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Anti Natalist Policy China, 1982

In: People

Submitted By georgelyne
Words 252
Pages 2
Anti-natalist policy case study: China 1982

Context

In 1968, the population growth rate was rapid, at 28%, and continued to be growing at a fast rate. The Chinese government thought continual population growth would lead to poverty, so in 1982 the One-Child policy was introduced. Since then Chinas growth rate fell to 0.49% in 2010 and fertility rate fell to 1.54.

Effects of policy

* Gender imbalance- due to a cultural belief that a son was of more value than a daughter, many would simply abandon their new-born if it were female. Over time this had led to a gender imbalance to the extent that the ratio of woman to men in 2010 was 1:12. Because of this, numerous problems will occur, one being more than 24m men of marrying age will be alone in 2020 * No siblings- the single child in every family will have immense pressure on them. They will have to retire early or have a less demanding job early on in their career to look after their parents. Because the majority of people of this age group will have to, there is a predicted tend that in 30 years time there will be a lack of highly skilled workers available. * Economic growth- most of Chinas economic growth has come from its urban areas. Due to a low birth rate and slow urbanisation, the demand for labour in these cities for economic growth will not be met for the next 30 years. Expalin-…...

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