there are different drugs but do all of them gives the chance to survive? In today's date, we have so many prostate cancer drugs that gives extra months to survive and may even cure cancer completely. The drugs that are approved by the Food and Drug Administration are: Abiraterone Acetate, Cabazitaxel, Degarelix, Docetaxel, Jevtana, Leuprolide Acetate, Lupron, Lupron Depot, Lupron Depot-3 and 4 months, Lupron Depot-Ped, Prednisone, Provenge, Sipuleuce, Taxotere, Viadur and Zytiga. Denosumab a new prostate cancer drug which has been approved by FDA delayed the spread of the cancer cells to the bone. The drug is used to treat osteoporosis and fractures with bone metastases from solid tumors. Researchers considered denosumab as a trial to see if it can delay the risk of the cancer cells reaching to the bones. To conduct the results, there was a research done that included more than 1,400 participants from thirty different countries. As a result, male cancer patients that tried the......

Words: 872 - Pages: 4

Cancer

...Breakdown of Cancer Breakdown of Cancer Cancer is introduced when a single mutated cell begins to reproduce abnormally. According to Lee Copstead and Jacquelyn Banasik, cancer is a malignant neoplasm or new uncontrolled growth of invasive cells. Cancer begins when cells break from normal cell division that follows its own path. This is known as proliferation, which is abnormal cell division. According to (Copstead & Banasik, 2010) cancer develops when proto-oncogenes become inappropriately activated and this change is due to mutation in the cell’s (deoxyribonucleic acid) DNA. Furthermore, cancer is an out of control cell growth. For a patient to receive an accurate diagnosis of cancer a through history and physical examination has to be done. There are many tests necessary to diagnosis cancer. According to Copstead & Banasik, 2010) the definitive diagnosis of cancer is a positive cytological or histological result. Cytological is the microscopic finding of pathological cells. This can be done by aspiration or exfoliate. Whereas histological is the examination of cells by staining and examining sections of tissue. Other diagnostic tests, such as imaging, chest radiography, computed tomography (CT scan), mammography, or (positron emission tomography) PET scan. There are numerous laboratory test that can aid in the diagnosis of cancer. Urinalysis is used detect blood or hematuria that could be an indicator for bladder cancer. Tumor markers are......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Treating a Patient with Cancer

...TREATING A PATIENT WITH CANCER: MAINTAINING PATIENT QUALITY OF LIFE Introduction Cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases in the U.S. Case (2011) noted that the 2010 report of the American Cancer Society (ACS) indicated that more than a million an d a half new cases of cancer are diagnosed every year. Along with physical disease, cancer also brings a significant impact on the patient’s overall quality of life (QOL). This paper asserts that for optimal patient outcome, healthcare workers, particularly nurses, need to attend to the cancer patient’s overall QOL rather than simply focusing on the physical disease of cancer. This essay will first address the issue of understanding what constitutes the patient’s QOL. Then key factors that directly affect the QOL are reviewed in the context of current best evidence. That will be followed by a section that addresses the nursing implications of this subject. The paper concludes with a brief summary and conclusion about the importance of maintaining patient QOL in cancer patients. The first element, is thus to define what is meant by “quality of life.” The next section of this paper addresses that specific issue. Defining Patient Quality of Life Before patient QOL can be addressed in a nursing practice, it is essential to understand what is meant by QOL. Bahrami (2011) has noted that no specific, well accepted definition of patient QOL exists. One reason for this lack of consensus on QOL is that life quality is a......

Words: 3187 - Pages: 13

Hca 240 - Wk 2 - Cancer Patient Information

...goes here cancer that affects older adults cancer that affects older adults \ THE LUNGS THE LUNGS THE LUNGS Your lungs are two sponge-like organs located in your chest. The left lung is smaller to allow room for the heart (American Cancer Society, 2013). Cancers in the lungs begin in the cells lining, the bronchi, and in other parts of the lung, such as the bronchioles or alveoli. In addition, lung cancers start as areas of pre-cancerous changes to the lung (American Cancer Society, 2013). MAJOR TYPES OF LUNG CANCERS There are two major types of lung cancers, small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Thus, these two types of lung cancers are treated completely differently (American Cancer Society, 2013). WHAT IS SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER? Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) usually begins in the bronchi near the center of the chest, and it tends to grow and spread quickly. Approximately 10% to 15% of all lung cancers are SCLC, which are named for the size of the cancer cells when seen under a microscope. More important, it usually spreads to other parts of the body before it is found (American Cancer Society, 2013). When cells from the cancer break away from the original tumor and spread to other parts of the body it is known as “metastasize” (American Cancer Society, 2013). Furthermore, the lymph system is one way in which lung cancers are spread, and the lymph system has several parts to allow the cancer to travel (American Cancer Society,......

