In: English and Literature

Submitted By Jhanzzen
Words 1173
Pages 5
Professor Perez
8 November 2015
The Anti-Vaccination Movement
Over the last 30 years, the number of vaccine-preventable diseases has increased substantially. This is due to a rising number of “anti-vaxxers” spreading misinformation “that vaccines are actually ineffective, useless, or even dangerous” (Kata 3778). The internet and other forms of mass media have steered parents to believe these claims and it has had devastating results. It has been proven by scientists for hundreds of years that the use of vaccinations greatly outweighs the risk of not getting them. The research shows that the claim that vaccines cause autism or any other disease cannot be substantiated by any scientific evidence and therefore, should not be entertained under any circumstances.
The background of the anti-vaccination movement is an old one. The United Kingdom’s Vaccination Act of 1853 is a good example of this. The act required parents to vaccinate their children for small pox at three months or risk life in prison. This is a harsh punishment for the parents, but considering the millions of deaths that small pox has caused world-wide, lawmakers at the time considered it a just penalty. “The anti-vaccination movement experienced a steady decline from the turn of the century up to the 1970's” (Kasarda 548). After the 1970’s there was a resurgence in the anti-vaccination movement. This is due to research from a group of authors working at London Hospital. “M. Kulenkampf, J.S. Schwartzman and J. Wilson published a study of 36 children with neurological problems, which, according to their research, were the result of diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccination” (Kasarda 548). This trend has continued for the last few decades and there has been a renewal in the anti-vaccination movement. There was even a study published in 1998 that claimed the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine…...

Similar Documents

Importance of Vaccinations for Children

...The Importance of Vaccinations for Children Since Edward Jenner introduced the first vaccine, a vaccination against smallpox, in 1778 (Allen, 48) the world has been a bit skeptical. The concept of inoculation is counter-intuitive—what sense does it make to inject a healthy person with the very virus they’re trying to prevent he or she from contracting? The very idea of it seems dangerous, even reckless. The issue with this uneasy feeling about the safety and sense of vaccinations is ignorance. We do not fully understand our own body’s immune systems; therefore we cannot fully understand how vaccinations work. Many people are under the impression that extremely harmful diseases are, for the most part, wiped out or incredibly rare. They may not see the reason for immunizing themselves or their children. But the truth of the matter is that these incredibly harmful, even deadly diseases are very much prevalent in today’s world. People come into contact with these infectious viruses on a daily basis; it is only our immune systems that keep the infections at bay. And our immune systems can only fight off these diseases through the use of vaccinations. There is a growing percentage of the population that is choosing against vaccinating their children. These parents against child inoculation have various reasons for opting not to vaccinate, including health concerns, cost of medical treatment, religious or philosophical beliefs, or their place of residence. Large......

Words: 1358 - Pages: 6

Mandatory Vaccinations

...Mandatory Vaccinations As each year passes, and a new one quickly approaches, our world gets more advanced in every way. Our technology becomes faster, smarter, and quicker and with that, our medical strides become bigger and better. Currently, with the help of technology and years of prior research, our medical resources have flourished and with it, the debate over mandatory vaccinations and how they may or may not affect our children. We've been so caught up in the action of being able to choose for ourselves what course we take for our children when it comes to vaccinations, that we have made secondary the consequences of what this choice actually entails. Vaccinations help to protect and prevent the innocent young and the surrounding vulnerable community members from infection, while helping to significantly reduce the risk of outbreaks to people who may be exposed to these potentially deadly illnesses and therefore should be mandatory. Vaccinations should be mandatory because they help keep our school age children safe. Currently, the requirement for entering all public schools is that your child must be vaccinated first. This is a requirement within all fifty states, as marked by the Center for Disease Control. If your child doesn't get vaccinated, they can't start their first day of school. The Food and Drug Administration regulates and licenses all of the vaccines required for children to ensure both "safety and effectiveness." Given our history before vaccines,......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Vaccination vs. Non Vaccination

