Ameritech

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AMERITECH IN THE PHILIPPINES: FAILURE TO ADJUST TO FILIPINO CULTURAL NORMS?
Charles A. Rarick, Purdue University, Calumet Arifin Angriawan, Purdue University, Calumet Inge Nickerson, Barry University
CASE DESCRIPTION The primary subject matter of this case concerns itself with cross-cultural issues and is appropriate for courses in cross-cultural management, international management, international business, and human resource management. The case has a difficulty level of three or four. The case is designed to be taught in 1 – 2 class hours. CASE SYNOPSIS An American computer supply company moves its operations to the Philippines in an effort to be more cost competitive but experiences cultural shock as it attempts to institute greater efficiency. The case details the struggles of the plant manager, William Dawson, as he learns the challenges of managing the “Filipino way.” The case includes issues such as pakikisama, face saving, and collectivist behavior. INTRODUCTION AmeriTech was started in Lexington, Kentucky by a small group of former IBM employees who accepted a buyout package offered by the company when the Lexington division was reorganized in 1991. Originally, AmeriTech produced computer supplies such as ink cartages, cables, and other small computer supplies in a facility in North Carolina. The operation proved successful as the demand for such products rose globally, however, over time AmeriTech found itself less competitive in terms of cost over rivals from a number of Asian countries. In an effort to reduce labor costs, the founders moved their operations to Mactan Island near the city of Cebu in the Philippines. Instead of starting a Greenfield operation, AmeriTech was able to purchase an underperforming Korean firm that was operating in the economic zone of the island. AmeriTech purchased the facility and retained the entire workforce of the…...

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Hypothesis Testing

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342 E-Text

...Chapter Exercise: 8.48 8.48 A sample of 20 pages was taken without replacement from the 1,591-page phone directory Ameritech Pages Plus Yellow Pages. On each page, the mean area devoted to display ads was measured (a display ad is a large block of multicolored illustrations, maps, and text). The data (in square millimeters) are shown below: 0 260 356 403 536 0 268 369 428 536 268 396 469 536 162 338 403 536 536 130 (a) Construct a 95 percent confidence interval for the true mean. (b) Why might normality be an issue here? (c) What sample size would be needed to obtain an error of ±10 square millimeters with 99 percent confidence? (d) If this is not a reasonable requirement, suggest one that is. Solution: (a) Here n = 20, Mean x = 346.5, Standard Deviation s = 170.38 Since n  α = 0.05   ----->   α/2 = 0.025 From the t-table at d.f = 19 ---->  = 2.093. Confidence interval =   = 346.5   2.903 × (170.38/20) = 346.5   79.74 = (266.76, 426.24) The 95 percent confidence interval is (266.76, 426.24) (b) The C.I. is a statement about the population. The normality is an issue since the sample of 20 might not have been randomly selected from the whole population. Moreover, the data is not continuous and contains 2 zeroes. (c) Here Standard deviation   = 170.38 E = 10 = 99%, so Z = 2.576 Now, Sample size n = ZE2 = (d) 99% confidence is too tight for a distribution that is probably not normal. Reducing it to, say, 90% confidence would reduce the required sample......

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