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

Cancer Patient Information Doc

...Cancer Patient Information Report Hello each and every one of you I am going to briefly educate you young adults today about one of the many rate cancers that the ages of 15-39 could be diagnosed with which is Leukemia. We will begin by discussing Leukemia in five important sections. Did you know that approximately 2,900 children and adolescents are diagnosed with Leukemia a year? Let’s begin by taking a look at Section One about the causes the risk factors, and learning also understanding what Leukemia really is. Section One: Causes and Risk Factors Leukemia is a type of cancer that begins in blood-forming tissues located in the bone marrow, which will begin causing a large mass of abnormal blood cells that are being produced and released into the bloodstream. No doctor has a precise cause for this cancer but two causes consist of one’s genetics as well as their environmental factors. Even though we may not pay too much attention to our blood cells its absolutely necessary for everyone to know the importance they represent to our bodies. There are three different blood cells known as Red. Platelets, and White that not only keep us healthy and protected daily, but have separate jobs that need to be maintained. But we can’t forget about Myeloid and Lymphoid cells Red blood cells have the job of carrying the oxygen needed all throughout the body. Platelets are used specifically when individuals cut themselves by forming blood clots. Then lastly......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Depression in Cancer Patients

...Prevalence of Depression in Cancer Patients My topic of interest is the prevalence of depression in cancer patients. Prior to analyzing any literature my understanding was that cancer patients have a higher incidence of depression compared to the general population due to the decline in their health. My belief is shaped by a personal experience with a family member who had cancer and suffered from depression. This is significant to nursing because approximately 10-25 percent of cancer patients develop depression (Traeger, 2010). As depression develops within a cancer patient it can cause poorer treatment tolerance, decreased quality of life and an increased desire for death for patients with cancer (Traeger, 2010). These factors can result in reduced treatment effectiveness, treatment refusal, and disease management costs (Traeger, 2010). Furthermore, patients may have difficulty accepting their prognosis which can cause conflict between appropriate and compassionate end of life care causing distress in decision making (Traeger, 2010). Therefore, as health care professionals it is important that we are aware of this and offer the appropriate management and treatment options or interventions to increase the quality of life as well as help prevent the development of depression (Yang et al., 2013) (Neilson et al., 2012). During my preliminary search two articles were found; “The Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Valuation of Spiritual Needs of Patients with Advanced Cancer

...the spiritual needs of patients diagnosed with advanced and terminal cancer by the palliative care unit of a hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Methods: An observational study was conducted that involved 50 patients who were recruited between May 2007 and January 2008. A questionnaire was used which included 28 items selected from a review of the literature; the responses were analyzed using a five-point Lickert scale. The results were grouped in 11 categories corresponding to different spiritual needs. Results: Two spiritual needs emerged as the most relevant for the patients: their need to be recognized as a person until the end of their life and their need to know the truth about their illness. The least important spiritual needs were identified as those: for continuity and an afterlife; to get rid of obsessions; to achieve freedom from blame and to be able to forgive others; and the need for reconciliation and to feel forgiven by others. Conclusions: When patients knew the truth about their illnesses and they were treated with dignity, their most important needs were likely to be covered. These results suggest that patients receiving palliative care wish to live for the present with as much normality as possible and show only minor concern for their past and future. Go to: Introduction Several authors have already studied the spiritual dimension of patient needs, taking into account the multiple facets of each individual. They have analyzed the patient as a set of......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

What If Cancer Patients Reject Cancer Treatment?