...Vaccination vs. Non Vaccination For the safety of your children: April 10, 2012 Shots? Those dreadful words that you once heard and had as a child that would send you into hysterics. Vaccines were something none of us enjoyed while growing up, but if you think about it, who actually enjoys getting a shot. We may have not known the meaning behind these vaccines, but our parents did and they were protecting us from harmful diseases. Diseases that could end up fatal. Something we never had to think about until we became or become parents ourselves. What? You’re going to be parents? Congratulations, that is wonderful! Now you have all these decisions to make, including healthcare. Finally the wonderful day arrives and you may now understand the things that your parents worried about as you were growing up that you never understood. So, now with your newborn you head off to the pediatricians office for his or hers first wellness visit to make sure your baby is healthy. As the doctor starts to speak with you about vaccines for your child, you have all these questions going through your mind. You question side effects, vaccine schedules, and most importantly the rumors of mercury in vaccines. There are four types of vaccines for immunizations. Live attenuated, which includes measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined), Varicella (Chickenpox), Influenza (nasal spray), and Rotavirus. The inactivated killed vaccines include Polio (IPV), and Hepatitis A. The Toxoid, which is......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Vaccination boy possibly need a Hepatitis B shot? But who was I to question someone who delivered babies day in and day out, but none the less it did seem a little odd. Two months later I brought Jett in for his recommended checkup and was shocked to learn he would be receiving 6 vaccinations during this visit. I wasn’t familiar with any of these vaccinations, but my initial instinct was that it was a lot for such a tiny being. I reluctantly went through with the recommend shots, but vowed to do my research once I got home. I bought books, read articles online, watched videos, etc. There was so much information out there and so little time to decide as each day went by with my little boy growing right before my eyes. I found myself confused on whether to allow him to receive the vaccinations according his pediatricians’ schedule or skip them and hope he isn’t exposed to one of the many diseases the vaccinations would protect him against. I agreed the vaccines were necessary, but not at the extreme rate they were being recommended. On the other hand I was also worried about the lack of research done on the potential problems they could cause. These concerns prompted me to seek alternative vaccination schedules and options. The American Association for Pediatrics (AAP) 2011 Immunization Schedule recommends 35 immunizations by the time the infant is 18 months old (American Association for Pediatrics, 2011). Just to put these numbers into perspective, the 7......

Words: 1485 - Pages: 6


...Hello everyone, today I'm here to tell you the importance of vaccination. But before I get straight into point, I want to talk about what I have seen when I was searching for the information on the Internet. I found a website so-called “Australia vaccination network” (which are actually anti-vaccine). They’ve got Facebook page, they’ve got Twitter, and they throw myths and untruths about immunisation. Their targeted group are parents who naturally concerned for their children’s wellbeing. I understand that parents feel more pain when they hold their baby and watching them get jab, but I think parents who are refusing to get their children immunised should reconsider before making the choice for their baby. After all, they are challenging the expert medical consensus of the World Health Organisation, governments at all levels and the Australian Medical Association. Vaccines are one of the most significant advances in modern-day medicine. It’s not just about to prevent the pesky flu from us, but to save countless lives of people. A kid born in Australia today can expect to live as long as the richest man in the world who did 100 years ago. Why is that? This in large part is due to the availability of clean water, sanitation and immunisation. Before the first vaccine was invented, smallpox was definitely a nightmare in this planet. It was responsible for billion of people’s deaths, it even reshaped demography of the globe in a way that no war ever has. It’s gone, it’s......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Vaccinations Protect from Nasty Diseases, but the Anti- Immunisation Voice Is Getting Louder.

