Anti Drug Legislation

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Anti Drug Legislation Analysis Lisa Myatt CJA/343 May 16, 2011 Lora Terrill

In our country today the Federal and State legislation has its focus on prohibiting and reducing the illegal drug trade. The federal and state anti-drug legislation policies differ and from state to state various factors are considered. The federal government as well as the government of every state has established policies and laws to discourage the production, distribution and consumption of several types of controlled substances. The United States anti-drug legislation dates back to around 1875 with a statute enacted by the city of San Francisco on the prohibiting of smoking opium (Pearson Edu, 2010). In 1914 the federal anti-drug legislation enacted the Harrison Act. This act required physicians, pharmacists, and other medical professionals to register and pay a $1.00 tax per year (Pearson Edu, 2010).
Those individuals who were not registered and were found to be drug trafficking were faced with a maximum fine of $2,000 and up to five years in prison. The Crime Control Act of 1990 is another federal anti-drug legislation targeting drug crime and the Violent Crime Control and Law
Enforcement Act of 1994 provided funding for rural anticrime and antidrug efforts (Pearson Edu,
2010).

In 1986 legislation was passed by U.S. Congress requiring mandatory prison sentences for a variety of drug offenses. This legislation was brought about due to the death of University of
Maryland basketballs star Len Bias. Maryland along with several other states quickly followed the federal level and made this part of their legislation. The federal mandatory minimums stated that “Judges no longer consider the facts of each case to determine a fair sentence” (Justice
Policy Institute, 2007). The legislation also…...

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