...What if cancer patients reject cancer treatment? It has been believed that cancer treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy are the only effective cure for cancer. However, that may not be the case. There had been cases of cancerous tumors shrinking in size or disappearing on their own without the help of cancer treatment. Even though such occurrences are rare, it is still possible. It is difficult to determine how or why some patients experienced such cases without treatment while the others had to face death earlier. So what if cancer patients reject cancer treatment? In a study done by Verkooijen et al, published in 2005 in the Annals of Surgery that looked at breast cancer patients under the age of 80. It compared the patients who refused cancer treatments with those who accepted cancer treatments. It turned out that the survival rate of patients who refused surgery was 15% lower than that of those who had surgery (72% versus 87%). The authors of the study also estimated that the former had a 2.1-fold increased risk of death from breast cancer compared to the latter. This study has shown that cancer patients would have a higher chance of dying if they reject cancer treatment. Another study from Han et al published in the Annals of Surgical Oncology in 2011 also included some patients who refused or delayed their cancer treatments. It has shown that out of all the patients who refused treatments, 96.2% disease progression with......

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Cancer

...NEW TREATMENTS FOR CANCER A new revolution for cancer therapy has been created which is called “molecularly targeted therapy”. Since most drugs kill healthy cells along with cancer cells and cause serious side effects, this therapy will only kill the cancer cells of a specific cancer type. They are designed at the molecular level of the cell and are also able to identify specific molecules that are unique to specific cancers. One of the most eligible drug is called glivec, (also known as STI571) actively effecting a form of leukemia called chronic myeloid leukemia that causes excess overproduction of white blood cells. Moreover, in a case study it is reported that a gastroiestional stromal tumor was treated with STI571 and resulted in a significant reduction of the tumor. As this therapy promises the health of the patient, it also has some negative impacts and some limitations. Since this drug is specific to a small amount of molecules, it is not relevant to a large amount of tumors, meaning it is very limited in its application. Furthermore, the patients may experience diarrhea and liver problems such as hepatitis and elevated liver enzymes. All in all, molecularly targeted therapies hold the promise of harming fewer cells, reducing side effects and assuring a healthier life. Another new advancement in cancer treatments is called “immunotherapy”. This therapy is developed to enhance the immune system to fight cancer, reducing all severe side effects. The t- cells protect...

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients with Cancer and Family

...Running head: PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF SPIRITUAL Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients With Cancer and Family Caregiver December 11, 2011 Prevalence and Associated Factors of Spiritual Needs Among Patients With Cancer and Family Caregiver Problem Statement Identify cancer patients and their caregivers spiritual needs and measure the prevalence of these spiritual needs. The patients and their caregivers can have similar spiritual needs that may require care. However, a nurse’s help with these spiritual needs, may not always be wanted. So how does the nurse identify the spiritual needs? If and when these needs are identified, how is the nurse to approach these needs? Study Purpose This study is significant to nursing because it reveals “nurses must be educated to recognize and nurture various spiritual needs” (Johnston Taylor, 2006, p. 734). Research Questions 1.) How prevalent are the spiritual needs of patients with cancer and family caregivers, from their perspective? 2.) What demographic and illness-related factors are associated with type and frequency of perceived spiritual needs? 3.) What are the patients’ and family caregivers’ expectations regarding nurses addressing their spiritual needs? ((Johnston Taylor, 2006, p. 730) Hypothesis/Hypotheses The study hypothesis is all people have spiritual needs, but the importance varies as do their beliefs. The desire for nurses to assist in these spiritual......

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Cancer

...the case with cancer. More and more people die everyday from cancer and it appears to ruin the lives of all those associated with it. What people need to understand though is yes cancer is a life altering chain of events but cancer is not the end of the world. Death is inevitable; there is no way around it. Perhaps cancer patients realize this more than anyone. “All creatures born upon this earth must, in the end, die. Some live long and peaceful lives. But others are caught up in struggles—must fight for their lives” (Silverstein 12-13). This is the case with cancer. Cancer patients will struggle and fight for their lives and not have the luxury of dying peacefully. The cause of cancer is still unknown to scientists but they have been able to come up with some possible explanations. Cancer affects newborn babies, boys, girls, women, men, animals and even plants. The possible causes of the cancers that affect each of these groups include chemicals in the body, viruses, ultraviolet rays, smoking, and it has been proven to be hereditary in some cases. Many people who develop cancer have had repeated or prolonged contact with one or more of these cancer causing agents (Silverstein 27). With the many different types of cancer it may, for some people, seem impossible for scientists to discover a cure. Skeweris 2 There are more than one hundred known types of cancer. Scientists are sure there are many more they just have not yet been diagnosed. The cancers that are most...

Words: 2003 - Pages: 9

Abenobashi: Magical Shopping Arcade | D. Gray Man | 邪不压正.2018.TC720P.X264.AAC.Mandarin.mp4