...Vaccinations protect from nasty diseases, but the antiimmunisation voice is getting louder. Introduction Whilst some, or all of us, hate getting needles jabbed in us, it is sometimes necessary so we don’t get sick, or worse, die. There are terrible diseases i.e. Rubella, Polio, Whooping Cough, out there which we try to avoid. Vaccinations may help prevent getting them. Though we get immunised, we still need to be careful in making a well informed decision on behalf of this we love and care about. It is still possible to contract the disease we were vaccinated against, as in the case of chicken pox, where a person can come down with a slight case of it. We will look at the pros and cons of the immunisation debate and understand the benefit of proper decision making when deciding to get immunised. Body It is thought that vaccinations can help stop, and even get rid of, nasty diseases. It is reported that “Polio, for example, was eliminated in the United States by 1979 after widespread vaccination efforts” - as quoted from But while some people vaccinate their children, others do not. (Research from the National Health Performance Authority has found 77,000 Australian children are not fully immunised. As reported by Amy Simmons for ABC News. April 2013) In numerous parts of the world, it is thought that people need vaccines to stop the spread of disease. While some countries aren’t plagued with deadly diseases, there are some countries......

Words: 1956 - Pages: 8


...Throughout the test of man, vaccinations have proven their worth at crucial points to protect the health and welfare of the world. Vaccinations started with the first smallpox vaccine developed more than two centuries ago by Edward Jenner and has grown to eradicating/controlling diseases like polio, hepatitis, and other volatile diseases. However, there has been plenty of controversy over the effectiveness and safety of whether vaccinations are even necessary. As a society, we either take a risk of not getting vaccinated, which could possibly lead to costly hospitalizations due to illness or we take an important countermeasures towards exposing our children and ourselves to vaccine-preventable diseases. This is a no brainer! We must prepare our family and friends and step the future up for success. Vaccinating our children is one of the most important beginning steps we can take to protect their health and future. In 1998, a British medical journal (BMJ), concluded by Dr. Andrew Wakefield, claimed vaccinations were the root cause to child disorders like autism (Medical, 2011). In Wakefield’s study, children developed signs of autism days after getting the MMR vaccine. This study among others leads parents to question whether they should immunize their children or not. Even in 2007, actress Jenny McCarthy discussed her views on the national stage when she appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show convinced that vaccines gave her son autism and seizures (Heuvel, 2013). ......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Why the Anti-Vaccination Believers Are Wrong

...In recent years, a wave of anti-vaccination beliefs has been sweeping the nation. However, vaccines “protect us from diseases that used to routinely kill hundreds of thousands of children in the United States and still kill hundreds of thousands globally” (University of Pennsylvania, 2012). Even with this knowledge, many parents have refused to vaccinate their children over fears of side effects, but this has created a significant health risk for the greater public and those more at risk, such as children too young for vaccines and the elderly. Much of the anti-vaccination sentiment is based on misinformation and uninformed positions. Vaccines have benefited humanity greatly and the only thing to outperform the benefits of vaccines to public health is clean water (Andre, Booy, Bock, Clemens, Datta & John et al., 2008). Vaccinations are an essential part of disease prevention as when children are not vaccinated, they can spread diseases to others and face serious health risks of their own from vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccines rely on a herd, meaning that they are only very effective if nearly everyone receives them. This helps to eradicate the diseases from the bulk of the population, making it very unlikely that at-risk and unvaccinated individuals would be exposed to the diseases. As a result, the more unvaccinated people there are, the greater the risk of an outbreak. Therefore, “if a high number of children go intentionally unvaccinated because of personal......

Words: 1145 - Pages: 5


...Amer El Ghali Vaccination Before we can understand why it is so vital to continue to vaccinate our population, we must understand what vaccination is. The concept behind vaccination involves tricking your body into thinking it is being attacked by a foreign pathogen. By stimulating the body’s immune system macrophages begin to “gobble” up the pathogens leaving leftover antigens in its wake. “Antibodies attack the antigens left behind by the macrophages. Antibodies are produced by defensive white blood cells called B-lymphocytes (CDC,2013).” After the antibodies attack and destroy all known pathogens, a T-lymphocyte also called a memory white blood cell stores this information about the pathogen and will mobilize if the pathogen enters the body again. This is a very important process as many people do not have this key ability of fighting off Infection and cannot be administered a vaccination because their immune system is so compromised their body might elicit a response. They rely solely on what we call “herd immunity”, which is achieved when a target percentage of the population is immunized. By having most of the population immunized it prevents the disease from spreading and limits the immunocompromised individuals contact with the pathogen. Prior to vaccination microbes were the number 1,2, and 3 causes of death in the united states, and what we regard today as just a few days of the fever was considered a life......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Vaccination Controversy

...Vaccination Controversy Julie S. Bertram Excelsior College Author's note This paper was written for MLS 500: Graduate Research and Writing taught by Dr. Kyla Hammond Most healthcare professionals and leaders attribute vaccination as the single-most important reason for increasing the health of the human population during the past one hundred years. As a result, required immunizations are common in the U. S. and other developed countries. However, there is a segment of society who argue against vaccination due to worries that immunizing negatively impacts future health. More and more information is becoming available that presents allopathic vaccination in an ugly light. (Sharma, 2003) For the past century, vaccines for diptheria, pertussis, tetanus, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and now more recently, hepatitis B and varicella have programmed our immune systems to be powerful protectors of our health. Compulsory state immunization laws have increased the U.S. immunization rate to 77%, the highest ever. (Largent, 2012) Despite high immunization rates, there is an underlying progression of a movement of parents questioning whether the vaccines are contributing to health conditions such as autism. Contributing to the uncertainty are occasional anecdotal accounts of parents with children who experience adverse reactions. Fear causes many parents to entirely forego vaccines for their children. Regardless of mandatory school vaccine laws for school children, physicians......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7


...its products, or a synthetic substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease. What is the purpose of Vaccinations? To produce immunity. Immunity means the presence in a person's body of cells and substances known as antibodies that can produce a protective immune response. How does it work? Most vaccines contain a little bit of a disease germ that is weak or dead. Vaccines do NOT contain the type of germ that makes you sick. Some vaccines do not contain any germs. Having this little bit of the germ inside your body makes your body's defense system build antibodies to fight off this kind of germ. Antibodies help trap and kill germs that could lead to disease. Your body can make antibodies in two ways: by getting the disease or by getting the vaccine. Getting the vaccine is a much safer way to make antibodies without having the suffering of the disease itself and the risk of becoming disabled or even dying. Antibodies stay with you for a long time. They remember how to fight off the germ. If the real germ that causes this disease (not the vaccine) enters your body in the future, your defense system knows how to fight it off. Often, your defense system will remember how to fight a germ for the rest of your life. Sometimes, your defense system needs a booster shot to remind it how to fight off this germ Pros of Vaccinations 1. Vaccines can save children's lives. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that "most childhood vaccines......

Words: 927 - Pages: 4


...Daniela Hernandez Ms. Carrasco Nursing 11 March 2015 Is the Remedy Worse Than the Illness? Throughout the years vaccinations have become a way that our society has overcome many plagues and diseases and ultimately prevented them from surfacing again. Vaccines stimulate the making of antibodies and provide immunity to certain diseases such as Tetanus and Influenza. Once a child is born, specially during his first years, a series of injections are suggested by the pediatrician due to the fact that they can prevent health problems later on. However lately there is a debate among parents on whether the vaccines actually help protect against the disease or aid the surfacing of it. How much of this debate is fed by the media and what are the true facts about vaccines? Although vaccines can have side effects and difficulties, it can greatly reduce diseases and death's making the positive effects outweight the negative. This controversial debate was brought to my attention when I heard the different cases of Measles that started in Disney at California. As I watched the news broadcast in NBC I was suddenly thankful for all the vaccines that I had when I was a child. The story of the outbreak revolves around the spread of a disease because people weren't vaccinated. "The United States has already had more cases of measles in the first month of 2015 than the number that is typically diagnosed in a full year." (Corum, Keller, Park, Tse 2). This is a huge deal and a fact......

Words: 1275 - Pages: 6


...Bridget Caskey English 1301 T-TH 12:30 29 April 2008 Child Vaccinations Child vaccinations are a big parental controversy in the United States if not around the world. There are risks to consider in any medical procedure including routine vaccinations. Many parents around the nation are concerned about the mental and physical health of children. Vaccines have proved to diminish the spread of many diseases. Routine immunizations have been a way of life in our nation for more than forty years. The medical industry has made it easier for people to be given these periodical shots. Research and developments have lessened the amount of shots a child is given at one time. The risks of childhood vaccinations are common for almost all medications. A reported reaction to an immunization shot is very rare. However, in many of the cases that have been reported, the reaction was as minor as swelling and redness near the injection site. Although the risks are low every parent should be well-informed before making the decision to have their child receive vaccinations. The rewards of getting your child vaccinated out way the risks substantially. Many of the shots children take are combined immunities in one shot. The reason for this is so the children have fewer shots to take in their lifetime. The DTP shot consists of three different vaccinations. The DTP shot is combined of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis. Diphtheria is a deadly respiratory infection. Diphtheria was a major epidemic......

Words: 1076 - Pages: 5


...Question 1: Should vaccinations be compulsory? Vaccinations should not be compulsory. Parents should be able to decide whatever they choose is best for their children, as long as they are not being abused. The government should not be involved in parenting decisions. Vaccines are not always effective and can lose potency over time. There are legitimate reasons for parents to not vaccinate. Question 2: Should unvaccinated people be blamed for the outbreak at Disneyland? Unvaccinated people should not be to blame for the outbreak at Disneyland. The outbreak at Disneyland could have easily been spread by someone that had the vaccine 35 years prior and had the virus in their system, but wasn’t showing symptoms. There have been studies showing that vaccines lose their effectiveness over time. Also, people can develop autoimmune diseases that can make the vaccine less potent. Question 3: How relevant are gender and age in terms of vaccinations? Could there be an argument concerning discrimination (particularly as it deals with HPV vaccinations)? Gender and age are irrelevant in terms of vaccinations. There is not an argument concerning discrimination. Vaccines should have nothing to do with age, gender, or any discriminatory issue. The only thing that should be the point is letting responsible adults decide what they believe is best for their family, not what others believe. Question 4: What about mandatory vaccinations for healthcare workers? Vaccinations should not be......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2


...Child Vaccinations Mandatory Law or Personal Choice By: Courtney Boyd Childhood vaccinations, a personal choice or mandatory law? The anti-vaccine movement created by parent complaints have made many parents and guardians question the safety and effectiveness of vaccinations. I will discuss the history of vaccines, how vaccinations work, the effects of not receiving vaccines, the exemptions of states, as well as a guide to the age a child should receive each vaccination and the vaccine required. History of the vaccine Do you know how long it usually takes for a new vaccine to become available to the public? Scientists and researchers spend many years (10-15) in science laboratories during the first stage of this extensive process. Once this process has been completed, the United States Food and Drug Administration (U.S. F.D.A.) has a series of trials that are conducted on human volunteers. These series are used to test vaccine efficiency, to determine appropriate dosage, and to monitor adverse side effects. That’s not the end though, after these series of tests, the FDA still monitors the vaccine reactions for many years. The first vaccine was not discovered until 1798 by Edward Jenner and was used for vaccination against the smallpox virus. Later on, over a 100 years, Louis Pasteur proved that a disease could be prevented by infecting a person with the weakened germs. Dr. Pasteur used a vaccine on a boy in 1885 to prevent rabies as...

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

Les plus populaires | 6 3 2015-10-25The Walking Dead - Thank You | Five Minutes - Sumpah Mati